hohenzollern sigmaringen

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Representatives at the coronation of Nicholas II, Emperor of Russia

1) Representatives of Bavaria: They are arranged in a group with four seated and three standing behind them. Prince Louis of Bavaria (1845-1921), later King Ludwig III, is sitting at the centre of the group holding a hat with a feather plume on his lap. They are all wearing ceremonial military uniform and are holding swords.

2) Representatives of the Grand Duchy of Baden: They are arranged in a group with four seated and two standing behind them to the left. They are wearing ceremonial military uniform and are holding swords.

3) Representatives of Denmark: They are arranged in a group with three seated and three standing behind them. Crown Prince Frederik, later King Frederik VIII (1843-1912) is sitting at the centre of the group facing partly to the right. They are all wearing ceremonial military uniform.

4) Representatives of the Grand Duchy of Hesse and by Rhine: There are ten men arranged in a group with four seated and six standing in a row behind them. Ernst Ludwig, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine (1868-1937) is sitting second from the left. All are wearing ceremonial military uniform or formal dress.

5) Representatives of France: They are standing in a group on a stone staircase with an open door behind them. All are wearing ceremonial military uniform.

6) Representatives of Romania: They are arranged in a group with Prince Ferdinand of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (1865-1927), later King Ferdinand I of Romania, sitting at the centre. All are wearing ceremonial military uniform.

7) Representatives of the United States of America: They are arranged in a group with three women at the centre wearing formal dresses. General McCook, the military envoy, is standing to the far left and there are two men to the far right. All are wearing ceremonial military uniform.

8) Representatives of the United States of America: Clifton Rodes Breckinridge (1846-1932), the Minister to Russia, is seated in the middle of the group. His wife is sitting beside him to the left and Mrs Peirce is sitting to the right. Five men are standing in a row behind them with Admiral Selfridge (1836-1924), the naval envoy, standing second from the right wearing naval uniform.

9) Representatives of the Netherlands: Seated at the centre of the group is a woman wearing a formal dress with a young girl standing beside her to the left. There is a man seated to the left and two men seated to the right. Six men are standing in a row behind. All of the men are wearing ceremonial military dress.

10) Representatives of Japan: There are nine men arranged in a group with five seated and four standing behind. Yamagata Aritomo (1838-1922), the Ambassador Extrodinary, is sitting at the centre of the group. All are wearing ceremonial military uniform or formal dress.

11) Representatives of Turkey: There are six men arranged in a group with four seated and two standing. Mr Zia-Pascha, the Ambassador Extrodinary, is sitting second from the right. They are all wearing military uniform or formal dress and several are wearing a fez.

12) Representatives of China: There are twenty-two men standing in a group with Li-Hung-Tchang (1823-1901), the Ambassador Extraordinary, seated at the front of the group to the right. They are wearing a mix of traditional Chinese costume and western military uniforms.

13) Representatives of Siam: Prince Shira of Siam is sitting to the left with a small table in front of him. There are two attendants beside him to the right, one seated and one standing. They are all wearing ceremonial military uniform. 

14) Representatives of Württemberg: There are five men arranged in a group with three seated and two standing behind. Albrecht, Duke of Württemberg (1865-1939) is sitting at the centre of the group. They are all wearing ceremonial military uniform. 

15) Representatives of Mexico: Don Manuel Iturbe, the Envoy Extraordinary, is sitting to the left wearing a heavily embroidered jacket and a sash. Two men are standing to the right, also wearing formal dress.

16) Representatives of the Emirate of Bukhara: There are six men arranged in a group with five sitting in a row and one standing behind. Emir Seid-Abdoul-Akhad-Khan (1859-1911) is sitting at the centre of the group. They are all wearing traditional costume or military uniform.

17) Representatives of the nobility: There is a large group of men gathered in front of a stone building which has three arches supported by columns, a balcony and windows in the gothic style. All are wearing military uniform. 

18) The suite of Nicholas II: There are sixty-five men arranged in a long group with the front row seated. All are wearing ceremonial military uniform and many are carrying swords.

19) Correspondents and artists

Die Burg Hohenzollern is the ancestral seat of the imperial House of Hohenzollern. The third of 3 castles on the site, it is located atop a 234 m bluff rising above the towns of Hechingen & Bisingen in the foothills of the Swabian Alp in Baden-Württemberg, Southwestern Germany.

The House of Hohenzollern is a dynasty of former princes, electors, kings, and emperors of Hohenzollern, Brandenburg, Prussia, the German Empire, and Romania. The family arose during the 11th century. Their first ancestor was mentioned in 1061. They derived from the Burchardinger dynasty. The family split into 2 branches, the Catholic Swabian branch and the Protestant Franconian branch, which later became the Brandenburg-Prussian branch. The Swabian branch ruled Hohenzollern-Hechingen and Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen until 1849, and also ruled Romania (1866-1947). Members of the Franconian branch became Margrave of Brandenburg in 1415 and Duke of Prussia in 1525. The Kingdom of Prussia was created in 1701, eventually leading to the unification of Germany and the creation of the German Empire (1871),  with the Hohenzollerns as hereditary German Emperors and Kings of Prussia. Germany’s defeat in WW1 (1918) led to the German Revolution. The Hohenzollerns were overthrown and the Weimar Republic was established, thus bringing an end to the German Monarchy. Read more. 

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136 years ago today (May 10, 1881), Prince Karl of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen was crowned the first King of Romania. A combat-tested Prussian Army officer, he led Romania to victory during the Russo-Turkish War (1877-78), personally commanding troops at Plevna. The war fully established Romania’s independence from the Ottoman Empire. The crown of Romania, known as the Steel Crown, was forged from captured Ottoman cannons.

Marie of Romania and her children (not including Princess Ileana or Prince Mircea), from left to right: Princess Maria (later Queen of Yugoslavia), Princess Elisabeth (later Queen of the Hellenes), Prince Nicolae and Prince Carol (later King Carol II of Romania). 

Queen Marie of Romania wearing the Vladimir Sapphire Kokoshnik Tiara (Cartier, 1909) and her Cartier Sautoir with the Sapphire Pendant, 1920s.