hydroelectricity

thinking abt avatar modern-day stuff, where that world has all of the technological advancements we do, currently

  • youtube accounts dedicated 2 teaching ppl how to bend
  • “no bending in school” rules that land kids in detention
  • viners getting famous for cool tricks/pranks using their element
  • more interaction between benders of different elements, where they all show each other moves and tricks from their own style, breeding increasingly unique variations of bending styles
  • new generations actively smashing stereotypes
  • benders who refuse to adhere to societal expectations, and refuse to follow career paths that go along w/ their element (ie. firebenders burning biomass/lightningbending to create energy, waterbenders healing/genderating hydroelectricity/fishing/farming, airbenders generating wind energy/working on ships or planes to manipulate the air current in a crisis, earthbenders working in construction/land development), this being a major source of conflict. The big question, should bending type determine one’s career path?
  • snapchats would be fucking wild

Ada Kaleh Bazaar in 1912. Ada Kaleh “was a small island on the Danube populated mostly by Turks that was submerged during the construction of the Iron Gates hydroelectric plant in 1970. The island was about 3 km downstream from Orşova and measured 1.75 by 0.4–0.5 km.The isle of Ada Kaleh is probably the most evocative victim of the Iron Gate dam’s construction. Once an Ottoman Turkish exclave, it had a mosque and numerous twisting alleys, and was known as a free port and a smuggler’s nest.” (source)

Katie Mathieson, a student fellow from Davidson College, writes about environmental activism in Patagonia, in particular a movement to stop the building of mega-hydroelectric dams, funded by Douglas and Kristine Tompkins, whose fortune comes from the North Face outdoor clothing company. Calling the Tompkins “the most controversial conservationists on the continent,“ Katie writes, “Their biggest project, Pumalin Park, is 300,000 acres and stretches from the coast of Chile to the border with Argentina. For some this is an impressive accomplishment in conservation—others, especially local residents, remain skeptical.” Carlos Olivares, who heads a local opposition group, says, “I want you all to know that Mr. Tompkins doesn’t represent us. He has come to invade our land.”

BEIJING (Reuters) - China’s environment ministry has given the go-ahead for the construction of what will become the country’s tallest hydroelectric dam despite acknowledging it will have an impact on plants and rare fish.

The dam, with a height of 314 meters (1,030 feet), will serve the Shuangjiangkou hydropower project on the Dadu River in southwestern Sichuan province.

To be built over 10 years by a subsidiary of state power firm Guodian Group, it is expected to cost 24.68 billion yuan ($4.02 billion) in investment.

The ministry, in a statement issued late on Tuesday, said an environmental impact assessment had acknowledged that the project would have a negative impact on rare fish and flora and affect protected local nature reserves.

Developers, it said, had pledged to take “counter-measures” to mitigate the effects.

China aims to raise the share of non-fossil fuels in its energy mix to 15 percent by 2020, up from 9.4 percent in 2011. Hydropower is expected to make the biggest contribution.

It has vowed to speed up construction of dams in the 2011-2015 period after slowing it down following the completion of the controversial Three Gorges project in 2005.

Environmental groups silent. Dam will be 1,000 feet tall, about the same height as the Eiffel Tower.

Water captured in Lake Shasta flows to the hydroelectric power plant at the base of Shasta Dam in 2012. The reservoir is now filled to 50% of capacity, cutting the dam’s power production by about a third. (Paul Chinn, San Francisco Chronicle)

Excerpt:

In the 1950s, hydropower supplied almost 60% of the state’s electricity. Now, it provides 14% to 19% in a normal year, and even less during a drought — accounting for about 8% of the state’s total power last year. Renewable energy, on the other hand, provided more than 20%, according to the California Energy Commission.

Making up the difference from less hydropower has not been cheap. The cost to California ratepayers could have been as high as $1.4 billion from 2012 through 2014, according to a report by the Pacific Institute.

Renewable energy, especially solar, helped make up for about 55% of the reduction in hydroelectricity in 2013 and 2014, state officials said. Natural-gas-fired power made up the rest.

Burning more natural gas to compensate for the reduced hydropower led to an 8% increase in carbon dioxide emissions from California power plants during a three year period, said Gleick, author of the Pacific Institute study. Hydropower produces little to no air pollution.



Chief Raoni of the Caiapo tribe from the Amazon basin smokes a pipe while demonstrating against the construction of the planned Belo Monte hydroelectric dam, in Brasilia February 8, 2011.

REUTERS/Ueslei Marcelino

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They are trying to build a mega dam in the Amazon and the indigenous people say, no, no, no! And so should you!

Please visit Energy Refuge to read more about the Belo Monte hydroelectric project.

Fierza Reservoir, Albania

The Fierza Reservoir (Albanian: Liqeni i Fierzës) is a reservoir in Albania and Kosovo/Serbia. The Drin River and parts of the White Drin and Black Drin also runs through the reservoir. The size of the lake is 73 km², of which 2.46 km² belong to Kosovo. It is 70 km long and has a depth of 128 m. In the Albanian side of the lake there are many canyons and some small islands. The dam is 167m tall.

The reservoir was formed as a result of the construction of the Fierza Hydroelectric Power Station in 1978 by the Albanian government.

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After Typhoon Trami struck the Philippines in 2013, huge amounts of water were caught in the river systems on the island. At a hydroelectric dam in Northern Taiwan, the floodgates were fully opened to relieve the water pressure and the video results are quite astounding, huge torrents of water being blasted tens of meters downstream.