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“The Homecoming”, 1944 Pulitzer Prize for Photography

Lt. Col. Bob Moore hugs his daughter upon returning home to Iowa in 1943. An officer in the National Guard, Moore was one of the first American soldiers to see action in World War II, participating in Torch where he won the Silver Star, and fighting into Tunisia where he would save much of his encircled command during Kassarine Pass, exfiltrating them under cover of night back to American lines. Wounded soon after, he was sent back to the United States to recuperate, and was able to visit his family in Iowa before reporting for duty as an instructor at Ft. Benning.

(Earle L. Bunker/The World-Herald)

Isadore Greenbaum is dragged out of Madison Square Gardens after jumping on stage and yelling “Down with Hitler” at the German American Bund (American Nazi Party) rally held there in February, 1939. He was fined 25 dollars for disorderly conduct.

(Getty)

“These Northwestern University girls brave freezing weather to go through a Home Guard rifle drill on the campus in Evanston, Illinois on January 11, 1942. From left to right are: Jeanne Paul, age 18, of Oak Park, Illinois,; Virginia Paisley, 18, of Lakewood, Ohio; Marian Walsh, 19, also from Lakewood; Sarah Robinson, 20, of Jonesboro, Arkansas,; Elizabeth Cooper, 17, of Chicago; Harriet Ginsberg, 17.”

(AP)

Goodbye Dear, I’ll Be Back in a Year” by Mort Kunstler

Battery C, 2nd Battalion, 189th Field Artillery leave for Fort Sill, Oklahoma in September, 1940, part of the nationwide call-up by President Roosevelt as he mobilized the US military. Intended for year, most would remain in service till 1945, and by the time the US entered World War II, not only would the entire National Guard have been mobilized, but tens of thousands of citizens would be inducted as part of the peacetime draft.

(National Guard)

“Officers’ wives, investigating explosions and seeing a smoke pall in distance on December 7, 1941, heard neighbor Mary Naiden, then an Army hostess who took this picture, exclaim "There are red circles on those planes overhead. They are Japanese!” Realizing war had come, the two women, stunned, started toward quarters.“

(AP)

“Unidentified attaches of the Japanese consulate began burning papers, ledgers and other records shortly after Japan went to war against the U.S., on December 7, 1941, in New Orleans, Louisiana. Police later stopped the fire after most of the papers had been destroyed.”

(AP)