According to legend, when James V was dying and heard that his wife,
Mary of Guise, had given birth to a daughter he said “It came with a
lass, it will pass with a lass.”
This was supposedly a reference
to the fact that the House of Stewart had gained the crown of Scotland
through a woman, when Walter Stewart married Marjorie Bruce, daughter of
Robert the Bruce.
If he did say this, he ended up being partially
right, though it wasn’t through his daughter Mary. Mary’s great, great
granddaughter, Queen Anne, left no surviving children upon her death,
and the throne passed to her 2nd cousin. He would rule as George I and
was the first monarch of the House of Hanover.
Woven throughout is a story of love : a love that fuelled the couple’s desperate attempts to win back the idyllic life they had forged together; a love that drove the King to precipitate civil war to save his wife; a love that motivates them in their labours through many vicissitudes of fortune, yet brought them in the end to isolation, downfall and destruction. It was a love that shaped the course of British and work history, a love that was, as one observer of the time put it “b e y o n d e x p r e s s i o n”
Anne was born at 11:39 pm, 6 February 1665 in London, the second daughter of James, Duke of York, brother of Charles II. She spent her early years in France living with her aunt and grandmother. Although Anne’s father was a Catholic, on the instruction of Charles II Anne and her sister Mary were raised as Protestants. In 1683, Anne married Prince George of Denmark. It was to be a happy marriage, although marred by Anne’s frequent miscarriages, still births and the death of children in infancy.
Towards the end of her life, Anne suffered from gout and she could hardly walk. On her death in 1714 her body had swollen so large that she was buried in an almost square coffin. On the question of succession, Anne’s family loyalty had convinced her that this should fall to her father’s son by his second wife (Mary of Modena), James Edward Stuart, known as the Old Pretender. However, the Act of Settlement in 1701 ensured Protestant succession to the throne, and Anne was succeeded by George I, great-grandson of James I.