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The thylacine, more popularly known as the Tasmanian tiger, was an apex predator in Australia and Tasmania before its extinction in the early 20th century. Despite its superficial resemblance to a large dog, the thylacine was actually a marsupial, with no relation to canines The thylacine also featured an abdominal pouch similar to a kangaroo’s.

The last captive Tasmania Tiger, which was later referred to as ‘Benjamin’, spent several years behind bars in the Hobart zoo after being caught in the Florentine Valley in 1933. Its gender still a mystery, the animal died three years later on September 7, believed to be as a result of neglect. It was locked out of its sheltered sleeping quarters and died due to the exposure of an extremely cold Tasmanian night. The above is the animals final footage. (Source)

anonymous asked:

what is your opinion of taking the last of the species in the wild and putting them into zoos with the goal of eventually reintroducing there future offspring back into the wild

Very interesting question, theres examples where this worked but also some where this didnt worked

Where it worked

Przewalski’s horse (Equus ferus

After 1945 only two captive populations of the Prezwalki’s horse in zoos remained, in Munich and in Prague. By the end of the 1950s, only 12 individual Przewalski’s horses were left in the world. In 1977, the Foundation for the Preservation and Protection of the Przewalski horse was founded in Rotterda, the Foundation started a program of exchange between captive populations in zoos throughout the world to reduce inbreeding, and later began a breeding program of its own. As a result of such efforts, the extant herd has retained a far greater genetic diversity than its genetic bottleneck made likely.

In 1992, sixteen horses were released into the wild in Mongolia, followed by additional animals later on. One of the areas to which they were reintroduced became Khustain Nuruu National Park in 1998. Another reintroduction site is Great Gobi B Strictly Protected Area, located at the fringes of the Gobi desert. Lastly, in 2004 and 2005, 22 horses were released by the Association Takh to a third reintroduction site in the buffer zone of the Khar Us Nuur National Park, in the northern edge of the Gobi ecoregion.

Since 2011, Prague Zoo has transported twelve horses to Mongolia in three rounds and it plans to continue to return horses to the wild in the future. The Zoo has the longest uninterrupted history of breeding of Przewalski’s horses in the world and keeps the studbook of this species.

The reintroduced horses successfully reproduced, and the status of the animal was changed from “extinct in the wild” to “endangered” in 2005. On the IUCN Red List, they were reclassified from “extinct in the wild” to “critically endangered” after a reassessment in 2008 and from “critically endangered” to “endangered” after a 2011 reassessment.

California condor (Gymnogyps californianus

Condor numbers dramatically declined in the 20th century due to poaching, lead poisoning, and habitat destruction. A conservation plan was put in place by the United States government that led to the capture of all the remaining wild condors which was completed in 1987, with a total population of 27 individuals. These surviving birds were bred at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park and the Los Angeles Zoo. Numbers rose through captive breeding and, beginning in 1991, condors were reintroduced into the wild. The California condor is one of the world’s rarest bird species: as of December 2015 there are 435 condors living wild or in captivity.

Arabian oryx (Oryx leucoryx

The Phoenix Zoo and the Fauna and Flora Preservation Society of London are credited with saving the Arabian oryx from extinction. In 1962, these groups started the first captive-breeding herd in any zoo, at the Phoenix Zoo, sometimes referred to as “Operation Oryx”. Starting with 9 animals, the Phoenix Zoo has had over 240 successful births. From Phoenix, oryx were sent to other zoos and parks to start new herds.

Arabian oryx were hunted to extinction in the wild by 1972. By 1980, the number of Arabian oryx in captivity had increased to the point that reintroduction to the wild was started. The first release, to Oman, was attempted with oryx from the San Diego Wild Animal Park. Although numbers in Oman have declined, there are now wild populations in Saudi Arabia and Israel, as well. One of the largest populations is found in Mahazat as-Sayd Protected Area, a large, fenced reserve in Saudi Arabia, covering more than 2000 km2.

In June 2011, the Arabian oryx was relisted as vulnerable by the IUCN Red List. The IUCN estimated more than 1,000 Arabian oryx in the wild, with 6,000–7,000 held in captivity worldwide in zoos, preserves, and private collections.

Where it didnt work

Thylacin (Thylacinus cynocephalus)

The Thylacine (Thylacinus cynocephalus) was the largest known carnivorous marsupial of modern times. It is commonly known as the Tasmanian tiger or the Tasmanian wolf. Native to continental Australia, Tasmania and New Guinea, it is believed to have become extinct in the 20th century

The last captive thylacine, later referred to as “Benjamin”, was trapped in the Florentine Valley by Elias Churchill in 1933, and sent to the Hobart Zoo where it lived for three years. The thylacine died on 7 September 1936. It is believed to have died as the result of neglect—locked out of its sheltered sleeping quarters, it was exposed to a rare occurrence of extreme Tasmanian weather: extreme heat during the day and freezing temperatures at night.

Quagga (Equus quagga quagga

The Quagga was an extinct subspecies of plains zebra that lived in South Africa until the 19th century.

After the Dutch settlement of South Africa began, the quagga was heavily hunted as it competed with domesticated animals for forage. While some individuals were taken to zoos in Europe, breeding programs were unsuccessful. The last wild population lived in the Orange Free State, and the quagga was extinct in the wild by 1878. The last captive specimen died in Amsterdam on 12 August 1883.

So you see this can go either way but i would say overall if it helps the species im for it because nature conservation is very important to me

The Extinct Thylacine or Tasmanian Tiger

The Thylacine was the largest known carnivorous marsupial of modern times.  It is commonly known as the Tasmanian tiger (because of its striped lower back) or the Tasmanian wolf.  Native to continental Australia, Tasmania and New Guinea, it is believed to have become extinct in the 20th century.  It was the last extant member of its family, Thylacinidae;  specimens of other members of the family have been found in the fossil record dating back to the late Oligocene.

The Thylacine had become extremely rare or extinct on the Australian mainland before British settlement of the continent, but it survived on the island of Tasmania along with several other endemic species, including the Tasmanian Devil.  Intensive hunting encouraged by bounties is generally blamed for its extinction, but other contributing factors may have been disease, the introduction of dogs, and human encroachment into its habitat.  Despite its official classification as extinct, sightings are still reported, though none has been conclusively proven.

About the video:  Compilation of all five known Australian silent films featuring the recently extinct thylacines, shot in Hobart Zoo, Tasmania, Australia. Benjamin, the last specimen, is shown in the footage starting from 2:05.  The clips are separated by fades.

Video Source (public domain);  reference

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The Tasmanian Tiger: On September 7th of 1936, the last Thylacine (a rare dog-headed marsupial, with a kangaroo-like pouch) died in captivity in the Hobart Zoo, in Australia. The Tasmanian Tigers were driven into extinction by over zealous ranchers, who saw them as a nuisance animal. As a result of this forced extinction, hopeful sightings of the creature persisted straight through to today, but emerging advances in cloning technology may still give these amazing animals another shot at survival. #babettebombshell #hauntedhotel #cryptozoology #endangeredspecies #tasmaniantigers #marsupials #thylacine #cloning #undisclosedtechnology #futurescience #environmentaldistasters #displacedanimals #fortean #xfiles

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@simple-pianist @emptyheartsonfire

The Oxford Dictionary defines a cryptid as “An animal whose existence or survival is disputed or unsubstantiated”.

The last confirmed thylacine was the one, commonly known nowadays as Benjamin, who died at the Hobart Zoo in 1936. Though the species wasn’t officially declared extinct until the 1980s, it’s more than likely it was long gone far before then. However, since Benjamin’s death there have been thousands of supposed sightings of the thylacine, making its official status as “Extinct” hotly disputed.

‘Benjamin’ - The last known Thylacine, (Tasmanian Tiger, Tasmanian Wolf) pictured at the Beaumaris Zoo, Hobart, Tasmania. He died on 7 September 1936 - two months after the Tasmanian government was finally persuaded to provide legal protection for the species.

September 7th, 1936

Exactly 80 years ago today, the worlds last captive Thylacine - affectionately known as Benjamin - died at the Hobart Zoo in Hobart, Tasmania, Australia. The creatures life was ultimately cut short due to being locked out of its sheltered sleeping quarters and freezing to death in the harsh Tasmanian night. This date of September 7th, is officially thought to be the last time anyone was able to see one of these magnificent marsupials alive in the world.

That same year, the Thylacine would be added to the endangered species list. Fifty years later, the worlds largest carnivorous marsupial would officially be declared extinct due to the direct eradication of the species carried out by human beings.

To honor the memory of Benjamin, Australia celebrates National Threatened Species Day every year on September 7th. This tradition was started in 1996 and this year marks its 20th anniversary.

-The Pine Barrens Institute

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While no confirmation is known of the name being used, the last known Thylacine is known as Benjamin. There is still debate as to what gender Benjamin was but many believe that it was female. Benjamin died in the Hobart zoo in 1936 due to neglect. It is widely believed that this Thylacine was the last in existence, but many still claim to see them in the wild.

An endling is the term for the last member of a species or subspecies. When an endling dies, it’s species become extinct. There have been several endlings in recent times - Martha, who was the last passenger pigeon, died in 1914 in Cincinnati Zoo. The photo above shows Benjamin, the last Tasmanian Tiger, who lived out the last of his days in Hobart Zoo before he died on 7 September, 1936. Humans can often be an occurring theme in the story of endlings and this was the case for Benjamin, who died of neglect. Probably the most well known endling is Lonesome George, the Pinta Island giant tortoise, who died in 2012.

It’s a sombre day

Today, September 7, marks the 80th anniversary of the death of the last known thylacine (aka Tasmanian wolf/tiger). After keepers forgot to let it in for the night the animal, commonly known as “Benjamin”, froze to death in the outside portion of its enclosure.

Captured in the Florentine Valley of Tasmania in 1933 by Elias Churchill, the animal was sent to the Hobart Zoo where it lived out the last 3 years of its life, many years later becoming one of the main poster children of extinction.

Rest easy Benjamin (??? - Sept 7 1936).

The Thylacine, or Tasmanian Tiger, was a carnivorous marsupial that lived in Australia up until its extinction in 1936 when the last known Thylacine died at the Hobart Zoo. One of the things that made the Thylacine so special was that the males had pouches alongside the females. The males used their pouch, not to hold young as the females do, but to protect their genitalia from getting scratched by the brush in the wild.

“Endling” might just be the loneliest term in the English language. An endling is the last member of a species or subspecies, and when this lone individual dies its species is extinct. Several endlings have been recorded in recent times. Martha, the last passenger pigeon, died in 1914 in Cincinnatti Zoo. She was the last of a species that had numbered several billion before Europeans arrived in North America. Human actions are a oft-repeated theme in the story of endlings. The animal in the photo is Benjamin, the last thylacine (or Tasmanian Tiger). Benjamin - who may have actually been female - lived out his days in Hobart Zoo. On the 7th of September, 1936, Benjamin died due to neglect. Other species endlings have included the last quagga and the Caspian tiger, though there are certainly more we don’t know of.  Perhaps the most well-known recent endling is the Pinta Island giant tortoise Lonesome George, who died on 24th June last year. George’s status as an endling may be rescinded in time; DNA from 17 hybrid tortoises indicates that they have some genetic material from George’s subspecies. Given tortoises’ long lifespans, the researchers have hope that the hybrids’ parents may still be alive somewhere on the Galápagos islands. Unless these purebred specimens are found (if they are still alive), Lonesome George holds a special place as our most famous and recent endling.

A Phantom in the Wilderness - The Thylacine

This is my next artwork about the recently extinct animals. One of the most famous examples is without a doubt the thylacine. The last known thylacine died 1936 in the zoo of Hobart on Tasmania. There were later claims that its name was Benjamin, but the former zookeeper told that this individual had no name. The last known wild thylacine was shot at the start of the 20th century. 

For a long time thylacines were considered a pest that was said to have preyed on sheep. Later examinations on the jaws of thylacines came to the conclusion that their jaws were to weak for killing sheeps and most kills of sheep are now blamed on feral dogs. But this was learned too late for the thylacine. Maybe.

Because there are still sightings of supposed thylacines in Tasmania and even Australia where the thylacine is said to have gone extinct 3,000 years ago. A good bunch of people believe or rather hope that maybe somewhere in the wilderness of Tasmania some thylacines may have made it.

That’s why I consider the thylacine as a creature between life and death and some sort of forest-spirit that may hide in the wilderness.

You can get prints of this artwork on my shops on Redbubble and Society6

ink drawing with fineliner, watercolours and acrylic markers, 2015

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Beaumaris Zoo Hobart Tasmania

Photography Nick Egglington

Located a short distance from the Tasman Botanical Gardens, the remains of the Beaumaris Zoo provides a grim reminder of captive animal conditions during the 1920s. This facility once housed creatures like polar bears, Lions, and Tasmanian Tigers. Today it is an empty field with very few exhibit structures remaining. To learn more about this zoo click here.