Online Vet Student Resources

Here are some great resources I have used throughout vet school: 


Clinical Pathology:

  • eClinPath: by Cornell, wonderful site that has explanations for findings on ClinPath results, lists differentials, as well as describes that pathophysiology basis of some processes. 
  • Serum Chemistry: You will need VIN access to open this, but another great Clin Path resource to refresh your memory on what each profile tests for and various differentials for the fluxes. 


  • CAPC Vet: Great site that list parasites, life cycles, prevalence, emerging patterns, diagnosis, treatment, prevention, and public health concerns. 


  • AMRLS: A wonderful website that provides information on antimicrobial pharmacology and provides information on resistance patterns.


  • VetBact: provides basic information on veterinary important bacteria. List current bacteria name changes, microbial tests, hosts, and a basic description of the clinical disease. 

Veterinary Search Engine: 

  • VETNEXT: Essentially a search engine like that on VIN. You can search by species or clinical sign. Provides decent information about diseases. 
  • WikiVet: Another decent search engine, I believe you will need to be a student to use this site (like VIN), I don’t use it often because it is extremely slow, but there is a lot of information on there. 
Things I learned from the Creation Debate

As many of you might be aware the creation debate took place tonight.  Now I do use the word “debate” lightly.  For those of you who were not fortunate enough to be in audience or to stream the event these are the things I learned.

What Ken Ham taught me:

1) If you don’t know the answer; it is okay to answer God.

2) This diagram is supposed to make me feel insecure.

3) If you run out of things to talk about, make shit up.

4) You don’t have to research basic well known established facts before public speaking (like the difference between family Canidae and domesticated dogs)

5) It is okay to include filler slides in a presentation:

6) If you cant think of things to talk about, it is okay to bring in “guest speakers” and have them speak for you (during your debate).

7) Science is making the world “evil”

8) Evolution is impossible, because if it happened that way, then things died and suffered before a white man in a suit was made (and that’s not fair).

9) No matter the scientific evidence: God.

10) God

Veterinary Acronyms

Acronyms are an easy and effective way (most of the time) for doctors to take quick and efficient notes, write prescriptions, and fill in histories. Here is a list of some of the more commonly and frequently used veterinary acronyms:

  • WNL: Within Normal limits
  • NSF: No significant findings
  • ADR: Ain’t doing right
  • NDR: Not doing right
  • SID: Once daily- every 24 hours
  • BID: Twice daily- every 12 hours
  • TID: Three times daily- every 8 hours
  • QID: Four times daily-  every 6 hours
  • PRN: As needed
  • QOD: Every other day
  • D/C: discontinue
  • q: every (q2hrs= every two hours)
  • prn: as needed
  • gt: drop
  • qs: quantity sufficient
  • AD: Right ear
  • AS: Left ear
  • AU: Both ears
  • OD: Right eye
  • OS: Left eye
  • OU: Both eyes
  • IM: Intramuscular
  • SQ: Subcutaneous
  • IV: Intravenous
  • IO: Intraosseous
  • IN: Intranasal
  • IP: Intraperitoneal
  • PO: By mouth
  • NPO: Nothing by mouth
  • PE: Physical exam
  • SOAP: subjective, objective, assessment, plan
  • BAR: Bright, alert and responsive
  • QAR: Quite, alert, and responsive
  • BCS: Body condition score
  • TPR: Temperature, pulse, respiration
  • HR: Heart rate
  • RR: Respiration rate
  • BP: Blood pressure
  • PLR: Pupillary light reflex
  • IOP: Intraocular pressure
  • CRT: Capillary refill time
  • MM: Mucous membranes
  • GS: Gut sounds
  • BM: Bowel movement
  • ICP: Intracranial pressure
  • CPP: Cerebral perfusion pressure
  • F/S: Spayed female
  • M/N: Neutered male
  • Hx: History
  • Tx: Treatment
  • Dx: Diagnosis
  • Rx: Prescription
  • Sx: Surgery
  • CBC: Complete blood count
  • HCT: Hematocrit
  • PCV: Packed cell volume
  • TP/TS: Total protein/ Total solids
  • CRI: Constant rate infusion
  • UA: Urinalysis
  • USG: Urine specific gravity
  • UTI: Urinary tract infection
  • URI: Upper respiratory infection
  • STT: Schirmer tear test
  • DIC: Disseminated intravascular coagulation, aka dead in cage
  • PU/PD: Polyuria/Polydipsia
  • CHF: Congestive heart failure/ Chronic heart failure
  • HBC: Hit by car
Urology Terms
  • Anuria: No urine being produced
  • Bacteriuria: Bacteria in the urine
  • Crystalluria: Urine with naturally produced crystals present
  • Cystitis: inflammation of the urinary bladder
  • Dysuria: Difficulty during urination
  • Glycosuria (Glucosuria): Glucose in the urine
  • Hematuria: RBC’s in urine
  • Inappropriate urination: urinating at the wrong time/ wrong place
  • Incontinence (urinary): complete inability to control urine function
  • Ketonuria: Ketones in the urine
  • Nocturia: Excessive urination at night
  • Micturition: urination; act of voiding urine
  • Oliguria: Little urine being produced
  • Periuria: Urinating in abnormal/ inappropriate locations
  • Pollakiura: abnormally frequent urination
  • Polyuria: Excessive urination (amount)
  • Proteinuria: protein in the urine
  • Pyuria: Puss in the urine
  • Stranguria: Straining to urinate, slow urination
  • Urolithiasis: formation of urinary calculi

For further post like this one, refer to my Vet Dictionary

Five things NOT to say to your Veterinary Student

#5: “You have been in school forever, will you ever graduate?”

External image

#4:“So you can just be my doctor then, right?”

External image

#3:“When you graduate, you will just be rolling in the dough.”

External image

#2: “So when you become a vet are you going to treat my animals for free, right?”

External image

#1: “With how long you have been in school, when you graduate you could have been a Medical Doctor.”

External image

Dermatology Terms:

Primary Lesions:

  • Macule: well defined, flat spot characterized by a change in skin color
  • Patch:  a macule that is larger than 1-2cm
  • Papule: Small solid elevation of skin
  • Plaque: a papule with a flattened top that is larger than 1 cm
  • Nodule: a circumscribed solid elevation that usually extends into the deeper layers of the skin
  • Tumor: Soft to firm, movable or fixed mass of various sizes
  • Pustule: Small circumscribed elevation containing pus.
  • Wheal: A sharply circumscribed raised lesion consisting of edema
  • Vesicle (bulla): A sharply circumscribed raised lesion containing serum or blood 

Secondary Skin Lesions:

  • Abscess: accumulation of inflammatory cells and necrotic debris 
  • Comedones: dilated hair follicles filled with keratin and sebaceous debris
  • Crust: dried exudate on the surface of a lesion
  • Epidermal Collarette: peeling edge of epithelium surround an erosion or ulcer
  • Excoriation: superfical abrasion caused by self-trauma
  • Fissure: linear cleavage into or through the epidermis 
  • Furunculosis: draining tract communicating from an area of suppuration to a body surface, usually indicative of ruptured hair follicles and secondary bacterial infection. 
  • Hyperkeratosis: increase thickness of the horny layer of the skin
  • Hyperpigmentation: increase in skin pigment
  • Lichenification: thickening or hardening of the skin with exaggeration of skin markings
  • Necrosis: area of dead cells
  • Scale: accumulation of loose fragments of the horny layer of the skin
  • Scar: area of fibrous tissue that has replaced damaged dermis or subcutaneous tissue

Nail Terms:

  • Anoychia: claws are absent
  • Bracyonychia: claws are short
  • Leukonychia: claws are white
  • Macronychia: claws are large
  • Micronychia: claws are small
  • Onychagia: claw pain present
  • Oncychitis: claws are inflamed
  • Onychocryptosis: claws are ingrown
  • Onycholysis: separation of claw
  • Onychomalacia: claws are softened
  • Onychorrhexis: Fragmentation and horizontal separation of claw lamella
  • Paroncychia: inflamed clawfold
  • Onychodystrophy: abnormal claw growth
  • Onychomadesis: claws are sloughing 

source: class notes

Top veterinary toxins list includes joint supplements, grapes, raisins in 2013 - DVM

Top 10 toxins for dogs

1) Chocolate: Dark equals dangerous! Bakers and dark chocolate are the most toxic, and milk chocolate can be dangerous if ingested in large amounts.

2) Xylitol: This sweetener found in sugarless chewing gum and candy, medications and nasal sprays causes a rapid drop in blood sugar and liver failure only in dogs (not cats).

3) NSAIDs: Ibuprofen, naproxen and so on, found in products such as Advil, Motrin and Aleve, are not easily metabolized by dogs; ingestions result in stomach ulcers and kidney failure.

4) Over-the-counter cough, cold and allergy medications: Those that contain acetaminophen or decongestants, such as pseudoephedrine or phenylephrine, are particularly toxic.

5) Rodenticides (mouse poison): These may cause internal bleeding (brodifacoum, bromadiolone and so on) or brain swelling (bromethalin), even in small amounts.

6) Grapes and raisins: These harmless human foods cause kidney damage in dogs.

7) Insect bait stations: These rarely cause poisoning in dogs—the bigger risk is bowel obstruction when dogs swallow the plastic casing.

8) Prescription ADD/ADHD medications: Amphetamines such as Adderall, Concerta, Dexedrine and Vyvanse can cause tremors, seizures, cardiac problems and death in pets.

9) Glucosamine joint supplements: Overdoses of tasty products such as Cosequin and Move Free typically only cause diarrhea; however, in rare cases, liver failure can develop.

10) Oxygen absorbers and silica gel packets: Iron-containing oxygen absorbers found in food packages like beef jerky or pet treats can cause iron poisoning. Silica gel packs, found in new shoes, purses or backpacks, is rarely a concern.

Top 10 toxins for cats

1) Lilies: Plants in the Lilium species, such as Easter, tiger, and Asiatic lilies, cause kidney failure in cats. All cat owners need to be made aware of these highly toxic plants, say Pet Poison Helpline experts.

2) Household cleaners: Most general-purpose cleaners (Windex, 409) are fairly safe, but concentrated products such as toilet bowl or drain cleaners can cause chemical burns.

3) Flea and tick spot-on products for dogs: Those that are pyrethroid-based (Zodiac, K9 Advantix, Sergeant’s) cause tremors and seizures and can be deadly to cats.

4) Antidepressants: Cymbalta and Effexor topped Pet Poison Helpline’s antidepressant list in 2013. Cats seem strangely drawn to these medications, which can cause severe feline neurologic and cardiac effects on ingestion.

5) NSAIDs: Cats are even more sensitive than dogs to drugs such as ibuprofen and naproxen. Even veterinary-specific NSAIDs such as carprofen and meloxicam should be used with caution.

6) Prescription ADD/ADHD medications: These drugs have the same toxic effects in cats as in dogs.

7) Over-the-counter cough, cold and allergy medications: Those that contain acetaminophen are particularly toxic to cats, as they damage red blood cells and cause liver failure.

8) Plants containing insoluble calcium oxalate crystals: Common houseplants such as peace lilies, philodendron and pothos can cause oral and upper GI irritation, foaming at the mouth and inflammation when ingested, but severe symptoms are uncommon.

9) Household insecticides: Most of these household sprays and powders are fairly safe, but it’s best to keep cats away from plants after application until the products have dried or settled.

10) Glow sticks and glow jewelry: These irresistible “toys” contain a chemical called dibutyl phthalate. When it contacts the mouth, pain and excessive foaming occurs, but the signs quickly resolve when the cat eats food or drinks water.