history of the world in six glasses

Kim Rhode, the FIRST WOMAN and first Summer Olympian to medal in SIX consecutive Olympics. You’d think the glass ceiling crowd would be all over that, right? Not so much. She won those medals with a gun, doesn’t wear a hijab and is an outspoken supporter of the 2nd Amendment.

Rhode began competing in skeet at age 10 and at 13, won her first world championship title in women’s double trap shooting.

1996 Olympics
Rhode won a gold medal at the 1996 Summer Olympics, making her the youngest female gold medalist in the history of Olympic shooting.

2000 Olympics
Rhode won a bronze medal at the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney, Australia.

2004 Olympics
Rhode also won a gold medal at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens.

2008 Olympics
Rhode won the silver medal at the 2008 Summer Olympics in women’s skeet.

2012 Olympics
On July 29 at the 2012 Summer Olympics, Rhode won the gold medal in skeet shooting with an Olympic record score of 99, tying the world record in this event.[5] With this medal, Rhode is the only American competitor to win medals for an individual event in five consecutive Olympics. She also became one of the three competitors (and the only woman) to win three Olympic individual gold medals for shooting, along with Ralf Schumann of Germany and Jin Jong-oh of Korea.

2016 Olympics
Qualifying for the 2016 Summer Olympics made Rhode the first U.S. Olympian to qualify for an Olympic team on five different continents.[6]Kim Rhode won the bronze medal at the Rio 2016 Olympics making her the first Olympian to win a medal on five different continents.

Alright. Coffee, tea, cola coming up.

  • Coffee brought up a lot of controversy when it was first introduced from the Arab world into the rest of Europe. It was considered a relatively safe alternative from other spirits even though it had addicting qualities, because it promoted intellectual progress and also had medicinal aspects. Women felt that the effects were more on the negative side, however, because coffee also reduced male potency! The establishment of coffeehouses allowed people a place to hang out and exchange ideas as well as contemplate scientific and commercial thought. Gov’t tried to remove these institutions because they supported freedom of speech and had an open sort of atmosphere that allowed people of all classes to talk freely amongst themselves. There were even empires that were built on coffee, like the Arabs who had the monopoly on beans, the Dutch as the middlemen and those who set up plantations in colonized areas in SE Asia, and the French also did so elsewhere. 
  • Tea: In China, tea was at the start used medicinally and as a currency in the Silk Routes alongside the spread of Buddhism. In the Tang dynasty it became the national drink. It killed bacteria that cause cholera, typhoid, and dysentery. It spread to Japan, even though it was discouraged by the Mongols, who preferred their drink of kumiss, fermented mare’s milk. In Japan, tea ceremonies were symbols of high class and taste and status, and in Britain it was used to denote high status because of its expense. Tea was brought to India because of the British East India Trading company. In India/China, opium was traded for tea, which heavily bolstered Britain’s economic well-being. Tea parties, afternoon tea, tea shops, and tea gardens all became symbols of high culture. Tea also appeared in the proletariat class in the form of tea breaks from factory work. Tea reduced diseases acquired through water because it involved boiling the water before serving it, which raised the infants’ survival rates and thus augmented the labor pool for the ind. revolution. Tea is also credited for being one of the main sources of emerging consumerism in the British empire. Basically, Tea serves to show trade through the Silk Route and later inventions (railroads, steamships, etc), the spread of religion (Buddhism, Taoism, Christianity, etc), as well as new disease prevention measures. 
  • Coke: This was actually originally a medicinal beverage as well. John Pemberton created a concoction using coca, French wine, and kola extract. By 1895, it had spread nationwide. Controversy on the legality side made them redact their medicinal statements and just market it as “delicious and refreshing.” With WWII, America’s isolationist policies came to a general close so they sent out servicemen with Coke so that soldiers’ morale would increase. Only syrup was shipped because of cost issues, so they ended up building bottling plants wherever they moved. After the war, French communists attacked the Coca-cola companies for their “colonization”. Thus, Coca-cola became the forefront of capitalist symbolism for the west. The Arab world became dominated by Pepsi. Coca Cola basically represents the direction of the previous century towards globalization. Its history brings to the forefront of readers’ minds matters of consumerism, ideological battles, imperialism, colonialism, and capitalism.

Hope this helped!

xx EJ

Okay!

Chapters 1-6 discuss the alcoholic beverages of the world.

Beer: He argues that beer is one of the most important beverages in history. Standage proposes that the discovery of beer is what changed society from hunters and gatherers to settled, agricultural city-states. It provided a need for the organized cultivation of cereal grains. Beer is also infused with Vitamin B and protein, and surprisingly raised life expectancy.

Wine: The amount of wine a person possessed reflected their wealth. It has more alcohol per unit so it’s easier to transport than beer, and it kept for a longer period of time. The Greeks were the most prolific exporters of wine, and knowledge of the various kinds and tastes of wine is a reflection of high status even today (for some).

Spirits: The distillation of spirits is said by some to have roots in Arab culture. Distilled water eventually became known as “aqua vitae”, or the water of life (hell yeah, latin). Brandy had the highest amount of alcohol and was thus basically currency, boosting the slave trade in Africa. Rum was the most important, however, known as “kill-devil,” because, though some say that it was tea that fueled the American revolution, the British first imposed a tax on French molasses (which directly affected Rum production) which caused uprisings.

Coffee/Tea/Cola brought forth clarity in a murky and buzzed world. Coffee/tea gave rise to the cultural and industrial revolution and brought forth significant philosophical thought. Coca-Cola was involved in the spread of democracy around the modern world. 

Hope this helped!

xx EJ