horse artillery

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General Akiyama’s 1st Cavalry Brigade attacks the Russian right flank during the Battle of Liaoyang, 1904.

From Saka no Ue no Kumo/Clouds Above the Hill.

Front-line soldiers are rarely aware of the larger strategic implications of the actions they take part in, but the men of 425 Battery, 107 Regiment, Royal Horse Artillery, were left in no doubt by their commanding officer, Captain Graham Slinn, what was at stake at Tobruk. Slinn – ‘a quiet, courageous English gentleman,’ as Bombardier Ray Ellis remembered him – told he men that if the Port fell the Germans would conquer Egypt and get their hands on Middle East oil. He quoted the final passage of Henry V’s speech before Agincourt – ‘You know your places; go to them and God be with you’ - and said the fate of England and the free world was in their hands.
Ellis recalled: ‘the guns glowed red as we laid down a defensive barrage.’
—  Alamein, by John Bierman & Colin Smith
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Uniforms of Edinburgh Castle Regimental and Army Museums 

½. Royal Horse Artillery dress uniform and a selection of Shakos, Helmets and Dolmans of Scottish Yeomanry regiments.

3. Polish 1st Armoured Division uniform that was stationed in Scotland during the Second World War.

4. Doublet of a pioneer from a Highland Regiment.

5. Officers tunic of the Highland Light Infantry.

6.Tunic of an 18th Century Highland Infantryman.

7/8. Dress uniform of the 42nd Regiment of Foot (Black Watch) worn during the handover of Hong Kong to the Peoples Republic of China.

9. Officers tunic of the Royal Scots regiment.

10. Dress uniform of the Special Air Service (Captain).

anonymous asked:

Weren't the Germans aware of the French attacks down to the date and hour? You didn't mention anything about that so I was wondering if this is a debate among historians.

You’re correct. The Nivelle Offensive was beset by delays and leaked out to the Germans in advance by spies and deserters. This was a problem endemic to First World War offensives, however. It was almost impossible to build up huge concentrations of men, artillery, planes, horses, and shells without the enemy noticing anything.

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TODAY IN HISTORY, death of Eugénie, Empress of the French ♔ July, 11th 1920.

On 10 July she suddenly felt exhausted and in pain, and had to be put to bed without undressing. It quickly became apparent that she was failing. Having received the last sacraments, she died very peacefully at 8.30 the following morning – in a room that had once been her sister Paca’s bedroom, and in Paca’s old bed. Her last words were, ‘I am tired – it is time that I went on my way.’ The coffin was taken to the station in the king of Spain’s state coach, with an escort of halberdiers and footmen carrying tapers. Accompanied by the Duke of Alba and another great nephew, the Duke of Peñaranda, the body of the last empress of the French travelled back by train and ferry to her English home. If unacclaimed by her former subjects, it was received with fitting pomp at Farnborough, drawn from the station on a gun-carriage escorted by cavalry to the abbey church. 
The congregation at the funeral on 20 July included George V and Queen Mary, deeply affected, Alfonso XIII and Queen Ena of Spain, and Manuel II of Portugal and the Portuguese queen mother, together with Prince Victor Napoleon, the Bonapartist pretender, and his wife. The Third Republic had protested on learning that the empress would be given a twenty-one gun salute, and, while it did not fire the salute, a battery of Royal Horse Artillery remained drawn up outside the abbey throughout the service. Although the band played the ‘Marseillaise’ instead of ‘Partant pour la Syrie’ (no one remembered how to play it), many people in the packed church bore famous Second Empire names, as the children or grandchildren of her courtiers. Cardinal Bourne, archbishop of Westminster, celebrated the Mass for the Dead. Finally, wearing a nun’s habit, she was laid to rest. 

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The Webley Mark I Semi Automatic Pistol,

For decades the Webley and Scott Company of Birmingham, England was known for producing fine British break top revolvers.  In the early 19th century, Webley and Scott made a foray into the semi automatic market with its Webley Mark I semi automatic pistol.  Utilizing a short recoil action, the Webley Mark I was a single action semi automatic pistol outfitted with a 7 round detachable magazine.  The Mark I was first issued to the London Metropolitan Police in 1911, originally chambered in .38 ACP.  However, it was the big military contracts that Webley was after when it switched caliber to .455 auto in 1913, a cartridge similar to the .45 ACP.  The Mark I was adopted at first by the Royal Navy, then by the Royal Horse Artillery, and finally by the Royal Flying Corps.  However the Mark I failed to secure acceptance with the whole of the British Army.  Originally the .455 auto was loaded with cordite, which caused fouling resulting in jams, misfires, and malfunctions. This problem was greatly exacerbated by British soldiers, who were accustomed to rarely cleaning their service revolvers, and treated semi automatics the same. As a result the British Army stuck with its Webley and Enfield revolvers.  The Mark I also had poor ergonomics, and was uncomfortable to shoot.

The Mark I would serve with the Royal Navy, Royal Horse Artillery, and Royal Flying Corps (later Royal Air Force) throughout World War I.  Production ended in 1932.

8th August 1918 - H Septimus Power, 1930.

The Battle of Amiens,  battlefield; 3rd Australian Division, 4th Australian Division; infantry, supported by horse drawn artillery and two British Mark IV male tanks, moving towards front line - this depicts part of the allied offensive of 8 August 1918, the day that became known to the Germans as ‘der schwartze Tag’ (the black day).