house of habsburg lorraine

Marie Thérèse Charlotte (19 December 1778 - 19 October 1851), the eldest daughter and only surviving child of Louis XVI and Marie-Antoinette, passed away only three days after the 58th anniversary of her mother’s execution. 



French Queen Marie-Antoinette “en grand habit de cour” by Jean-Baptiste Gautier Dagoty, 1775. Versailles. These are a few variants of the same painting in tapestry, cameo, engraving and miniature painting and details. A favorite of Harriett Pullman Carolan.


@thelegendofeverything​ submitted:

I found this interesting, this is a portrait of Maria Carolina of Austria. She was Marie Antoinette’s sister and this looks like they shared a dress from the portrait, just with a slightly different stomacher perhaps.

Hi! Sorry for answering so late!

I don’t really think this is the same dress. Both are the same colour and the same style but the flowers pattern seems different in both: Maria Carolina’s is of big flowers and Maria Antonia’s is of bouquets of smaller flowers.

Also the sleeves’ lace cuffs are different (but that doesn’t prove anything since the cuffs were separate pieces and you could match them with different dresses):

I looked for other (bigger) images of these portraits and I failed, but I found these other portraits of their sisters Maria Amalia, Maria Elisabeth and Maria Anna:

Look how the dresses are so similar that it seems that they simply are made of different fabrics! Except Maria Anna’s dress, which clearly has red fabric sleeves.

All these portraits of the sisters were painted in the 1760s by Martin van Meytens and are in the children’s room of the Schönbrunn Palace, so they were meant to be together in the same space. This means that the dress cannot be the same in both portraits but it justifies the same colour and the same style of all the dresses.

“Maria Theresa, by the Grace of God, Empress of the Romans, Queen of Hungary, of Bohemia, of Dalmatia, of Croatia, of Slavonia, of Galicia, of Lodomeria; Archduchess of Austria; Duchess of Burgundy, of Styria, of Carinthia and of Carniola; Grand Princess of Transylvania; Margravine of Moravia; Duchess of Brabant, of Limburg, of Luxemburg, of Guelders, of Württemberg, of Upper and Lower Silesia, of Milan, of Mantua, of Parma, of Piacenza, of Guastalla, of Auschwitz and of Zator; Princess of Swabia; Princely Countess of Habsburg, of Flanders, of Tyrol, of Hainault, of Kyburg, of Gorizia and of Gradisca; Margravine of Burgau, of Upper and Lower Lusatia; Countess of Namur; Lady of the Wendish Mark and of Mechlin; Dowager Duchess of Lorraine and Bar, Dowager Grand Duchess of Tuscany.

REQUIEM aeternam dona eis, Domine, et lux perpetua luceat eis. Requiescat in pace. Amen”

Istanbul Fire Brigade, shown here at Philipopel in 1918, being reviewed by Austro-Hungarian Emperor Charles

Charles I of Austria or Charles IV of Hungary (Karl Franz Joseph Ludwig Hubert Georg Otto Marie; 17 August 1887 – 1 April 1922) was, among other titles, the last ruler of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. He was the last Emperor of Austria, the last King of Hungary, and the last monarch of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine. (wikipedia)

On April 21, 1770, the youngest Archduchess left her family home forever. The moment came when she was to bid farewell to her mother. They had become particularly close in the last few months because the Empress had decided to keep Antoine constantly at her side, day and night, in order not to lose the opportunity to instruct the little bride in her duties of her new state in life. There was profuse weeping, not only on the part of the mother and her child, but the members of the imperial household, both servants and courtiers mourned the loss of their Archduchess, as did the citizens of Vienna. She knelt for her mother’s blessing. In the future she would see her sister Mimi and her brothers Joseph and Max; she would never see her mother or her other siblings again.

Marie-Antoinette, Daughter of the Caesars: Her Life, Her Times, Her Legacy - Elena Maria Vidal

One of many family portraits done of Maria Theresa, Francis I, and their numerous children.

In this portrait we can see 11 children; four sons and seven daughters. They had a total of 13 out of their 16 children who survived infancy, but not all lived to adulthood.

Archduke Charles Joseph died of smallpox at the age of 15 in January of 1761, and Archduchess Maria Johanna Gabriela died of the same disease at the age of 12 in December of 1762.

This means the portrait was done after December of 1762, but before October of 1767, when another daughter, 16 year old Archduchess Maria Josepha, also died of smallpox.

Archduchess Maria Elisabeth, called “Liesl,” was lovely but like Mimi also had a sharp tongue. She was supposed to have gone to France to marry Louis XV but was prevented not only by Louis’ mistress Madame du Barry but by an attack of smallpox, which disfigured her. This was tragic on more than one level. How helpful it would have been for Antoine to have an older sister at Versailles who was already Queen of France! Instead, Antoine had to face the French court practically alone and without her family. Meanwhile, Liesl became fat and crabby; Joseph eventually expelled her from the Imperial court, as he did all his sisters. She went to live with La Marianne and discovered a religious vocation, becoming an Abbess. 

Marie-Antoinette, Daughter of the Caesars: Her Life, Her Times, Her Legacy - Elena Maria Vidal


There was no trouble, however, with Archduchess Maria Johanna and Archduchess Maria Josepha, sweet and docile girls who were being brought up together. Then Johanna contracted a virulent case of smallpox after receiving an inoculation, which was known to occur. She died at age twelve, much to her family’s horror, especially Josepha’s. But soon Josepha was being groomed to marry Ferdinand of Naples and being painted in honour of the occasion, for she would become a queen. There is at least one portrait of Josepha in blue which is often mistaken for Antoinette; they both possessed the same delicate winsomeness so it is an easy mistake to make.

Marie-Antoinette, Daughter of the Caesars: Her Life, Her Times, Her Legacy - Elena Maria Vidal


The wife of the Emperor Joseph II. was taken from him in a few days by an attack of smallpox of the most virulent kind. Her coffin had recently been deposited in the vault of the imperial family. The Archduchess Josepha, who had been betrothed to the King of Naples, at the instant she was quitting Vienna received an order from the Empress not to set off without having offered up a prayer in the vault of her forefathers. The Archduchess, persuaded that she should take the disorder to which her sister-in-law had just fallen a victim, looked upon this order as her death-warrant. She loved the young Archduchess Marie Antoinette tenderly; she took her upon her knees, embraced her with tears, and told her she was about to leave her, not for Naples, but never to see her again; that she was going down then to the tomb of her ancestors, and that she should shortly go again there to remain. Her anticipation was realised; confluent smallpox carried her off in a very few days…..

Memoirs of Marie Antoinette - Madame Campan