i put them all into a random list generator so i'm just going in that order

anonymous asked:

Hi! I'm all determined and more than ready to start learning Japanese! Would you be so kind to share some tips how to start, what are the best resources, and what techniques worked for you?

Yay! Learning Japanese is great!

If you’re just starting, the two things you need to do immediately are:

  1. Learn Hiragana and Katakana. A good goal is to have both memorized in ~2 weeks. Tofugu has learner’s guides for both of these, if you don’t like straight-up memorization.
  2. Set up your computer to both display and type in Japanese.

After that, you should jump right into memorizing kanji. Seriously. Don’t bother waiting until you’ve learned “enough” grammar or vocabulary. You will need to know at least all of the joyo kanji eventually, and the only way to do that is to train your brain to memorize kanji by actually doing it. Pretty much everyone has their own ways of doing this, so I can’t really tell you what to do, just give some options.

  • For example, you could just take the list of kanji and plug it into whatever system generally works for you. 
  • If you have no idea, generally it’s a good idea to use a SRS system (i.e. flashcards) to quiz yourself daily. Anki is a great resources for online/offline flashcards, and you can both make your own or download decks other users have made. 

  • You should also—*shudder*—practice writing the kanji. Over and over. And over. You will have a really hard time remembering the subtle differences between them if you don’t do this, even if you intend to always use computers instead of handwriting things for the rest of your life. I personally find that it is much more effective if I write every single one while focusing on stroke order and trying to make it look as nice as possible, instead of just dashing off as many as I can. ymmv

  • An enormous number of people swear by Heisig’s Remembering the Kanji, and iirc there’s an app that goes with it now that you can use to quiz yourself (of course there are many decks on Anki and other programs available for Heisig users, as well). 

  • If Heisig’s book doesn’t work for you, there are some other options available. I personally am a fan of The Key to Kanji, which my Japanese teacher at KCJS recommended to me as a Heisig alternative that works for a lot of students. 

  • I’ve also heard great things about Wanikani. It wasn’t invented yet when I started learning Japanese, so I haven’t tried it myself, but a lot of JETs in my prefecture who started at beginner level really like it. 

Ok, so now that I’ve had my kanji rant, let’s talk about grammar and vocab. As far as textbooks go, the two standards are Genki and Minna no Nihongo. At the beginner level, which to use is really a matter of preference. Minna no Nihongo’s main textbook is written entirely in Japanese, which can be a plus or minus depending on how you feel about that (I used the Minna no Nihongo series in college, and I loved it for that reason, but I already knew a fair amount of Japanese at that point). I’ve never used Genki, but I get the impression that it might be a bit easier on beginners. It is published by The Japan Times, and based on their grammar column, I assume that the grammar explanations are pretty good.

If you don’t want to use a textbook, the best alternative is Tae Kim’s Guide. I’ve been using this website for, like, a decade. It’s pretty well known (and I pity everyone who doesn’t know about it). Tofugu, again, also offers a few different resources (TextFugu/EtoEto) for beginners. For additional vocabulary to supplement what you learn through these online resources, just hit up the list of shared Anki decks and pick some vocab ones. You can get decks for JLPT N5 (beginner-level), or even decks with the vocab used in Genki and Minna no Nihongo.

Ok, finally, tips. I have two for you:

  1. Every single person who studies foreign language ever will tell you this, but really, reading/watching/listening to the language is the best way to learn it. Read children’s books, or manga targeted at younger audiences (shonen manga almost universally have furigana so you don’t get mired in kanji)—you would be surprised what you can find at thrift stores or on craigslist (or if there’s a branch of a Japanese bookstore, like Book Off, or Kinokuniya near you, so much the better)—or even Twitter. Watch dramas, movies, or anime (anyone who says you can’t learn Japanese from anime is a giant liar). Listen to Japanese music, Japanese podcasts, or whatever you can find that you can understand a little bit of, even if it’s not “serious” or “relevant.” You will remember things so much better if you have an interesting context to put them in. Actually, I’m just going to go ahead and plug @jpnvines here, because they are doing the lord’s work and you can learn bits of Japanese in the most entertaining of ways by watching the Vines and looking at the translations. In all of these endeavors, rikaichan (or rikaikun, for Chrome users) and jisho.org are your friends.
  2. (This might seem a bit random, but I was just talking to brit!CIR about it and I think we’ve all encountered it fairly often, so…) Don’t believe anyone who tells you that you can learn Japanese in three months, or a year, or whatever. I’m sure someone can learn Japanese in a year. Like, if you never left your house and studied 20 hours a day, sure. Er…maybe. If you already know Chinese, definitely. Most of us, though, don’t have infinite advantages or infinite time, and it’s a bad idea to swallow the idea that if you just know “the trick” or are really smart or wish hard enough you will become fluent in Japanese super fast. People who believe that are the people who end up giving up because they feel like they aren’t improving fast enough. Spoiler: everyone feels like they aren’t improving fast enough. What matters is that you keep improving. Find what works for you and stick with it.

Finally: I’m always happy to answer questions about learning Japanese, so talk to me anytime! :3

first kiss + throne

A/N: This wasn’t sent in as a prompt, I just said earlier that I would write a little something in order to pick up my day a bit, so I used a random number generator in order to pick word prompts from this list. The pairing was, obviously, just picked by me at random.

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testingforcake23  asked:

I know Christian has committed sexual crimes and maybe murder, but can you list what in the business sphere he has done illegally or unethically? My dads a lawyer who deals with this shit, so I'm curious.

For one thing, Grey Enterprises Holdings, Inc. is, by its name, incorporated. That means that it needs a board of directors. Christian says loudly in both Fifty Shades of Grey and the un-Google-able sequel, Grey that he has no board telling him what to do. This statement could have been qualified in Grey; he could have thought that he had a one-person board and that he was it, which is possible. But his reaction in Grey is the same–that he doesn’t have a board because he doesn’t want one. That’s not how incorporation WORKS.

Second, he violates the Equal Employment Opportunity Act. All but one of the employees at Grey House, his headquarters, that we see is a white-skinned blonde woman, and that one exception is a white-skinned redheaded woman. Ana speculates that he hires women who look a certain way; in Grey, we’re given confirmation that yes, that’s exactly what he does. From where I’m sitting, he should be half-buried under anti-discrimination class action suits.

He employs a private hacker, Barney, who breaks into computer systems to illegally obtain information–like Social Security numbers, amounts of money in bank accounts, images in closed-circuit city TV cameras monitoring roads, etc. Grey also states that he uses Barney to vet all potential hires and any woman with whom Grey might get into a BDSM relationship.  This should raise all sorts of questions about identity theft and violations of privacy. It doesn’t.

He ordered another employee (Jason Taylor, his chief bodyguard) to beat Jack Hyde  (the man who attempted to rape Ana shortly before this) within an inch of his life when a) Jack was unarmed,  b) he was not threatening  or endangering Grey, Ana or Taylor, and c) Ana was in a tank of a limo that resembles, in many ways, one of the cars James Bond drives. I’m pretty sure that you’re not allowed to order random assaults on despicable people who are not a clear and present danger to you or those around you…even when you have skilled bodyguards.

The chief accountant of the company (Gwen) and the the Vice-President of the company (Ros Bailey, who seems to do all the work, thanks to Grey’s ineptitude) are in a romantic and sexual relationship. To me, this indicates conflicts of interest.

The company was founded with money that Elena Lincoln stole from her husband and gave to Christian Grey. Furthermore, Grey either knew that the money was stolen when he received it or learned it shortly afterwards. I’m pretty sure that profiting from a crime is also illegal.

Grey routinely uses company resources for personal gain. He seems to feel that since it’s his company, everything belonging to the company belongs to him individually. 

At the end of Fifty Shades Freed, when we find out that Elena’s ex-husband Linc Lincoln was the Big Bad all along, Christian says this in a phone conversation:

“Ros, how much stock do we own in Lincoln Timber?”

:::

“So, consolidate the shares into GEH, then fire the board … except the CEO … I don’t give a fuck … I hear you, just do it … thank you … keep me informed.”

You can’t just say “You’re fired” as if the words were magic—and that’s what Christian is doing. He doesn’t OWN Lincoln Timber, not the slightest part. Elena Lincoln’s ex does. And the ex doesn’t like Christian at all. I can’t think that he’d allow Christian to buy a controlling number of shares—and I doubt if Christian did so, especially since he mentioned earlier in Freed that he didn’t even know if he’d invested any money in lumber or timber.   

Boards of directors can be changed, but not by one person hiring or firing everyone.

1) Boards can be elected at the annual shareholders’ meeting at the end of the year.

2) A shareholder can call a special meeting when they want to change directors before their term ends. However, this involves contacting all other shareholders and giving them notice of the place, time, date and purpose of the meeting.

3) Shareholders can vote to remove directors from a board, with or without cause, unless the corporation has a staggered board. Once that is done, they can vote to replace the directors they voted out.

However, a) a meeting is required, b) a quorum of shares must be present at that meeting and c) a majority of all shares entitled to vote must participate in removing and replacing the directors. Furthermore, many by-laws translate this as “a majority of all SHAREHOLDERS” rather than “a majority of all SHARES.” Which means everyone might get a vote over the dismissal of Lincoln Timber’s board, even very minor investors.

4) With a staggered board, only a portion of the board is elected every year—half to one third, generally. Replacement and removal of members of a staggered board are similar to what’s done in the third case…but members of a staggered board can only be removed with cause. And the by-laws spell out what the causes are. Posting bail for someone that one shareholder doesn’t like is not a valid cause.

Removal and replacement of boards always seem to come down to other shareholders, meetings and elections. And even if Christian could just wave a dictatorial hand and say, “Begone!”, Linc could put the directors that had been removed, as well as anyone else on his side, up for election again, campaign for them, recommend that other shareholders vote for them, etc. This has been done in other companies; it’s fairly routine.

As plans for vengeance go, this one is unworkable, illegal, and pretty much useless.

Christian also plans to do the following:

“But he’s seriously crossed the line with Hyde. Linc’s made this personal by going after my family. I’m going to crush him, break up his company right under his nose, and sell the pieces to the highest bidder. I am going to bankrupt him.”

Bankruptcy law has ways of fighting hostile takeovers, which is what Hellspawn is proposing. Not only that, but a Chapter 11 bankruptcy—the most typical way for businesses to go bankrupt in America—wouldn’t leave Linc stony broke, which is what Fuckface wants. “A [C]hapter 11 debtor usually proposes a plan of reorganization to keep its business alive and pay creditors over time.

Chapter 11 bankruptcy is REALLY common with big businesses. This not only wouldn’t leave Linc broke, he might even profit from the deal.

If Hellspawn wants to force Linc to file a Chapter 7 bankruptcy, which involves liquidation of non-exempt assets and distributing the proceeds to debtors…well, first of all, Chapter 7 is generally used by individuals, not businesses or corporations (which usually file Chapter 11) or sole proprietorships and partnerships (which usually file Chapter 13). Note the word “generally.” It’s not impossible for a business to use Chapter 7, but Chapter 7 would involve selling a great many assets, including the business itself. So it’s not common.

Second, Linc himself would have to cooperate with Hellspawn’s “plan.” He’d have to apply for credit counseling first, because you can’t petition for Chapter 7 liquidation without that. Then he’d have to file a Chapter 7 bankruptcy petition with the courts, agreeing to sell almost everything he has because that’s the only way to pay off his debts. Linc is a wealthy man. What’s likelier—that he’ll voluntarily strip himself of almost everything he owns or that he’ll fight a hostile takeover? 

And that’s just the stuff I can think of right off the top of my head. I’m sure there’s more.

Does that help?