She was a kid. She didn’t know that merely being born an indigenous child surrendered her to an education system designed to break down her identity.
“The colour orange has always reminded me of that and how my feelings didn’t matter, how no one cared and how I felt like I was worth nothing,” she said in a statement. “All of us little children were crying and no one cared.”
From the 1880s until the last school shut down in 1996, Canada’s residential school system forced about 150,000 First Nations, Inuit and Metis children to attend church-run facilities that aimed to “take the Indian out of the child.”
The students faced widespread neglect and abuse in the schools, which was examined by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission that released a report with 94 recommendations earlier this year.
It took Webstad 40 years to find a way to re-frame her experience to fight racism and bullying under the motto “every child matters” — and by using orange.
On Sept. 30, 2013, Webstad organized the first Orange Shirt Day in Williams Lake to acknowledge the harm that Canada’s residential school system has left in generations of indigenous families and their communities.
And every year on Sept. 30, Canadians are asked to wear orange as a sign of support.
The little-known Samoan crisis lasted from 1887 to 1889. It was a naval standoff between three ships of the German empire and three ships of the United States, over control of the Samoan Islands during the Samoan Civil War. The stand-off ended when a cyclone swept through and sank both fleets.
Crusade era hand granade used by Islamic forces, 12th century
It is made of unglazed ceramic and embossed with grooves and tear drop-shaped designs. It has a domed top over a spherical body that tapers to a point. They were filled with incendiary material – petroleum, naphtha, Greek fire — and thrown or catapulted into the enemy camp where they exploded fire that water could not put out on their targets.
Archaeologists baffled as Roman coins discovered in ruins of Japanese castle
Published time: 28 Sep, 2016 11:52
“The first-ever discovery of ancient Roman artifacts in Japan has perplexed archaeologists who are searching for answers as to how the coins ended up on Okinawa Island.
Uruma city’s board of education announced the discovery beneath the ruins of Katsuren Castle this week saying the coins are believed to date back to the the third or fourth century, Asahi reports.
Archaeologists working on the site originally wondered if the coins were left there by tourists as a hoax but Toshio Tsukamoto, a researcher from the Gangoji Temple Cultural Properties Department, recognised the coins straight away.
“I’d come to analyze artifacts like Japanese samurai armor that had been found there when I spotted the coins,” Tsukamoto, told CNN. “I’d been on excavation sites in Egypt and Italy and had seen a lot of Roman coins before, so I recognized them immediately.”
The coins have eroded over time leaving the designs very difficult to decipher, however X-ray analysis revealed an image of Constantine I, who ruled Rome from 324 to 337 AD, and a soldier holding a spear.
The age of the artifacts only deepens the mystery as the construction of Katsuren Castle, a UNESCO World Heritage site, didn’t get underway until the 13th century.
Further excavations on the site uncovered six other coins which date back to the Ottoman Empire in the late 17th century.
Okinawa had a thriving trade with southeast Asia and China between the 14th and 16th centuries and Katsuren Castle was an important center of commerce during that time. The Uruma Board of Education described the coins as “precious historical material suggesting a link between Okinawa and the Western world,” The Japan Times reports.
“It is a strange and interesting find. We don’t think that there is a direct link between the Roman empire and Katsuren castle, but the discovery confirms how this region had trade relations with the rest of Asia,” a spokesperson from the board of education said to CNN.”
The 9,000-year-old bones known as “Kennewick Man” or “the Ancient One” will be returned to Columbia River tribes for burial under terms of an amendment passed Wednesday by the U.S. House of Representatives.
The legislation is a conference-committee meeting away from going to President Obama for his signature. It must be reconciled with similar legislation, sponsored by Sen. Patty Murray, D-Wash., passed in the Senate.
Twenty-two members of the Colville tribes donated DNA to prove that “the Ancient One” was genetically linked to modern Native Americans.
Once this was confirmed by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, the 1990 Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act required that “Kennewick Man” be returned to culturally affiliated tribes.
“For two decades, the native peoples of the Columbia River Basin have striven to rebury their ancestor. The action taken by Congress today honors the rights and traditions of these tribes and returns the ‘Ancient One’ home,” said U.S. Rep. Denny Heck, D-Wash.
The burial precludes scientists’ opportunities to study the remains, although, as Smithsonian magazine noted, “ancient human remains from North America are incredibly rare, and forensic technology gets better all the time.”
Kevin Taylor, in Indian Country Today, wrote:
“It’s the chafe between science and spirituality, between people who say the remains have so much to tell us about the ancient human past that they should remain available for research, versus people who feel a kinship with the ancient bones and say they should be reburied to show proper reverence for the dead.”
The remains were discovered in 1996 by two college students. They initially thought they had come across remains of a murder victim. They instead found someone living at a time when Pleistocene glaciers covered much of North America.
The repatriation of “the Ancient One” saw a rare revival, in a polarized Washington, D.C., of the once-fabled bipartisan cooperation of the Northwest’s congressional delegations.
The amendment was cosponsored by Heck and Rep. Dan Newhouse, R-Wash., whose district is in central Washington. Other cosponsors were Reps. Derek Kilmer, D-Wash., and Greg Walden, R-Ore.
Similar cooperation, earlier this year, passed legislation sponsored by Heck that renamed the Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge after conservationist, native-rights and tribal fisheries advocate Billy Frank Jr.
“Tribes in Washington state have a right to bring 'the Ancient One’ home,” said Kilmer. "I’m glad the House has recognized this and passed our bipartisan legislation to honor the descendants of the Ancient One and clear the path for a proper burial on tribal lands.“
The House-approved amendment transfers the remains from the Army Corps of Engineers to the Washington Department of Archaeology and Historic Preservation, in order to repatriate the remains to the tribes.
The coalition of Columbia Basin tribes includes the Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation, the Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation, the Nez Perce Tribe, the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Reservation, and the Wanapum Band of Priest Rapids.
In 2012, a train engineer in British Columbia was riding the rails when he caught sight of a man lying in the middle of the tracks. The engineer slammed on the brakes, but by the time the train managed to stop, 26 cars had gone over the man’s prone body, which had surely been juiced by the powerful locomotive. However, when the train workers dragged the presumed carcass from under the train, it (to quote the engineer) “got up, grabbed his beer, and was on his way,” like a drunken, whistling Sasquatch.
After the man was picked up by the authorities, they realized what had happened. Turns out that he had gotten into a booze-fueled argument with his girlfriend, gone for a walk, and decided to take a nap on the tracks (as one does). The alcohol had taken hold of this system so violently that he remained completely unconscious and utterly paralyzed as the train went whooshing over his head. If he’d awoken, moved slightly, or rolled over to scratch his butt, he would have been killed.
Instead, the worst thing he woke up facing was a bitching hangover, “mischief” charges, and the prospect of having to go through life not remembering his greatest drinking story.