Statue of the ba of Yuya, from the Tomb of Yuya and Tuya
KV46, Valley of the Kings. New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty,
c. 1390 BC. Egyptian Museum, Cairo.
This statue represents the ba, the soul of Yuya. This aspect of the soul was depicted as a bird with a human head, in this form the deceased could travel throughout the earth and the afterlife. Yuya’s face is painted red, but his wings are green, and his body yellow. He wears a necklace with a heart-shaped pendant hanging from it.
A large bronze statue of a reclining doe, legs tucked under the body, head held up and with ears back; hole to the back for attachment of separate statue. 16.7 kg, 49cm (19 ¼").
The statue may have been a decorative piece for the garden of a villa, as is seen in similar examples from Pompeii, Herculaneum and the surrounding area of Vesuvius. The doe was also sacred to both Diana, goddess of the moon; statues of the goddess accompanied by deer were common, and they were also shown accompanying the cult image of Diana from the temple at Ephesus. The deer was also sacred to Juno Caelestis, consort to the eastern deity Jupiter Dolichenus, and she is shown standing on the back of a deer on votive reliefs and statues, such as that from Corbridge on Hadrian’s Wall.