hypoplasia

Today at work, someone asked me if they thought the amount of money I spent on my cats was “worth it.”

On this little peanut, I spend about $1000 a year on medications and treatments for his asthma. Sounds like a lot, and it is, but you have to think about it in a different way.

Some people spend that much a year on cigarettes, video games, clothes, shoes … But since those are things for your own enjoyment, no one will call you out on it. After all, you work to make money to buy stuff and do what you want. I’ve never once thought “man, I wish you weren’t around because I’d sure love a thousand bucks.”

I won’t lie, every time I refill his inhaler, $180 each, it sucks to hand over the money. The pharmacist always asks if I am “aware of the costs”. YEAH, I know, thanks.

I didn’t know he has asthma when I adopted him. And honestly, if I knew I don’t think I would have gotten him. But I’m damn sure not going to back out and leave him to be put down. I’m sure many people think I’m nuts, but I can’t think of a single thing I could purchase for $1k that would make me happier than having Teddy around. So yeah, I sacrifice having a super sweet TV to keep my cat alive. I’m out of my mind!!!!!

Blindness is a symptom, not a condition.

So I have a rant. 

I’ve noticed, with a lot of blind fictional characters, the writers just say they were ‘blind from birth’ which is such a copout. It’s like saying that your nose is running. No reason given- could be allergies, could be a cold, could be that you ate something super spicy. 

Eye conditions that cause blindness and visual impairment (only something like 8 percent of legally blind people are completely blind) are varied and they have different effects and other symptoms. Not everyone who is blind ‘looks blind’ or has the clouded cornea that traditionally signals that a character is blind. The problem can be in the front of the eye, but it can also be in the optic nerves or the brain. 

Your character could have Albinism, Optic Nerve Hypoplasia, Retinopathy of Prematurity , Cataracts, Corneal Disease, Glaucoma, Diabetic Retinopathy, Macular degeneration, a detached retina, I’m sure I’m missing some. Each of these things affects the eye differently, and come with other symptoms. 

Blind representation is so important, but so is doing some research as to why. This isn’t just a problem with OCs or fanfiction, this is a problem I see with canon blind characters and it’s so frustrating. 

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sharing some old concept art I did awhile back concerning warriors ocs!! The calico American curl was actually a commission for a friend of mine, named wishleap if I remember correctly? A medicine cat apprentice. The gray Oriental tabby is my medicine cat of Asterleaf, and he has a mild case of cerebellar hypoplasia!

I really need to work on drawing cats so like, please hmu with tips and suggestions to draw lol

the only thing as annoying as Tumblr Therapists is Facebook Vets 

“Unfortunately, this cute video of a cat that thinks its a horse actually isn’t cute, because I, someone who has never been to vet school but is armed with google, have diagnosed it with cerebral hypoplasia :^)” 

Shut the fuck up Sharon the cats fine its mimicking a show horse, if it had CH it would be falling over and rolling about, not prancing, you fucking moron, and even if it did have CH it would be adorable anyway because CH doesn’t harm the cat, its literally just a balance issue. It makes the cat have zero fucking balance. Wobble cat. 

Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome (HLHS)

HLHS is exactly what it sounds like: the left sided structures of the heart are hypoplastic or underdeveloped. While the exact features can vary between patients (HLHS variants), typically HLHS describes 6 defects. 

  1. Mitral valve atresia
  2. Severe aortic valve stenosis
  3. Hypoplastic left ventricle 
  4. Atrial septal defect (ASD)
  5. Hypoplastic ascending aorta
  6. Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)

Mitral valve atresia. The mitral valve allows blood between the left atrium and the left ventricle. In atresia, the mitral valve does not open. Blood cannot enter the left ventricle, causing the left ventricle to become severely underdeveloped. 

Severe aortic valve stenosis. The aortic valve allows blood into the aorta from the left ventricle. Stenosis means the valve does not open completely. This (combined with mitral valve atresia and left ventricular hypoplasia), means blood cannot enter the aorta where it normally does. Instead, it bypasses the ascending aorta and enters near the aortic arch through the PDA. This decreased blood flow causes the ascending aorta to become severely underdeveloped. 

Hypoplastic left ventricle. Normally, the left ventricle is the strongest in the heart. It pumps blood out through the aorta into the body (systemic circulation). When the ventricle become hypoplastic, it cannot adequately supply the body with oxygenated blood. This is why HLHS is referred to as a single ventricle defect: the right ventricle is the only effective pumping chamber in the heart.

Atrial septal defect. An atrial septal defect is a hole between the atria of the heart. This allows blood to be shunted between them, bypassing the left ventricle and entering the right ventricle. The right ventricle is now responsible for pumping blood to both the body and the lungs. As you might expect, this causes oxygenated and deoxygenated blood to become mixed together. 

Hypoplastic ascending aorta. Because the ascending aorta is underdeveloped, the surgery for HLHS involves constructing a new aorta from the base of the pulmonary artery (one step of the Norwood procedure, the initial surgery for HLHS). 

Patent ductus arteriosus. This isn’t technically a defect, as all babies normally have a PDA that closes shortly after birth. I feel it’s worth noting, though, as the PDA will need to be kept open in babies with HLHS. The PDA is a connection between the pulmonary artery and aorta. When blood is pumped from the right ventricle into the pulmonary artery, the PDA allows some of it to flow into the aorta as well. This is the only way blood is able to enter systemic circulation. Life is dependent upon the PDA in this defect, and prostaglandin must be infused to keep it open until surgery can be performed.

Surgery for HLHS is initiated within the first few weeks after birth, as this defect is incompatible with life without it. Surgeries typically occur in stages as the heart matures. The first being the Norwood procedure, followed by the Glenn procedure and the Fontan. It should be noted that none of these surgeries can create a “normal” heart, but can redirect blood flow so that the body is perfused much more effectively. 

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Being blond, blue-eyed, and gorgeous may be a California cliche, but in Skye’s case, it’s just the reality!

This gorgeous kitty is in Northern California with his buds at SNAP Cats, who are helping find him a home.

It has to be a SPECIAL home because he’s a SPECIAL cat – he has a condition called Cerebellar Hypoplasia (CH), which can make a kitty kind of wobbly! He has a mild case, though, and gets around and uses his litter box just fine!

What’s best is that he’s a complete lover, and will follow you around while you do your human things, and us always ready for a tummy tickle or chin scritch – which, he wants you to know, has been clinically proven to reduce your blood pressure! #AdoptionSavesHumansToo

Now that we’ve convinced you how amazing Skye is, please email darryl@snapcats.org and set up a meeting! And if you inexplicably aren’t ready to move to California to adopt him, please give this cat a reblog now!

Ever wonder why we are called “The Tiny Tabby”? It’s because of this tiny tabby cat!
Teddy is a tiny tabby cat who was rescued from an animal hoard as a baby. He was born with cerebellar hypoplasia (a neurological disorder that causes no pain), and he developed asthma early in life. He has some other smaller issues that are easily managed as well.
He has special needs and a disability, so I know that he was remarkably lucky to be saved by a rescue group that was able to care for him and adopt him out … To me!
I could literally write a book on how much I live him, but I’m sure you can imagine! Teddy is one of the lucky ones, but many cats never find a home.
Since I can’t adopt all of the Teddies of the world, I hope that The Tiny Tabby will help support that wonderful rescue groups out there, and educate people on how wonderful “special” cats can be!
Teddy will never know how many cats he has helped, just by being himself

instagram

Sure Bert. Sure. Please enjoy the Ernie burp included as well.

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Moya Moya Vessels

- occurs with sickle cell disease
- Hypoplasia or stenosis in bilateral distal ICAs (Internal Carotid Arteries)
- abnormally dilated collaterals
- cause hemorrhage or ischemia

Explanation: in sickle cell disease, the shape of the RBCs cause damage to blood vessels, especially at branch points. This can occur with the major arteries of the brain (internal carotids). So the body makes many smaller collateral vessels to bypass damage. These new vessels are weaker, smaller, and fragile. They provide insufficient blood supply to brain and may burst causing hemorrhage (bleeding) or ischemia (lack of blood supply).