On this day in 1968, the American civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. made his last speech, the day before his assassination. The Baptist minister from Georgia first came to national attention for his leadership of the Montgomery Bus Boycott in 1955, which attempted to desegregate buses in the city. This event is considered by many the beginning of the Civil Rights Movement, which saw a national effort to end discrimination against African-Americans. King was one of many leaders, but became the face of the movement for his non-violent tactics and powerful oratory. In 1963,
during the March on Washington, King delivered the crowning speech of
the struggle - the ‘I have a dream’ speech. Beyond his role in combating
racial inequality, King also focused on tackling poverty and advocating
peace, especially during the Vietnam War. In April 1968, King visited Memphis in solidarity with striking sanitation workers. It was at the Mason Temple in this city that he delivered his ‘I’ve Been to the Mountaintop’ speech, widely considered one of the finest of his long career. The very next day,
King was assassinated at his Memphis hotel by James Earl Ray. His final speech was remarkably prophetic, as he appeared to acknowledge he would not live long, and invoked the Biblical story of Moses, who led the Israelites out of slavery in Egypt. Moses died before he could enter the Promised Land, though God allowed him to view it from atop Mount Nebo before he died. Though King didn’t know it, he too died before he saw his dream come to fruition, and since his death comparisons between the civil rights leader and Biblical prophet have abounded.
“Like anybody, I would like to live a long life. Longevity
has its place. But I’m not concerned about that now. I just want to do
God’s will. And He’s allowed me to go up to the mountain. And I’ve
looked over. And I’ve seen the promised land. I may not get there with
you. But I want you to know tonight, that we, as a people, will get to
the promised land.”
In this building blackmail was crafted, Stravinsky composed, the Black Sox plotted, and swingers partied at Plato’s Retreat. Not all at the same time obviously, but still, the Ansonia hotel has quite the backstory. Originally built as a residential hotel by William Earle Dodge Stokes, it featured 1,400 rooms and 340 suites. The hotel’s residents lived in luxurious apartments with multiple bedrooms, parlors, libraries, and formal dining rooms, and basement featured the world’s largest indoor pool. Plus, it was the first air-conditioned hotel in #NYC. Famous residents included Babe Ruth; writer Theodore Dreiser, the leader of the Bahá'í Faith `Abdu'l-Bahá; conductor Arturo Toscanini; composer Igor Stravinsky; fashion designer Koos van den Akker; Broadway impresario Florenz Ziegfeld. The hotel has also played host to multiple historical moments. It is said that on September 21, 1919, a group of Chicago White Sox players assembled in the hotel room of first baseman Arnold “Chick” Gandil and agreed to throw the World Series for roughly $10,000 per person. From 1968 until 1975 Prior to Plato’s Retreat, the building housed the Continental Baths, a gay bathhouse where multiple stars including Bette Midler provided entertainment. Then, from 1977 until 1980, The hotel’s basement was home to swinger’s club Plato’s Retreat, until Mayor Ed Koch shut the club down due to health concerns. The Ansonia was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1980. We highly suggest looking more into this place as there is way too much fascinating history to put in this post without making it enormous. #nychistory#seeyourcity#ansoniahotel#history#baseballhistory#historicalfigures#OnlyinNY . . . Image Information: X2011.34.1136 American News Company Ansonia Apartment Hotel, New York DATE:ca. 1905
TRHs Earl and Countess of Strathearn unveil a plaque to commemorate the 90th anniversary of The Gleneagles Hotel. The couple stayed the night at the hotel before embarking on three separate engagements today.
Maj. Stephen H. Long, commanding an exploring party sent out by President Madison in 1819, first sighted Longs Peak. Park area frequented by Arapaho and Ute Indians.
Rufus B. Sage, another explorer, visited the area and later published earliest known description in “Rocky Mountain Life, or Startling Scenes and Perilous Adventures in the Far West During an Expedition of Three Years.”
Joel Estes, the first white settler, entered the park and in 1860 built the first cabin.
Charles F. Estes, first white child born in the park.
First ascent of Longs Peak. The climb was made by William N. Byers, Maj. J.W. Powell, and five other men.
Rocky Mountain Jim, adventurer and frontiersman, settled in area.
Earl of Dunraven, famous English sportsman, first visited this area.
The Hayden Geographical Survey, under Dr. E.V. Hayden, worked in this region.
First stage established between Longmont and Estes Park.
Albert Bierstadt, famous artist, first visited the region.
First wedding in the park: Anna Ferguson and Richard Hubbell.
First hotel built by Earl of Dunraven.
First public school established and held in Elkhorn Lodge.
The Denver, Utah & Pacific Railroad built to Lyons and projected to Pacific Ocean through Fall River and Milner Passes by Milner, chief engineer for the company.
Bear Lake fire.
Big Thompson Canyon road completed.
Automobile stage line established between Estes Park and Loveland.
Automobile stage line established between Estes Park and Lyons.
Fall River road begun. Completed in 1920.
Rocky Mountain National Park Act approved January 26.
Bear Lake road completed.
State of Colorado ceded exclusive jurisdiction to Federal Government.