PISTOLS OF THE WORLD WAR TWO
Although guns have a secondary use, and are more expensive and less lethal than other weapons easier to produce, as a hand Granada, they have always been part of military arsenals. Because they are a gun-symbol of authority or rank (as formerly the saber or sword), because sometimes there is simply no better option, and because the gun is a prized weapon by the psychologically soldier, to give feeling of “being there” at hand if necessary. As before going into combat with knifes.
During the first world war, the guns had enough prominence, because the lack of a small rapid-fire weapon better, made them very useful in the trenches. In World War II, with submachine already established, they lost prominence, but stopped being used.
Military guns usually cruder and simpler than their civilian counterparts, to produce them quickly and cheaply. But usually more robust and reliable to withstand the harsh conditions of military service.
The famous “luger”, designed by the Austrian George Luger in 1899 as an improved version Borchard 1893, and manufactured by the DWM as Parabellum from 1900. It was adopted by the German imperial army in 1904 (marine) and 1908 , staying as P08. Although the list of countries in the world that Germany is used in addition to more than twenty.
It was the German reglametaria gun in World War II, where he proved to be a weapon of good quality, easy to grip and precise aiming, but expensive and sensitive to dirt from the battlefield.
By 1938, already it had adopted a more modern substitute manufactured by Walther P38, good performance but cheaper and reliable.
However, the outbreak of the Second World War in ‘39. The arms need not only be made using existing Luger would follow, but also manufacturing follow until 1942.
The Luger was a coveted trophy of war between the allies. And probably the most “charismatic” gun history. Reaching sometimes re-manufactured by different companies throughout the twentieth century and nostalgic collectors. The original models, especially the rare versions are still listed collectibles.
The mechanical articulated, very complex, very peculiar and that partly gives his famous silhouette lever is complex and although well made and should not tolerate too well the dirty conditions of the battlefield.
This was the first gun to use 9mm Parabellum (9x19mm), an intermediate catucho power, reliable, and manageable with good drilling rectroceso, which was eventually adopted by NATO and the most popular in the world.
Caliber: 9mm Parabellum Length: 22.2 cm. Canyon: 10.3 cm. Weight: 0.877 Kg Power supply:. Removable magazine for 8 rounds.
Since 1931 and covertly, to skip the Treaty of Versailles, the Germans developed new weapons, including a new gun, to replace veteran P08 is included. Must remain of good quality and precise, but cheaper to manufacture and more tolerant to dirt.
It was adopted by the German military in 1938 as P38, and started producing massive fastened in 1939. Although lack of cases did not enter service until April 1940. There was throughout the war and are calculated on 1,144,000 units manufactured . A more luxurious for the civilian market HP version is also produced, but the war interrupted its production.
After the war, he readoptó by the Federal Republic of Germany as P1 with a sliding alloy. In its design the famous Beretta 92 or a long generation S & W pistols are based.
The P38 uses a mobile bolt bolted to the canyon below, operating rectilinear recoil spring is assisted by two parallel reclaimers and decocking device was the best of its kind. It was one of the first guns that could be carried safely with a bullet in the chamber.
Caliber: 9mm Parabellum Length: 21,9cm. Canyon: 12,4cm Weight: 0,96kg. Supply: 9 removable magazine cartridges.
Although originally designed in Belgium, the Russian version is famous Tán that is almost considered a weapon of that country. It is a curious revolver:
It has a seven drum cartridges, and is designed to keep gas shot through the gap between the drum and barrel. Closing it when shooting. Cartridges exclusive 7.62mm caliber bullet had completely within the sheath of brass. The advantage of this power was not much, so it is doubtful that worth the whole mechanism. Furthermore, the firing pin, long, was exposed to breakage. However in combat I proved a reliable and mechanically robust weapon. It is a bit slow to reload, even for a gun, but otherwise gave good service.
The original models of tsarist times, had two versions, one double-acting and good finish for officers and other single acting and very rough for the troops. But the communists were matched double action and no frills.
Although in principle it was replaced by the TT-33, followed by the need to use weapons and their success.
caliber 7.62mm Nagant Length: 26.7 cm. Cannon: 11,45cm. Weight: 780 g. Supply: manual reloading seven drum cartridges.
Designed by Fyodor V. Tokarev in the state arsenal of Tula. The Tula Tokarev 30 was manufactured in a few units before being replaced in 1933 by an improved version, the Tula Tokarev 33.
The TT33 was basically a Soviet version of the American M1911. In the Russian model, the striker hammer, its spring and other removable parts formed a single block in the back of the head. OTRS also alterations, such as locking lugs around the barrel rather than just over the edges turning pair charger prevent failures if deformed, etc. In general, and in the Soviet style, it is less sophisticated and accurate version than the original, and rough finish, but very sturdy, reliable, simple and easy to maintain and cheaper to manufacture.
Despite officially being the surrogate Nagant revolver, the need for weapons made them live, not replacing Revolver everything until the end of the war. After this, the Tokarev continued to be used for decades around the world, thanks to cheap price, easy maintenance, good reliability and durability, made up for his looks rough and lack precision.
Caliber 7.62mm Type P (M30) Length: 19,6cm. Canyon: 11.6 cm. Weight: 0.83 kg. Supply: 8 cartridges may removable magazine.
Colt M1911 A1
After ordeals against the Moors sworn Philippines, the US military decided to adopt a gun can easily topple any man shot. The result was the .45 ACP and, after overcoming harsh military puebras in 1907. The Colt M1911 pistol designed by the famous Mormon Utah gunsmith, JM Browning. As “Automatic Pistol, Caliber .45, M1911”.
While other guns of the time used a cap on the drawer mechanisms. The M1911 used more effectively; He had a ojeretas in its outer zone in ecajaban notches inside the slide. This robust system, coupled with a good guarantor of safe and reliable grip safety, made her mechanically very reliable. Aumque needed instructed her enough to get a good shot, because the no-frills design for military use and reloading.
This gun was regulatory in the 1st World War, where he gave a remarkable service. But it was shown that people of bulky hands were at risk of “bribes” to shoot. In 1921 it was redesigned slightly, widening the mainspring housing that rears its curved spine and small cosmetic changes to the frame, enhancing the curves behind the trigger and slightly varying the spur of the hammer and grip safety. These small changes were cosmetic and improved wield. But mechanically it was the same. And renamed M1911 A1.
With this configuration was used in the 2nd World War, giving a great result, because of the great punch of his caliber, and good mechanical reliability and resistance. In the years of war nearly two million guns be forged by several companies.
After the war, he continued to be used by the US Army until 1985, serving in Korea and Vietnam.
The “Colt .45” M1911 to been the most copied or gun versioned history, and still today modernized both by individuals and by some police forces versions are used. And inspired design to a greater or lesser extent many other weapons.
Caliber: .45 ACP Length: 21.9 cm. Canyon: 12,8cm. Weight: 1,36kg. Supply: removable magazine for 7 rounds.
Enfield No. 2 Mark1 *
In 1926, the national arsenal of Enfield began producing a version of the new model Wenbley & Scott, which was a smaller and lighter .455 caliber revolver Old used in World War 1 version. The new revolver used the more modest but more manageable .38 caliber ball. Once shared among crew started tanks and other vehicles, the hammer nasty tendency to snag anything was discovered. What made the Mk1 was changed by deleting the tail hammer and letting only dual action, resulting in the Mk 1 *.
The Mk1 *. due to military production without luxuries as only pulling double action, it was little precise aim, but it was a very mechanically robust and extremely reliable weapon.
The lack of weapons at the outbreak of World War 2, made the original version of the company Webley, the Mk4 also úsase. Quite similar but not interchangeable parts.
They continue in use in the British army until the '60s. Even in the early 80s there were still some in use.
Caliber: .38 SAA Ball Length: 26cm. Canyon: 12.7. Weight: 0,767kg. Supply: manual drum to six cartridges.
Nambu Taisho 14
It designed by Japanese Col. Kijiro Nambu, externally resembles the location line, but is mechanically nearest to the Mauser c96.
Created in 1904, some of its features come from weapons like the Luger, the C96 or Roth Sauer 98, but applied to the design of original form.
It also has distinctive features, such as dual recoil spring and the detachable key guardamnote bow and disarmament.
The Taisho 14, was the most accurate of war service pistol marksmanship, and the original production is good quality. But this is a slight advantage does not compensate the practical shortcomings of a weapon for 1925, the latest version was already obsolete.
The rotary vane safe side, to the left of the frame, is unattainable for the hand holding the gun, and requires a rotation of 180 ° forcing using both hands to pound it. Charger, with insurance, also carries a strap riveted to the front of the grip, holding the charger even after pressing the release button. And the magazine is unnecessarily complicated removed and recharged.
All this can be quite cumbersome in the middle of the battlefield.
Nambu 8mm cartridge abotellado, despite having a mild kick and punch well, did not think much “stuck”.
Caliber 8mm Nambu Length: 16.2 cm. Canyon: 12,6cm. Weight: 0,907 kg. Supply: removable magazine 8 cartridges.
Given the need for weapons, the army adopted a little commercial success gun called Gun Type 94, as complementary to the regulations. First for pilots and tank crewmen, by its compact size as the old type 14. But later spread. Nearing the end of the war to 70,000 guns.
Considered one of the worst military guns, the original design was awkward and could skyrocket acidentalmente with a stroke or due to a malfunction. The poor quality of production due to the hardships of war, combined with the harsh conditions of combat and flaws mentioned above could be almost as dangerous combination for the shooter to the target.
Caliber 8mm Nambu Length: 18.3 cm. Canyon: 9,6cm. Weight: 0.688 kg. Supply: 6 rounds detachable magazine.
A design from Hauser and Roch Swiss was improved by an Italian officer named Rivelli, selling manufacturing rights to Glisenti in 1905. The Model 1910 was used as a secondary weapon in the 1st World War by the Italians, and was made up almost 1930, with about 120,000 copies.
So many were in service during the 2nd World War. It was rather small for the time, comfortable grip size and line couplers avoided.
Its peculiar mechanism of acerojado by intermediate piece, is quite consistent over paple but combat tended to be sensitive to dust and sand, the pieces were worn against each other and the side plate, that is unscrewed, greatly facilitated maintenance and cleaning but could go loosening wear. Besides the long trigger travel difficult precision shooting. He is using a cartridge that despite looking like a 9mm Parabellum, had less gunpowder and power.
Caliber 9mm Glisenti Length: 21cm. Canyon: 10.2 cm. Weight: 0.909 kg. Supply: removable magazine for 7 rounds.
The service pistol of the Italians in World War 2. Perfecting the already good models 1915 and 1922. The Model 1934 is manufactured with a mechanism of few parts, simple and robust, and it was made with scrupulous quality. All this gave a high mechanical reliability and resistance. The hammer could be assembled by hand or by accident, a security breach is the only mechanical fault.
Its small size and weight, and refined line, made it comfortable to wear and wield. And the caliber of 9mm or .32 ACP short allowed a very manageable recoil, but lacked enough “stuck”, with this lack of power its major flaw.
Caliber 9mm or .32 ACP short Length: Canyon: 8,6cm. Weight: 650g. Supply: removable magazine 7 (9mm short) or 8 (.32ACP) cartridges.