firebird766-blog  asked:

If an woman were to vault over a second story balcony and land on someone, what kind of injuries could she expect? What kind of injuries could her victim expect? Would it be possible for her to come out relatively unscathed, if she put thought into the best way to land before she went for the jump?

Hey there! I’m glad you sent this in. Thanks for asking!

Your character has 2 things going for her:

1) She’s not falling from THAT high a height. She could still have significant injuries, but a second-story balcony is only about 12-15 feet off the ground. While that’s triple body height – our threshold for where we suspect serious injuries – it’s also not, say, the 5th floor (which is likely fatal).

But the person she lands on—assuming she plants her feet on their shoulders—actually helps reduce the height of the fall, making it closer to 7-10 feet, which is a much more survivable injury!

2) She’s landing on something soft (compared to concrete). The person may alter the way she lands, but they’ll also slow her down over a longer period of time than simply hitting the pavement.

Remember, it’s not the fall that kills your characters, friends, it’s the sudden stop at the bottom.

As to the specific injury patterns and “safest” way of falling, I’d say she would be best off going feet-first and aiming for the person’s shoulders or back with her feet.

Now, with a straight drop with a landing on the heels, you’d expect to see a very particular pattern of injuries called Don Juan Syndrome. What happens is that the person lands heel-first, and the force just travels directly up from there, breaking calcaneous (heels), knees, pelvis, and spinal compression injuries. DO NOT WANT.

However, if your character has any kind of martial arts training or has taken any parkour at all, she’ll have a better idea how to land: feet parallel, knees relaxed, land on the balls of her feet, allow her hips to tuck behind (rather than hyperflex the knees and push the hips forward).

If she does it right, and she controls not just the first fall (into the person) but the second fall (awkwardly, probably backwards, onto the pavement from the height of that person’s shoulders), she may walk away relatively unscathed, though for realism’s sake I’d appreciate at least a sprained ankle or wrist, or a goose egg on the back of her head.

I’m not a traceur, but this video has a surprisingly good illustration of the body mechanics she wants: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=31IM_PRHoeg 

As for her victim, they’re in for a bad day. That kind of force landing on them, completely unexpected, makes me think of things like broken clavicles and shoulders, plus injuries from getting pushed to the ground, so up to and including broken wrists, broken arms, head strikes (with scrapes / hematomas / …) plus the possibility of a concussion.

Honestly, they could both walk away with concussions. Hooray for concussions!

From a reader’s perspective, I’m really curious as to whether or not she’s aiming for the person or if they just happen to get in her way. If she’s self-centered enough to think “they’ll break my fall”, that’s a really interesting trait for a character to have. If she’s trying to hurt them that’s even more interesting!

Either way, I hope this was useful!!

xoxo, Aunt Scripty


June 15th 1995: O.J. Simpson tries on a new pair of gloves similar to those found at the crime scene of his wife’s murder. Despite compelling evidence, the actor was never convicted for Nicole’s murder. The iconic photograph above shows the dramatic demonstration that devastated the prosecution when the gloves appeared too tight for Simpson’s hands. His defense attorney simply said: “If it doesn’t fit, you must acquit.” - And this seemed to remarkably sway the jury into finding him innocent.

Serial killer Ted Bundy was always aware that there was something wrong with him. Once, before flying to Seattle, he phoned his girlfriend for support. He was crying down the telephone and having trouble speaking. When he finally pulled himself together, he said: “I just can’t seem to connect with people. Sure I can hold doors open and smile and be charming, but when it comes to basic relationships I just don’t have it. There’s something wrong with me.”

A message left behind by the Lipstick Killer (dubbed that for this very message). Although William Heirens confessed to the 3 murders tied to this case, he later recanted his confession and blamed the police for their brutality and questionable interrogation methods. If what Heirens says is true, the Lipstick killer case still remains unsolved to this day.


Darren Seals, Ferguson activist, was found shot to death in burning car

Darren Seals, a prominent Ferguson, Missouri, activist, was found shot to death inside a burning car Tuesday morning, The 29-year-old’s body was found inside the charred vehicle on Diamond Street, 12 miles from where he lived, after the flames were extinguished. 
Seals’ death is being investigated as a homicide. According to the Times, Seals led protests with the activist group Hands Up United. Seals was oftentimes critical of the Black Lives Matter movement.Described as an assembly line worker and hip-hop artist by the Washington Post in a 2014 profile, Seals was active on Twitter under the username King D Seals, often tweeting about police brutality. Very recently, Seals had spoken out on the Kaepernick controversy.

follow @the-movemnt

anonymous asked:

Could you make a chart for the fatality of bullet wounds please?

Sure, nonny! Happy to help! Sorry this took me a while, but here you go…

[Table: “Area Shot” in one column, “Potential Lethality” in another. “Area Shot” column lists body parts: head, chest, abdomen, upper arm, upper leg, forearm, lower leg, hand, foot. “Potential Lethality” lists “potentially lethal” in all rows.]

You see why I had so many problems answering this ask, anon?

In all seriousness, I wanted to use this to prove a point. Gunshots anywhere on the body have the potential to be fatal.

I’ll give you the classic EMS paradox that’s been taught to me during training. You come up on a scene with a man unconscious on the floor. In point of fact he’s in cardiac arrest.

Of course, you start CPR and strip him  down naked and check for wounds, because that’s a thing you do in EMS. But the only thing you find is a gunshot wound in the palm of his hand. Entry, no exit. Small little hole, little bit of a powder burn.

What the hell happened?

What the hell happened is, he was trying to stop himself from getting shot, reached out, and occluded the muzzle with his hand. The bullet traveled under the skin, up the outstretched arm, up into the shoulder, where it lodged in and deflated the lung, and the person died.  

This is supposedly based on a real case (note: I’m too lazy to verify this), which only proves the point that real life is stranger than fiction.

But a GSW to the hand doesn’t have to have some magical properties to be potentially fatal. In addition to the ever-present threat of complications such as sepsis, there’s also the fact that the radial artery is right. there. The wrist isn’t far from the hand, and bullets and bones have strange and almost miraculous relationships when it comes to trajectory.

The same is true in the foot, only more so, because hard floor surfaces tend to generate ricochets, and the bullet could simply go through the foot, ricochet off the floor, and come up and hit, say, the dorsalis pedis artery, or an artery in the ankle, and cause a life threatening bleed.

Now, just because something is potentially lethal doesn’t mean it automatically is lethal. Once upon a time I wrote a post about survivable headshot wounds: Headshots: They’re Not Always Lethal (Yes, Really)

And just because a bullet to the hand CAN cause laceration to the radial artery (or even a pneumothorax!) doesn’t mean it will. People can get shot in the chest and live. People can get shot in the chest and die. Most leg wounds can be taken care of at home (if it’s a clean through-and-through with minimal bleeding). Some leg wounds will be fatal inside of 10 minutes (femoral artery) or will require years of rehab (femur or femoral nerve injury).

This is why I have such a hard time writing about gunhots, even though they’re HEAVILY requested (though you guys seem to have a thing for arrows and drownings lately….)

I hope this helped, but I suspect I’ve been supremely unhelpful.

xoxo, Aunt Scripty


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Upon entering Richard Chase’s apartment, investigators were met with the following:

•Walls covered with blood, as well as the floor, ceiling, and kitchen utensils in the same state

•A smoothie blender on the counter, caked with blood and containing rotting organs

•Animal body parts wrapped in aluminum foil in the refrigerator

•Victim David Ferreira’s brains in a Tupperware container inside his refrigerator, as well as other parts of his body wrapped in Saran Wrap

•Several of victim Evelyn Miroth and victim Teresa Wallin’s internal organs inside of the refrigerator 

•Pet collars

•Diagrams laid out on the counter depicting human organs

•Newspapers, with numerous dog ads circled

•Pieces of bone in the kitchen

•A calendar with the word “today” written on the dates of the Wallin and Miroth murders, as well as that same word written on 44 more dates in the same year

In Ted Bundy’s mindset, murder was a mix of sport, craft, and intellectual pursuit. In interviews, Bundy had proudly boasted about having a Ph.D. in serial killing, and had compared the act of killing to being a repairman or a cook. Many believed that the most gruesome part of it all was that Bundy hadn’t targeted prostitutes or drug dealers. He had preyed on attractive, young college girls. Ted had even murdered a police chief’s daughter. “He was killing the best and most attractive of the youth,” criminology professor Ronald Holmes had said. “He was killing college girls that were the future of America. They were very valuable victims.”


On April 1, 1988, 8 year old Fort Wayne, Indiana resident April Tinsley was on a playdate with two of her friends. In the middle of the playdate, April told her friends that she was going to go down the street to retrieve an umbrella she had left at a friend’s house. On her way there, a witness saw the little girl getting forced into a blue pickup truck owned by a middle aged man. On April 4th, April’s body was discovered by a jogger in a ditch twenty miles away from Fort Wayne. The young girl had been raped and suffocated. The case went cold until May 21, 1990, when a boy in Fort Wayne alerted the police that a peculiar message had shown up on a barn door. The message had gotten darker as time went by, indicating that someone had shown up repeatedly to write over it. The message, shown on the bottom, read “I kill 8 year old April Marie Tisley. I will kill again. Ha ha.” It was believed that whoever wrote the chilling message was April’s murderer. Three weeks after the message was written, 7 year old Fort Wayne resident Sarah Bowker disappeared, and her body was later found in a ditch raped and suffocated as well. The coroner believed that the two murders were related.

In March 25, 2004, a 5 year old girl found a sealed letter in her bike basket. The letter included an anonymous confession and indicated that there was a present left for the girl. The present was a used condom found in the same bag that the letter arrived in. Three more letters were found as time went on, each more obscene. The second letter was found in a mailbox by a mailman, and included a used condom as well. The third letter was discovered on a 7 year old girl’s bicycle. The last note included a Polaroid showing the perpetrator from the waist down. The letters have been proven to have come from April’s killer, who the FBI described as a Preferential Sex Offender from Fort Wayne interested in young girls. However, the case ultimately remains unsolved.

‘First, we know from observational studies, from experience, that it is a red flag that when a child is not reported immediately to authorities…that is something we look for for foul play.  This child, from history, was not reported for a long time.  The other thing that makes it a homicide is that the body was hidden; a child’s body is thrown out, hidden in a field. We know that is one of the things we look for when we are looking for homicide. 

Also it’s often found that these bodies are in, not always, but closed containers, a suitcase or a plastic bag, like this child was.  That again, is from our experience from observational, systematic studies, a red flag for homicide.  And the last, besides the delay, besides being found in a field, decomposed, would be the duct tape, somewhere located on the lower half of the face.  There is no child that should have duct tape on its face when it dies.’

-Chief Medical Examiner Dr Jan Garavaglia testifies at the trial of Casey Anthony, accused of murdering her 2-year-old daughter, Caylee.  Despite a mountain of evidence against her, in 2011 Casey was found not guilty of murder.

In October 1994, Susan Smith called the police and claimed that her car, containing her two children, had been carjacked by a black man. For over a week, she made dramatic pleas on live television for the safe return of her two boys, three-year-old Michael and one-year-old Alexander. However, after a massive investigation and a nationwide search, on November 3, 1994, she confessed to letting her car roll into nearby John D. Long Lake with her two children still inside. Smith purposefully murdered her two children, in an unimaginably selfish act. Her reason behind such a heinous crime? She was in love with a wealthy man who didn’t like her children. 

He could never hurt a fly, but it’s not the fly that he’s hunting.