i meant history

So, time for another blog update post. Let’s just get started.

@hvmiltoon - This is my Hamilton blog, which also has Turn: Washington’s Spies, Heathers, and I Made America. I also mainly post my writing there as I write for Hamilton a lot.

@hvmiltoon-fic-rec - A blog which I rarely update. I basically just post fic recs for a lot of fandoms. Assassin’s creed, Marvel, Hamilton, etc.

@hvmiltoon-history - My history blog! I post mainly about the American and French revolution and about US politics after the American Rev. I also post a little bit about musical history (which I find very interesting. That’s why the icon is my son, Mozart) Feel free to send in random facts!

@you-must-be-he - A blog for a Lams AU @theschuylerslsters and I are working on. All writing, updates, headcanons, etc will be posted or reblogged onto there if you want to keep updates :) Do go ahead and ask us questions about the universe.

And, for when I reblog this post onto my other blogs, my main one is @cheating-noodles which supplies memes and other fandom content. A lot of Assassin’s Creed oops

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now that’s what i call character development:

Yuuri going from panicky refusing to sleep with Viktor to only worrying if the alarm is set to having their beds pushed together

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I am made of memories.

Bucky and his trigger words. Giving them meaning.

Break My Heart: Chapter 2 (A Solangelo Fanfiction)

Consider this Hour 1 of the “Three Days”: In which Will and Nico are both awkward, but I love that about them. And neither of them know how to interact, like at all. But somehow I find that to be ceaselessly charming. And they are both gigantic nerds. Enjoy!

Read it all on AO3

Read Chapter 1

Preview: 

Will wasn’t sure what exactly he was expecting when Nico di Angelo showed up in the infirmary. Maybe a procession of evil and dark spirits, maybe his Stygian Iron blade glinting and ready for battle, maybe a foreboding scowl. But instead Will got none of those things. Instead he got a kid who looked seriously uncomfortable in his own skin, who was swimming in pair of ratty grey sweat pants and a black tee shirt both two sizes too big for him, and Chiron looking back at Will and down at Nico with an expression that read something like: Now, you know what you’ve done is wrong, apologize to him young man or don’t be expecting to see much of your phone over this weekend because you are grounded.


Keep reading

Modern LGBTQ Movement in the West

ok take this with a pinch of salt since it’s more notes based on wikipedia articles than anything else, but yeah

Early defenses in publications //1700s - 1800s: 

Books and pamphlets were written supporting gay rights often with references to the Ancient Greeks. The earliest recorded example of this, and indeed of any English language defense of homosexuality, is the pamphlet Ancient and Modern Pederasty Investigated and Exemplify’d by Thomas Cannon from 1749. Other examples include Eros: Die Männerliebe der Griechen (Eros: The male love of the Greeks) by Heinrich Hössli in 1838 and John Addington Symond’s A Problem in Greek Ethics from 1873.

Revoultionary France //1790s: 

A group put pressure on the Assemblée nationale and were successful in getting homosexuality decriminalised in 1791. This was kept in the Napoleonic Code.

Early Activists //1860s - 1880s: 

Karl Heinrich Ulrichs was prolific in his writings on queer issues, and advocated with people in power to decriminalise homosexuality. He also came up with terminology for gay men, lesbians, bisexuals and more around 1862, which pre-date the terms “homosexual” and “heterosexual” by 6 years, when another early acvoate, Karl-Maria Kertbeny, coined those. 

Karl Heinrich Ulriches might have been the first person to be publicly out in the way we understand it, as he wrote his essays and books under his own name. Many of his works were banned, and he frequently got in trouble with the law over them. He’s sometimes referred to as the pioneer of the modern LGBT rights movement.

Order of Chaeronea //1890s - ??: 

A secret society created by George Cecil Ives in 1897 to promote “The Cause.” The organisation started in England, but spread beyond that. The highest number of members the club had at a time were likely around 200-300, most of whom were men, but there were women among them as well. Oscar Wilde and Bosie most likely counted among some of the first members. 

Free Love Movement //1880s - 1920s: 

A movement critical of marriage and the state’s involvement in anything pertaning to love and sex, wanted to decriminalise homosexuality, as well as make contraception available, etc. Many of the gay advocates in the late 19th century and early 20th century were aligned with this movement, such as Edward Carpenter who wrote The Intermediate Sex in 1908 and the anarchist feminist Emma Goldman who defended homosexuality in her essays.

The Scientific-Humanitarian Committee and the Institut für Sexualwissenschaft//1890s - 1933: 

It was a common view among advocates around the turn of the century that homosexuals were a third, “intermediate,” gender, and many of these advocates wanted to understand homosexuality through science. 

One such advocate, Magnus Hirschfeld formed the Scientific-Humanitarian Committee in 1897 to fight Pragraph 175, the law banning male homosexuality in Germany. Around 1910 the German goverment tried to expand Paragraph 175 to also outlaw lesbian sex, prompting many women-loving women, such as Anna Rüling, to become outspoken. 

Magnus Hirschfeld also created the Institut für Sexualwissenschaft, a sexological clinic that performed early transgender operations, such as those Lili Elbe received. 

Hirschfeld is credited with coining the word “transsexual” and the institute both employed and served trans people (as with Dora Richter, who worked there and was the first person to receive such surgery), as well as gay people, until it was destroyed by Nazis in the early 1933. 

Homophile Movement //1945 - 1960s: 

This movement began in the Netherlands and Denmark. Both places saw the creation of new organisations with vague names just after the end of the war, in the Netherlands the Cultuur en Ontspanningscentrum (Culture and Leisure Center) and in Denmark Forbundet af 1946 (The League of 1946) and representatives from both groups suggested “homophile” in place of “homosexual” as they both thought that “homophile” would put the emphasis on love rather than sex.

Soon enough, homophile groups started to pop up in other parts of Europe as well as in North America, and an international group, ICSE, was created, though it only lasted as long as the movement did. 

These movements tended to ascribed to respectability politics and the idea that if homophiles showed themselves to be “discreet, dignified, virtuous and respectable,” in the words of the leader of the French group, they would be treated better. Thus the homophile movement has also been called assimilationist.

Homosexual acts were already legal in parts of Europe, such as Poland were it was never illegal, Belgium, France, Turkey and the Netherlands were it had been so for over a hundred years, and Denmark and Sweden were it’d been so for a couple of decades, but it was still illegal in many places. Many countries saw decriminalisation in the 60s and 70s. 

Gay Liberation //late 1960s - 1970s or mid 1980s (depending on area): 

It was the Stonewall Riots that marked the beginning of this movement, fittingly breaking off from the more careful homophile one. There had been more protests and active resistance from the mid 60s than previously, signaling the end of the the homophile approach and the start of the gay lib one. 

Gay Liberation was a movement of protests and Pride marches, and generally having pride in face of society’s shame. The idea of the personal being political was prominent, meaning there was a pressure to come out that hadn’t really existed previously. 

Gay liberation was also a more intersectional movement than the previous one, in particular in regards to feminism, but also in regards to race and class issues. 

The first bisexual groups were created in the 70s, and bisexuals gained a bit more visibility in general. Despite this, and despite trans women playing a large role in the activism of the time, the movement was still primarily referred to as “gay” or “lesbian and gay.” The public generally kept using “homosexual” or “homophile” however. 

Assimilationist LGBT groups //mid 1970s - Current day

The primary gay liberation group, the American Gay Liberation Front, closed in 1972, and the movement after that turned back to the respectability politics of the homophile movement. 

Sylvia Rivera, who had been an instrumental activist in the days of the Gay Liberation Front, was sidelined in favour of young, white, cis, gay men. The focus came to be on marriage equality, military service and other causes that could seem respectable to the public, while trans issues were taken off the agenda, previous intersectionalism was lost and even “stereotypical” gay people were sidelined in favour of those who seemed nonthreatening to straight society. 

(note: the fight for marriage equality was largely motivated by problems with hospitals during the AIDS crisis, who would only let family see patients. while it also had/has respectability motivations, there were plenty of people unconcerned with respectability fighting for it). 

Queer Movement //mid 1980s - Curent day (?)

The Queer movement was born partly as a response and rejection of the respectability politics that had become so common in other groups. This was also the reasoning for adopting “queer” as it was explicitly non-respectable.

From a 1990 flier:

Well, yes, “gay” is great. It has its place. But when a lot of lesbians and gay men wake up in the morning we feel angry and disgusted, not gay. So we’ve chosen to call ourselves queer. Using “queer” is a way of reminding us how we are perceived by the rest of the world.

This was also the time when acronyms such as LGBT became popular in favour of just “gay” or “lesbian and gay.”

A nasty side of some of these groups, such as Queer Nation, is that they practiced outing. 

Lesbians and Gays Support The Miners were a bit early for this movement, but they were a socialist group, and have been credited with bringing socialism and radical politics to the lesbian and gay community in London, which may have paved the way for the queer movement in that city.

Though there had been political music associated with earlier movements, such as Tom Robinson’s Gay Liberation related music, this was when Queercore began as a genre of punk that aligned with the queer movements politics. 

Expansion of the movement //1990s - Current day

Transgender movements gained force in the 90s and became more recognised as part of the movement, and the terms were solidified more so than they had been in the past. Intersex movements also gained strength.

The asexual movement gained momentrum with the creation of AVEN in the early 2000s, and the genderqueer and non-binary parts of the trans community have been gaining more recognition in recent years (mostly by finding community on this very site). 

History Has Its Eyes On You

When Hamilton meets Washington on the other side…
Washington: Hey, son
Hamilton: I told you I’m not your son.
Washington: Watch your tone. Do you remember when I warned you that history had its eyes on you?
Hamilton: Yes but…
Washington: I meant me. History was code for me. I had my eyes on you on the entire time and would just like to say… WHAT WHERE YOU THINKING?!

youtube

I wanted to share this since it’s black history month and this has some interesting stuff in it. It’s a documentary that was made by high school students in Flagler beach Florida. It exposes some of the historical and continued racism in this small town.

My mom sent me this video because even though I grew up in New Jersey, my family is from this town. The reason my mom says she moved up north was because she didn’t want her kids growing up in that small town, ignorant environment. My family is white and my mom claims she didn’t even know how racist the area was until she was 18. 

There’s some iffy “colorblind” rhetoric towards the end and of course it’s not perfect but it’s definitely worth a watch.

I really want to draw attention to the interview about 20 minutes in with Maxine Kronick. The farmer’s market she went to is the same one my grandmother went to every day for years. Then there’s the bridge. The documentary doesn’t really make this clear, but Flagler is on an inter-coastal. That bridge was at that time the only bridge into town. And if you were black and went over it past 8pm you would immediately be arrested. This didn’t end in the 70′s this was in the 90′s. My mom has told me before that she once had a police officer pull her over and yell at her for letting a black man drive her home once. The only reason the man didn’t get arrested was because my mom was there. I want to repeat that this was happening into the 1990′s. 

I want to spread this around so what was going on here and what is still going on here isn’t forgotten or swept under the rug. In black history month I know it’s important to make sure the past is remembered and the struggles of the present are discussed, so I want to contribute this to that discussion.

I think Lapis and Garnet have history.

I meant to write about this a while back but since I’m watching “Mirror Gem” it came back to me.

I think that Lapis and Garnet have history and I don’t think it’s good. In “Mirror Gem” Lapis specifically attacks Garnet, she could’ve attacked all three of them at once but she targeted her.

Then in “Jailbreak” Ruby looks at her and says spitefully, “Oh it’s just you.”

Ruby has no reason to dislike Lapis, as far as we’re concerned they’ve never really interacted on screen.

Then there’s the fact that Ruby, Sapphire, and Lapis are all elemental Gems. I don’t know the full scope of Ruby/Sapphire’s control over heat and ice, but it’s clear that they do have SOME control. Also Sapphire and Lapis are actually very similar. They both have blue color schemes and essentially both have power over water the only difference being temperature.

I know it’s unlikely but I really want this to be a thing .-.

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I was so scared that something might go wrong.