Lady gladiators weren’t the result of some particularly progressive emperor who believed in gender equality in death sports, either. It was quite the opposite – women’s participation was the norm for 200 years, with evidence of various restrictions (no direct female relatives of a general or a senator could be recruited as gladiators, for instance) until Emperor Septimius Severus finally banned it, possibly because he had a cousin or something that got his ass chopped off by Lucretia the Crusher.
So, why haven’t you heard about this before now? Well, this serves as a nice example of how this kind of unintentional exclusion works: When archaeologists dug up a statue of a female gladiator, threateningly brandishing some kind of weapon in a victorious warrior pose, they originally described it as “a cleaning tool” – because cleaning is a thing that women do. And, if you’re going to clean something, you might as well do it with the power of Grayskull.
Then, back in 2000, archaeologists discovered the grave of a decorated gladiator, but were confused when they saw that the body inside was female – as if a woman had accidentally fallen in the grave by mistake.
There’s a very specific reason the ending is done the way it is. If you listen to the lyrics, Harry and Niall start the song. They’re representing the fans. Listen to their lyrics. Then Louis and Liam represent One Direction. They’re telling the questioning fans not to worry because this is not the end. Therefore, at the end of the video, Niall and Harry exit one way together (the fans) and Liam and Louis exit the other way (1D). This represents the hiatus. The temporary parting of the fans and the boys. The break in and of itself. They don’t hug goodbye, they wave. Because it’s not goodbye, it’s see you later. I’d be willing to bet that when hiatus ends, they will do a video announcement for it and it’ll start with the blank brick wall background and then you’ll see Niall and Harry walk in from the left and Liam and Louis walk in from the right and boom there you have it. The fans and the boys reuniting. And then they will announce they’re going back on tour. You’re welcome.
As such, making LEGO Bricks part of your lesson plan can help you teach
concepts that students might otherwise find tedious, in a way that
doesn’t feel like work to them. Many educators have already been putting
this idea to the test with success. Here are a few ideas to get you
A meme without the bold, white, all-caps font just looks … wrong. Turns out it was designed long before anyone could even dream of a LOLcat. Watch how a 1960s font became the #1 typeface of internet memes.
A very special bit of paper, printed on the river Thames in London when it froze over in 1684.
This year we’re bringing you seasonal delights from the Special Collections, Museum of English Rural Life, Herbarium, Cole Musuem of Zoology and Typography Collections at the University of Reading. Tune in all month!