historical leaders

It’s important to stay vigilant about the other transgressions going on with Trump, but examining this Hamilton thing isn’t frivolous. This is the country’s future leaders coming from a place of such DEEP insecurity that they can’t handle MILD criticism in a public forum. The press and the president-elect are attempting to shut down a reaction WELL within the rights of those expressing displeasure. If you think this is an isolated incident? That it won’t continue to happen every time free speech is exercised to dissent? I beg to differ. We’re getting our first looks at the character of this administration in power. Let’s not look away… Historically, leaders who abuse power have been extremely insecure, have overreacted to small slights. It’s already starting. And as artists, our work is often considered frivolous, unnecessary, as such it’s often the first to go when the hammer of oppression falls. Theaters closed, books burned, art irreverently depicting those in power prohibited. We’ve seen these warning signs with every rise. Don’t criticize people’s worry just because it’s related to art and not money or policy. It matters. Art matters. The cast of Hamilton made a heartfelt, onstage plea, using their visibility, to a leader that’s supposed to represent ALL of us. To have that rebranded by the president elect and the press as harassment (which is a CRIME by the way) is censorship, plain and simple… Art is our voice. Art is our joy. Art is our resistance. All the most successful oppressors have understood this. Don’t give it up willingly.

You have the same name as a historic leader. One day you find yourself in the distant past armed only with the knowledge of your 21st century life. It occurs to you that you must rise to power and fulfill your legacy in the history books.


One of my new favorite things to do in RPGs, not just DA, is to make characters after historical leaders. So far my faves are a Cousland based off of Frederick II of the Holy Roman Empire, a Trevalyan based off of Charles Martel of the Franks, and another Trevalyen named after Richard the Lionheart the King of England.

Cuba: Where Real Human Rights are the Foundation of Society

The whole world reacted to the death of Cuba’s historic leader Fidel Castro. For most of us there was sorrow; respect for a life well lived. The revolutionary process he unleashed created measurable improvements to the lives of many ordinary people on every continent.

But there was another reaction, too. Pres.-elect Donald Trump declared he wanted a “better deal,” demanded that Cuba release political prisoners that don’t actually exist and rolled out slanderous code words “dictator,” “tyrant.” In a little more than a month, the president-elect will lead a country where police kill Black and Latin people – men, women, children, transgender – with impunity. Yet he is quoted by the Washington Post saying that Fidel’s legacy is the denial of human rights.

With International Human Rights Day around the corner, the National Network on Cuba will not let this slander go unanswered. Without going into all 30 articles of the Declaration adopted Dec. 10, 1948, the first sentence of the preamble says that recognition of “the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all member of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world.”

As winter begins to bite in the Northern Hemisphere, over 500,000 will be sleeping on U.S. streets, under bridges, families with children will be living in cars. Not in Cuba. One mural in Cuba says, “300 million children will sleep in the street tonight, not one of them is Cuban.”

The average U.S. 2016 college graduate owes $37,172 in student loans. Not in Cuba.

In the U.S. millions are being evicted from their homes because of sky rocketing rents and mortgages. Not in Cuba

According to a Kaiser Family foundation survey, the average 2016 family insurance premium costs $18,412 per year.  In 2016, 83% of workers have a deductible — an amount that they have to pay themselves for medical care before insurance covers it — with an average of $1,478. For the first time since 1999, more than half of workers must pay more than $1000 in medical costs before insurance coverage begins. Not in Cuba.

According to the U.S. Department of Education, National Institute of Literacy in an April 2016 study, 14 percent or 32 million adults can’t read in this country. Not in Cuba.

Trump openly advocates water boarding and other forms of torture. From the more than 800 U.S. military installations around the world people have been “renditioned” to torture sites. Since 2002, torture has been taking place in Cuba, BUT ONLY in the territory illegally occupied by the US military base in Guantanamo.

We assert that the Cuban Revolution is an excellent example of the implementation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights today. Cuba is a small island country, with development hampered by centuries of colonialism and slavery, and despite having to endure to this day an economic, financial and commercial blockade that has lasted for over 56 years – one designed to impose hunger and privation on its people, the island remains a bright example of humanity to the world.  

The full resources of Cuba are used to develop each individual Cuban to their fullest potential. Universal health care, free education through university, the right to employment, to housing – to dignity is not only guaranteed but implemented.

Over $4 billion was wasted this year on the presidential campaign in the U.S. Just imagine for a moment what that money could have been spent on in terms of social improvements. Meanwhile the people of Cuba enjoy free and fair elections untainted by financial influence. Every Cuban is registered to vote on their 16th birthday. Every vote is counted under the honest and watchful eyes of children. In addition to representation, the Cuban people are directly consulted about the direction of their society through community, union, women’s, agricultural, youth and other organizations. Their views are heeded. Transgender individuals have been elected to represent their area.

So when we hear about Human Rights Day on Saturday, December 10, remember the fundamental human rights enjoyed in Cuba where the 1959 Revolution converted military barracks into schools. One of them is the Latin American School of Medicine where youth from underserved communities around the world – including some from the U.S. – learn to be doctors for free, then go home to serve the people.

Yes, that is real human rights.

Co-Chairs, National Network on Cuba

Alicia Jrapko

Banbose Shango

Cheryl LaBash

Greg Klave

Nalda Vigezzi

Historical MBTI Figures

Because I’m a history major, I thought it would be fun to put together real world examples of every type.  All of these figures are awesome, just like all of the types are awesome.  I apologize that the list is very Western-centric; my focus is American history so I probably don’t know as much about other global figures as I should, but I would love to hear any suggestions people have!! I also tried to choose people who would be fairly recognizable.  Enjoy!

ISTJ- George Washington

ISFJ- Rosa Parks

INFJ- Mahatma Gandhi

INTJ- Karl Marx

ISTP- Amelia Earhart

ISFP- Princess Diana

INFP- William Shakespeare

INTP- Abraham Lincoln

ESTP: Winston Churchill 

ESFP: John Fitzgerald Kennedy 

ENFP: Anne Frank

ENTP: Catherine the Great

ESTJ: Hillary Clinton

ESFJ: Desmond Tutu

ENFJ: Martin Luther King, Jr.

ENTJ- Aung San Suu Kyi

I just realized most of these pictures are black and white… Oh well.

Who is the historical leader most like Donald Trump?
What would you think of a Western democratic leader who was populist, obsessed with the balance of trade, especially effective on television, feisty and combative with the press, and able to take over his country’s right-wing party and swing it in a more interventionist direction? Meet Robert Muldoon, prime minister of New Zealand from 1975 to 1984. For all the comparisons of President Donald Trump to Mussolini or various unsavory Latin American leaders, Muldoon is a clearer parallel case.
By Tyler Cowen
“Algeria made a man of me” - Nelson Mandela

In 1962, Nelson Mandela was invited to Algiers by President Ahmed Ben Bella for a military parade. It was at this time that the first president of the Independent Republic of Algeria offers to financially support Mandela’s party, the ANC, and install training camps for the South African anti-apartheid rebellion.

(Nelson Mandela with the Revolution’s historical leaders, in March 1962. We see from left to right: Hocine Aït Ahmed, Ahmed Kaid Mohamed Boudiaf, Djelloul Melaïka Rabah Bitat, Nelson Mandela, Ahmed Ben Bella, Commander Nasser, Hamilcar Cabral, Houari Boumediene, and Abdelaziz Bouabdallah Taïbi Larbi.)

Favorite Historical Leaders
  • Trajan                                          Roman Emperor
  • Asoka                                          Indian Emperor of the Maurya Dynasty
  • Hadrian                                       Roman emperor
  • Marcus Aurelius                           Roman Emperor
  • Constantine the Great                  First Christian Roman Emperor
  • Julian                                           Last Pagan Roman Emperor
  • Justinian and Theodora                Byzantine Emperor and Empress
  • Basil II “The Bulgar Slayer”            Byzantine Emperor
  • Constantine XI Palaiologos           Last Byzantine Emperor
  • King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella  King and Queen of Spain
  • Suleiman the Magnificent             Sultan Of The Ottoman Empire
  • King Louis XIV “The Sun King”      French King
  • King William III                             Prince of Orange and King of England
  • Tsar Peter the Great                     Tsar of Russia
  • Charles XII                                    King of Sweden
  • Catherine the Great                      Empress of Russia
  • Napoleon                                     Emperor of France
  • President Andrew Jackson            U.S. President
  • Nelson Mandela                           South African President

I am reading Fidel’s (HUGE) spoken autobiography and I really like it. At first I was just reading it to get another source for my Extended Essay, but now I can’t put it down. It’s going to take me a while to finish because once school starts i’m going to be super busy, but throughout the book I find myself sympathizing with his vision for Cuba and eventually for the world. He is a man that believes the ends justify the means, but he is also deservingly respected. He is incredibly intelligent. In the introduction, the journalist (Ignacio Ramonet) talks about how Fidel is meticulous and a perfectionist; how he edited every single word, later adding more to his responses, before the book was published. He had a historian with him at all times to remember exact dates and names and times because he wanted the book, his memoir, to be as accurate as possible. I am going to write more once I actually finish it, but so far it has really enlightened me. I truly hope that in few years, some of these “sacred giants of international politics” are still alive. I would love nothing more than to be able to speak to and learn from political leaders that have made such an impact on our history. 


William Barak Portrait building by ARM

The apartment bears the face of historic Aboriginal leader William Barak. An eighty-five-metre-high portrait representation formed from white balconies against black windows.