i can keep going with the adjectives


Happy birthday to the man that inspire me the most; Kim Junmyeon. ♡

You inspire me to always look forward and keep going. You spent seven years, working for your dream and it sure as hell paid off. You’re the very core and strenght of EXO and you’re the best leader anyone could’ve asked for. I just appreciate you so so much and I’m so extremely grateful for everything you do. Thank you for being your amazing lovely self. Thank you for being our guardian. I love you little bunny prince. Happy Birthday  ♡


(I decided to post this outside my reblog from @language-princess to keep better track of it)

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Don’t BE salty or bitter, DESCRIBE it. (FOOD VOCAB pt. 2.)

No one likes bland food, so obviously no one likes bland food descriptions. Due to Korea’s love for food, there’s an incredible amount of ways to describe food. We’re going to look at some fun ways to describe food beyond the basic 맵다, 달다, etc. Because there are so many adjectives, they each have subtle differences, so each one has an example with it. These are arranged from top to bottom by strength.

Girl you salty,

짜디짜다 – Too salty. (Ex. saltines)
짜디짠 바닷물을 마시니까 정신이 번쩍 든다. - Drinking the really salty seawater shocks me back to my senses.

짭조름하다 – Slightly salty. (Ex. seaweed)
바다에 오니까 공기에서 짭조름한 맛이 느껴져. - Just coming to the beach I can taste the saltiness in the air.

짭짤하다 – Slightly salty, but makes you want to keep eating it. (Ex. potato chips)
맥도날드에서 프랜치 후라이를 더 짭짤하게 먹고 싶으면 소금 더 쳐달라고 하면 돼. - If you want your fries to be extra salty at McDonalds, then you can ask them to put more salt on.

간간하다 – Just the right amount of saltiness (Ex. soup)
설랑탕의 간이 간간해서 딱 좋아. - The ox-bone soup’s perfect because the seasoning is on point.

Don’t be bitter,

쓰디쓰다 – Very bitter (ex. Espresso)
쓰디쓴 에스프레소를 내 고독과 마신다. - I drink this overly bitter espresso with my solitude.

쌉쌀하다 – Bitter (ex. Coffee, Medicine)
티백을 너무 오래 두면 맛이 쌉쌀해지더라. - If you leave a teabag in too long it’ll become bitter.

씁쓰름하다 – Slightly bitter (ex. Arugula)
봄나물은 씁쓰름한 맛에 먹는거지. - You eat the spring greens to taste the slight bitterness.

Blander than bland-flakes,

밍밍하다 / 맹맹하다 – Very bland, no taste
이 주스 너무 밍밍한데? 물 탄 거 아니야? - This juice is too bland. Is it mixed with water?

심심하다 – Bland (also means boring)
간을 안한 스크램블 에그는 너무 심심하지 않아? - Aren’t unseasoned scrambled eggs a bit bland (boring)?

싱겁다 – Under-seasoned, slightly bland
싱거우신 분들은 옆에 다대기를 원하시는만큼 넣으세요. - Anyone who thinks the soup is a little bland, you can add as much of the pepper paste next to you as you want.

A scene from my KageHina Kids on the Slope Au one-shot, Orange Heat.

Hinata chuckled and grabbed Kageyama’s hand, intertwining their fingers, “…I think I like you, Kageyama. Are you grossed out?”

Kageyama could feel his ears burning up. “Why would I let you hold my hand if I felt grossed out, dumbass.”

This was drawn as a belated birthday present to me by the beautiful, kind, endearing, talented—I could literally keep going on for days with adjectives and I wouldn’t be able to describe the blessing that is @theharukawa. We’ve only recently become friends but through our many lovely, deep, touching conversations and common interests she’s easily become one of the best friends I’ve made on this site. After a long while of feeling distant and somewhat negative about Tumblr, she’s reminded my of how much good can come from my being here. So this is my public ‘thank you’ and ‘I love you’ to this amazing human being. I hope you guys come to love her art and her personality as much as I do.

seoulmatess  asked:

hey, my name is ana, im from colombia, (i'm actually not sure why i'm writing this in english) anyway, i've been wanting to learn korean for a while now, i learned hangul but the thing is that i don't know where to continue or what resources i can use, since it's really hard to find something korean related here; so i just wanted to ask you how you started learning and how do you manage your study time. I hope i didn't bother you ^^

Hola Ana!! :D Learning hangul is the first step, asi que comenzaste bien! c:

What I did: learn hangul, build some vocab with memrise, and then not improve at all for months because I had so many resources that I didn’t know which one to pick. I did check a few lessons of TTMIK and I used the textbook My Korean 1 (made by an Australian University, I think), but to be honest I didnt improve as much as I could have. Now I know the two reasons why: 1. TOO MANY RESOURCES: I was accumulating resources, books, sites, EVERYTHING, but didnt actually pick one to use. 2. Lack of discipline: I didn’t make time to actually study.

Know that I’m more experienced I highly recommend yall to not repeat my mistakes lmao. PICK ONE TEXTBOOK OR WEBSITE AND STICK TO IT. Don’t worry about missing out extra information or whatever. Only look for another explanation if the first one you used wasnt clear enough and you really couldnt understand, but AFTER TRYING; annotate, practice, review, and if it is still unclear then switch to another (reliable) resource. I’m NOT saying that every explanation is going to be accurate and should be trusted, but if it isn’t correct you will probably realize it after you become more comfortable with the language.

Everyone praises TTMIK and they deserve it, they have awesome lessons. My advice is that you find their curriculum (on their page) and start. But remember: DONT STOP. You dont know what to do? Go to the next lesson. As simple as that. Listen to the audios, repeat what they say, read aloud, make flashcards with the vocab and say “I will learn ALL THIS WORDS by the end of the week”, make your own sentences to practice vocab and grammar points, KEEP GOING. You can even skip some lessons (advanced learners are gonna kill me for saying this tho). Dont stress over “but what im a gonna do after i finish all their lessons?!?” You’ll cross that bridge when you get there.

Another option that I recommend for grammar is using the book Korean Grammar In Use (Beginner). It has a lot of grammar points with simple explanations, sample sentences, conjugations and exercises. You can pair it with the TTMIK lessons if you are a little worried about not getting enough practice.

For vocab I suggest the list of ‘Most common verbs/adjectives/nouns’, and I think some people have already created them on Memrise/Quizlet/Anki (I personally prefer quizlet).

I try to study at least 5 minutes a day. I’ll make a full post soon about how I’ve been managing my time these past few months, but this is what I try to do every week:

  • Grammar: it can take just 30 minutes to make notes for a grammar point. How many G.P. you do is up to how much time you have. I’m doing 3-5 per week (intensively selfstudying) but I think even one per week is fine!
  • Vocab: make a list at the start of each week (or month) and review every moment you can: before sleeping, while eating, on the bus. It shouldnt take you too much time either: 30 minutes for the list and 5 minute breaks for reviewing. Make goals: Ill memorize this list by the end of the week, Ill review 5 days of the week, Ill review 4 times each day. Be honest with yourself, but try to step out of your comfort zone.
  • Listening comprehension: listen to audios of the lessons, listen without reading the transcript and try to pick up words, listen to kpop too and other media like dramas or youtube videos. Doesnt take much time either and its fun to do.
  • Some kind of pronunciation practice: imitating the audios and reading aloud. If you have a native friend or anyone who knows/is learning korean, talk with them
  • Some kind of writing practice like journaling your day, solving workbook exercises or making sentences with what you learn. Time varies with this. My journal entries take me 5-15 minutes (they are very short but sometimes I have to look up words that I dont know/remember)
  • Reading practice: write the dialogues from the lessons that you study and read them! they probably combine the grammar and vocab you are studying. Also write the sample sentences that they use. Read kpop lyrics and webtoons.

Hope this helps a little bit c: I’ll probably make more posts about this with more information. Lo mas importante es comenzar y seguir! No te bloquees. Si ves algo, aprendelo; no lo guardes para despues. 

notinthiseconomy  asked:

Hi, I'm a year 11 student, and I've been studying Japanese since I was a year 7. In September, I'm going to Japan for a study tour, but I'm not particularly good at Japanese, and even after all this time, I'm still about as educated as a four year old would be. I mainly struggle with remembering adjectives, verbs, and kanji, so I was wondering if you had any tips for memorising them?

Hi there, pal! You probably know more Japanese than I do, but I can most certainly give you some tips for how I study all of those.


I use a wonderful app called Sticky Study. You can use it to help you memorize plenty of kanji in pretty short amount of time. I typically do about 20 kanji every couple of weeks mostly because between work and school, I don’t have a lot time to study. You can learn those 20 brand new kanji in a little over an hour with this app. It lets you do stroke order, all of the readings, audio clips, and more. It allows to make your own list and it also has plenty of premade lists for you to practice. It also has settings for going back and practicing old kanji by decreasing them in Study Level after you’ve been past it for a while. 

Another good way to practice kanji is to read news sites in Japanese designed for kids. It’s another great way to learn new vocab as well. Tofugu has a great method for this where you read through all you can, write down the new kanji and vocab, and then try to read through the whole article. The articles are targeted at children so they use less complex kanji, great for a student to engage with. 

Adjectives and Verbs: 

Practice! I know that’s probably what you don’t want to hear, but practicing using the adjectives and verbs in a sentence is almost always how the words stick in my brain. Usually with new vocab lists, I typically make up a descriptive sentence to go along with the new word. It helps me remember the context for the word a lot better. 

Flashcards are also great. I like to separate my flashcards for adjectives by なand い. That way, I can keep them in stacks if I want to go over the specific kind of adjectives with their rules. I do the same thing for the different る、う、and irregular verbs. When I practice verbs, I primarily go through all of the conjugation I know so far. It helps me remember which kind of verb it is. 

Silver’s 600-somethin’ Bias List

Originally posted by yoshiro-san

Guys, 600 i,s like, a really big number. And, I thank everyone–personal and rp alike–for liking my trash blog enough to stick around and poke around the memes and garbage, to wallow in the fanart and fall into the pits of ships with me. I thank you. All of you. 

Here’s the list of people I cherish the most and have made me feel fantastic about myself and my portrayal.

The Obligation - Because they don’t need any words

My Soldier Senpai’s - That I will try and describe in a couple words because needless challenge
@violentnonretirement - Salt, reservoirs of salt and wisdom. Wisdom salt
@scarslookgood - The mentor, the overseer, the true parent to all us soldiers.
@commandodaddy76 - sticks their leggy out, winks seductively, mun sweet enough to give you a toothache–slrgbhrsbs

The Enablers - You know who you are.
@edgelorddaddy - Fuck you Actually you are a beautiful ball of sweetie pie and I love you dearly
@talons-wraith, - Fuck you Actually you’re lovely bless u for existing
@commandergabrielr - Fuck you you piece of–an amazing human being thank you for existing as well
@flor-de-la-muertee - Fuck you your art gives be life bless and many bless
@temas-a-la-muerte - Fuck you you’re amazing I love seeing you around and also cactuses are meant to be run into 

These People - Are amazing and I love interacting with them/seeing them on my dash and they are more positive adjectives than I can say so here:
@widowmxkcr, @widowmadeherself, @nichtschaden, @the-rad-doctor, @timexout, @chronal-anomaly, @anathesniper, @nxmberciity, @skycodes-and-coffee, @rebelle–scum, @snsdva, @hellwrcith, @ryujinoken, @yourdarkshadow, @veuve-lilac, @calavcro 

I don’t want to make this egregiously long so that’s it! Much love to all of the people that followed me, you keep my going here!

anonymous asked:

why do you hate lok?

Okay, kiddo, you’re in for a wild ride.

So, I don’t necessarily hate The Legend of Korra, not all of LoK at least (Thanks, Bryke, for Korrasami) (and giving me and other queer girls that good ol’ representation we so rarely get to have) (BUT that’s besides the point, and I can talk about how great Korrasami is some other time) (this is not the time)

I’m going to get straight to the point here by giving Wan a big FUCK YOU for totally ruining the mystical, magical legends told in ATLA. Now, listen, the whole Lionturtle thing is a good story, a good story for something that hadn’t already had a prequel, that hadn’t already had it’s own reasoning for things, and that hadn’t already explained the spirit world, and haha– Bending! Fun how that happens, isn’t it?

Throughout Avatar: The Last Airbender we are explicitly told how and where humans get their bending, and who was the first to be able to manipulate the elements. And I’ll tell ya right now, because I remember… unlike Bryke 

(here we go)

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Why… Why do people keep doing this.

Transgender is an adjective used to describe a gender. You can be a girl or a boy, true, but you can’t be just A Transgender. That isn’t how the word is used by transgender people. (Transphobes, however, commonly call us transgenders, but this is more an act of ignorance than anything.)

A trans man’s gender isn’t transgender. It’s male. Same goes for trans women, and trans nonbinary people; they’re women and nonbinary people.

You see. I feel like people see this and go “Well why would they know better?” But here’s the thing.

Little errors like this could be solved by asking one (1) trans person what the proper use of “transgender” is.

And it’s not really even just an insult to the community that they don’t listen to us.

You see, I’m a trans man. When I saw this question, I didn’t know whether to respond “male” or “transgender”. Personally, I put transgender, because I feel like they’re going to be interested in how the responses differ for transgender individuals from cis ones. But tons of other trans guys probably put male, because it’s their gender. So ultimately?

Stuff like this hurts your data.

So that’s my little rant about surveys that use terminology incorrectly. It makes their questions unclear and ultimately causes them to perform unexpectedly, which is bad for the surveys.

arcitcfox02  asked:

So, you may have already had this question before but I only just started following you and Im to impatient to go looking for it, sorry. but anyway, I like to write, the thing is Im not the best. the main problem I have is my writing doesnt flow, its kind of like. this happened, then this happened. its choppy and kind of jarring to read. I was wondering if you had any tips to combat this?

Small FYI: It’s best not to admit when you’re too impatient to do some initial/basic work when you’re asking someone for a favor. I can understand if you don’t have the time to go through the asks on this blog, and I have not provided an easy-tag way to do that right now, but it might have been better to keep that a secret. While I appreciate your initial apology, I had to sleep on this ask because I took the tone as partially disrespectful and dismissive of your own role in bettering your writing. It may not have been your intention to be rude, and I know people make mistakes, but please be careful of your how your words and tone can be interpreted when asking for favors from strangers, especially in text.

Now, for my actual answer to your question that I’m sure a lot of people have, so I am actually glad you asked.

Choppy writing is very common for beginners, it’s one of those things that fixes itself gradually as long as you put effort into it, and anyone who’s interested in truly improving will likely see results pretty quickly. However, it may slow down the writing process for a while until your brain gets accustomed to the new flow. Don’t get discouraged if it takes a bit to get used to it!

I’m going to give a quick example of how sentences can be re-written from “this happened, that happened” to something more complex. Notice how I’m not changing any of the details (whether through addition or subtraction) so you can focus on the sentence structure. Choppy writing can still have good detail.

Alan squeezed his way out of the crowded underground train. He stepped on the dirty platform and steeled himself against the wintery blast of air blown down the staircase nearby. There were more people than usual on the late afternoon trains. Lots of them carried suitcases or other bags. They were probably going home for the end-semester break. What he wouldn’t give for a long break from work.


Squeezing his way out of the crowded underground train, Alan stepped onto the dirty platform and steeled himself against the wintery blast of air blown down the staircase nearby. While aware that he chose to visit his old school at a busy time, there were more people than usual on the late afternoon trains and quite a few of them carried suitcases or other bags, probably going home for the end-semester break. What he wouldn’t give for a long break from work.

It’s not a perfect short paragraph, but it gets the point across of how you can say the same thing in two different ways. There’s no magical way to transform your writing, but I can give a few things to keep in mind that might help:

1. Don’t start your sentences with the same words (he/she/they, a name, the, etc.) Use transition words (then, while, etc.) and it can sometimes be appropriate to even start with a verb/adjective. (Notice my earlier sentences of “choppy writing is very common for beginners…”, and “squeezing his way out of the crowded underground train…”)

2. Vary sentence length. Shorter sentences CAN help with flow, as long as they’re paired with longer ones. It’s okay to have “this happened” sentences on occasion, especially if that event is supposed to be sudden and stand out. Writing should mimic the flow of the scene and short, rapid sentences are appropriate when things start happening quickly (like action scenes or surprise).

3. Commas are friends. Unfortunately, this starts touching into grammar rules which most people hate and even I don’t know all the specifics to. You have to study at least some of those rules. However, creative writing has more wiggle room than professional essays and there are times when you can get away with certain things. My general rule: read it out loud, somewhat slowly. Where you naturally pause? Put a comma. (This changes when I’m using commas for grammatical organization or other grammar-for-clarity situations.)

4. Combine sentences. The example shows a few ways how that can be done, but there is no set formula for doing this.

5. Open a book. Notice how that author writes and how they do all of the above bits of advice. I know I say this a lot, but reading really is one of the best ways to improve your own writing because it exposes you to multiple ways of story and writing structure, plus it gives good examples. Just be sure to read from multiple authors to allow you to develop your own style instead of inadvertently copying one.

I hope that helped, and good luck with fixing your sentence flow!

Okay, so I know we all like to joke around about and shit on Riley…well more so on the fact that the writers just threw this character in that we’re supposed to suddenly care about, and is an obvious Bryan stand in…but…putting all this aside, my meta brain started doing some research cause, y’know that’s what I do…

Riley is a word that can be used as both a name and an adjective. 

First things first going to look at it as a name since it’s how it’s used within the show.

Riley is an alternative spelling to Reilly which is an anglicized version of the Irish Raghallaigh. The meaning of the name Riley (or Reilly/Raghallaigh) is “Valiant”

Valiant - Possessing or showing courage or determination

Of course this isn’t something we, the audience, has seen from him, though I’d say that it probably possesses a bit of courage and determination to keep on pressing on when you’ve been taken as a slave, and most likely beaten/tortured at some point, but still…

We could also agree that he was determined to take out Roan in The Tinder Box, but I wouldn’t call that determination a valiant one. Going off of The Tinder Box episode, though, we do have that moment where Bellamy tells him “Your life was saved for a reason, and this isn’t it.” Now, we could just look at that as a one time thing used to calm Riley down in this situation, but come on guys, this is The 100, we should know better by now. Because of this in connection to the meaning of Riley’s name, I do think that Riley is going to serve a bit more of a purpose in 4B, and we might finally get the answers of ‘Who the fuck is Riley?’ and ‘Why the fuck is he even here?’ This is something I wouldn’t mind seeing, only so long as it doesn’t take anything away from the regular cast/characters (ie. him deciding to sacrifice himself to save everyone instead of someone like Jasper) 

As an English Surname the name Riley means “Rye Clearing”

Rye is a plant (grass) that’s grains are often used for animal feed or making things such as cereal or whiskey. —so this would be a connection to Riley being from Farm Station (which slightly makes me wonder if Clarke had Bryan on the list, cause obviously she didn’t have Monty or Riley on it, and these three are the last people we know of from Farm Station…)

Hmm maybe Riley being from Farm Station will have something to do with the whole “life was saved for a reason, and this isn’t it” thing.

Now that I have the meaning of Riley as a name out of the way, I’m going to focus on the meaning of it an adjective.

One meaning of ‘riley’ is Turbid

Turbid - 

a. Deficient in clarity or purity

b. characterized by or producing an obscurity of mind or emotions

Synonyms: cloudy, polluted, confused

another meaning of ‘riley’ is Vexed

Vexed - 

a. difficult and debated. problematic

b. annoyed, frustrated, or worried

Synonyms: afflicted, distressed, tormented, exasperated

When we look at these two definitions and their synonyms we can easily link them to Riley in The Tinder Box. His past and feelings/emotions towards Ice Nation are obscuring or clouding his ability to think logically. He isn’t thinking about the possible outcome of a war starting or even of himself winding up dead from one of Echo’s arrows in this situation. All he sees when he sees someone from Ice Nation is his tormentors. So, he becomes the problematic factor that Bellamy has to talk down. 

I could very well be wrong, but is it possible that ‘Riley’ in its meaning as an adjective is supposed to be who Riley was, and that the meaning of Riley as a name is who he is supposed to become in 4B?

Now, whether or not the audience will actually care is an entirely different question altogether…

@the-ships-to-rule-them-all @ginalou16 @raincityruckus @insufficient-earth-skills @abazethe100 @forgivenessishardforus @rosymamacita @falafel14

@thelovelylights @ravensluna @bellamypotter @sherlockvowsontheriverstyx 

i love my mutuals so much tbh

so I’m just going to tag them all so y’all can follow them



@annacaffeina Is not afraid to rip apart idiotic idiots with facts + also generally that friend you always need to keep you strong

@phoenicianj amazing chem genius + real life rhysand 100/100

@dorianthekinkymf Just look at the name for goodness’s sake - lovely theories, lovely person

@dancing-at-starfall BEAUTIFUL GREAT AMAZING im running out of adjectives because it’s one am but i could go on forever


@illyrianwingspans we bonded over bitching about the fandom’s annoyingness i think lol

@a-court-of-feels-and-sobs I LOVE HER SO MUCH SHE’S SO AWESOME

@throne-of-omg-the-feels IRISH AND loves Marvel [we have agreed to share chris evans and sebastian stan and if that’s not true friendship tbh i don’t know what is]

I’m adding more as I go along because the rhysand juanissimo post blew up and I cannot get past those notes XD

I could write a poem
I could write a million poems
I can’t guarantee they all will be of value
Or if they’ll make you feel an emotion of some sort
But I could write a million poems if I wanted to
And those million poems could be about you
I could write about a few hundred epic poems of every adventure we had together
Turn every little trip to the store, or an hour in McDonald’s into Homer’s Odyssey
I could write poems about your body
A different rhyme for every bone, curve, crevice, of your body
I could probably write twenty, most likely more, about the way your eyes would light up when something made us laugh
The amount of words and adjectives you contain seem to be endless, just as a flowing water fall
With beauty comes flaws, and as stunning as you may be
You have a dark side, similar to the moon
You can be full of light, and beauty
Sadly, the moon has phases
And as a new night comes, your darkness overcomes you
Your generosity being taken over by your manipulative ways
Then it reappears
But the cycle doesn’t stop
It keeps going
You will always have two sides to you
Sides and changes I don’t have time for
However, I would like to think that instead of being made from rocks in outer space, that you’re made of clay
I’d like to think someone molded you this way
Against your own free will
But while you were shaped physically, forcefully by someone’s hands
You chose to build the walls to prevent you from viewing your errors
And that wall is of people
People you have linked together
Each link, an insecurity of them
An empty promise
A false hope you’ve given
They barricade around you similar to the police
They’re your own shield
I don’t entirely know from what
I may never know
It took me too damn long to detach myself from your wall
I hope that the wall you built is taken down just like Berlin
And you’ll be left empty, alone, defenseless
So yes, I will write a poem
I will write a million poems
I can’t guarantee they all will be of value
Or if they’ll make you feel an emotion of some sort
But I will write a million poems and I want to
And those million poems will be about you

heres a tip:

replacing nouns every sentence is bad writing!!

when you say the man in one sentence, then the male in the next, then the gorilla of a man, blah blah blah, it is very distracting to the writer, creates confusion and is a serious sign of amateurism! early on it will be taught to many students that you need to add more description in writing and switch up your sentences from time to time to make them less mundane. they are more alluding to using a larger variety of verbs and adjectives, and varying sentence length.

it is annoying when you replace the word of the noun constantly. heres an example of what i mean,

“The younger brother picked up a gun.” then in the next sentence. “the tall boy put down the gun.” then in the next “the large man did that”. another idea, “the prissy little girl had a problem with it” “the princess did not like that” “the skinny little woman didnt eat”

what you should do instead is only say things like, “the gorilla of a man” when it makes sense in the context of the sentence, like maybe hes crushing someone who he is hugging. you should only use descriptions when the character has first appeared, and even then only if its important to the story or the context of the situation what they look like. if the character’s name is not known you can use things like “the woman” but stay consistent when doing so, so if you started with “the sly woman” you should keep going with “the sly woman” or just drop the adjective for the rest of the time you are talking about her. pronouns are very important when you are writing, use he she they a lot when you have just indicated what the character is. i have a problem with sometimes using pronouns too much though- dont use pronouns between interactions of two people of the same gender, and if you do very strongly indicate who, and always read through to see if there is no confusion.

when characters have a name, just use the name! there is no need to put in these useless little adjectives to describe them when the reader already has a sense of what they look like or what they are doing. proper nouns greeted with adjectives really depend on the situation but they mostly just look silly and should be avoided unless you are being silly. “the fast nick ran”

this all works for objects and places too, i.e. if you are calling something a sphere, dont continually replace it with synonyms like “the ball” “the orb” its very boring and doesnt help your writing. this is some very scholastic kind of writing and should be avoided unless you are writing children’s novellas. it is one of my number one writing pet peeves because its like you think the reader is stupid, and it also seems like you are using a gimmick to make your writing more interesting. just dont do it.

Morning After

There was one thing in the entire world that Cas didn’t understand, and that was how Dean Winchester (breezed through high school as star quarterback and went to one of the biggest medical colleges in the country and not to mention gorgeous body that only got better looking with age) was sprawled out across his bed with only a thin white sheet covering his lower body. Cas squinted his eyes and tilted his head at the thought of how someone as perfect as Dean Winchester had agreed to come home with him from the bar last night. The man that Cas had crushed on through high school and most of his adult life had fucked him to the brink of blacking out.

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anonymous asked:

A friend of mine much better at writing than I am told me that I cannot use an -ing word with a past tense verb. For example, "I whirled to face her, sending her back a step with my glare." However, I've seen that done in a lot of fiction I've read. I can't find anything definitive on Google to help. What's your opinion?

Stop - Grammar time! 

So your friend had the right idea, except for the part where she was wrong. 

To explain why she’s wrong, let’s learn a little grammar. Fun, right? Shh. It’s good for you to learn this stuff and they don’t teach it to you kids in high school these days. I had to learn all my grammar on the streets. 

A sentence, like the one you provided me, is made up of clauses. Sometimes a sentence contains a single clause, and sometimes it contains two or more. Clauses can be independent - which means they can exist on their own - or they can be subordinate, which means they have to live at home with mom and dad clause until they’re all grown up and they can go off and make their own sentence. 

Now, the thing to keep in mind is that a dependant clause can function like a type of word - for example, a noun or an adjective. 

If a dependant clause includes a “-ing” word, it can be one of two things: a participle phrase or a gerund phrase. 

A gerund phrase is a clause that functions as a NOUN. (For example, “Swimming with Dave sucks,” or “I hate running with Alice.” If you could replace the entire phrase with a single word - “Dave sucks,” or “I hate Alice,” the you know you have a gerund phrase on your hands. 

(*Note: Gerund is the term for any word ending in -ing that functions as a noun. For example, the word “running” in “I hate running.” Now you know. Go forth and impress your English teachers, kids.)

A participle phrase is a clause starting with -ing that functions as an adjective, modifying the sentence by describing what’s happening within it. This is the type of -ing word you’re using in your sentence. 

“She turned, sighing.” - In this case, the phrase “sighing” is modifying “She turned.”

And now I’m going to explain why it’s okay to use it in past AND present tense. And why your friend was wrong.

So here’s the dealio. Even though technically “-ing” is present tense (“She is running,”) it’s not being used as a verb. The “-ing” word is describing the way something is happening. So even though “She screaming” or “She is screaming” wouldn’t be correct if everything else is past tense, “She turned, screaming loudly,” would. Because “screaming loudly” is describing the way “She turned”. 

Make sense? I hope so. It’s been a long time since I actually had to explain grammar, and I don’t think I’m very good at it.

Tips for Writing Fight Scenes

I write tons of fight scenes and they seem to go over well so I thought I’d share how I go about creating a successful fight scene! Examples of my stuff: here’s a pretty typical one, and here’s a longer, gorier one.

The most important thing is TENSION. You must create the sense that your character is in real danger. Without this, the scene will fail.

  • Your character’s chances of winning need to be even or worse—or, if they have an advantage, something needs to happen during the fight to change this. 
  • They have to take some hits. 
  • Keep your character’s moves mundane and fallible. No cleaving someone in two with a single strike or turning an entire platoon to ashes with a few gestures. Stick with blows that might get blocked, or spells that are rushed or sloppy, things like that. 
  • A great trick is to have something inglorious happen to your character. They trip over a frightened cat and fall on their ass. Their sword gets stuck fast in a wooden beam. They blow up a bag of flour and it explodes in their face. This does wonders for yanking them down to our level and making the situation feel much more real and immediate.
  • Fight scenes have to go fast to maintain momentum. There should always be something happening to your character—they’re fighting an enemy, or an enemy is running toward them, or an enemy is hurting their friend and they’re running toward their friend, etc. If they do get a breather, keep it short. 

A note: you might be tempted to show off your character by having them do their Super Badass Final Move of Ultimate Destruction to wrap the scene up and kill the bad guy. Try to resist. Having your character pull out a Super Badass Move to win the day is a great way to kill tension and disappoint your readers, as it undermines the first point above. When your character wins, it should generally be by either 1) cleverness, i.e. outmaneuvering the opponent; or 2) extraordinary fortitude, i.e. outlasting the opponent. (The latter will be disappointing if there is not some meaning behind the fortitude, because if they’re just straight up strong enough to beat their enemy, then that also kills the tension.) And the victory, needless to say, should be a close one. (If the Super Badass Move has to happen because of plot reasons, then build the scene around that, not the rest of the fight.)

Now for the actual writing. One word here: DETAILS! Your fight scene lives and dies on details. Compare:

The soldier dashed up to her. His shield blocked her first strike, and she made a quick dodge, his axe narrowly missing her. Her second strike pierced his neck, and he crumpled.


The soldier dashed up to her. She hacked down at his neck, but her sword bounced off his raised buckler. He swept his axe up at her side, and she arched away from it, stepping into her next thrust. The tip of her sword pierced the chainmail at the man’s throat, and bright blood gushed over her blade. As his body crumpled, she yanked her weapon back.

Tell us exactly what the fighters are doing. It’s VERY helpful to be aware of where their weapons are, which way they’re facing, where their limbs are, etc. at every moment. Especially because that will make it much easier to write the scene! When you know where the weapons are, you know where they can go next! This is the big secret of how I write fight scenes so fast! These intricacies will also allow your reader to visualize the scene. One of my commenters called it “like a movie.” That’s what you’re aiming for—for your readers to be able to follow the scene effortlessly, like it’s playing in their heads instead of them having to cobble it together themselves.

As I mentioned above, fight scenes have to go fast. Too many adjectives or descriptive clauses will bog the scene down and hurt your momentum. So verbs are extremely important here. Look at the ones I used above: hacked, bounced, swept, arched, pierced, gushed, yanked. Choose verbs that are physical and dynamic, with strong images/connotations associated with them. As always, try to avoid repeating yourself too much.

One more thing: your character may be totally focused on fighting, but you still want to keep the reader invested in them. I admit my example above was pretty impersonal, so let’s see if I can touch it up a bit…

Yet another soldier dashed up to her, and she grimaced, readying herself. As he entered her range she hacked down at his neck, but her sword bounced off his raised buckler, jarring her arm. Motion at the lower edge of her vision—he swept his axe up at her side, and she arched away from it. Too close. She stepped into her next thrust, twisting from the hip, and a thrill of savage triumph ran through her as her sword pierced the chainmail at his throat. Bright blood gushed over her blade and onto her gauntlets. As his body crumpled, she yanked her weapon back, heaving a quiet sigh at the gore accumulating on the once-shining steel.

Feed in some of what the character feels (a thrill of savage triumph ran through her) as well as what they sense or notice (motion at the lower edge of her vision), what happens to them (blood gushed onto her gauntlets), and even an interjected thought or two (too close). 

Some realism also makes the scene more immediate. Armor can stop a blow, for instance. Not all fights are clashing blades—foot-stomping and straight-up punching and other such things do damage too. If your character sticks their weapon in a person, they will have to get the weapon out. Things like that.

Optional and not always possible, but setting your fight scene in an interesting environment, or giving your character some sort of penalty, gives you a lot more to write about in the scene and also usually makes it more compelling because of the added variable. Some examples here.

Also optional: I favor present tense for fight scenes over past tense. I think it’s better for tension, because it gives more of a sense that the outcome is as yet undecided.

Ok this is too huge already so I’ll leave it here. (sorry for any typos, I had an exam today and my brain is deceased)

Good luck and have fun! If you have any questions for me go right ahead and message me :’)