Big day everyone! I can finally reveal the cover of my new book! I am absolutely in love with this art. They did such a great job. It really captures the spirit of the book, playful but serious content. The book won’t be out until May but I can hardly wait! Tell me what you think of this cover!! I’ll be doing book events all over the country next summer and fall and I hope to finally meet some of my Tumblr peeps out there. Until then! 

jay z is the most overrated rapper of all time on top of being a dumb ass who cheated on the apex of human evolution. Wild.

There’s two kinds of people who’ll tell you to follow your dreams; those who’ve managed to achieve them, and those who’ve spent their time wishing someone had believed in them. And though it’s easy to dismiss any odd dreamer as an airhead, it is our duty as humans to help the fellow members of our species reach their full potential before they’re dead. Once that heart stops beating, anything that has been kept hidden within the mind and body vanishes. And as dreams are often beyond the status quo of current situations; beyond the reality of now, rather existing in the future, one might say that any life not lived to its full potential is a crime towards human evolution. So let’s help each other out on a minor scale. Often all it takes are some small words of encouragement. But small as they are, they will make a difference considering the evolution of our species in the long run. After all, the reason why we’ve gotten atop the food chain is because of the dreams and ideas that arose in our heads, and the social competence of our species that gave these dreams and ideas a platform. We have already evolved beyond the limitations of basic instinctual needs, and as time goes on our existence will become more and more complex. So will our dreams become more complex, and sometimes even seem surreal. But reality is in a constant state of change. That’s why we must remind ourselves that we are above all well equipped to change with it for a reason: the peak of our species is not homo sapiens sapiens.
—  To be human (24), by M.A. Tempels © 2017
Quirk-law is the leading cause of Villainy

At first glance, the world of BnHA seems like it might be a fun place to live, but that’s because we’re viewing it from the perspective of the top 1%. For most people, the only difference between their world and the real one is that they are in constant danger. 

Let’s review what we know about quirk law. Only licensed heroes are authorized to use quirks in public. You may use quirks privately, but they must be registered and there are myriad restrictions. You must obtain a license to use quirks for your job, also with various limitations.

On the surface, pretty commonsense. In practice, these laws target the lowest common denominator and thus punish everyone else. If you ever had a teacher who demanded silence from the class because one person misbehaved, it’s like that on a societal scale.

(excerpt from the spin off “BnHA Illegals”) This guy can move slightly faster than a brisk walking pace by holding 3 points of contact with the ground. He’s not allowed to do that. He becomes a vigilante hero, which is a crime.

The “Illegals” manga features several people who turned to the “crime” of vigilante heroism because of the draconian regulation of quirks. It’s on the level of thought-crime, guilty until proven innocent. 

While licenses make sense in the real world with regards to vehicles and guns, it doesn’t make sense for quirks because A) nearly everyone has them, and B) it’s not a choice to obtain it. 

(excerpt from chapter 85) Let’s talk about a case where these laws don’t just inconvenience an individual, but harm all of society. Momo has the quirk “creation” which is very tightly regulated for the sake of the economy. With a hero license she can create anything she needs for heroing, but anything else is (officially) off limits.

This is legislating to the worst case scenario, which, I contend, is a poor strategy in this world. It works from the assumption that she would use her quirk selfishly and excessively. If she created billions of dollars, she would ruin the economy and we would all suffer.

But what if she used her quirk selfishly and in moderation? She could make anything she needs for a modest life, or the money appropriate for a modest living, and it would have no impact on the economy. A good outcome for her and a neutral result for the rest of us. There’s no reason to prohibit this.

And, of course, the law doesn’t consider the best case scenario. What if she uses her quirk selflessly? What if, for example, every couple years she set aside a month to create smart phones for everyone in the world? Would that wreck the economy? One particular industry, sure. Would it benefit literally everyone but electronics CEOs? Would it save thousands of child laborers in sweatshops? YES! That’s a brilliant trade off! But, even if she applied for a business quirk license, I think she’d be denied for the potential disruption of the economy.

(Side note: It has been a topic of many forums whether Momo can make things as complex as a smartphone. I say yes. Recall in the School Trip Arc, she made a tracking device and matching GPS unit. It’s absolutely within her ability.)

Rapid fire round: what should these people do if society was more lenient? Shinso: suicide hotline operator. Todoroki: work inside a nuclear cooling tower, heat up water at the bottom, cool down steam at the top, infinite energy. Uraraka: construction worker work at NASA.

As civilians these quirks would be restricted. Even as heroes these quirks are going to waste from a utilitarian perspective. No one benefits from this arrangement. There is so much potential in the world, and its governments seem dedicated to squandering it.

This is a society that is oppressive to the majority. Quirks could fuel the next stage of human evolution, but laws keep society grounded in the stone age. How can anyone in that world (aside from the 1%ers in their ignorant bubble) not resent that? This is the philosophy that breeds villains, and I can’t help but agree with it.

ID #42034

Name: Pepa
Age: 22
Country: Chile

name (nickname, actually): Pepa (you say it like Peppa in peppa pig)
age: 22
pronouns: she/her, i’m a cis female and a lesbian
languages: spanish, obviously, and I’m also fluent in english
interests: anthropology, archaeology, paleoanthropology, history, literature, tv shows, movies, videogames, dogs!!!

Hey everyonee
i’ve always been interested in the idea of having a penpal but never really dared to look for one until i found this page by accident. I’m studying Anthropology, going on physical anthropology. I’m a nerd for human evolution, early homo sapiens history and history in general.
I’m also super into videogames, obsessed with the elder scrolls and the fallout series. I read a lot and i’m a huuuuge harry potter fan!!
I also love dogs. I could talk about dogs the whole day.
When I’m bored I watch mysteries and conspiracies on youtube and have fallen down a few rabbit holes in my lifetime, though I usually take those with a grain of salt (PLEASE don’t even get me started on ancient aliens. I get so mad)
mmmm what else… i love rupaul’s drag race and lots of other tv shows like orange is the new black, orphan black, house of cards, mad men, ahhh tons!!

I’m very open minded (or at least I try to be), and consider myself an intersectional feminist. I’m very conscious about mental health, suffering from a few disorders myself, so I’m always up for positivity and support (not really keen on self-dx though).

That’s it really. I have varied interests and i’ve probably forgotten to list some of them.

Currently, I’m looking to talk to people around my age, in their 20s, preferably from an English-speaking country, but l’m open to anything. :)

Preferences: People in their 20s
Similar interests
E-mail and/or social media is fine

Help me understand this, if an author or scientist is a committed atheist, who believes the universe has no intelligent creator, how do they justify using language like, “these creatures were built for living in community” or “we’re designed to crave hard work” or “this creature has rough teeth, it was meant to eat this food.”

Built, designed and meant are all words that take for granted the existence of an ultimate Builder, Designer and Intender. You can’t say the universe was planned, designed and built with specific intentions and deny the Creator.

Hypothesis that I’m surprised I don’t hear more often: mental illness has increased in the modern world for the same reason that allergies have.

(For those who don’t know the allergy theory, the idea is that, in the past, people encountered really serious diseases, and their immune system became calibrated to think “ok, this really serious disease is a big deal, but other things aren’t”. When people grow up without encountering many germs, their immune system never gets calibrated in this way, and so it thinks everything is a threat.)

Maybe depression and anxiety work the same way? In the past, people had problems like “my husband died at sea, and left me with four small children” and “the crops all caught a blight and now we have a famine”. And maybe people’s emotional systems learned to calibrate themselves, so that smaller things didn’t evoke as much anxiety?

This hypothesis would seem to be supported by the fact that, after confronting extremely serious problems (e.g. cancer, losing a loved one), a lot of people seem to feel like their day-to-day worries have been put in perspective and just don’t matter so much anymore.

But anyway this is not something I believe, just something that seemed interesting. Personally I think there’s a decent chance that the modern world is just unusually anxiety- and depression-inducing.

anonymous asked:

Wouldnt asexuality be kind of a mental disorder because it doesnt benefit human evolution? Just biologically speaking, reproduction is essential for any species to keep evolving

I am not sure what post this question is in response to, but thanks for the opportunity to actually put my expensive education to use. 

Lets start by talking about what “mental illness” means. 

A mental illness is a condition that affects a person’s thinking, feeling or mood. Such conditions may affect someone’s ability to relate to others and function each day. 

- National Alliance on Mental Illness

Mental illnesses are health conditions involving changes in thinking, emotion or behavior (or a combination of these). Mental illnesses are associated with distress and/or problems functioning in social, work or family activities.

- American Psychiatric Association

What do these two definitions have in common?

1) They explain that mental illness involves thinking, emotion, and behavior. 

2) They explain that mental illnesses affect a person’s ability to function. 

You’ll notice that neither of these definitions include any mention of evolution or reproduction. That’s because procreation and contributing beneficially to evolution is not a requirement of mental health. 

A lot of people make the mistake of viewing mental health in terms of “normal” vs “abnormal”. I think that plays a lot into this unfortunately common idea that behaviors that aren’t biologically beneficial are “abnormal” and thus evidence of mental illness. 

The truth is that mental illness is about functioning vs impairment. 

The cornerstone of every psychiatric diagnosis is that it causes impairment in at least one are of a person’s life. The areas that mental health professionals usually look at are social, work, and leisure. 

Now, back in the old days psychologists used to have different ideas about what “functioning” looked like. If you didn’t fit in with the strict social norms of the time, then they would argue that you were experiencing impairment in social or work life. For example, a woman who wanted to work instead of getting married and having children might be labeled as mentally ill because her desires were “impairing” her from fitting into society’s prescribed gender roles. 

Thankfully we have (for the most part) moved on from that!

Now we look at functioning and impairment in terms of how well a person can live an enjoyable, fulfilling life. Some professionals also throw the idea of “productivity” into the mix, but that is very much a productive of America’s obsession with capitalism and that is a completely different rant!

Pick any mental illness out of a hat and I can tell you how the symptoms of that mental illness are likely to cause impairment in a person’s life. I can’t do that with asexuality, because asexuality does not have “symptoms” that impair a person’s functioning.

Like all marginalized sexual orientations and gender alignments, Asexuality does not inherently cause any distress or impairment. Any distress or impairment that asexual people experience is a result of society’s reaction to who they are. 

Being asexual might (notice I say “might” not “does”) stop someone from having romantic relationships or from having children, but romantic relationships and children are not requirements for functioning and mental health. 

You can have a rich and fulfilling social life without ever having a romantic relationship. 

You can have a full, healthy, functional life without experiencing any sexual attraction. 

Sex is not a requirement for life. 

Sex is not a requirement for health. 

Asexuality is not a mental illness because it does not cause impairment or distress. 

Evolution, natural selection, and procreation have absolutely nothing to do with defining and diagnosing mental illnesses. 

The Science of Skin Color

When ultraviolet sunlight hits our skin, it affects each of us a little differently. Depending on skin color, it will take only minutes of exposure to turn one person beetroot-pink, while another requires hours to experience the slightest change. So what’s to account for that difference and how did our skin come to take on so many different hues to begin with? Whatever the color, our skin tells an epic tale of human intrepidness and adaptability, revealing its variance to be a function of biology. It all centers around melanin, the pigment that gives skin and hair its color.

The type and amount of melanin in your skin determines whether you’ll be more or less protected from the sun. This comes down to the skin’s response as sunlight strikes it. Over the course of generations, humans living at the Sun-saturated latitudes in Africa adapted to have a higher melanin production threshold and more eumelanin, giving skin a darker tone. This built-in sun shield helped protect them from melanoma, likely making them evolutionarily fitter and capable of passing this useful trait on to new generations. 

But soon, some of our Sun-adapted ancestors migrated northward out of the tropical zone, spreading far and wide across the Earth. The further north they traveled, the less direct sunshine they saw. This was a problem because although UV light can damage skin, it also has an important parallel benefit. UV helps our bodies produce vitamin D, an ingredient that strengthens bones and lets us absorb vital minerals, like calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphate, and zinc. Without it, humans experience serious fatigue and weakened bones that can cause a condition known as rickets. For humans whose dark skin effectively blocked whatever sunlight there was, vitamin D deficiency would have posed a serious threat in the north. But some of them happened to produce less melanin. They were exposed to small enough amounts of light that melanoma was less likely, and their lighter skin better absorbed the UV light. So they benefited from vitamin D, developed strong bones, and survived well enough to produce healthy offspring.

Over many generations of selection, skin color in those regions gradually lightened. As a result of our ancestor’s adaptability, today the planet is full of people with a vast palate of skin colors, typically, darker eumelanin-rich skin in the hot, sunny band around the Equator, and increasingly lighter pheomelanin-rich skin shades fanning outwards as the sunshine dwindles. Therefore, skin color is little more than an adaptive trait for living on a rock that orbits the Sun. It may absorb light, but it certainly does not reflect character.

From the TED-Ed Lesson The science of skin color - Angela Koine Flynn

Animation by Tomás Pichardo-Espaillat

anonymous asked:

YOUR TAGS. I feel you girl. It irritates me when people pretend Dean hasn't found his perfect match. Even in S4 when Dean barely knew him Cas was gentle and wanted to understand Dean "you don't think you deserved to be saved", the park date, etc. He sacrifices everything for Dean, makes Dean laugh (HE HADN'T HAD FUN LIKE THAT IN YEARS), always comes back to Dean. I can boldly say Castiel is the one person Dean is the happiest around. It does help that he thinks Cas is devastatingly handsome.

Some people must be watching the show like this:

Because really? Dean hasn’t found someone who loves him fully and unconditionally?

A person who would be literally everything Dean would look for in a romantic partner if he allowed it for himself? 

Someone who sees who Dean really is and loves him for it? Who would always choose Dean? Who would give up things for Dean? Who would rebel and fall for Dean? Who would always look out for Dean? Who would always care for Dean? Who would even keep away from Dean if it would protect him? Who would care for him when he’s wounded? Who would also care deeply for Sam because he loves him like a brother? 

Someone who is his equal, a BAMF, who knows the life, who brings out his soft side, who brings him up when he’s at his lowest, who challenges him, who sometimes even frustrates him because he cares so much. Someone with no preconceptions of who a person ‘should’ be, who therefore has no comprehension of why Dean would repress certain sides of himself thanks to low self esteem and cultural norms and therefore accepts and loves him for who he is as a whole, even the sides Dean might not even like himself, helping Dean to learn to embrace them. Someone who helps him be the best him that he can be, who would always choose him and would theoretically stay at his side for centuries if need be, who, when he doesn’t stay it’s because he is trying to protect him from afar and keep him safe, but someone who always comes back to Mr Dean Abandonment Issues Winchester.

Someone who would watch over him as his mother, up on her pedestal, always said Angels would, but you know, literal Angels don’t exist so he would have to settle for a metaphorical romantic partner for this, like in all the love songs and fairy tales…

WE JUST DON’T KNOW WHERE THIS UTTERLY UNREALISTIC LOVE INTEREST COULD BE HIDING.

Originally posted by stardustcas