i am not human enough for any of this right now


I cannot believe you wrote this in the tags of a post in which I specifically explained why this point of view is incorrect. 

Forgive me everyone. I got less than 4 hours of sleep last night and any good energy I had I used up on my nephew who visited today. I am cranky, my eyes feel kind of like they’re going to pop out of my sockets, my head hurts, I can feel my heart pounding in my chest, and this was before I got mad, so, clearly, it’s not any better now. I also wrote out this post once before and lost it all. I already apologize for being rude, sarcastic, and impatient. it is not in my typical personality and I usually do explain scientific concepts nicely and patiently. However, I explained why this point of view is wrong in the original post that this person wrote this tag on, so I think I have a right to some impatience; I’m just probably going a little too far in my response and I am saying I’m sorry in advance. 

Now that the disclaimer is out of the way. 

Life-offstage, you are apparently unable to be tagged, so let’s just hope to everything in the universe that you will see this. But your analogy is vastly incorrect and flawed on multiple levels. 

First off, as I explained in this post, which admittedly you may not have seen, and isn’t common knowledge, so don’t beat yourself up about it, “reptile” is an antiquated term. Please use the term Sauropsida. 

And, as I also say in that post, Linnaean classification is outdated, so I’m not even going to use those terms in my explanation, okay? Okay. 

All organisms are divided into groups, in a process called cladistics. Those groups are given formal names and oftentimes informal names. They go from not very specific to extremely specific. Not very specific groups are divided into more specific groups; these latter groups are still, however, a part of the broader groups, and thus, can be considered part of them. These groups are organized based on evolutionary relationships. For example, Mammalia, or mammals, is defined as “all descendants of the most recent common ancestor of monotremes, marsupials, and placentals.” Note that Mammalia by its own definition has more groups within it. Almost all cladistic groups of organisms contain smaller groups within them

Given this premise, let’s talk about apes. Apes are a group called Hominoidea. Everything in this group - including all smaller groups within it - are called Apes. Just like Hominoidea, a smaller group inside of Mammalia, are all mammals; and mammals are all Amniotes, and Amniotes are all Teleostomis (a fancy name for fish, kind of), and Teleostomis are all chordates, and chordates are all animals, and animals are all eukaryotes. Make sense so far? Great! You seem to have a basic understanding of this sub-dividing of groups concept given your acceptance that birds and dinosaurs are both “reptiles.” 

Alright, back to apes. Apes are Hominoideans. Hominoideans are Apes. There are many groups within Hominoidea, but one that we’re interested in especially is Hominidae. These are the “Great Apes.” The Great Apes have another group within it as well - Homininae. Again, this group is a small fraction of Hominoidea; it is not all of Hominoidea, but it is still a part of Hominoidea. Anything in Homininae is, by definition, a part of Hominoidea. Homininae has many more groups, one of which is Hominini. Hominini also has many more groups - I mean there have been SO MANY ORGANISMS on our planet in its 4.6 BILLION YEARS OF HISTORY, are you really surprised? Neither am I! Within Hominini, there is the group Hominina. And, within Hominina, there is another group, Homo, as well as others. Within Homo? CONGRATULATIONS! YOU FIGURED IT OUT! YOU WIN THE GRAND PRIZE OF KNOWLEDGE. Within Homo is Homo sapiens, which is known as in laypeople terms humans. Homo sapiens = Humans. Humans are Homo sapiens. Given this, everything in the group known as Homo sapiens, which is humans, also belongs to every single group that Homo sapiens is a part of - which includes Hominoidea - which, as I stated earlier, is commonly known as “Apes.” Thus, humans are apes. Not all apes are humans, but all humans are apes. 

As for bonobos, you’re right. Humans aren’t bonobos. Because they’re not part of the same group that includes just “bonobos.” That group is called Pan paniscus. Humans are very closely related to bonobos, however, humans are not a part of the Pan group, much less the Pan paniscus group. In fact, the last group that both bonobos and humans are a part of is Hominini; after that, bonobos go into Panina, while humans go into Hominina. But bonobos are a really specific group; like, extremely specific. 

Dinosaurs are not like bonobos. Dinosaurs are a very, very, very, very, very broad group. They are defined as, as I said in the post you wrote these tags in, all of the descendants of the most recent common ancestor of Iguanodon and Megalosaurus. But let’s look at birds specifically like we looked at humans before. Dinosauria is divided into two main groups - Ornithischia and Saurischia. Saurischia is further divided, and the group we care about in this case is Eusaurischia. Then, that contains Theropoda. Theropoda contains Neotheropoda. Neotheropoda contains Averostra. Averostra contains Tetanurae. Tetanurae contains Orionides. Orionides contains Avetheropoda. Avetheropoda contains Coleurosauria. Coelurosauria contains Tyrannoraptora. Tyrannoraptora contains Maniraptoriformes. Maniraptoriformes contains Maniraptora. Maniraptora contains Pennaraptora. Pennaraptora contains Paraves. Paraves contains Eumaniraptora. Eumaniraptora contains Averaptora. Averaptora contains Avialae, which is the typical group that people call “birds”. Avialae contains everything from Archaeopteryx to the house sparrow. 

Ergo, if you read all of that, Avialae - birds - is a very specific group of Dinosauria - dinosaurs - which means that every organism a part of Avialae is necessarily a part of Dinosauria, which means that every single damn bird is a dinosaur. 

This is, however, what I said in the original post, so let me present to you more information on the subject. Yes, the video below works, I don’t know what’s up with the thumbnail. 

In science, whatever conclusion or assumption we come to is based on all of the known evidence at the time. Yes, these conclusions can be changed when evidence is brought to light that contradicts it; however, until that happens, you can pretty much assume that anything that is described with the terms “scientific consensus” or “theory” has no contradicting evidence. Apart from a few detractors who use faulty scientific methods and research to back up their claims and have been all but disgraced by the scientific community, scientists who study avian evolution are convinced that they evolved from dinosaurs - meaning, all credible scientific experiments and data indicate that birds evolved from dinosaurs. 

We define groups based on evolutionary relationships. Anything descended from a group is a part of that group. Thus, birds, having descended from dinosaurs, are dinosaurs. The evidence is overwhelming. But besides the evidence that they are evolutionarily related, let’s look at how much they have in common, since most people think of classification groups of organisms in the Linnaean way - based on traits. Even though this is a flawed way of thinking, I will entertain it. You can look all of this up; I only provided a link for the feather one. 

  • All birds have feathers. You know what feathers were? An ancestral trait of dinosaurs. No, not every dinosaur had feathers, but they were a trait of the common ancestor to all of them, and it is far more likely that more dinosaurs had some sort of feather like integument than not. 
  • Dinosaurs had respiratory systems much like birds - as evidenced by finding evidence for respiratory systems like birds in sauropodomorphs, a group fairly distantly related from birds. 
  • Dinosaurs were probably close to endothermic - it varied from group to group, but the trait evolved in dinosaurs, not in birds. 
  • Dinosaurs were not all huge. In fact, the vast majority of non-avian dinosaurs weren’t all that big - we just remember the big ones because they were so different from animals we see today. 
  • Many species of birds are extinct. Saying that “dinosaurs are extinct, birds are not” is a ridiculous statement. By that logic, any extinct bird - including the passenger pigeon - is not actually a bird. 
  • Dinosaurs had complex social behaviors, from caring for their young to social groups, much like birds. They also behaved much like birds - some dinosaurs have been found in postures much like that of the sleeping posture of birds; and in nesting behaviors such as that of birds. Many dinosaurs closely related to birds - the theropods - used gizzard stones, like birds, to grind up food. 
  • Dinosaurs were, admittedly, typically like crocodiles in terms of intelligence - however, many reached the bird range, making “dinosaurs were dumb” a ridiculous statement. 
  • Dinosaurs, like birds, had low-density bones - they were filled with Haversian canals, or microscopic tubes that allowed blood vessels and nerves to travel through the bone, making them more lightweight. 
  • The dinosaurs most closely related to birds - theropods - have similar skeletal structures to birds, including posture, limb structure, and other features such as scutes on the feet. 
  • Many dinosaurs could glide; given that Archaeopteryx and other early birds might not have been able to fly themselves - and many modern birds have secondary flightlessness - defining birds as “animals with feathers that can fly” leaves out many birds. But, gliding and flight did have their start in non-avian dinosaurs. 
  • The evolution of wings in birds matches up with the wings evolved in such animals as Microraptor and Velociraptor, right down to the digits that are lengthened in the wing - oh yeah, a lot of non-avian dinosaurs had wings. 

Dinosaurs and birds have an amazing amount in common. So much so, in fact, that to call birds not dinosaurs would be to deny their similarities. There is no fundamental difference between Troodon and Anchiornis that makes one “OMG SUCH A DINOSAUR” and the other “OMG SUCH A BIRD.” They are, in fact, remarkably similar; if they were living side by side today, you would put both of them in the same group as much as you would put bottlenose dolphins and spinner dolphins in the same group. 

Birds. Are. Dinosaurs. 

And, let’s get to that word, belief - amazing - it’s almost as if you think that your personal opinion matters more than the scientific consensus. Once again, yes, evidence could come to light that dinosaurs and birds are not evolutionarily related - however, if you’ve actually read this tome, it’s pretty clear that it would take some serious, incontrovertible evidence to prove that birds did not descend from dinosaurs. There is no other group of animals that so closely resemble birds and that have a lineage in the fossil record that clearly show the ancestor to bird transition. None. None at all. And every day we’re getting more evidence linking the two groups. 

But, given all of this data I’ve thrown at you, I get the feeling you won’t listen. You still will say that you don’t believe it. Your point of view - your opinion - is unimportant. I’m sorry. It sucks to hear that, doesn’t it? Our society places much importance on bias and opinion that we begin to think that opinions are facts. This is untrue. 

Now, science is open to bias. Science is open to mistakes. But usually this has to do with 

  • People - people can be biased due to things like racism, sexism, corporate ties, etc. while doing research, and thus skew their results in research about people and things pertaining to them, such as medicine
  • Corporate ties in general - such as in molecular biology research, the push to find a new drug that can treat something can often skew results 
  • Personal opinion - believing that your own ideas have to be correct, and skewing results to meet this idea. 

Now, paleontologists are not immune to personal bias. I’m not saying that at all. But at this point, very few paleontologists deny that birds are a group of dinosaurs. Those that do, clearly use bias and terrible science in order to prove it - and have been largely ignored by the greater paleontological community. Even paleontologists that loathe each other and disagree about so many things - I’m looking at you, Robert Bakker and Jack Horner - AGREE ABOUT THIS

Thus, while the idea that “birds are dinosaurs” is not fact, because nothing in science is fact - it’s a well supported idea with an amazing amount of data behind it that might as well be fact. No matter what you believe after reading this post, that’s not going to change. Your opinion has much less data backing it up and much less scientific consensus behind it than the idea that birds are dinosaurs does. 

Birds are dinosaurs. Get over it. Also, humans are apes. I literally have not met a single person who’s tried to make that claim before, it’s ridiculous. 

I apologize for being rude. In my defense, you were rude first - tagging that on a post where I specifically talk about how annoyed I was that I constantly have to explain everything in this post to people and then denying the short explanation I gave was exceptionally rude and ignorant and has me doubting your ability to read. 

TL;DR: Your opinion has less data backing it up than the scientific consensus; thus it is irrelevant. Birds are dinosaurs, and for that matter, humans are apes. Don’t waste my time again.

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For the past 3 months, co-editor Elena Rose and I have been working on Queer & Trans Artists of Color, Volume Two, featuring:

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“What’s the hardest thing for you right now?”
“(Right) It’s got to be the future. I’m 20 years old, and I need to figure out the career path I’m going to take. I’m not going to university; instead I am going to work in the nail art field. I don’t think I need to go to university; my dream is to be a successful career woman. If I am successful at running a nail art shop, then how would I be any different from other CEOs.”
“You must have had a good impression of nail art after you tried it.”
“No. Honestly, I’ve never gotten it done before.”
“You’ve never tried nail art before? How did you decide on that career path then?”
“Right, well strangely enough I just had a feeling that I would be good at it.”

“지금 본인을 가장 힘들게 하는 건 무엇인가요?”
“(오른쪽) 아무래도 앞날이요. 제가 스무살이라 진로를 결정해야 하거든요. 전 대학을 안 가고 대신 네일아트 분야에서 일하려고 해요. 꼭 대학을 나와야 한다고 생각하지 않아요. 제 꿈은 스스로 성공한 커리어 우먼이거든요. 제가 네일아트 샵 원장으로 성공하면 그것도 CEO잖아요.” 
“네일아트 받아보시고 큰 감흥이 있었나봐요?”
“아니요. 사실 한 번도 받아본 적 없어요.”
“한 번도 네일 아트 안 받아보시고, 네일아트로 진로를 결정하신 거에요?”
“네, 근데 이상하게 제가 네일아트를 잘 할 것 같은 느낌을 받았거든요.”

hello, mon petites dummies

so things are a bit crazy in chez ofgeo right now, new job and springtime and travel things coming up, and ALSO sometimes i do this thing where i experience a kind of cognizant dissonance about like ~my internet persona~ versus ~who i actually am as a person.~ they’re similar enough that it can be confusing, except of course that Internet Me doesn’t have any of the messy, crooked aspects of Off-Internet Me. this is not a bad thing. humans are messy! i don’t mind being messy. i just think that it’s important to be … aware of what your mess is? aware that there is a mess? and that you can’t, like, engage in the ~performance of You~ with … like, yourself. i know me better than that. THERE’S NO FOOLIN’ THESE EAGLE EYES, LADY. I SEE THROUGH UR LIES.

anyway, sometimes i catch myself being like “haha i’m soooooo cool because x people follow this blog and ask my advice about things and tell me i’m pretty all the time,” and while those things are great, and i appreciate every last one of you, they’re also, you know, skewed, because of the Internet Me vs Off-Internet Me Conundrum, which i have so far not fully figured out how to navigate.

like, “i told everybody to be kind, which means i am a good person,” i say, as i don’t consider my friends’ feelings while making plans. NO, SILLY RABBIT. THAT’S NOT HOW THAT WORKS, and also, trix are for kids, etc.

so THE POINT OF THIS MISSIVE IS: i’m just gonna take a couple weeks to like, step back from the tumblr for a wee bit. i’ll still be on twitter, because i’m ultimately a product of my generation and social media is how i make sure the whole world knows my Very Important Thoughts That I’m Having Right Now About Bagels, or whatever, but probably this blog will be pretty quiet. i have some stuff in the queue, but i’m not sure when that’ll run out. 

I LOVE YOU BEAUTIFUL MOONBEAMS! remember it’s okay to have flaws, and it’s good to try to recognize them.


anonymous asked:

Omg, I love this mermaid au! Could you do some headcanons for Kageyama with a fem human s/o pretty please?

I am so loving this Mermaid AU right now like you guys don’t know. Not only am I enjoying writing scenarios/headcanons, but people are also sending me fanart and it’s wonderful. I really love you guys! <3

  • Trying to befriend Kageyama was a real challenge, but dating him was an entirely different story. At first he wanted nothing to do with any humans ever since he saw one of his own captured by a human. However, after meeting you, you were able to convince him that not all humans were cruel.
  • He’s really shy when it comes to this, but he has an amazing voice. You were surprised to know that he was a merman instead of a siren. If he’s in a good enough mood or you’re feeling upset, he’ll sing to make you feel better. His voice never ceases to amaze you.
  • Sometimes it’s hard dating a merman seeing as how you can’t go on regular dates which led to an argument; Either you turn into a mermaid or he becomes human. Well, there’s a way to make both of you happy. He ended up convincing the Sea Witch, Lana, to work her magic in aiding you in your problem. Whether you became a mermaid or he became human is up to you.
  • When he comes to visit you sometimes he returns with a little trinket that reminded him of you. Usually it’s a rare shell or something from a ship wreckage that you can’t find anywhere else.
  • One time you got into a huge argument over something trivial and didn’t talk for days. Kageyama couldn’t take it anymore and had to make it up to you. After telling you to meet him by the docks, he showed up with a dolphin for you to ride. You easily forgave him because it’s not everyday you can say that you’ve ridden a dolphin.
  • One time Kageyama decided to come up on leg using his legs for the first time which was certainly a sight to see. He was like a baby deer learning how to walk. You certainly did not record him what are you talking about.
  • When you join him in the water for a spin, underwater kisses happen more often than not. It’s like a scene out of a Disney movie.
  • Was horrified when he saw you eating fish one day and made you vow not to ever do it again. Fish are friends.

I’m taking biology right now and I am trying so hard to conceptualize a world in which any human being mentions anything at all about science to me and I find even an ounce of space within my heart to care about it… I cannot stress enough how little I care about science. it’s not like math where I HATE it. I just genuinely cannot make myself give a fuck. alright, I get it, cells divide and genes are passed down and we all die eventually. who cares! I’m glad science happens and I’m glad SOMEONE cares bc I want my car to move and endangered animals to be saved and medicine to work and all, but I just wish that all science would be done far away from me and I would never have to think about or hear about it being done. I hate Real Concrete Things. just wanna look at paintings all day and talk about feelings and history and fiction tbh.

I doubt very much that I’ll live to be 75 because I am not the healthiest in terms of diet and exercise and all that.

But I was thinking that if I live to 75, I think I’m going to start smoking again.

I mean what the fuck. That’s more than a three decade break. Surely I’d have earned the right by then to do whatever. Plus I’d be an old fucker by then. What would there be to lose? What the hell does anyone want from me?

I’m fucking 75!

That’s if I still feel like I want a smoke, of course. I wouldn’t force that shit on myself. Also, this would only work as a plan if the human lifespan remains about what it is now. If everyone starts living much longer than they do now, being 75 would mean something different–something different enough that I think it would require more study on my part before I made any decision on whether or not to resume smoking, you know, given that new shit has come to light.