Once Again Trouble at Friedrichstrasse and Heavy Tanks Have Been Brought In, 10/25/1961 [Translated Title]

Series: Photographs Relating to World War II, the Cold War, and U.S. - West German Diplomatic, Economic, and Military Contacts, ca. 1951 - 1994Record Group 306: Records of the U.S. Information Agency, 1900 - 2003

Two months following the creation of the Berlin Wall on August 13, 1961.

Read more via the @jfklibrary at: The Cold War in Berlin - John F. Kennedy Presidential Library & Museum.

The Holy Roman Empire at the time of Reformation. The Protestant Reformation was a schism from the Roman Catholic Church initiated by German professor of theology, composer, priest & monk Martin Luther in the 1500′s. Although there had been earlier attempts to reform the Roman Catholic Church, Martin Luther is widely acknowledged to have started the Reformation with his 1517 work “The 95 Theses”. He began by criticizing the selling of indulgences, insisting that the Pope had no authority over purgatory and that the Catholic doctrine of the merits of the saints had no foundation in the gospel. The initial movement within Germany diversified, and other reform impulses arose independently. The spread of German contemporary Gutenberg’s printing press for the first time in history provided the means for the rapid dissemination of religious materials in the vernacular. The largest groups were the Lutherans and Calvinists. Lutheran churches were founded mostly in Germany, the Baltics, and Scandinavia, while the Reformed ones were founded in Switzerland, Hungary, France, the Netherlands, and Scotland. 

The Roman Catholic Church responded with a Counter-Reformation initiated by the Council of Trent. Much work in battling Protestantism was done by the well-organised new order of the Jesuits. In general, Northern Europe, with the exception of most of Ireland, came under the influence of Protestantism aka Lutheran churches. Southern Europe remained Roman Catholic and still is Catholic today. Read more about the Reformation. Religion tag.


GERMANY - Herborn, Hessen (HD-Video)

Herborn is a historic town in the Lahn-Dill district in Hessen, Central Germany. Scenic attractions include half-timbered houses; it’s located on the German Timber-Frame Road. The town had its first mention in 1048 and was granted town rights in 1251 by the Counts of Nassau. In WW2, it was mostly spared by the bombers, so it still has its historical town houses. During much of the Cold War there was a small American military garrison in its Seelbach district.

Shoutout to the follower who requested Herborn - hope you can visit again. :) 

If anybody else wants to see anything specific here, let me know in an “ask”. 


October 3rd 1990: German reunification

On this day in 1990, Germany was officially reunited when the German Democratic Republic was abolished and incorporated into the Federal Republic of Germany. The country had been split into East and West Germany following its defeat in World War Two, and subsequent occupation by the victorious Allied powers. The United States, Britain and France controlled the Western Federal Republic of Germany, and the Soviet Union the Eastern German Democratic Republic. The Cold War era ‘iron curtain’ marking the Communist bloc began to falter in 1989, when East Germans used the removal of the Hungarian border fence to flee the oppression of Soviet rule for the safety of West Germany. Following the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, which had divided the Western and Eastern sections of the German capital, calls for total reunification rose. Conservative pro-reunification parties won in the first free elections in Soviet-controlled East Germany, and worked to secure closer ties with the West. Economic union occurred in July 1990, followed by total political reunification in October under the government of West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl. While rightly celebrated as a momentous event in German history, reunification came at the price of the economic collapse of the former East Germany, which plunged Germany into recession. The reunification of Germany was one the major events leading up to the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. Today, October 3rd, is celebrated in Germany as German Unity Day.

Lichtenstein Castle, Germany: A Real-Life Fantasy Castle. by O Palsson
Via Flickr:
In my view, Lichtenstein castle in Baden-Württemberg is one of the most amazing castles in Germany. Small and compact with a single bright white main tower and perched on the edge of a huge cliff, it looks like something from an imaginary illustration or fantasy movie rather than a real structure. However, it is very real, and we went into the castle on a tour on our visit there last month. There has been a castle on that site since the 13th Century, but the present one seen in this picture was built by Duke Wilhelm of Urach in 1840.   

© O Palsson


The now abandoned Beelitz Heilstätten Military Hospital in Berlin, where Adolf Hitler was treated for his war wounds in WWI. This hospital is the reason Hitler survived and went on to reign terror in WWII, 21 years later.The dilapidated building is reportedly haunted by the ghosts of German soldiers who never made it out of the atrocious battle alive.


February 22nd 1943: White Rose group executed

On this day in 1943, three members of the peaceful resistance movement in Nazi Germany, the White Rose, were executed. The White Rose, comprising students from the University of Munich and their philosophy professor, began in June 1942. The group secretly distributed leaflets protesting against the regime of Adolf Hitler and the war being waged in Europe, highlighting the repressive nature of the Nazi police state and drawing attention to the mistreatment of Jews. The group took precautions to avoid capture by keeping the White Rose group very small. However, on 18th February 1943, the siblings Sophie and Hans Scholl were discovered distributing leaflets by a university janitor, who informed the Gestapo. Hans and Sophie were arrested and immediately admitted guilt, hoping to avoid being coerced into implicating their fellow members of the White Rose, but after further interrogation were forced to give up the names. Four days later, the Scholls and Christoph Probst - some of the founding members of the group - were put on trial and found guilty of treason; they were sentenced to death. That same day, February 22nd, the three were executed by beheading at Stadelheim Prison. After their executions, the remaining members were arrested and killed, thus ending the White Rose resistance movement. The White Rose, alongside other groups like the Edelweiss Pirates, are an important example of Germans speaking out against Hitler’s regime, and their deaths are yet another in the litany of Nazi crimes.

“We will not be silent. We are your bad conscience. The White Rose will not leave you in peace!”