history of oil

Early in Matisse’s career he was a pupil under William-Adolphe Bouguereau and Gustave Moreau, practicing traditional artistic techniques. In the late 1890s he learned color theory under John Peter Russell and it was at this point we see his artwork really evolve.  Here is his piece, Woman Before a Fishbowl by Henri Matisse (ca.1922).

Between 1900 and 1910 Matisse was apart of an artist group known as the Fauves (which is French for “wild beast”) which valued color, emotion and painterly techniques over realistic representations. Although the Fauve movement was short lived it is believed that some of Matisse’s best works were created during this period. Here is his piece, Harmony in Red (ca.1908).


John Martin (1789–1854, England)

Dramatic landscapes 2

John Martin was an English Romantic painter and one of the most popular artists of his day. He was celebrated for his typically vast and melodramatic paintings of religious subjects and fantastic compositions, populated with minute figures placed in imposing landscapes. His dramatic and subjective style of composition was in stark contrast to the emerging schools of naturalism and realism, which led his work to fall out of critical favour soon after his death, however a revival in interest has occured towards the end of the 20th century, and now his major works are popular pieces of many museum’s collections.