Bamberg is a town in Oberfranken, Bayern (Bavaria) on the river Regnitz. Its historic center is a UNESCO world heritage site. During the post-Roman centuries of Germanic migration and settlement, the region included in the Diocese of Bamberg was inhabited for the most part by Slavs. The town, first mentioned in 902, grew up by the castle Babenberch, which gave its name to the Babenberg family. On their extinction it passed to the Saxon house. The area was Christianized chiefly by the monks of the Benedictine Fulda Abbey, and the land was under the spiritual authority of the Diocese of Würzburg. In 1007, Holy Roman Emperor Henry II made Bamberg a family inheritance, the seat of a separate diocese. The purpose was to make the Diocese of Würzburg less unwieldy in size and to give Christianity a firmer footing. In 1008, after long negotiations with the Bishops of Würzburg and Eichstätt, the boundaries of the new diocese were defined. Pope John XVIII granted papal confirmation the same year. Henry II ordered the building of a new cathedral, which was consecrated in 1012. From the mid-13th century onward the bishops were princes of the Empire and ruled Bamberg, overseeing the construction of monumental buildings. In the 1200′s, the see obtained large portions of the estates of the Counts of Meran. The old Bishopric of Bamberg was composed of an unbroken territory extending from Schlüsselfeld to the Franconian Forest, and possessed estates in the Duchies of Carinthia and Salzburg, in the Nordgau (now Upper Palatinate), in Thuringia, and on the Danube. By the changes resulting from the Reformation, the territory was reduced nearly one half in extent.
The witch trials of the 17th century claimed about 1000 victims in Bamberg - the famous Drudenhaus witch prison is no longer standing today. In 1647, the University of Bamberg was founded. Bambrzy (Posen Bambergers) are German Poles, descended from settlers in villages around Posen in the 1700′s. When the secularization of church lands took place (1802) the diocese had a population of 207,000. Bamberg lost its independence in 1802, becoming part of Bavaria in 1803. It was first connected to the German rail system in 1844, which has been an important part of its infrastructure since. After a communist uprising took control over Bavaria in the years following WW1, the state government fled to Bamberg and stayed there for 2 years before the Bavarian capital of Munich was retaken by Freikorps units. The first republican constitution of Bavaria was passed in Bamberg. In 1926 Bamberg served as the venue for the Bamberg Conference, convened by Adolf Hitler in his attempt to foster unity and to stifle dissent within the then-young Nazi party. Bamberg was chosen for its location in Upper Franconia, reasonably close to the residences of the members of the dissident northern Nazi faction but still within Bavaria. In 1973, the town celebrated its 1000th anniversary.
On November 14, 1995 a cow escaped from a slaughterhouse in Hopkinton, Massachusetts. The 3 year old heifer managed to leap over a 5 foot tall fence just minutes before her death. She managed to evade capture for 40 days - where some locals say they saw her running with a herd of deer - before she found safety at the Peace Abbey in Sherborn, Massachusetts. There, she was dubbed Emily the Sacred Cow. Emily served as a icon of survival to all those that came to know and love her. Her story encouraged many people to live a vegetarian lifestyle. She passed away on March 30th, 2003 due to uterine cancer. This statue was erected to keep Emily’s memory, the blanket and flowers are a Hindu sign of respect. After her death, “hair clippings from Emily’s markings on her forehead and from the tip of her tail, traces of her blood and a piece of golden thread (placed through Emily’s ear by Hindu priest Krishna Bhatta of the Lakshmi Temple) were released into the holy river Ganges in the city of Benares, India.”
Emily was buried between statues of Gandhi and Mother Teresa.
I have been obsessed for many years and set of early 2013 to look for them: In hidden temples of crowded Delhi, on the bench of the holy river Ganga in Varanasi and close to the Himalaya mountains in Nepal. And I found them.
Sadhus renounces his earthly life, all his worldly attachments, leaves home and family, and takes on the lifestyle of an ascetic. As part of this renunciation, they also leave behind their clothes, food and shelter, and live on the generosity of others. Sadhus are no human like others. They choose to life poor among poors.
Their only richness is found in spirit and humanity.|
What if our religion was each other. If our practice was our life. If prayer, our words. What if the temple was the Earth. If forests were our church. If holy water the rivers, lakes, and ocean. What if meditation was our relationships. If the teacher was life. If wisdom was self-knowledge. If love was the center of our being.
Mainz is the capital and largest city of Rheinland-Pfalz in Southwestern Germany. It was the capital of the Electorate of Mainz during the time of the Holy Roman Empire. In antiquity, it was a Roman fort city which commanded the west bank of the Rhein and formed part of the northernmost frontier of the Empire; it was founded as a Roman military post in the 1st century BC and became the provincial capital of Germania Superior. The city is located on the Rhein at its confluence with the Main river opposite Wiesbaden in the Frankfurt Rhein-Main metro area. The city is famous for the invention of the movable-type printing press - the first books ever printed using movable type were manufactured by Johannes Gutenberg in Mainz in the early 1450s.