I'm sorry to bother u, I was trying to read through those two paragraphs u posted and my brain just couldn't grasp what they were saying lol could u maybe explain it for my simple brain lol
A matching right is a right in a contract that says that one party has the right to match any offer that the other party gets for their next contract. So, if Columbia had a matching right on any solo contracts coming out of 1D, and they chose to exercise it, they would have the right to match any offer that Harry got from any other label. That “bidding war” that the press keeps mentioning could have happened, but Columbia always had a leg up, because no matter what offer Harry got, Columbia got the chance to match. Harry couldn’t say, “Nope, I’m taking the Capitol deal,” because as long as Columbia was willing to match whatever Capitol was offering, Harry was obligated to sign with them.
A right of first negotiation is a right in a contract that says that at the end of that contract, the one party gets first dibs, basically. That the other party isn’t allowed to negotiate their next contract with anyone else for a certain period of time. I think this is a less likely explanation for Harry’s deal, but coupled with the matching right, it may explain how negotiations went down.
Another term common in contracts but not listed on that site is a right of first refusal. This is a right in a contract that says that if one party is going to undertake a particular transaction – say, go solo – the other party gets to decide first whether they want to be the one to be the other party to that deal.
It’s possible some variation of all of these were in their old contract and thus limited whatever options all of them had for signing solo deals.