human identification

“… Often you find educated people in the media who look at spiritual books but they are so identified with their thought process, they don’t get it. They write reviews or articles and they miss the whole point. They can’t see the essence. It’s not their fault; it’s not them personally. It’s the human condition and its mind-identified state. And intelligence in itself doesn’t help. You can have two or three Ph.D.s; it doesn’t get you any closer to spiritual realization. In fact, you might be more distant.”

–Eckhart Tolle

Facial reconstruction made of 'brutally-killed' Pictish man

The face of a Pictish man who was “brutally killed” 1,400 years ago has been reconstructed by Dundee University researchers.

Archaeologists found the man’s skeleton buried in a recess of a cave in the Black Isle, Ross-shire.

Forensic anthropologist Dame Sue Black and her team at the Centre for Anatomy and Human Identification (CAHID) have now detailed the man’s injuries.

He was found in a cross-legged position with stones holding down his limbs.

Prof Black said the “fascinating” skeleton was in a remarkable state of preservation.

She said: “From studying his remains, we learned a little about his short life but much more about his violent death.

"As you can see from the facial reconstruction, he was a striking young man, but he met a very brutal end, suffering a minimum of five severe injuries to his head.” Read more.

Vintage illustration of Fingerprint Patterns.

Fingerprints have been collected, observed and tested as a means of unique identification of people for more than 100 years. 

The two basic ideas scientists believe about fingerprints are:
1. Fingerprints never change. Small ridges form on a person’s hands and feet before they are born and do not change for as long as the person lives.
2. No two fingerprints are alike. The ridges on the hands and feet of all people have three characteristics (ridge endings, birfurcations and dots) which appear in combinations that are never repeated on the hands or feet of any two people. 

In the over 140 years that fingerprints have been routinely compared world wide, no two areas of friction skin on any two people (including identical twins) have been found to contain the same individual characteristics in the same unit relationship. This means that in general, any area of friction skin that you can cover with a dime (and often with just a pencil eraser) on your fingers, palms, or soles of your feet will contain sufficient individual characteristics in a unique unit relationship to enable positive identification to the absolute exclusion of any other person on earth.

18th of March,2016, 2nd Anniversary of Taiwan’s Sunflower Movement.

18th of March,2016, 2nd Anniversary of Taiwan’s Sunflower Movement.

18th of March,2016, 2nd Anniversary of Taiwan’s Sunflower Movement.

Tattoos: Forensic Considerations and Human Identification Pt.2

So we talked about how useful the inks are on getting a positive human identification (Click here to read about it before you continue with the following..)

This week we will go on and talk about inks from different period, or even removed would also help positive identification, which is particularly helpful in human identification in disasters. And for this part, the ink used for tattooing is the crux of the whole study.

Back in 19th Century, the ink manufactured for tattooing is obtained from burning a liter of oil soot. And 300g of the oil was combined with fresh urine (!). (If you are shocked, you are not alone). Though the manufacturing of the ink looks as raw and rough as it is, it has successfully been kept till today, and the collected specimen are now exhibiting in Romania. 

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