i must find a source!

eorlsdotter  asked:

Question! I noticed - maybe I'm wrong - that in all the adaptations, the casting for the main characters is similar: Darcy is dark haired, and so is Lizzie; Jane is blonde and (for some fascinating reason) Bingley is ginger-y. Is there a reason? something in the books that I missed? Some extra source? It seemed too much a coincidence (although I do love Ginger Bingley) thanks!!!

First off, I’m going to refer back to Mullan’s What Matters in Jane Austen? again, because he’s done a whole chapter on what her characters look like (and starts off with a basic examination of casting choices in adaptations and the admiration or outrage which always follows.) “How people look is often suggested rather than specified in Austen’s novels.” He then goes on to quote Sterne’s Tristram Shandy, “…paint her to your own mind–as like your mistress as you can–as unlike your wife as your conscience will let you.”

All we know of Jane is that she is considered very beautiful–as much is said by Bingley, her mother (who has no difficulty criticizing her children when they displease her,) and even Darcy must admit it as a fact. Looks are important in novels where often penniless girls must rely on other attractions in their manners and person–”…words used so frequently about characters when we first meet them: handsome, pretty, gentlemanlike, elegant…”. And yet she avoids specifics–perhaps as a reaction to other novels of her era, where a heroine’s precise points of beauty are totted up among her other virtues to make her a peerless wonder. Austen’s heroines are often described by other characters, rather than the narration, as it’s important to consider who is looking, and how, when looking at their judgements. Some people use a mention in Jane Austen’s letters about Jane wearing the colour green and Elizabeth preferring yellow to be some kind of marker of what their haircolours must have been in Austen’s mind’s eye, but that’s a tenuous argument at best, and if Austen had wanted the world in general to know imagined particulars about Jane and Elizabeth, she would have set them down in the text.

We know Elizabeth’s eyes are fine, and dark, but beyond that, we are given no details. On a genetic level, dark eyes are far more likely to occur in people with darker hair, but Austen wasn’t working with genetics–and dark eyes paired with lighter hair can sometimes be a rare sign of remarkable beauty, as in the descriptions of Irene in Galsworthy’s Forsyte Saga books. (A description which was entirely ignored in the casting of my future wife Gina McKee, but then Irene’s beauty and her allure is such a pivotal force in the novels that to pin it down as necessarily belonging to certain shades of colouring is to make it more trite than it truly is. Irene’s beauty is something beyond what one sees at first glance–it is transcendent charm.)

Dark could mean brown, or also a very dark blue or grey–it’s impossible to tell, exactly. Anne Elliott’s eyes are mild and dark, Fanny Price’s are soft and light, Harriet Smith’s are blue, Jane Fairfax’s a deep grey, (and her lashes and eyebrows called dark, giving us some notion of the likely shade of her hair,) Mary Crawford’s are sparkling and dark…eyes are often the only thing near to a solid description we are given of physical attributes, and even then half of the description is more to do with the expression of the personality or feeling of the character through their glances and gazes, rather than specifically the colour of their irises. (Only Emma Woodhouse’s exact eye-colour is known–they are “hazle” and no adaptation so far has given enough of a shit to make certain of casting.) Marianne Dashwood has very dark eyes, and there is a general comparative description of the figures of the two sisters–but casting directors rarely, if ever, I think, take specifics of figures into account beyond an ‘acceptable’ level of Hollywood slimness.

Now, for the casting trends (exceptions to the pattern you laid out being the 1940 P&P’s Greer Garson being a dirty-blonde/light brown Elizabeth, while Maureen O’Sullivan’s Jane had very dark hair; and the 1980 miniseries with Elizabeth Garvie’s Eliza also having light brown hair while Sabina Franklyn’s Jane was several shades darker–but indeed, the two more recent and well-known adaptations of 1995 and 2005 have the colourings you mentioned,) it’s probably just down to Hollywood mechanics where you’re going to have to combine the tropes of a comparative Ugly Duckling sister as well as a Best Friend/Beta Couple plotline. Coding a blonde woman (or man) as ‘good’ and a darker-haired person as ‘less good’ has been a Thing since long before cinema showed up on the scene. There’s a reason Laura Ingalls spends so much time inwardly (and outwardly) bitching about her sister Mary’s luck in being blonde (and also better-behaved, though this is never explicitly tied to the fact that Mary is blonde, but just ties INTO the overall notion that Mary is The Better Daughter.) Dark-haired heroines throughout older literature have bemoaned their lack of golden locks (notably also in LM Montgomery’s works, with Anne Shirley’s famous sensitivity about her hair being red, but also briefly in Emily Starr’s contemplation of her own black hair and atypical looks, which gets a bit of verse thrown at it which I can’t find sourced anywhere else so must have been made up by Montgomery herself: “If the bards of old the truth have told the sirens had raven hair. But over the earth since art had birth, they paint the angels fair.“

So culturally, in the west, there’s a pervasive notion (especially when it comes to women,) that dark-haired women are the ‘darker’ side of their humanity…the temptresses, the more-likely-to-be-bad. (Though any reasonable reader would be like “…well, they’re human, you see, not out-and-out evil.”) But of course anyone compared to the fair-haired saintly paragon of womanhood would look bad–and so equally is the angelic blonde woman a trope in literature, often but not always used in comparisons against her brunette foil.

In cinema, quite often it’s just to better differentiate between characters, and to use these assumptions which are deeply entrenched in our cultures to play upon our immediate and almost instinctive reactions to visual cues. Jane is super-good, so she’s blonde. Bingley is likewise a bright and easy-going character, with more elements of comedy about him, so he’s got lighter hair, too, either as a strawberry blonde or redhead–but he is definitely the sidekick. I, personally, would be all for a ginger Darcy. Or a ginger-everybody P&P. (But that’s not going to happen, because redheaded men are culturally de-sexed/made less masculine or attractive, whereas redheaded women are more inclined to be overly-sexualized. Humanity is weird.) Darcy is a brooding brunette, because darker hair in the case of a male character gives them gravitas and mystery. It’s that damn Byronic thing coming into play. Dark hair, dark secrets. It’s a visual construct we’ve trapped ourselves into, at this point. Also, when you’ve got two love-stories running more or less concurrently, an audience needs visual markers to help them quickly identify and individualize (and therefore emotionally-invest in) the characters. More morally-dubious and fascinating hero and heroine Elizabeth and Darcy are brunettes because we see them making mistakes and drawing our attention by being fuck-ups. Lizzie can’t be the Prettier Sister, so she’s more automatically made the Brunette Underdog. Darcy is brooding and mysterious–so it’s very easy to make him dark-haired. Their contrasts are in their secondary characters–Jane and Bingley. Jane is prettier, and good-hearted (moreso than Eliza, anyway,) so she ascends to Blonde. Bingley is the Good Friend, and seemingly with fewer social defects compared to Darcy, so as the Nice Man, he gets lighter hair to also differentiate him from Darcy and make him more matchy-matchy with Jane. Our brains are making these connections based on visuals even before we’ve gotten half a dozen words of dialogue from any of these people.

This happens often in films and TV shows–in Coppola’s Dracula, Sadie Frost (a natural brunette) was made a vibrant redhead as Lucy to contrast to Winona Ryder’s more sedate and mysterious Mina. (Though this also had the fun effect of tying in a possible reference to the historical link between redhaired people and vampires, and the whole mythos of redhaired women in particular and sexual allure/witchcraft/spiritual evil–particularly as THIS version of Lucy is much more heavily sexualized compared to her book counterpart. I don’t know how much of the hair-colour-change was on purpose from Coppola’s perspective, and largely it’s just handwaved as being so people could really tell apart the ONLY TWO MAJOR FEMALE CHARACTERS IN THE FILM, but personally I think it’s an interesting choice–particularly compared to Katie McGrath’s blonde Lucy.) Again, we see the contrasting of virtue coded in hair-colouring, as Lucy is a character known for her sweetness and purity…as well as being a secondary female character to the heroine, and hence her more-virtuous foil…with lighter hair. Mina’s place as an educated, working, and married woman, with a more active part in the narrative, particularly as her brushes with dark forces mark her as ‘unholy’, makes it easier to code her as ‘complicated’, i.e. a brunette. Interestingly, this is set on its head in Penny Dreadful, where Mina becomes the blonde, doomed damsel, and her friend/lover Vanessa is the raven-haired woman at the center of a maelstrom of fucked up shit full of vampires, witches, and devils. Essentially if you want your heroine to go ‘bad’ a little (or a lot), give her a better-by-comparison blonde friend and have at it.

Of course, since these tropes are so pervasive, we do see stories where this is purposefully mirrored or mocked, where the icy blonde is the femme fatale or turncoat who uses her appeal to deceive others–but this relies just as heavily on the initial assumption that a fair-haired character is intrinsically ‘better’ on a moral level.

To conclude, this is why I think we see that general trend with colouring when it comes to casting/styling these characters in cinematic adaptations, as we have really very little in the text to go on, but from the characters themselves there are long traditions to draw from for visual cues to quickly and adeptly condition audiences to draw certain assumptions about these characters which enable us to rapidly bond with and understand them to some degree. I want to specify “Western” audiences because the blonde/brunette thing is at its roots kind of a colourism thing which is grossly pervasive in a white supremacist society going back for centuries, and Caucasian beauty standards do not and should not apply globally; but as the media most of us are familiar with is dominated by this white heteronormative patriarchal history, these tropes and codings exist for ultimately gross reasons. Frankly we could all do without them from this day forward, but change can be slow and so these stereotypes continue to exist and blonde people on-screen for now often continue to be the tacit code for ‘these people are the purest bestest people’ while the darker-haired people are almost always more morally-grey, complicated–even troubling–and made more ‘fascinating’ by their more flawed natures. It’s a shitty way of doing things, but we’ve been culturally conditioned to respond to things like that, and so it works.

Anyway, thanks for asking this one–my answer went to places I wasn’t fully expecting me to go, but I enjoyed blowing the dust off my film studies qualifications and I always love yelling about culture.

anonymous asked:

is the snaggletooth tag full of the same coyote? :0

oh my god. i assumed not even though they all look very similar, but out of curiosity i just went back and looked to see if the photographers mentioned the location the photos were taken and… all of them were taken in point reyes, CA. so it probably is all the same yote! how neat!!

i actually live just about 2 hours from point reyes and have been there a couple times, i must go back and find Snaggletooth the coyote!!

(source)

もしも願い一つだけ叶うなら

A realm of primordial chaos… Who knew it would be so… empty…? I walk this world in search of exit, but I cannot even find the door I first entered through. Every step I take, every drop of my soul screams as it burns. I do not belong here… No, nothing belongs here. The chaos eats away at the remnants of the light that holds my existence together, like a blackhole tearing a star apart to consume it… But I have to hold on. I must endure. 

I was born with a purpose. A purpose I am proud to serve. I was entrusted with a great mission… And only I can fulfill it. Without it, I… I would have no reason to exist. I must exist, because I want to exist. Because… because I am… important… 

How many suns and moons have risen and fallen since I’ve been imprisoned here in solitude? What happened to the world of the shattered El? I do not know… But now… my senses are… slowly becoming dull and numb… My memory… hazy. Why… am I here…? I was… created by… I must… do something…? …Who… am I? Everything… is becoming dimmer… 

I wilt away like a lonely flower in the middle of a barren desert, forgotten by everyone, and remembered by no one. Eventually the sand of time will bury what’s left of me, and it will be as if I had never existed. Even if I disappear, nothing will change… The thought alone surprisingly calmed me. In the sea of nothingness, I slowly closed my eyes. 

Maybe withering away is the only exit out of here…

It was then when I heard someone calling out my… …Name? Yes, my name. I had a name… I have a name. And someone remembered me… After all this time… I am remembered. I was not… forgotten. I am still… needed… somewhere. I must… answer that call. I must get out of here.

I searched for the sound, struggling to remember the familiar melody I had heard in my earliest memory. I grew desperate; before the song ends, I must find its source, before I am lost in this labyrinth forever. When I turned around, there it was, the beacon of my salvation, shining against the darkness and becknoning me to my destiny. I looked upon it like it was the very first sun that had risen to break the long spell of lightless winter. 

I am returning… to the place where I belong.

I shut my eyes to brace myself for the blinding light that broke into the rift. It’s been so long… I almost forgot how the realm of existence felt. Soft breeze gently caressed my skin, and I realized I was free from my eternal prison. I opened my eyes and what came into my view was… an unexpected sight: in the middle of a lush green forest, a red-haired boy stood before me. He either didn’t notice my arrival, or was expecting its exact moment that he did not see the reason to turn around to face me.

He did not utter a word but I instinctively knew who he was, and so, I knelt.

Keep reading

vball-baes-bball-babes  asked:

Why do I always forget about OVAs? I think some of the gifs you put up recently are from them and I MUST find them! Do you have any sources? Thank you!

YESS! The OVAs are great!! I got the ones I make gifs from off of Nyaa but they don’t have english subs BUUUUUT today’s your lucky day cause I have other links that do have english subs. Here’s the Nekoma OVA and here’s the other one about the dummies trying to get to Tokyo. The quality is meh but at least you can watch! ( ノ^ω^) ノ

Does anyone know if there’s a master post out there which has all the pro-sheith proofs? I’ve seen the “staff supporting sheith” one but never anything with the “25 is a safeguard” or the “you’ve been told the ages so it’s up to your interpretation” tweet.

I’m willing to make one if not, but surely one must exist already + I’m having issues even finding these sources right now. Especially the video because the twitter user has privated their page.

I must find my own demons, my own sources of power and blood, and not pretend to divine inspiration or muses or duende. I pluck a string. It vibrates. The vibration is a poison I drink. If it kills me, let it kill me, then I can begin. If it does not kill me, then there is no hell to make a home. I am a bull in a ring. That is all I want to be.

You know, I don’t write anymore as I don’t longer know how to put you in words.Your memory has vanished from my mind and I don’t longer mind. I feel fine. It’s like time has erased all the feelings I felt.
Sure, I miss to create things like poetry to souls like me, but I can’t give what I don’t have. I must find a new source of joy and life.
I must dive into a new ocean of emotions where I can find a soul to ignite.
—  The Blue Journal  📘 🌹  
- t h r o w n  / i n t o /  t h e  s e a

homo-janai replied to your post: New Capsule Album “PuZZle” 3/7/12 1. PuZZle -Liar Game Reborn Theme- 2. BLaST 3. End of the Line 4. never let you go 5. daTa 6. Where is 7. can’t stop 8. bREATHE 9. cloudcover 10. sOLVed 2nd Disc 1.BLaST -extended mix- 2. bREATHE -extended mix- 3. sunLIGHT -exclusive track-

it’s alomost 3 am and i just screamed out loud

OMG ME TOO!! BUT I CAN’T FIND THIS INFO ANYWHERE FFFFFFFFFFUUUUUUUUUUUUUUg@!89OUIOUGUHK

anonymous asked:

Hi Sam! I'm wanting to become informed about current events and I'm not sure what news agencies tend to have the least bias! Could you steer me in the right direction?

(I AM SORRY I TOOK SO LONG TO RESPOND TO THIS BUT I HAVE HAD A TAB OPEN WITH MY ANSWER TO THIS ASK FOR DAYS NOW BECAUSE I HAVE WANTED TO MAKE SURE THIS IS EVERYTHING I WANT TO SAY.)

THIS MESSAGE MAKES ME SO HAPPY BECAUSE I LOVE CONSUMING NEWS, AND I LOVE HELPING OTHERS CONSUME NEWS.

the first thing i want to get off my chest as a journalism major is this: you need to get your news from multiple sources.

LET’S SAY THAT AGAIN.

YOU NEED TO GET YOUR NEWS FROM MULTIPLE SOURCES.

this is so important and has been stressed to me in every journalism class i’ve taken. in the current age of the internet, there are countless sources from which people can get their news. that also means that each one of those sources is trying to stand out and be the source that most people go to, but in order to stand out, there’s needs to be something that sets one news organization a part from the rest, and i’ve noticed that that’s often done by having an emphasis on a certain type of news.

HOWEVER!

if you only go to one source consistently, you’re only going to get the type of news which that source emphasizes, and news that goes along with that source’s style.

in other words: you can’t just read the new york times because then you’re only exposing yourself to a (quite often shitty version of) liberal source, and you can’t just read the wall street journal because you’re only exposing yourself to a (quite often even shittier) business-oriented source.

long story short: never stop looking for news sources, and always be willing to read stories from new sites to get the widest scan of information.

and the second thing i want to stress: there is no such thing as ‘unbiased.’ even reporters who claim to put their own interests and beliefs aside during interviews cannot do it, because that mindset creates a power struggle between the reporter and the interviewee wherein the reporter literally has no possibility of being unbiased because they’re so focused on ignoring their own views. BUT THAT IS OKAY. that’s why i mentioned the above point. realizing that it’s impossible to be unbiased (note: i had to read a piece from the society of professional journalists for my practicum this semester and in it said that journalists likely originally meant for the definition of 'unbiased’ to be more like the definition for 'transparent’ in terms of 'transparent reporting’ - it IS possible to be a transparent reporter, which means you are totally clear with your sources and how you arrived to your conclusions, but the concept of BEING unbiased yourself isn’t realistic) opens the door for so much more positive interactions with media. actively recognizing that the news you consume everyday is written by someone who has lived their own life and seen different things from you and experienced the world in a different way from you makes consuming news more gratifying, as well as makes you more aware of other people’s biases so that you can recognize your own more clearly.

with all of that said, these are the usual sources i skim through when i catch up on daily news (if they have apps it’s noted with *) (also note that some of these are minnesota-oriented, but i listed them as examples of what to look for when it comes to your own local news sources)

i tend to shy away from consistently conservative news sources because i am at an ideological standstill with people who want to keep things the way they are or revert them back to when times were worse, but by googling “conservative news sources” you will find a host of them. if i must read a conservative source, it’s usually the wall street journal or russia today.

also, if you want a place to compile the headlines from all of those great aforementioned news sources, you can do so by getting yourself a rss feed reader (YES! FINALLY! YOU HAVE A REASON TO FIGURE OUT WHAT THE FUCK THOSE RSS FEEDS ARE FOR!), and then subscribing to each of those site’s feeds.

good luck lil newsies!!! 0:-)