history of afghanistan

There is only one sin. And that is theft… when you tell a lie, you steal someone’s right to the truth.
— 

Khaled Hosseini (1965 to present), Afghan-born American novelist and physician. He was born in Kabul, Afghanistan. His father worked as a diplomat, and when Hosseini was 11 years old, the family moved to France; four years later, they applied for asylum in the United States, where he later became a citizen. Hosseini did not return to Afghanistan until 2001 at the age of 36, where he “felt like a tourist in [his] own country”.  In interviews about the experience, he admitted to sometimes feeling survivor’s guilt for having been able to leave the country before the Soviet invasion and subsequent wars. 

After graduating from college and medical school, he worked as a doctor in California, an occupation that he likened to “an arranged marriage.”  He has published three novels, most notably his 2003 debut The Kite Runner. His three novels all are at least partially set in Afghanistan, and feature an Afghan as the protagonist.  Besides his medical career and his writing, Hosseini has also served as UNHCR representative to Afghanistan.

Inscription on the Minaret of Jam, showing the name and titles of Sultan Ghiyath ad-Din Muhammad

The 12th century built Minaret of Jam, Ghor Province, Afghanistan. The minaret, which is over 200 feet tall, was built by members of the Ghurid Dynasty, an Eastern Iranian empire originating in Afghanistan that swept over much Central Asia, Afghanistan, and modern Day Pakistan. Today, the ancient monument is considered by UNESCO to be in imminent danger of collapse.

Things in modern history we should’ve learned in school, but didn’t:

Things in modern history we should’ve learned, but didn’t:

  • The Troubles, a series of violent conflicts between the Irish and English over who would control Northern Ireland that lasted about 30 years.
  • The UK’s economic slump in 1980-1 that led to riots
  • Margaret Thatcher’s policies led to unemployment and a housing crisis that persists to this day
  • The Falklands War
  • The Iran-Iraq War
  • Canada’s separation from England in 1982
  • Kwangju Massacre in South Korea following an uprising over military leader Commander General Chun Doo-Hwan declaring martial law and seizing control of the country. An estimated 600 people died.
  • Indira Gandhi’s assassination following Operation Blue Star, which lead to damage to the most sacred Sikh shrine and deaths of innocents
  • The Chechen Wars
  • The Rwandan Genocide
  • The Oka Crisis between Canada and the Mohawk nation in 1990
  • Afghanistan falling under Taliban rule in 1996
  • The LA Riots over the acquittal of four police officers by an all-white jury in the Rodney King police brutality case
  • The Somali Civil War

Feel free to add more.

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Ruins of the Masjid Sabz in Balkh, Afghanistan 

After Tamerlane’s death in 1405, his empire fell apart with various tribes and warlords competing for dominance. The Black Sheep Turkmen destroyed the western empire in 1410 when they captured Baghdad, but in Persia and TransoxianaShāhrukh was able to secure effective control around the year 1409. His empire controlled the main trade routes between East and West, including the legendary Silk Road, and became immensely wealthy as a result. His wife, Gowhar Shād, funded the construction of many outstanding mosques and schools throughout khorasan