i love all my followers in general

kpop stans on tumblr.com

1. aesthetic stan: probably got a cute url or smth like … 1melon or whatever lmao …… they either reblog aesthetic posts on their main or have a special side blog for it where they post random pictures from instagram…. pretty mobile themes… usually quiet and nice. probably like using heart emojis. have a nice tagging system!

2. loud, extra stan: TAGS TAGS TAGS oh god the tags, they cant live without TAGS, you either Go Full On Caps Lock When You See A Picture Of Ur Ultimate Bias Or You Go Home, enthusiastic, lovely, and humorous! might not have many friends but many people love them and are too shy to tell them usually, they Scream and They Make Memes Probably, “INVENTOR OF THIS COLOR INVENTOR OF MUSIC INVENTOR OF JEANS INVENTOR INVENTOR INVENTOR”, feel lots of things At Once, “OJYMNDNSNDNSKDJNDND”, usually pretty popular stans, have urls that are not forgettable and funny

3. soft stan: theyll never shut up about their bias trust me, will see a picture of two trees probably and go “me and (bias)💘”, actually write love letters to their biases sometimes, really just want the best for their bias, “my baby…. my cinnamon apple😢💕💞💘💗💝💞💕”, uses heart emojis alot whew!, or just emojis in general… they love them, they seem polite, sweet and their presence is usually calming!, probably likes reblogging aesthetic stuff as well!, probably has some url like “(bias)sgf/bf/girl/girlfriend/baby/etc”, usually pretty protective over their bias, probably well liked

4. the ‘i never talk’ stan: never uses tags, never posts, all just reblogs…., they probably like ur posts ALOT, and you kinda wanna follow back, but who… are they even, mobile theme is.. questionable sometimes, i think all they care about is just reblogging the stuff they like lmfao theyre not about that tumblr life probably

5. drama stan: have beef with everyone, probably have a mile long byf page, and a block list lmfao, they usually post aesthetic stuff and maybe have nice urls too, seem intimidating and ‘mean’ usually, “callout post for (insert url)”, petty and nosy as hell, cant mind their own business!

6. the normal stan: a pretty cool person actually, you just think…. Wow i wanna be friends w them bc they seem so tolerant and nice?, uses tags but in a normal way, like “#oh my god #hes the cutest #my heart”, you just wonder how someone can be this chill…, they probably rarely come online too!

7. the multifandom stan: their blog is….. Everything, a pretty MESS, how can they even keep up like dang…, have so much love for so many people… its great!, might occasionally post personal stuff, probably a gif maker, generally liked, friends with the normal stans probably!, a great tagging system usually

8. the NASTY stan: “DADDY😫😫😫”, probably use twitter, thirsty as hell Give Them Water, theyre similar to the extra stans usually, kinky as hell, probably under 18 LMFAO, “i want them to **** ** ** *** ***”, people probably told them to chill before, they usually dont really care, NOOOOO CHILL, loves reading smut probably🙃

9. the gfx stan: SO GREAT, MAKE AMAZING EDITS, come up with great things you just wonder yoooo how they Do That, probably too cool for you, might not talk often! but they get lots of messages probably saying how nice their work is, are just great people like… thanks Gfx Stans For Existing

About JK, his disappearance from twitter, some Troye and a bit of GCF.
  • Disclaimer: Yeah yeah not assuming anyone’s sexuality here but listen, we need to be able to talk about these things. I’m not saying my opinion is the ultimate truth, but know that I’ve put a lot of thought behind this and nothing is based on my own personal preferences or how would I want him to be. This is just an opinion. Also if you have a problem with any of your idols possibly being gay and get offended by the thought I strongly suggest you reflect on your values a bit. LGBT+ issues are human rights issues, it’s not about sex or ships. Especially in countries like Korea discourse is desperately needed.


Ok so my opinion on JK (and a bit on Jikook so be aware).

At this point I’m pretty sure our boy Jungkook is not entirely heterosexual, if at all tbh. Okay now hear me out. Honestly I think he might swing more towards boys but that’s not really the main thing here. Whether he’s gay or bi or whatever, doesn’t matter, anyhow I think he falls under that LGBT+ umbrella. And why is that you might ask.

Keep reading

It’s time for another Hiveswap development team interview!

Hey there, Hiveswap and Homestuck fans! Ash here once again, and as promised, it’s time for another interview with the talented folks on Hiveswap’s development team! And don’t worry – if you missed the first interview, with our environment art director Rah, you can find it right here!

Who’s in the hot seat today? Why, it’s Adrienne, our lead animator! She can tell you far more about her work on the project than I ever could, so without further ado, I’m going to hand things off to her – after reminding you all to take good, long looks at the wonderful examples of her work peppered throughout this interview. Take it away, Adrienne!

Introduce yourself to the fans! What is your specific role on the Hiveswap team?

Hiya! My name’s Adrienne and I’m the lead animator for Hiveswap. I work together with Angela, the animation director, on roughs, cleanup, background and cutscene animation – anything that moves!

When and how did you get your start on the Hiveswap project?

I was hired full-time in January 2016, but I started doing some sprite conceptualization in late 2015 in tandem with [S]:Collide work (I animated sprites for the main big bads and did thumbnails for some of the sequences).

Tell us a little bit about your career background! How did you get your start in animation? Do you have any advice for others looking to enter this field?

Homestuck is basically my career background, ahaha.

I drew a lot of fan art for Homestuck after I finished catching up in late 2012. I got some attention from my work and I was asked to do comic pages for Paradox Space. Then I did work for the Homestuck calendar. Then I just became more involved in the comic after that by doing thumbnails, sprite animation, comic pages, snapchats… and now I’m working on the game… it’s been a wild ride from fan to full-time fan.

But as for how I got started in animation, a lot of it was influenced by anime and then DeviantArt while I was growing up. I grew up with Naruto and loved Norio Matsumoto’s work in it (he did the key animation for the best episodes!). And on DeviantArt, I liked following OCTs (Original Character Tournaments) and was particularly inspired by Unknown-Person’s work.

My general advice would be to value learning and exploration, and have less expectations of what life should hand you – it makes a lot of circumstances feel like a pleasant surprise and a good opportunity to learn something new. That’s how I felt when I stumbled into this field anyway, haha.

We’re making a video game, so of course the question must be asked: what’s your favorite game of all time, and what games are you playing currently (if any)?

Agh, what a difficult question. My most-played genre is colorful multiplayer shooters like Team Fortress 2, Overwatch, and Splatoon.

I finished Nier: Automata recently and now I’m working through Persona 5. But when I’m not working through that game, I play Breath of the Wild (most of my time is spent riding my horse around Hyrule – it’s very calming).

Are there any games that you currently use or have used as inspiration for your own animation work here on Hiveswap, or just in general?

I generally use Homestuck flash animations as an inspiration for Hiveswap sprite animations.

When I’m working on cutscenes, I look to Professor Layton stuff. I love how they integrated cutscenes with gameplay in that series.

As an animator, you must have some favorite cartoons and/or anime – tell us about them!

My recent favorite is Mob Psycho 100. The raw and rough quality of the animation for that one is my jam and the main cast is really inspiring. Avatar: The Last Airbender is still my top favorite for its epic storytelling and world-building. Naruto always has a special place in my heart since it’s one of the earliest things that inspired me to study animation.

Other big influential works for me were Princess Mononoke and How to Train Your Dragon.

What’s your workstation like? Do you like to listen to any particular kinds of music while you work? If so, tell us about it!

Here’s a picture of my workstation! If you squint at the bottom screen closely, you can see me taking the picture. But anyway… yeah. I am a little embarrassed for people to know how saturated my workstation is with inspirational quotes (there are papers of handwritten motivation on the walls behind me), but that’s just how I deal when the anxiety gets a little rough.

When I want to focus (usually for rough animation and concept art), I pull up an electronic or classical playlist on YouTube (and recently Spotify) or have no music playing at all. But for everything else (cleanup, in-betweens, etc.), I dig into different genres once in awhile but Imagine Dragons and Americana/folk stuff are my go-to. Acoustics sound really nice in these speakers.

Favorite Homestuck character?

Egh, this is impossible… I’m gonna say it’s between Rose, Jade, Roxy, Kanaya, Terezi, and Vriska… um…

Favorite Homestuck ship?

Rose/Kanaya has never once failed me! c: (I think John/Terezi is really funny too.)

Favorite Homestuck flash?

Urgh… I don’t know, there’s so many that I love. In terms of like… cool and creative setup, [S] Cascade probably? [S] GAME OVER is cool too, because everyone died and the stakes just got so much higher. Oh! I just remembered [S] Make her pay as well!

This question is impossible.

(In the above animation timeline, the first frame is held for 4/24 of a second, the second frame for 2/24 of a second, the third for 2/24, and so on.)

Do you have a personal message you’d like to relay to all the Homestuck and Hiveswap fans out there?

Thank you for all your support, and for your patience in making it through the Giga/Mega/Omegapauses intact!

Where can people find more of your work? Link us to your own little corner(s) of the Internet!

If you want to see more of my stuff, my Tumblr is the place to be!

Thank you, Adrienne! Well, folks, I hope you’ve enjoyed this second Hiveswap development team interview – and don’t worry, there are still plenty more to come!

Now that we’ve gotten things rolling, from here on out we’ll be bringing you a new interview every Wednesday, so be sure to check back every week for a new behind-the-scenes look at the development of Hiveswap and the talented people behind it!

See you next time!

LIMITED EDITION: BLACKLIGHT JOURNAL 3 GIVEAWAY

I’ve been contemplating this a lot for a little while now, and I’ve finally decided that I’m going to go through with it! I’m going through with giving away a copy of the limited edition Journal 3 (blacklight), due to the celebration of all you lovely people out there who follow my blog (all 13k+ of you! Thank you so much!), and just the fandom in general for being fantastic! And I know that many are really wanting to have a copy, but the price is really high to buy one. So, I thought: why not give one to a fellow faller for free and bring some joy?

I’m still working out some stuff (I have a copy pre-ordered already since October/November, but I’m not sure if changing addresses and all will make me lose the pre-order so I may have to re-send the journal out to the winner. Which I probably will just stick with that since it’s gonna be a while before I announce the winner of the giveaway. And who knows if there will be copies left to order by then. But that’ll just let me make sure the journals in a good condition before I send it back out, I guess?).

Rules:

• You must reblog to enter! You can reblog up to 5 times, and please be courteous of your followers! (No likes will count, sorry. Reblogs only.)

1 (ONE) winner will be selected for the giveaway. Just one, and no more.

• At the moment I will only be shipping the journal to residents in either the US or Canada, due to high shipping costs (especially since this journal will weigh more, it’ll definitely cost more to ship out of the country…but things may change in the future, as you have over a month to enter the giveaway.) I’m sorry, but I’ll already be spending so much on the journal, and with shipping it’ll be even more (especially as a college student who should be saving their money for tuition…but I really want to give away a copy!)

• Giveaway ends on March 31st, 2017 at 7:59 pm EST.

• Winner will be chosen by a random number generator on after March 31st, 2017 at 8:00 pm EST. I will be announcing the winner sometime afterwards (no later than April 1st due to conflicting plans). So again, you’ll have until 7:59 pm EST on the 31st to get your entries in!

Winner MUST be 18+, or must have parent permission to give me your address so the journal can be sent to you.

• You don’t have to follow me, but it’s encouraged. I’m a blog with Gravity Falls content, so feel free to follow if you want to!

• If you’re not entering and just want to signal boost, feel free to tag your reblog with #no entry and you will not be entered. Though if you want to enter for someone else that’s fine — just make sure they’re fine with giving me their address!

Winner will have 48 hours to answer back. If no reply, I will pick another winner.

A surprise Obi-Wan for @darthplodder, who won my 1k followers competition last month :D (The surprise is that he’s the version of Obi-Wan from her lovely fic ‘Start Again New’, which you should all go and read!)

I will never get tired of drawing Obi-Wan in modern men’s fashion. And in historic fashion. And in clothes in general. And out of th…. well, you get the idea. c:

7

Source: KOUGI | @kougiw
Please support the artist by liking and retweeting the original art and following!

Following Spree

Seeing as I have returned from the dead, now is the perfect opportunity to follow more people! My tastes have changed a little and my dash needs some love.

Like/reblog if you post about:


-Gravity Falls

-Rick and Morty

-Over the Garden Wall

-Anything Autumn/Halloween

-Anything yellow. Not even kidding. I love yellow.

-Flight of the Conchords

-Heathers

-Be more Chill

-Hamilton

-Dear Evan Hansen

-Musicals in general

-Bookish things

-Cosplay

-Night in the Woods

-Jacksepticeye/Antisepticeye

-Markiplier/Darkiplier

-Dan and Phil

-Sims 4

-Stardew Valley

-Doctor Who

-Animation

-Knitting

-Star Trek

-MBTI especially INFP

-Psychology

That’s all I can think of for now. If I come up with more I’ll add on to it. Now GO GO GO. PUNCH THAT BUTTON. LIKE A BOSS.

Despicable Me is so important

if you follow my blog at all you’ll know that I absolutely fucking love Despicable Me. Like… LOVE. It’s one of my favorite movies of all time. The writing, the comedy, the timing, the animation; it’s all incredibly well put together. 

In fact, I’m a fan of Illumination Studios in general. 

Granted, I’m not a fan of their movies. 

LE GASP you say. How can you be a fan of a studio but not all their movies

Becuase, dear reader, their movies lack a lot of things. And, for the most part, many of their movies aren’t really displays of “We Do What We Want”. They’re more “We Do What the Audience Wants.” Which… sort of makes sense. They’re a new studio. They don’t have the funds to really take huge risks yet. But god, their audience-pleasing choices can be so…. 

Originally posted by gif-007

Like remember that time a few people stood up and said “hey those Minions were sort of cool”

and Illumination Studios said 

OKAY HOW ABOUT WE FLOOD THE WORLD

Originally posted by minionnation

And brought us one of the most annoying things to grace this planet. 

Goddamit Illumination. 

Keep reading

KLANCE FIC REC LIST #1/?

2

I know I never make original content but here we have it, a fic rec list from yours truely! I’ll say the rating and give the discription, and my opinion as well. Always check tags before reading! BTW these are not in order at all!!

_____________________

Every Colour You See

“Lance always wanted to be an artist. But after a car accident, he’s left with a rare disorder called monochromacy; making him unable to see any colour.
Keith is a rebellious foster kid with a photographic memory and a passion for drawing, making safe places in his art, pieced together through photos in his mind…”

Rating: Teen and Up, 13 Ch; 39K words, Ongoing TW: violence, panic attacks, car accidents, PTSD, check tags on work before reading.

My opinion: From whats there so far, it’s full of support for each other and full of equal panic and angst so read carefully.

_____________________

Not That Bad

“…College AU featuring coffee shops, silly rivalries, motorcycles, arcade games, friendships, and lots of warm, fluffy feelings that are both confusing and delightful all at the same time.”

Rating: Mature, 12 Ch; 68K words, complete TW: anxiety attacks

My Opinion: This whole work is amazing, it’s well written and it had motercycle Keith who doesn’t want that. Keith is shy, unrelated to Voltron, but the author made it work very well!

______________________

On Thin Ice

“…This multi-chapter fic chronicles the lives of a hockey player named Keith who gets forcibly enlisted into figure skating lessons by his brother, Shiro, to “work on his footwork”. There he meets a pompous - yet talented - figure skater named Lance and gets swept away by both the sport and the skater.” 

Rating: Mature, 9 (long) Ch; 150K words, Ongoing TW: anxiety attacks, SLOWBURN

My Opinion: I can not get enough of this fic, it has me waiting for the next update with antcipation at all times of the day, do not read if you care about social life. It’s so well written that lance feels tangible tbh. You get sassy interactions and a deep backstory that’s been yet to be released, although I have some ideas…

ALSO: Please go check out @soottea and @wardenalistair the former being an offical artist and co auther to the later, they are amazing and answer questions and are just generally lovely people! you can look through the tag OTI on my tumblr for some art!

______________________

Never Saw You Coming

“Three months in space on his own would have been fine. Three months in space with Lance McClain is a whole other fucking story.”

Rating: Mature, 1 (long) Ch; 47K words, Complete TW: anxiety attacks, Mental Torture, Slurs 

My Opinion: This fic was super sharp and harsh on Keith’s side of things, and it stays constant as you read through up until the very (very) end where everything falls into place and it all becomes soft. I love klance *swoons*

_______________________

What are you willing to do?

“They fuck in the Red Lion.”

Rating: Mature, 1 Ch;4K words, Complete 

My Opinion: It’s the discription tbh nothing aside from it, read the tags :*

_______________________

Don’t Break Connection, Baby

“Keith works part-time as a phone sex operator and receives a prank call from Lance. This does not go as planned for Lance. Thus begins the adventure of our dear sweet goofball continuing to call Keith to fuck with him (but not like fuck fuck with him…at least not yet)…”

Rating: Mature, 10 Ch; 38K words, Complete no major warnings but read the tags

My Opinion: This is so good, it has more plot than I expected and it’s actually super sweet. Keith does the hair thing and Lance falls for it as much as I do.

________________________

Dirty Laundry

“Lance makes the mistake of telling his Mom he has a boyfriend coming home with him for Christmas. Keith makes the mistake of agreeing to be Lance’s ‘fake boyfriend’.” 

Rating: Mature, 9 Ch; 85K words TW: Homophobic slurs, Anxiety, Violence 

My Opinion: SO GOOD, it moves at the perfect pace and you can watch them fall in love from miles away. It is amazing and theres so many times where it hurts to continue reading but you do anyway~

________________________

call me, beep me

“(00:31) Do you think she gave me the wrong number on purpose?
(00:31) Or was it a genuine mistake?
(00:32) Like maybe she writes funny and I misread it?
(00:32) Some of the numbers do look a little dodgy…
(00:33) Cause, you know, her threes could very easily be poorly formed eights? And maybe she writes her sevens like her ones?
(00:45) What
(00:46) The
(00:46) Fuck???
(00:47) Oh good, you are awake! “

Rating: General Audience, 10 Ch; 85K words 

My opinion: UgH this is so sweet and I am in love, they’re all in college I think and pidge and hunk are the best wingmen. 

__________________________

I bet you look good on the dancefloor

“So like in ‘Step Up’?”


Allura shrugs. “Now that you put it like that - yes. I guess it’s just like in ‘Step Up’.”


The smile that she sends Shiro’s way - followed by a shy wave, eugh - is sickening to say the least, and Lance

still

doesn’t believe in dance camps”

Rating: Teen and Up, 7 Ch; 43K words TW: Shiro is shot, but he lives, 

My opinion: The dance fic everyone needs, and meme lance, pidge, hunk group.

____________________________

This is it for now, but I can assure you I’ll be back!! please message me about literally any of these fics, I love to discuss <3

things about the livestreamed episode that got me feelin some type of way

1. justin basically never being not laughing

2. Brothers On A Comfy Couch (also included in package: one (1) shoulder lean)

3. “this is not a tarantula i don’t know if –"  "then why’d you BRING IT mark” and in general just griffin clinging to justin's sleeve throughout that entire segment

4. griffin and justin being 10x more excited than travis that he conquered his fear, also the McElroy Cluster of Support and Calming Voices 

5. spaghetti by the pool. ok.

6. the fact that they write off travis hitting justin as an awkward unscripted unprofessional thing and then for the rest of the episode physically cannot stop bringing it up

7. even the mayor of huntington west virginia thinks justin is adorable

8. eight legs of justice

9. alex by the way ended up being absolutely incredible. she gave no fucks whatsoever even when faced by three strangers filming her for their tv show telling her to get a tarantula she basically looked at them and said point-blank to their faces “no” and i wanna be her

10. griffin mcelroy speaking to A Teen: “it’s good ta go, boi”

11. just in general this episode was the first thing to make me feel alive in months and btw for ppl wondering if it holds up with folks who aren’t familiar with mbmbam i sent it to 3 of my heretofore uninitiated friends and they all loved it and want more and also have gone and followed the ranchos facebook page as well, completely unprompted

This is it !

Today is a really special day to me, 7 years ago I discovered Flipnote Studio for the first time on my DSi !! It was the September 4th 2009 !

At that time I never animated on something digital in my entire life and I was scared to try, not being good to draw with a tablet or on a PC at all but drawing on a tactile digital screen helped me a lot to get confortable and I began to have fun with this little application, so much fun that I began to enjoy and taking it more seriously. Knowing that most of the animators animate on a PC I always thought I was not a real one and would never be taking seriously …. but with all of your love I believed that it was false and that any animators (and any artist in general !) can be awesome and passionate no matter what they use !!

This is an amazing and important meaning to me !

And now, 7 years later, I still use this application to make all of my little characters living and moving, bouncing to make you smile :)

I want to thank you for your big and awesome support, for the new fans like the first I got back on Flipnote Hatena, I would never believe in the past that so many people would follow me for the animations I made on the DSi or 3DS, thanks to you I’m proud to continue with it and to be respected for my work !

Thank you all so much, I will never forget all of these years and I will keep going ! I can’t thank you enough, you make my life !! :’D

I still can’t believe how far I could go with this amazing application, you made me believe whatever you use to share your passion, if you love doing it, people will also love it ! 

So again, Thank you all so much, you made my day, and I can say, you made my life, a huge part of it ! I’m proud to do what I do and you push me to do more, you are all Génial !  I’m sure U will animate 7 more years and even more :) Thanks for making me believe in my passion and my dreams !

Merci tout le monde pour tout votre soutien ! Vous êtes tous géniaux !!! J’ai vraiment hâte d’en partager encore plus avec vous tous !! 

Merci merci merci !!!!

Alright my dudes, my dash has been completely taken over by marvel so in order to get the balance back please reblog this if you post:

-haikyuu
-boku no hero academia
-fullmetal alchemist
-bungou stray dogs
-91 days
-free
-d.gray-man
-kuroshitsuji
-just anime in general please I’m desperate

And I’ll check out your blog/follow!

I post all those things above and more so feel free to check out my blog! Thanks!

Mutuals if y'all could please reblog this and help spread it that would be amazing and I’ll love you forever
In An Instant: Part Ten (END)

Summary: A romantic comedy about what happens when love literally falls through your window.

Characters: Bucky Barnes x Reader, Ash (aka me), Steve Rogers, Sam Wilson, Tony Stark

Warnings: Language, general gross cuteness, some angst, bad writing, bad storylines, possible cheating, but mostly major fluff and feels

Word Count: 1.6K

A/N: I’m finally wrapping up this series. It didn’t quite go the way I had anticipated but I enjoyed it. Thank you to all of you extremely patient people who followed along with me. I’d love to hear what you thought of the series as a whole and what I should/shouldn’t do in future series. I love you all. Special thanks to my babe, @sebbytrash, for reading through this for me. I love you.

Catch up here!  **My Masterlist  ** Inspiration Fund

When you awoke that Saturday afternoon, a mere three weeks since you met the life ruiner, Bucky Barnes, your heart literally hurt. Who were you to stop a wedding? You barely knew this guy. There was nothing you could do.

Keep reading

The New Convert’s Guide to Essential* Jewish Texts

*Essential here not meaning required or mandatory, but rather, carrying the essence of Jewish learning.

Introduction

One thing that new or considering converts may find challenging about coming to Judaism is the sheer volume of text that provides a bastion of Jewish values and beliefs. In addition to peoplehood, land, and language, texts are another essential piece of Jewish heritage, cultural staples that bind Jews all across the globe.

While Judaism relies on many texts and continues to produce evolving scholarship, several texts are central to Judaism’s continuing message, and new or considering converts may find it helpful to at least be familiar with the general role and content of these seminal texts within their new tradition. The following list is by no means exhaustive, but are all texts of which I have been made aware and have studied thus far as a prospective convert within the Reform tradition–they have all informed my Jewish knowing of the world. There are other important texts out there; they’re just not on my radar yet. After describing the general role and content of each text, I have attempted to articulate how I view a convert’s responsibility to know and love these texts as they pertain to the wider Jewish world.

The Essential* Texts

The Torah (תורה) is (almost) inarguably the most central text in the Jewish world. It is composed of the five books of Moses: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. Each of these five books contains its own narrative and its own messages that continue to be relevant to the Jewish people. The Torah is traditionally read on Saturday mornings across the world in observance of Shabbat (the Sabbath). This text is read cyclically, about once per year, and Jewish communities all over the world read more or less the same section of text (parshat) each week.

Authorship of the Torah remains hotly contested across many Jewish traditions. Deeply conservative traditions may believe that the Torah was given in its entirety by G-d on Mount Sinai; more liberal and academic traditions attribute the writing of the Torah to several authors across centuries. The Torah has been, understandably, altered by translation into many different languages. The ultimate authoritative Torah, written in ancient Hebrew and Aramaic, is known as the Masoretic text. Ultimately, each Jew’s relationship to the Torah is personal. Some study it only academically and historically, and some study it spiritually.

The convert’s responsibility to the Torah: The way you learn Torah and the degree to which it is taught literally will vary with which Jewish tradition you are learning in. Many Reform Jews, for example, do not see the Torah as a literal text, and search for hidden meanings, analogies, and generalizations about the human condition within its pages. Every interpretation of the Torah is up for debate–that, too, is part of the Jewish tradition. There is really nothing vis-a-vis Torah interpretation that you, as a convert, or any Jew absolutely must believe. As someone who is converting, however, you will want to understand how the Torah has impacted the Jewish people both spiritually and historically, get a sense of how it unifies and arguably created the Jewish people, and spend enough time studying this text to understand how it maintains relevance for Jewish people across the world. The Torah is also an incredibly helpful text in developing one’s Hebrew literacy. Whether you interpret it literally or metaphorically, you will doubtless find stories and messages within the Torah that resonate with you. It is, primarily, the story of the Jewish people’s search for G-d and human meaning.

The Tanakh (תַּנַ"ךְ) is a collection of texts made up of the Torah, Prophets (Nevi’im, נְבִיאִים), and Writings (Kethuvim, כְּתוּבִים). Prophets and Writings supplement the story of the Torah; they provide biblical stories not put down in the five books of Moses, offer prayers and songs, morals and rules for Jewish life, and a vast amount of other cultural knowledge. Most traditions don’t treat Prophets and Writings with the same reverence they give to the Torah itself. However, they remain deeply relevant in modern Jewish life. The holiday of Shavuot, for example, has its precedent in the book of Ruth, the quintessential story of a woman who joins the Jewish people in Writings.

The convert’s responsibility to the Tanakh is much the same as your responsibility to the Torah. How you interpret this text is ultimately up to you. It is primarily your duty to grapple with this text, to invite its knowledge into your ways of Jewish knowing, and to understand how this text has influenced the Jewish people and Jewish life.

The Talmud (תַּלְמוּד), or Shas (ש״ס), is a much more historically anchored text than the Torah or the entirety of the Tanakh. The Talmud is primarily a book of Jewish oral law–rituals and observances that may or may not be explicitly laid out in the Torah. The Talmud also contains pertinent stories and morales, as well as sages’ and rabbinic opinions (and, of course, debates) on Jewish ritual and law. Because this text evolved alongside the Jewish people, it exists in multiple versions. The most widely read is the Babylonian Talmud (Berakhot).

The convert’s responsibility to the Talmud: Unlike the Torah, even people who are born Jewish may not be familiar with this text (granted, born Jews may or may not read and study Torah, but they likely understand its relationship to their Jewish heritage). A deep and reflective understanding of the Talmud is not necessary for a potential convert unless you are deeply interested in Jewish scholarship. Rather, grappling with pieces of the Talmud will help you learn to think of the world in distinctly Jewish ways, and will help you develop existential questions that you want to confront Jewishly alongside your chosen people.

The Mishneh Torah (מִשְׁנֵה תּוֹרָה), a work of halakhic (having to do with law and custom) literature, is the best-known text of renowned Jewish scholar Moses Maimonides, also known as the Rambam. His commentary on the scriptures features prominently in many modern editions of the Torah, and his thinking is a jumping-off point for many modern Torah scholars. The Mishneh Torah is a more accessible book of Jewish law. Written in the 12th century, an age when Torah scholarship was largely reserved for the elite, Maimonides recognized that common people needed a way to have a relationship with their sacred texts that originated their rituals and customs. He produced the Mishneh Torah (which even he refers to as his “great text”) to explain and contextualize Jewish spirituality and ritual for everyone in the Jewish world.

The convert’s responsibility to the Mishneh Torah: While the Rambam is a revered scholar and Jewish thinker (indeed, his philosophy even appears to have influenced Einstein’s thinking), the Mishneh Torah is not regarded as a divine or sacred text. Rather, it provides an interesting peek into the ancient Jewish world, and as a convert, you may benefit from its highly accessible explanations of Jewish ritual and custom. As with the Torah, the Tanakh, and the Talmud, you should understand how the Mishneh Torah came about and how it continues to be impactful and relevant in the Jewish world.

The Guide of the Perplexed is Maimonides’ other well-known text. Unlike the Mishneh Torah, Maimonides composed his guide for other elite Torah scholars and Jewish thinkers. He wrote it for his student, Joseph, who had to leave Maimonides’s tutelage before his education was complete, and so Maimonides attempted to condense all of his most cutting-edge thinking and questioning into one text. Although the average person can glean fascinating knowledge from the Guide, dedicated scholars are challenged to unlock the text’s deeper mysteries. The Guide contains everything from biblical exegesis to epistemology to massively existential considerations on the future of mankind and the nature of G-d. The Guide is not light reading; rabbinical students may spend years working on this text.

The convert’s responsibility to the Guide is, arguably, minimal. A thorough understanding of the contents of the Torah and some Hebrew literacy are required before one can seriously grapple with this text. In the absence of this knowledge, you will need a well-educated teacher, such as a rabbi, to walk you through the Guide’s many rabbit-holes and nuances. That does not mean that you shouldn’t make the attempt–the text richly rewards those who sit deeply with it. Just don’t feel that you need to tackle this text to convert wholly and successfully. It is worthwhile, however, to read about Maimonides and how his thinking and philosophies have influenced the Jewish people, both historically and modernly.

The midrash (מִדְרָשׁ) are not one single text, but a body of rhetorical history. Jewish tradition is rich with debate, disagreement, and discussion. Midrashic texts are works of commentary on the Torah, chiefly, and also on other seminal Jewish texts and traditions. The classical midrash were authored primarily at the start of the rabbinic age, but as Judaism becomes more widely accessible and increasingly scholarly, the world of midrash continues to expand. Halakhic midrash, including the Mishneh Torah, deals with the legal aspects of Jewish life, while aggadic/haggadic midrash deals with customs, stories, and other non-legal aspects.

The convert’s responsibility to the midrash is, essentially, to study it–to understand how a history of rhetoric and debate has shaped the Jewish world. If you are studying Torah, especially in weekly sessions, you may find yourself wanting to produce some midrash of your own.

A Siddur (סדור) is a book of Jewish prayer and song, usually utilized in synagogue during services, although many people study their Siddur privately or simply read it for comfort. There is no unified siddur; rather, different Jewish traditions and even different synagogues have a siddur that fits their specific needs and beliefs. A typical siddur will include liturgy for Shabbat especially, but also for other Jewish holidays and holy moments.

The convert’s responsibility to a siddur will vary by tradition and by the degree to which you are experiencing Jewish life religiously. If you plan on attending religious services at a synagogue, you can expect to be handed a siddur from which the rabbi will conduct the service. If you are coming to Judaism religiously, siddurim will contain many spiritual and religious messages that you may find helpful in your new path; if you are more secular or non-religious, singing and praying from the siddur during services is an excellent way to build your sense of Jewish community and improve your Hebrew literacy. Religious or not, you will likely find the reading of a siddur to be an emotionally enriching experience.

A piyyut (פיוט) is also not a unified text, but is a Jewish liturgical prayer or poem. Piyyutim are often meant to be chanted in a religious service. Piyyutim feature prominently in siddurim, therefore, and play a widespread cultural role in Jewish communities across the world. Very well-known and well-loved piyyutim include Adon Olam (Master of the World) and Yigdal, as both are meant to be daily prayers. Piyyutim recited for Shabbat are also widely known.

The convert’s responsibility to piyyutim is much like that of their responsibility to siddurim. These are not specifically holy texts, but possible ways for you to build your Jewish path, whether that path seeks religion, community, or knowledge. Because many piyyutim can be traced back before the rabbinic age, learning them will bring you closer to Jewish history.

Additions

The Shulchan Aruch is widely known as the ultimate compendium of Jewish law. “Shulchan Aruch” refers both to the original work by Joseph Karo, which reflects Sephardic tradition, and the additional commentaries by the Rema, which provide Ashkenazi traditions. The Shulchan Aruch succeeds the Mishneh Torah and Jacob ben Asher’s Tur as the ultimate halachic reference.

As this work has been suggested for this list and is not part of my learning as of this posting, I can’t comment on the convert’s responsibility to the Shulchan Aruch. Instead, I will suggest that considering and studying converts explore how the textualization of Jewish law has evolved over time, and what specific questions and issues in Jewish life authors such as Maimonides and Karo were responding to in compiling these codes.


Disclaimer: This author is still learning! Please feel free to reply/reblog with corrections, additions, and questions.

-Mod K

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THANK YOU GUYS FOR 1000 FOLLOWERS! You all inspire me to do better and to work harder! I made these icons as a token of my thanks (and because they were really fun to make! haha) Please feel free to use them! I’m not really a graphic designer or anything but I hope you guys like them hehe.

If you want, you can message me to change the background color or add your username somewhere! Don’t be shy!

Please reblog & like if you use them (or if you just like them in general! It would be greatly appreciated hehe). Thank you! Love you all hehe

~ dee

Ya know what? Shoutout to supportive ass friends.

To friends who have no idea what you’re talking about but will listen to you ramble about something you love.

Friends who send you things about something they don’t even like/follow just because they know you like it.

Friends who make sure you take care of yourself.

Friends who let you know its okay to feel sad, angry, unhappy. Who let you feel safe when you’re vulnerable.

Friends who will go anywhere and do anything with you with the barest bones of a plan.

Just. I know sometimes we forget to say thank you, to say i love you, to say i appreciate the little things you do. So this is just a general thank you for being my friend.

How the JH shippers see Danny Masterson every time he validates our feelings, more than 10 years after the JH break-up…

Captain of the Zenmasters Ship, the ship of dreams, Daniel Peter Masterson aka Captain #woah #hydenadjackie 

SUGSS’S FOLLOW SPREE

Hello loves ♡

So recently I’ve been unfollowing tons of blogs and my dash is pretty much dead… That’s why I’m looking for new blogs to follow, so feel free to reblog/like this if you post any of these things and I’ll definitely check your blog out.

What I’m looking for:

Voltron 

  • Anti-shaladin
  • Klance, Hance, Klunk, Shayllura

Anime

  • Haikyuu!!
  • Yuri on Ice!!!
  • My Hero Academia
  • Seasonal animes

Kpop

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Aesthetics

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Bonus if you:

  • Have a tagging system
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  • Are friendly ^^

pls remember I have sideblogs dedicated to Voltron, BTS and Kpop and that I follow from my main aka sugss.

If my mutuals could please reblog this, it would be deeply appreciated (´∀`)♡

Have a wonderful day ~ ☆