human history

this upcoming school term is going to be stressful as heck….. i’m nervous about my language classes bc i’m already sort of behind in french and Italian, and now we’re gonna be learning latin and it’s so many languages man i can barely keep up with swedish which is my native language lmao… and my ballet practice starts in the beginning of august and i haven’t done anything this summer???? i haven’t practiced one bit, not even stretched so i’m gonna be so stiff and just… yikes >:-((( 

anonymous asked:

At the point of 845, how long has the survey corps been around?

DISCLAIMER: This is my personal opinion. In no way am I stating what I say here is canon or completely accurate. if you disagree with my opinion, that’s perfectly fine! Everyone has a different interpretation, but if you are going to send me messages trying to argue points of view with me or send me hate messages; please do us both a favor and just don’t even bother.

Isayama has never confirmed this himself. However, according to Before The Fall, the Survey Corps was formed when the walls were, in the year 745. Active as soldiers who went to scout outside the walls, but at that time, they lacked 3DMG and didn’t even know the titans weak spot. 

In the year 775, The Survey Corps Commander, Jorge (the Hero) Pikale, led an illegal expedition outside of the walls and made the first titan kill in walled humanity’s history using a prototype for the 3DMG. However, many men died on that expedition, including a Squad Leader named Heath, who’s head his head ripped off and thrown over the wall by a titan. Heath’s wife, a woman named Elena who was pregnant with Heath’s child, saw his severed head and lost her sanity in the process. Even though Jorge managed such an incredible feat, when he and his men that survived returned, he was stripped of his title and position.

In the very same year a few months later, Elena joined the titan cult (now the newly formed Wall Church in current canon), and with their aid, executed a Garrision official atop the gate of Shiganshina District before opening said gate in order to “Offer themselves to the Gods that are the Titans and be purged of their sins.” Shiganshina was all but annihilated. Over 5,000 people wen’t missing or were killed, and over 100 homes were destroyed at the hands of the one titan. As a result, the people of Wall Maria demaned the gates be permanently sealed, and all expeditions halted. 

Then, in the year 790, the Survey Corps was reformed and was given permission to go on expeditions again. Led by the Son of Jorge (The Hero) Pikale, Carlo Pikale. So, according to this, the Survey Corps has been in active duty for 75 years consecutively as of the year 845. Sorry for the long answer lol. Figured I’d give the info source though. 


Nearly every year, for the past thirty years, Frances Goldin has gone to New York City Pride holding a sign that reads, “I adore my lesbian daughters. Keep them safe.” (x)

“Since the beginning of the parade, I’ve been going and waving my sign,” Goldin said. “It sort of hit a nerve with people, particularly those whose parents rejected them. The response to the sign is always so great — it urges me to keep going.”

“Everybody would come running up to her and cry, kiss her, and say, ‘Would you call my mother?’ or ‘Would you be my mother?’” her daughter, Sally, explained. 

“She’d take down names and addresses and write letters to these kids’ mothers!” 

When asked about all the young LGBT parade-goers who have begged her to speak to their own mothers, Goldin replied, “I think I changed a few people’s minds and I’m glad about that. Everyone should support their gay and lesbian children, they’re missing a lot in life if they don’t.”

For as long as I can remember myself, it has rained in Armenia for April 24th. This year isn’t an exception. 

Rest in Peace 1.5 million innocent men, women, kids, elders, mothers, fathers, sons, daughters, sisters, brothers, friends, lovers. You did not deserve to die in anguish, and for your sacrifice you will be forever remembered. 

It’s the 102th anniversary of the Armenian genocide. 

The Science of Skin Color

When ultraviolet sunlight hits our skin, it affects each of us a little differently. Depending on skin color, it will take only minutes of exposure to turn one person beetroot-pink, while another requires hours to experience the slightest change. So what’s to account for that difference and how did our skin come to take on so many different hues to begin with? Whatever the color, our skin tells an epic tale of human intrepidness and adaptability, revealing its variance to be a function of biology. It all centers around melanin, the pigment that gives skin and hair its color.

The type and amount of melanin in your skin determines whether you’ll be more or less protected from the sun. This comes down to the skin’s response as sunlight strikes it. Over the course of generations, humans living at the Sun-saturated latitudes in Africa adapted to have a higher melanin production threshold and more eumelanin, giving skin a darker tone. This built-in sun shield helped protect them from melanoma, likely making them evolutionarily fitter and capable of passing this useful trait on to new generations. 

But soon, some of our Sun-adapted ancestors migrated northward out of the tropical zone, spreading far and wide across the Earth. The further north they traveled, the less direct sunshine they saw. This was a problem because although UV light can damage skin, it also has an important parallel benefit. UV helps our bodies produce vitamin D, an ingredient that strengthens bones and lets us absorb vital minerals, like calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphate, and zinc. Without it, humans experience serious fatigue and weakened bones that can cause a condition known as rickets. For humans whose dark skin effectively blocked whatever sunlight there was, vitamin D deficiency would have posed a serious threat in the north. But some of them happened to produce less melanin. They were exposed to small enough amounts of light that melanoma was less likely, and their lighter skin better absorbed the UV light. So they benefited from vitamin D, developed strong bones, and survived well enough to produce healthy offspring.

Over many generations of selection, skin color in those regions gradually lightened. As a result of our ancestor’s adaptability, today the planet is full of people with a vast palate of skin colors, typically, darker eumelanin-rich skin in the hot, sunny band around the Equator, and increasingly lighter pheomelanin-rich skin shades fanning outwards as the sunshine dwindles. Therefore, skin color is little more than an adaptive trait for living on a rock that orbits the Sun. It may absorb light, but it certainly does not reflect character.

From the TED-Ed Lesson The science of skin color - Angela Koine Flynn

Animation by Tomás Pichardo-Espaillat
The New York Public Library just uploaded nearly 200,000 images you can use for free
The New York Public Library just released a treasure trove of digitized public domain images, everything from epic poetry from the 11th century to photographs of used car lots in Columbus, Ohio from the 1930s.
By Andrew J . Hawkins

Over 180,000 manuscripts, maps, photographs, sheet music, lithographs, postcards, and other images were released online Wednesday in incredibly high resolution, and are available to download using the library’s user-friendly visualization tool. It’s a nostalgist’s dream come true.