hoovesandheartbeats

VetMediRL’s FOLLOW FOREVER

My first attempt at a Follow Forever!
So I’m at over 1100 followers. Thought it was time to do a “Follow Forever”…
If you like these things, please click “like” so I know to do another one sometime. 

In my job working with animal populations, 12 is the “magic number.” It’s the minimum number of samples you need to submit to a lab for population surveys that result in “pass/fail” of a program. Have a herd of cows and want to know if they have an okay nutrition plan? 12 blood samples minimum. Want to know if your orphaned lambs are getting enough colostrum via your colostrum replacer program? 12 animals and 12 blood samples please.

That’s why I’m listing 12 blogs. These are some of my favorite 12 blogs about animals, vet, or medicine related that I enjoy and reblog a lot from. No particular order. Just some good blogs with nice content. Y’all should follow these guys!

- veterinaryrambles
- animal-factbook
- drferox
- vettechadventures
- getmeintovetschool
- getyourveton
- equinevetadventures
- babygoatsandfriends
- cranquis
- hoovesandheartbeats
- seeingpractice
- vetplease


Love to everyone!
Will have to do another “Follow Forever” if you all “like” the post. 
Hope I pass the “magic 12″ test. 

Originally posted by mothertortoise

Y’all are awesome; here’s a moonwalking Shetland. 

XOXO!
VetMediRL
—————————–> click like if you want another Follow Forever plz thx bye

Veterinary Acronyms

Acronyms are an easy and effective way (most of the time) for doctors to take quick and efficient notes, write prescriptions, and fill in histories. Here is a list of some of the more commonly and frequently used veterinary acronyms:

  • WNL: Within Normal limits
  • NSF: No significant findings
  • ADR: Ain’t doing right
  • NDR: Not doing right
  • SID: Once daily- every 24 hours
  • BID: Twice daily- every 12 hours
  • TID: Three times daily- every 8 hours
  • QID: Four times daily-  every 6 hours
  • PRN: As needed
  • QOD: Every other day
  • D/C: discontinue
  • q: every (q2hrs= every two hours)
  • prn: as needed
  • gt: drop
  • qs: quantity sufficient
  • AD: Right ear
  • AS: Left ear
  • AU: Both ears
  • OD: Right eye
  • OS: Left eye
  • OU: Both eyes
  • IM: Intramuscular
  • SQ: Subcutaneous
  • IV: Intravenous
  • IO: Intraosseous
  • IN: Intranasal
  • IP: Intraperitoneal
  • PO: By mouth
  • NPO: Nothing by mouth
  • PE: Physical exam
  • SOAP: subjective, objective, assessment, plan
  • BAR: Bright, alert and responsive
  • QAR: Quite, alert, and responsive
  • BCS: Body condition score
  • TPR: Temperature, pulse, respiration
  • HR: Heart rate
  • RR: Respiration rate
  • BP: Blood pressure
  • PLR: Pupillary light reflex
  • IOP: Intraocular pressure
  • CRT: Capillary refill time
  • MM: Mucous membranes
  • GS: Gut sounds
  • BM: Bowel movement
  • ICP: Intracranial pressure
  • CPP: Cerebral perfusion pressure
  • F/S: Spayed female
  • M/N: Neutered male
  • Hx: History
  • Tx: Treatment
  • Dx: Diagnosis
  • Rx: Prescription
  • Sx: Surgery
  • CBC: Complete blood count
  • HCT: Hematocrit
  • PCV: Packed cell volume
  • TP/TS: Total protein/ Total solids
  • CRI: Constant rate infusion
  • UA: Urinalysis
  • USG: Urine specific gravity
  • UTI: Urinary tract infection
  • URI: Upper respiratory infection
  • STT: Schirmer tear test
  • DIC: Disseminated intravascular coagulation, aka dead in cage
  • PU/PD: Polyuria/Polydipsia
  • CHF: Congestive heart failure/ Chronic heart failure
  • HBC: Hit by car
Urology Terms
  • Anuria: No urine being produced
  • Bacteriuria: Bacteria in the urine
  • Crystalluria: Urine with naturally produced crystals present
  • Cystitis: inflammation of the urinary bladder
  • Dysuria: Difficulty during urination
  • Glycosuria (Glucosuria): Glucose in the urine
  • Hematuria: RBC’s in urine
  • Inappropriate urination: urinating at the wrong time/ wrong place
  • Incontinence (urinary): complete inability to control urine function
  • Ketonuria: Ketones in the urine
  • Nocturia: Excessive urination at night
  • Micturition: urination; act of voiding urine
  • Oliguria: Little urine being produced
  • Periuria: Urinating in abnormal/ inappropriate locations
  • Pollakiura: abnormally frequent urination
  • Polyuria: Excessive urination (amount)
  • Proteinuria: protein in the urine
  • Pyuria: Puss in the urine
  • Stranguria: Straining to urinate, slow urination
  • Urolithiasis: formation of urinary calculi

For further post like this one, refer to my Vet Dictionary

Equine Respiratory - NAVLE Review #5

Originally posted by kimblewick

Most Common Respiratory Diseases of Horses: 

Common Upper Respiratory Tract Diseases:

Viral Diseases:

  • Equine influenza (2-3 years olds); high fevers, rapid spread
  • Equine Herpes Virus -1 (weanling/yearlings): causes respiratory, CNS, and abortions in last trimester

  • Equine Herpes Virus- 4 (weanling/yearling): primary respiratory infection

Bacterial:

  • Streptococcus equi. Sub. equi. “Strangles” (young horses): Can form Chondroids and horses can become persistent carriers

Originally posted by gifsboom

Common Lower Respiratory Tract Diseases

  • Rhodococcus equi “Foal pneumonia”:  intracellular bacteria, common treatment Erthromycin + rifampicin
  • Pleuritis “shipping fever”: mixed viral and bacterial component

Non-Infectious:

  • Exercise-Induced Pulmonary Hemorrhage: common in high intense sports, racing, eventing
  • Recurrent Airway Obstruction (RAO) “Heaves”: common in older, stabled horses, neutrophilic inflammation
  • Inflammatory Airway Disease (IAD): common in young, athletic horses, neutrophilic, eosinophilic, or mast cell inflammation
What They Didnt Tell You About Veterinary School

1. Googling non-specified animal medical conditions/ procedures can yield some very troubling results.

Episiotomy vs Episiotomy in cow. Thanks but no thanks. There is a reason I went into veterinary medicine, people are gross, and I don’t want to see that google. Along the same lines…

2. The best study spot in the coffee shops are the ones where no one can walk behind you. 

You quickly learn to choose the tables in the public library or coffee shop that are against the wall. There is nothing more awkward than having a picture of a stallion’s priapiam displayed largely on your screen. Judgmental glances due occur. 

3. You won’t learn everything you need to know in school. 

Don’t get me wrong, school covers a lot of information in a very short amount of time and its amazing that semi-conscious human beings can remember as much as we do, but as much information they do cover there is more than double they don’t cover. So it’s a pretty safe course of action that when around an experienced practitioner not to act like a know-it-all. 

4. You lose the ability to carry on a social conversation.

When your life consists of spending over 12 hours in one building studying and your outside hobbies are limited to walking your dog and grabbing drinks with vet med buddies, the conversations you begin to have become rather narrow. Its not that we don’t want to talk about other subjects, its just we have nothing to contribute to them besides medicine since that is our world. 

5. Dinner dates with the parents can be horrifying. 

While a penile amputation may be the coolest, bloodest, surgery you have seen in a while and your classmates love to hear about the story its hard to remember that out side of the vet med community those stories are no longer dinner date appropriate. Additionally, its a good thing to reserve the video of the puss volcano until you’re back around other medical professionals. 

6. Your life will feel like its on hold. 

During the four years of school you will have to watch while your friends and family carry on with their lives. They will meet new significant others, get married, have kids, find new jobs, and buy houses. In other words they will be functioning adults. Mean while you will be sitting in school wondering what the hell you are doing with your life still feeling like your 17 year old self trapped in high school. Which brings me to…

7. Vet school is just like High School

With average class sizes of 120 everyone will know everything about you. On average, if something “exciting” happens to/with someone in the school with the help of facebook and email it takes about 30 minutes for the whole school to know about it. Welcome to the digital age. 

8. It doesn’t get easier. 

While it seems like you just have to make it past first year and then its all down hill, this is just not so. Sure first year is some tough cookies, but second year lays it on rough, and by third year your struggling with senoritis plus a heavy dose of course work. By the time you make it on the clinic floor, you feel like the zombie that has half its body chopped off and only one arm is pulling its torso towards its prize. 

9. You won’t make it out alive alone.

While I am as independent as the next type A vet school personality, you have to make vet friends and rely on them. They are the only people that will understand what you are going through and will be there for you when times get tough. 

10. People will tell you the strangest things.

While your not an MD there is something strange that happens when people realize your in the medical profession. They open up and will tell you the strangest most personal, intimate information. I once spent a whole flight having a guy tell me about his struggle with ED after he saw my vet med tag on my bag. All I could follow up with was “you know Viagra is used to treat canine pulmonary hypertension.”


Have fun, enjoy the experience. Vet school turns you into a strong individual you just might come out a bit strange on the other side. 

Pig Diarrhea - NAVLE Review #1

Originally posted by diamondsonmyhead

Most common differentials for  PIG diarrhea: 

Piglet Diarrhea (Neonatal):

Bacterial causes:

  • E. coli ( Enterotoxigenic K88, K99, 987P, F41  ) : Colibacillosis - white scours; <4 days (Most common cause)
  • Clostridum perfringes Type C: hemorrhagic enteritis < 7 days
  • Clostridum perfringes Type A: creamy diarrhea - 1st week of life

Viral Causes:

  • Coronavirus (Transmissible Gastroenteritis): Variable; <2 wks = death
  • Rotavirus - 7 - 14 days

Parasitic:

  • Isosoprora suis (Coccidiosis): 4.5 - 5 days - watery- pasty diarrhea
  • Strongyloides ransomi (SI threadworm) - 10-14 day, hemorrhagic diarrhea, southern states

Weaned Pigs -  weaning @ 21 days 

Bacterial:

  • E. coli ( Enterotoxigenic F18, F4  ) : Colibacillosis 

Viral:

  • Rotavirus
  • Coronavirus (Enteric Transmissible Gastroenteritis) 

Originally posted by llamaenllamas


Grow/ Finishers

Bacterial:

  • Salmonella (S. choleraesuis, S. typhimurium) - watery “yellow” diarrhea; S. typhimurium = rectal strictures, S. cholerasesuis = pneumonia/ septicemia - Common in feeders/growers, can occur in all ages
  • Bracchyspira hydrodysenteriae - mucohemorrhagic colitis - common in feeders, can occur in all ages
  • Lawsonia intracellularis (Proliferative Enteritis) - hemorrhagic diarrhea

Parasitic 

  • Trichuris suis -  mucoid to mucohemorrhagic diarrhea

Misc.

  • Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus (PEDV) : Coronavirus effects all ages of pigs with varying morbidity and moralities. 
Bovine Diarrhea - NAVLE Review #2

Originally posted by braddstudio

Most common differentials for BOVINE Diarrhea:

Young Cattle:

Bacterial:

  • E. coli (Enterotoxigenic):  first 3 days of life; diarrhea & septicemia 
  • Salmonella: 5 -14 day old calves; S. dublin = shedders for life; diarrhea, pneumonia, & septicemia 
  • Clostridium perfringes type C

Viral:

  • Rotavirus: 1 - 30 days of age
  • Coronavirus: > 5 days of age
  • Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus (BVD) (6-24 months):  mild form to highly fatal Mucosal Disease form. PI’s formed @ 2-4 months of gestation. 

Parasitic:

  • Cryptosporidium parvum: 5-7 days of age
  • Eimeria (coccidiosis): 7 days - 4 to 6 months 
  • Ostertagiasis: Type 1:  L3 larva, high morbidity/ low mortality.  Type 2 : yearlings housed after first grazing season. Development of L4, low morbidity/high mortality.

Originally posted by a-ginger-journey

Adult Cattle:

Bacterial:

  • Mycobacterium avium subp. paratuberculosis (Johne’s Disease): Chronic diarrhea and wasting in adult cattle 
  • Salmonella  (S. typhimuriumS. dublin)

Viral:

  • Winter Dysentery (Corona Virus) - highly contagious, in housed diary cows; explosive diarrhea, high morbidity/low mortality. 
Porcine Respiratory - NAVLE Review #4

Originally posted by dailypiggie

Most common respiratory diseases of Pigs:

Piglets/ Weanlings:

Bacterial:

  • Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae: Pneumonia; 3-10 wk old piglets
  • Mycoplasma hyorhinus: Pericarditis, Pleuritis, Peritonitis, Arthritis (all the -itis); 3-10 wk old piglets
  • Pasterurella multocida: Fibrinous pneumonia; seen in association with other diseases (Mycoplasma, APP, SIV)

Viral:

  • Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome Virus (PRRSV): Arterivirus: Focal to diffuse interstitial pneumonia, can progress to bronchopneumonia. 
  • Psudorabies (Herpesvirus): CNS signs in neonates (& sudden death). Piglets > 3 weeks sneezing, coughing, necrotic bronchitis, bronchiolitis, alveolitis. 
  • Porcine Circovirus Virus - 2: Pneumonia, commonly seen as a complex with PMWS. 

Originally posted by 8bitcookies

Grow-Finish Pigs:

Bacterial:

Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae (APP): Pneumonia; Acute death

Atrophic Rhinitis (Bordetella bronchiseptica (+/-) Pasterella multocida): Variable turbinate atrophy, secondary pneumonia. Pigs > 8 weeks. 

Viral:

Swine Influenza (SIV): high morbidity, low mortality- nasal discharge, coughing. All age groups. 

Equine Diarrhea - NAVLE Review #3

Originally posted by equinefeather

Most common causes for Equine Diarrhea: 

Foal Diarrhea:

Non-infectious:

  • Foal-heat Diarrhea: occurs 4-14 days after birth, self-limiting, BAR foals, no fever present.

Bacterial:

  • Clostridia ( Clostridium perfringens and Clostridium difficile): Most common bacterial cause of diarrhea in foals. C. perfringes affects foals <7 days; Type A most common. C. difficile causes hemorrhagic diarrhea and death in all foal age groups.
  • Salmonella: Second most common cause of diarrhea in foals. Usually acquired from dam. 
  • Lawsonia intracellularis (Equine Proliferative Enteropathy)- older foals (3-8 months)
  • Rhodococcus equi - older foals (1-6 months)

Viral:

Rotavirus: most common viral cause of diarrhea. Occurs 2 days- 2 months of age

Parasitic:

  • Cryptosporidium
  • Strongyloides westeri (threadworm): 1 week - 2 months

Originally posted by sofunnygifs

Adult Horse Diarrhea:

Non-infectious:

  • Right Dorsal Colitis - NSAIDs abuse and overuse 

Bacterial:

  • Salmonella
  • Clostridia (Clostridium perfringens and Clostridium difficile)
  • Neorickettsia risticii (Potomac Horse Fever)

Viral:

  • Coronavirus: 2-4 yrs 
Five things NOT to say to your Veterinary Student

#5: “You have been in school forever, will you ever graduate?”

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#4:“So you can just be my doctor then, right?”

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#3:“When you graduate, you will just be rolling in the dough.”

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#2: “So when you become a vet are you going to treat my animals for free, right?”

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#1: “With how long you have been in school, when you graduate you could have been a Medical Doctor.”

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