Bones With Names: Long-Dead Bodies Archaeologists Have Identified

Historians record biographies of the rich and famous: kings, queens, emperors and knights. Archaeologists, more often than not, dig up common people, who remain stubbornly anonymous in death.

Occasionally, however, the written record and the archaeological record collide. In rare situations, researchers are actually able to identify a collection of bones as a person in the historical record. Many of these identifiable, or “individualized,” remains belonged to royalty or other high-profile people, the sort who tend to be buried in lavish graves stamped with their names.

The bodies of royalty are not necessarily more important to archaeologists, who can learn much about diet and lifestyle by examining the bones of commoners. But there’s something thrilling about uncovering this concrete evidence of the past. Read more.

The Problem With Calling Women ‘Females’

For as long as I can remember, I’ve been immediately skeptical of men who use the word “female” to describe women. Before I was able to put my finger on what exactly bothered me about their use of the word, I simply relied on historical record: The men I liked and respected weren’t running around talking about females this, females that.

For many who use the word, I’m sure it seems innocuous. If you listen closely to the howling winds of patriarchy, you can make out their cries: Why are women making such a big deal about one word? Aren’t there more important issues, like rape? I don’t mean anything negative by it. It’s just a different way of saying “women.”

BuzzFeed’s Heben Nigatu and Tracy Clayton published “6 Reasons You Should Stop Referring To Women As 'Females’ Right Now,” which cleverly touched on some of the firmest arguments against this particular use of the word.

1. Because the words “female” and “woman” mean different things.

2. Because reducing a woman to her reproductive abilities is dehumanizing and exclusionary.

3. Because nobody casually refers to men as “males.”

4. Because it is most often used to imply inferiority or contempt.

5. Because it’s grammatically weird.

6. And most importantly, because the word you’re looking for already exists. – That word is “women/woman…”

continue reading complete list over at BuzzFeed

See also:

BuzzFeed’s Heben Nigatu and Tracy Clayton published “6 Reasons You Should Stop Referring To Women As 'Females’ Right Now,”


anonymous asked:

Hi! I know you probably get asked this question a lot but I was wondering if you could list your top 10 Remus/Sirius fics. Thanks in advance :)

I do get asked variations on this theme quite a lot, but I LOVE ANSWERING IT because it means I get to go through my delicious and relive the joy/pain/“Dang, I am mad at JKR still” fury every time. the forever oteep.

  1. the shoebox project (200,000+ word monstrosity that makes you chortle in public and then slowly pollutes your soul with an undefined grief)
  2. being an historical record… (the first fic in a pair of fics that smother you in loveliness and ABJECT AGONY, respectively)
  3. I see a darkness (the second fic)
  4. pair (this is VERY CUTE, ffs)
  5. redeeming time (this one is from James’s POV and I love it because I love James)
  6. let nothing you dismay (I only read this for the first time last week but a, slim pickings and b, it really is that good)
  7. adagio (yes!)
  8. heat the winter floods (ahhh!)
  9. map of the problematique (hmm.)
  10. monday’s child (???)

DISCLAIMER: I haven’t actually read those last few in at least 2 years, but I bookmarked them for a reason so let’s assume they’re fine. one of them has the MOST HILARIOUS FANART of Sirius on his motorbike at the top of the lj page, I nearly cracked a rib. I almost had Thoughts over how fan perception of characters change through the years and depending on what’s In Vogue, but I’m tired. enjoy!

thirdamendment asked:

Oh yeah, have you heard about Alyssa Cole's novella Agnes Moor's Wild Knight? It's a medieval romance with a black woman protagonist based off King James IV's Tournament of the Wild Knight and the Black Lady. I thought it is somewhat relevant to what you're doing here? (IMO the romance/historical romance genre is pretty fucked up in terms of racial representation—minority/interracial romance is still segregated out of the mainstream basically.)

I’d heard of it, but I haven’t read it yet. The reviews are pretty glowing, especially for a novella under 50 pages. The original tournament in King James IV’s court was for Ellen Moore, and the “Wild Knight” was in fact King James himself. Ellen wasn’t the only Black person present at his court, or even the only Black woman. There were musicians, artists, servants, and attendants who received wages and gifts from the treasury, which is part of how we know about them. You can read historical documents that record their presence here at The National Archives.


Dr. Anandi Gopal Joshi (and her awesome med school classmates)

The historical record of Dr. Joshi’s life is a bit muddled. It’s clear that she was married young and educated at the behest of her husband. She attended the Women’s Medical College of Pennsylvania and became the first Indian woman to receive an American medical education. Some reports indicate she was the fist Hindu to travel to the United States. Two of her classmates, shown above, were also the first women from their respective countries to receive medical degrees. She graduated and returned home in 1886, only to die of tuberculosis before her career could ever really start.

To what extent her husband dictated her decision to become a medical doctor isn’t clear, but the death of her firstborn when she was only 14 probably had something to do with it. Whatever her motivation, traveling to another country at only 17 to do something no one from her homeland had ever done surely took incredible courage.

Sources: 1 / 2 / 3 / 4

Workers find centuries-old artifacts under Seattle bridge

SEATTLE – There’s buried treasure beneath Seattle streets – especially if you’re a history geek.

Workers building a rainwater storage tank under the Magnolia Bridge recently unleashed a torrent of Emerald City history, helping recover roughly 2,600 artifacts dating back as far as the 1700s, officials said Tuesday.

Most of the items are believed to be from Finntown, an immigrant community along Smith Cove from 1911 to 1941, researchers say. The discovered objects include Prohibition-era alcohol bottles, old shoes, and even children’s toys.

“It’s a really special site because this is one of Seattle’s smaller shantytowns,” said Alicia Valentino, the project archaeologist. “This very diverse community that was living in this spot (was not) mentioned in the historic record, so it really tells us a lot about this group of people that was living there.” Read more.

What's in a Name? A lesson in Apologetics.

Normally, my attention span for videos on the web is limited to about 2 minutes. But when I started watching this video last last night I got sucked in by Dr. Williams engaging style and watched the entire lecture. As Evangel blogger Tom Gilson says, it’s a “talk on apologetics like you’ve never heard before.”

via firstthings.com & thegospelcoalition.org

I have had a deep appreciation for apologetics ever since I was introduced to such a study a few years back. Unfortunately, it’s become a lost art within the Church today and it desperately needs to be reacquainted. Lest we begin to follow after our itching ears. While the first video is a long one, make yourself some popcorn and break out the notebook. Dr. Williams is on to something.

“The British are coming.” And Other Things Revere Didn’t Say

“The British are coming.” And Other Things Revere Didn’t Say

Listen my children and you shall hear Of the midnight ride of Paul Revere

The American celebration of independence seems an appropriate time to ponder the opening line of, “Paul Revere’s Ride”. According to Longfellow, Revere raised the alarm and became a hero of the Revolutionary War.

Unfortunately, this isn’t true. It’s true that he made the ride, but his role has been exaggerated.

The most…

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I volunteered at an archive in Lawrence, MA for a while (I actually did a for-credit internship there, as well).  For those who aren’t familiar with Lawrence, it’s an old industrial city situated north of Boston on the Merrimack River.  Nicknamed the “Immigrant City,” it grew in the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries as immigrants came from many different countries to work in the mills that were built there.  It’s population and influence declined after peaking in the first few decades of the twentieth century, and is now one of the poorest cities in Massachusetts.  For a small city, it actually has some really fascinating history, including a prominent workers’ strike in 1912. 

I processed two collections during my time at the archive: one was a family collection that included materials from throughout the twentieth century, and the other was a collection of records from a group that promoted cultural events in Lawrence during the first decade of the twenty-first century.

I really enjoyed working at this archive, although various other factors in my life have prevented me from being able to go there anymore.  One question that hardly occured to me while I worked there, but lingers in my mind now, is the way that the archive is handling more recent history.  Over the last several decades, Lawrence has become home to a large Latino population, including many immigrants from the Domincan Republic.  It is predominantly Latino today, and many of the residents speak Spanish as a first language.  I eventually began to notice, however, that the archive didn’t seem to be keeping track of many Spanish-language materials.  All of the clippings that they took from the daily newspapers were from English-language papers, and I can’t recall any Spanish-language collections being worked on while I was there.  Part of this could be due to the fact that more recent materials simply haven’t yet been donated to the archive, but I also wonder about the approach that the leadership of the archive is taking in order to acquire Spanish-language items.  I should try to get in touch with them again someday, and talk about it.  Perhaps there are initiatives being taken of which I’m not aware.  It just doesn’t make sense to me for a primarily Latino, Spanish-speaking city to have an archive that contains almost exlusively English-language materials.

‘Africa’ by Holland

We keep circling round the topic of how ‘Dutch wax’ is a foreign textile in cheap stereotypical imitation of African textiles for a heavy price tag, but we keep buying, using and representing Hollandis as some pan-African textile while ‘Holland’ keeps the change and our actual textile industries are mostly ignored on the international (African) level anyway. Put aside indigenous women’s economy for a minute, even if you just compare ankara (not pictured) with indigenous textiles (below), ankara is ugly and cheap looking, while I see the whole world incrementally stealing indigenous motifs. Furthermore Ankara motifs have no meaning, well not compared to astrological information, historical records and proverbs/oral literature passed from generations of crafts[wo]men inscribed with indigenous motifs, so you’re not only wearing something cheap but as also just wearing nonsense. If you see a problem that can be easily solved, easily solve it. But wait, keep buying that print for now, while I can still buy up Akwete and ukara while they’re cheap, that would be heritage items woven and embroidered by hand by indigenous families, not designed on photoshop and printed on an industrial assembly line in Europe. I just know somehow somebody out there is going to argue how dashing money to Holland is now part of our culture or how Holland printers are helping grow trees in Africa or something.

Tattooing is a form of art that is poorly conserved in the historical record. Because the skin is very fragile, and rarely survives in burials, we almost never have confirmation of patterns or designs. Unless we find a Viking frozen tattooed somewhere so that the skin is preserved, we will never know exactly the standards could have been used.
Still, we know that Rus at least wore tattoos, to the Arab observer Ibn Fadlan says in his Risala:
§ 81. Each man has an ax, a sword and a knife and keeps each by him at all times. The swords are broad and grooved, of Frankish sort. Every man is tattooed nails neck with dark green (or black-green or blue) trees, figures, etc.
The Arabic word for the color of tattoos can mean green, blue or black. It is almost certain that these were dark tattoos in blue, created using wood ash as a dyeing agent.
Ibn Fadlan calls the project “trees”, but it is very likely that he is actually describing knotwork patterns that were so common in the art of the North.
Our recommendation is to look at Viking art supplies, patterns used during the Viking Age.
Although precedes the Vikings for about 1300 years, an interesting parallel are the tattoos found on a boss cites in southern Siberia in the region …
Continue reading here:http://celtic-vikings.blogspot.com.br/2015/06/tatuagens-vikings.html

Translate the blog to your language, hovering over the black rod next to the scroll bar by clicking “translate”


Knock Knock

160 year-old Documents Intentionally Destroyed in Franklin County, N.C.

I rarely re-blog, but this one deserves being spread far and wide. Timeline of the Destruction of 100 Year Old Franklin County, NC Records Please read the whole post included above - but the gist i…

Primary sources no more…

It’s worth a visit to The Heritage Society of Franklin County, NC’s Facebook page to read more about this situation, including the Timeline of the Destruction…, noted in this blog post.

A Historical Record
My love and appreciation for wood is never ending. It is an incredibly useful material with a minimal effect on our environment. 

For centuries, wood has provided humans with shelter, warmth, tools and furniture. I find great inspiration in this long history and I like to consider earliest man interacting with the material in the most basic of ways.


Wood is imbedded with many layers of symbolism. The history of the wood, the time, the place is all apart of it. Each piece of wood has a story to tell. It keeps a record of its environment and each year brings new growth that marks its past. The rings of a tree can teach us about the environment and specific events in the trees life. It holds it’s history within and its living energy expresses it outward. In addition to the objects a craftsman creates, this imbedded history and energy is expressed, adding to its depth.