history-of-dentistry

Dentist William T.G. Morton was the first to use sulfuric ether as an anesthetic, but he’d learned about this property at the chemistry lectures of Charles T. Jackson. Which of them deserved a monument? Oliver Wendell Holmes suggested setting up statues of both men on the same pedestal, with the inscription: To E(i)ther

crunchie-morris  asked:

I'm sorry to bug you, but do you happen to have any happy headcanons?? I'm feeling really anxious rn

Sami you are never a bug! Always feel free to come ask for things! Happy headcanons it is!

  • Jack got a pet lizard when he was nineteen. he adopted it from the science lab. actually, he stole it from the science lab and never got caught. the lizard’s name is Palio and Jack loves him.
  • when Romeo laughs too hard, he gets the hiccups. you know you made a good joke when Romeo is hiccupping.
  • every winter, the whole group has a huge holiday party. the Jacobs siblings bring traditional Jewish food, Race cooks Italian, Crutchie brings cookies, and they all exchange gifts. every year the gifts have a different theme, and they all pick out of a hat to decide who gets for who. one year the theme was names, and everyone got something related to their name. Spot got polka dots, Romeo got a ton of chocolate, Jack got a cowboy hat. Davey got his real present from Katherine, which was a history of dentistry (Mouth) that Davey actually thought was interesting, and then he got an anonymous present that was a million of those things that look like lips and you blow into them and they hum
  • Spot loves reading YA books, and gets really into them. He and Les will spend hours talking about the latest Rick Riordan book or Harry Potter theories
  • Davey and Sarah are the most supportive pair of twins ever to exist. Davey helps Sarah with her homework when she needs it, Sarah makes Davey breakfast when he wakes up late, they both defend each other from bullies, and they’re best friends
  • Jack loves splatter painting, and sometimes he’ll hang up old sheets to cover an entire room and he and Crutchie will put on old clothes and have a paint fight
  • they have movies nights all together at least once a month in college. every person gets a chance to pick like once every year and a half, and a lot of thought goes into each person’s choice, unless the movie night falls during the yearly prank war, in which case the person who picks picks a movie that’s hated by a lot of the group. 
  • the prank war ranges from dumb (stealing all of Race’s clothes and hanging up rolls of ducktape in his closet) to great (Kat made homemade “peanut butter cups” because they’re Jack’s favorite, but instead of peanut butter she used fish paste)
  • if you mess with one of them, you mess with all of them, and if one person is sad, everyone is doing their best to help. for some people, like Crutchie or Spot, helping often means leaving them alone for a while, but for others, like Jack or Romeo, it means being there and supporting them, and every person helps every other person
  • Crutchie has so many succulents it causes problems. he has like three backless bookshelves in front of and around his dorm window, and every shelf has at least sixteen pots of succulents. he knows every plant’s name and talks to them.
  • Jack periodically dyes his hair random colors for like a week at a time. one time he got it dyed hot pink with ice blue tips, and everyone called him cotton candy for the few weeks it lasted, but he loved it. (it looked ridiculous he’s a fashion disaster)

‘Smile Stealers’ Recalls A Time When Dentists Routinely Reached For The Pliers

Medical historian Richard Barnett traces the history of dentistry in his new book. He says that prior to the 18th century, the profession was often practiced by charlatans with “big muscles." 

“What you need to be a dentist in this period is a tooth key or a pair of pliers and big muscles to make sure that you can extract the tooth from the patient’s jaw. Rather as when you are looking for a sort of plumber or something today.”

Photo: Full and partial dentures © Wellcome Library, London

small spoonie tips,

especially for bedbound or partially/occasionally bedbound folk – now, I’m in no way an expert and not all of these will work for everyone, this is just what I’ve come up with to help me, and I figured I’d share in case it resonates with anyone else!

you’re welcome to reblog it, too :’)


HYGIENE

  • keep either makeup remover wipes or a comparable liquid (I just got Simple Cleansing Micellar (?) Water). it’s easier than washing your face at a sink, and doesn’t require standing/rinsing it off
  • if financially viable, buy extra sheets and especially extra pillowcases (you can also look at thrift stores for options, just make sure to wash them before use!). this has been a huge help for me, since often when I need to change my sheets I don’t also have the spoons to do a big load of laundry. game-changer, really
  • for oral health, you can get some mouthwash and maybe a container you can spit into (covered if the idea of that grosses you out). from my history in dentistry, Act comes highly recommended and doesn’t have any alcohol, so it shouldn’t hurt/sting to use. I know sometimes actually brushing your teeth can’t happen, but honestly oral healthcare is super important
  • also for oral health, seriously go get some sugarfree gum if you can. I know that allergies are a component with that, but if you can, they’re a great tool. try for one that says ADA Approved on the package
  • when I’m really bad off, I try to wear clothing that covers a lot of me; long-sleeved shirts, long pajama pants that won’t ride up my legs. that way I can just change my shirt/pants/underwear/etc. and not have to worry as much about the bedding. I do this more when my hands are having a really bad arthritic flare, since the process of removing/putting on a bedsheet hurts a lot. it just keeps your skin away from the bedsheets a bit more
  • hand sanitizer is just generally helpful too

EATING

  • any pre-packaged, dry foodstuff that doesn’t have to be refrigerated will be a godsend on really bad/bedbound days. I usually keep several full water bottles in my room at all times, and (I’m vegetarian) a lot of trailmix and assorted nuts. usually I just buy them in bulk, which tends to be more reasonably priced. for the non-vegetarians in the audience, I’m guessing jerky would be another good one

DOMESTIC CLUTTER

  • this is such a pain in the ass, but also ultimately very personal in how you handle it, I think. for me, a big one is – laundry baskets. when I have clean clothes or bedding and I can’t put it back where it actually goes/hang it up, I dump it into a laundry basket. you can also choose a spot for things you’ve worn but are still clean

PET CARE

  • another toughie, because there’s no getting around the fact that you need to take care of your pets. there’s a lot of ways to help, though;
  • if you have a cat, consider buying litter-tray liners. those things that stack and you just lift out of it (also if you’re asthmatic, I’d assume using a face mask might help with the litter dust!)
  • if possible keep food/water bowls and the food itself in easy-access locations. and if the bags of food are very heavy, transfer them to smaller, sealable bags
  • of course, also call someone up to help you! even if it’s just with moving the bag of food around, or whatever
  • I’ve also kept water bottles in my room that I use for my cat, to refill her water bowl. I have good days and bad days, and honestly having an obscene stock of full water bottles has been helpful in a lot of ways
  • I have a fish as well – for water changes, I’ve taken to keeping two gallon containers (with lids!) that have fully treated/conditioned water in them, so that way when doing ¼ water changes I have the water right there. it might also be a good idea to have smaller containers and something to transfer the water with (a bowl, a spoon, one of those turkey basters – whatever works) so you don’t have to lift a heavy container of water all at once
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Waterloo Teeth,

In the 18th and 19th century dentures were made from a variety of materials; ivory, bone, animal teeth, ceramics, and others.  However the best dentures were those constructed from genuine second hand human teeth.  Such dentures were rare and expensive, as there was a very limited supply of teeth available to construct them.  A lucky dentist might be able to acquire the teeth of an executed criminal, that is if the criminal had a nice set of pearly whites. Body snatchers were also a common source.  While body snatching was often done to provide cadavers for medical schools, corpses could also be unearthed by snatchers for their teeth.  War was particularly profitable time for dentists, who would often hang around battlefields so that they could yank the teeth of fallen soldiers after the fighting had ended.  Such a practice was especially common during the Napoleonic Wars, as the large battles of the war such as Austerlitz, Jena, and Leipzig resulted in fields strewn with tens of thousands of corpses.  The Battle of Waterloo was most notorious for teeth scavengers. Located in Belgium, the battlefield was not far from France, England, The Netherlands, and Germany.  Thus there was an opportunity for dentists and denture makers from many nations to converge upon the battlefield in order to scavenge for teeth.  In addition, being the last major battle of the Napoleonic Wars, it was the last chance for dentists to score an easy source of second hand teeth.  The pickings were very rich as the carnage of Waterloo would result in the deaths of over 50,000 men.  As a result, dentures constructed from soldiers teeth, regardless of which battlefield they originated from were often called “Waterloo Teeth”.  The practice of scavenging battlefields for teeth would continue to a lesser extent during the Crimean War and American Civil War.

A beautiful example of a mid 18th century dental tooth key,

Used during the 18th and 19th century, the tooth key was a device for extraction teeth.  The key was clamped onto the the tooth, the user then rotated it left, then right, and then pulled out the offending tooth.  This is a particularly luxurious model with a decorative cast bronze and ivory handle.

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Sugar Affluenza 

In early modern Europe, refined sugar became a status symbol. The sweet tooth of the 1%, combined with their zeal for over-the-top banqueting, lead to a dreaded new disease, thought to be God’s punishment for gluttony: dental decay.

Pictured: A terrifying 17th-century dentist and designs for table sculptures made entirely of sugar.

Royal Cavities: The Bitter Implications of Sugar Consumption in Early Modern Europe