history of islam in pakistan

Shah Jahan Mosque, Woking, Surrey, England.

The first mosque in the UK, it was a collaborative project between Orientalist Gottlieb Leitner and the Nawab-Begum Shahjahan of the Bhopal Nawabate, originally intended for Muslim students at Woking’s Oriental Institute.

It closed in 1912 when Leitner died, but was reopened a year later by a lawyer from Kashmir, Khwaja Khamal ah Din, who turned it into an Ahmadi masjid. During World War I, the Ahamdi Imam, Sadr-Ud-Din, secured an attached cemetery where several Indian Muslim soldiers were buried.

Photograph date 1903.

Fatima Jinnah (1893-1967) is known as “Mother of the Nation” in Pakistan, and is remembered and honoured as one of the leading founders of the country. Her engagement in politics, her extensive support of civil rights and her philanthropy all offer her an important place in Pakistani culture and society.

In 1947 she founded the Women’s Relief Committee, which later became the All Pakistan Women’s Association. In 1965 she contested the elections and ran against the dictatorial, self-proclaimed president of Pakistan at the time, receiving widespread support and praise from the people. Although she won the vote, Ayub Khan was once again proclaimed President through vote rigging. Still, the campaign proved that a woman could easily run for political office and gain the public’s sympathy anywhere in the world.

2

March 23rd 1956: First Pakistani constitution

On this day in 1956, Pakistan formally adopted a new constitution which transitioned the nation from a dominion of Britain to an Islamic Republic. In colonial India, a divide arose between the Hindu majority and the Muslim minority, as the latter felt their interests were not being represented by the Indian National Congress. Thus in 1906, the Muslim League was founded to protect Muslim rights and, eventually, call for independence and an independent Muslim nation state. On March 23rd 1940, the All-India Muslim League passed a resolution in Lahore which called for the creation of a Muslim state, which it was later resolved would be called Pakistan. The Pakistan Movement continued to gain ground throughout World War Two, and despite resistance from Hindu leaders in the Congress, the two-state solution proved popular among the Indian Muslim electorate. Finally, after years of campaigning, the 1947 Independence of India Act passed the Congress, which provided for the two states of Pakistan and India to become independent from Britain. The birth of Pakistan has been hailed as one of the major political achievements of modern Muslim history. The 1956 constitution of the new nation proclaimed Pakistan the first Islamic Republic, and established a parliamentary system and enshrined basic civil rights. Pakistan’s transition to independence was marred by religious violence, conflict with India, and internal divisions. Indeed, the 1956 constitution was abolished following a coup in 1958. However, March 23rd is celebrated in Pakistan as Pakistan Day or Republic Day, commemorating both the Lahore Resolution of 1940 and the adoption of the first constitution.

Happy Pakistan Day!

anonymous asked:

20,24,41,47,63,65,90,95

- 20.What is my greatest weakness/strength?///
strength id say emotional stability, and weakness isss i don’t think twice before i speak sumtymz
- 24.Do you have a collection of anything?///
not reallyyy,
- 41. what was the last book you read?///
last full book - Destiny Distrupt (Islamic History n dat), read a few pages of Pakistan: A Hard Country afta i lost it thooo.
- 47. Do you have any obssessions right now?///
Hobby wise? film photography n embroidery, but ma mum thinks das gay so i do it on d low low
- 63. What is your secret weapon to get someone to like you?///
“gotta make em laugh so they forget you ugly”
- 65. give your top 5 fav blogs on tumblr///
@dorsalrootganglion
@zarabellaaa
@goldhijabi
@pennyroyalprincess
@nxs
- 90. one night you wake up because you heard a noise. your turn on the light to find that you are surrounded by mummies. they arent really doing owt, just standing around your bed. what do you do?///
imma b like wot is dis some kind of mothers meeting goin on? lol get it? cos they mummies/mummys lol funneh eh? #laughpls
- 95. you just got a free plane ticket anywhere. you have to depart right now. where ya gonna go?///
atm I’d say Pakistan, but if i were asked a few months l8r itd be Canada.


Thanks vv much 2 whoever asked me these, I crave attention sumtimes , hope ya go heaven.

2

September 11th 1948: Muhammad Ali Jinnah dies

On this day in 1948, the founder of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, died aged seventy-one. Jinnah was born on Christmas day 1876 in Karachi, then part of British India. Throughout his childhood, Jinnah was a restless student, never fully devoting himself to academic studies. However, he managed to secure an internship in London, and in 1893 joined a law association and began studying for the bar exam. Upon becoming a qualified lawyer, Jinnah returned to India and set up a practice in Bombay. However, his attention soon turned to politics, and in 1906 he joined the Indian National Congress, which sought autonomy from British rule. In 1913, Jinnah joined the All India Muslim League, and devoted himself to the interests of the Muslim minority in India, initially hoping Hindu-Muslim co-operation would keep India united. However, over the next two decades, the split between the Muslim League and Hindu-controlled Congress increased, and relations between the two groups deteriorated. At a 1940 meeting of the league, Jinnah proposed the partition of India and creation of a Muslim-majority Pakistan, where he believed Muslim rights would be better protected than in Hindu-majority India. Jinnah lobbied the British government for Pakistani independence to be part of the decolonisation of India. His efforts were successful, and on August 14th 1947, Jinnah’s goal of an independent Pakistan came true, and he was swiftly sworn in as its first governor-general. Soon before his death of tuberculosis in September 1948, Jinnah became president of Pakistan’s constituent assembly.

“Faith, Unity, and Discipline”
- Jinnah’s motto