historical archives


Girl’s Book of Famous Queens // 1887 // Lydia H. Farmer

This book is a pretty comprehensive list of great and famous queens throughout history.

The author, Lydia Hoyt Farmer, wrote a number of books in her life, for which she became somewhat well-known. Her obituary, from 1903, can even still be viewed on the New York Times website.

From the Rare Books and Manuscripts Collection. Photographed and written by Shafer Ross.

Vintage Movie Advertisements

We recently received a collection of great film advertisements that really blur the line between form and function. The three here are for films released in 1932. The movable features make perfect fodder for animated GIFs. It makes one wonder if these were put together by hand and how many were made.

“Strictly Dishonorable”

“Lady With a Past”

“Fireman Save My Child”


Did you know that 50% of the milk bottles produced in the US were once made right down the road from Corning, NY? Thatcher Glass, which operated in Elmira, NY, from 1905 until 1985, made milk bottles that kept milk sanitary during home delivery. The Rakow Library and the Chemung County Historical Society have partnered to digitize and make accessible the company’s archives, including design drawings, correspondence, and business records. This project is supported in part by the Southeast Steuben County Library.

HENLO CHILDREN!!! welcome to my ask blog for (s)namjoon, jimin and taehyung (aka two losers accidentally resurrected a god lol whoops)

i’ve already gotten a few messages so i may close the inbox by tonight but regardless here’s my intro post! (all of this info could be found in my about but i feel like this will gain traction so for convenience’s sake i’ll put it right here too):

Keep reading


Destruction of Islamic Heritage in the Kosovo War, 1998-1999

More than two-thirds of the 560 active mosques in Kosovo on the eve of the 1998-1999 war were buildings dating from the Ottoman era. Many of these were monuments of historical and architectural significance. However, this part of Kosovo’s cultural and religious heritage received relatively little attention from the state authorities charged with the protection of monuments. Between 1947 and 1990, a total of 425 monuments and sites in Kosovo were officially designated for state protection. These included 96 archaeological sites, 16 cemeteries, 116 secular buildings and monuments, and 174 religious sites. Of the last category, 139 were Orthodox churches or monasteries, while only 32 Islamic religious monuments had been listed for protection. Since listed sites received priority in attention and in conservation funding from state agencies, this meant that by the 1990s much of Kosovo’s Islamic built heritage was in a dilapidated state, after decades of neglect. In practice, the authorities not only failed to provide the funds and expertise needed for the preservation of these historic houses of worship, they allowed even listed Islamic monuments to be altered or demolished without intervening. The years of peacetime neglect were followed by the massive wartime destruction of Kosovo’s Islamic religious heritage in 1998-1999. As has been documented in this book, roughly 40 percent of Kosovo’s 560 mosques were damaged or destroyed during the war.

The damage in most cases was clearly the result of deliberate attacks directed against the mosques. There is evidence of explosives planted in the mosque or inside the minaret, of artillery projectiles aimed at the minaret, and of mosques set ablaze. In some places, the mosque was the only building in the vicinity that had been singled out for attack. More often, the destruction of a mosque was accompanied by the burning of the surrounding homes of the local Albanian residents. The devastation of Islamic sacral sites was widespread and systematic, with few areas of Kosovo left untouched. Among the worst hit was the northwestern region of Peja/Peć, where every one of 49 Islamic sites was attacked in 1998 and 1999. Among the sites targeted were the region’s 36 mosques (half of them dating from the 15th-18th centuries), the offices, archives and library of the Islamic Community Council of Peja, a historic medresa, a 15th-century hamam (Turkish baths), 9 schools for Qur’an readers (mekteb), a dervish lodge (tekke), and several mosque libraries

In some places, those responsible for these attacks had left behind their “signatures”— in the form of anti-Albanian and anti-Islamic graffiti in Serbian scrawled on mosque walls, or in the deliberate desecration of Islamic sacred scriptures, torn apart by hand, defiled and burned. Examples of this sort could be seen in the Gjylfatyn Mosque in Peja, the Mosque of Carraleva/Crnoljevo, the Mosque of Livoç i Poshtëm/Donji Livoč, and the Mosque of Stanofc i Poshtëm, and in a number of other mosques. Of the 218 mosques and 11 tekkes in Kosovo that were destroyed or damaged during the war, 22 mosques and 8 tekkes were in the most severe damage categories. Among these, 13 mosques and 5 tekkes were completely razed, the ruins levelled by bulldozer; 9 mosques and 3 tekkes were reduced to rubble, but the ruins were not bulldozed. Among examples of completely levelled Islamic houses of worship are the Bazaar Mosque (built 1761-62; renewed 1878) in Vushtrria/Vučitrn, the Ibër Mosque (built 1878) in Mitrovica, the Mosque of Halil Efendi in Dobërçan/Dobrčane (1526), the Mosque of Loxha (1900), and the historic Bektashi tekke in Gjakova/Đakovica (1790).

An additional 95 mosques suffered lesser degrees of damage, ranging from shell holes in the walls, through the roof or in the shaft of the minaret, to vandalism, including fires set inside the mosque, smashed-up interior furnishings, and the desecration of sacred scriptures. A total of 31 mosques and 2 tekkes (dervish lodges) were attacked by Serb forces during the first year of the war, in the spring and summer of 1998. Two-thirds of these religious buildings were burned down, blown up or otherwise destroyed or seriously damaged. Ten of the mosques that were damaged during 1998 were subjected to repeat attacks and further damage during the spring of 1999. During the second year of the war in 1999, a total of 197 mosques and 9 tekkes in Kosovo were damaged or destroyed by Serb forces. One mosque, in the village of Jabllanica (Prizren region), had its roof partly destroyed by a NATO air strike in the spring of 1999. Otherwise, the destruction of mosques and of other Islamic heritage in Kosovo during the war was entirely attributable to attacks from the ground, carried out by Serbian troops, police and paramilitaries, and in some cases by Serb civilians.

The destruction also encompassed the written record of Islamic religious and cultural life in Kosovo. The Central Historical Archives of the Islamic Community of Kosovo were burned by Serbian police in June 1999, hours before the arrival of the first NATO troops in Prishtina. Six of the regional archives of the Islamic Community were also attacked and wholly or partially destroyed, among them the archives of the Islamic Community Councils in Peja/Peć, Gjakova/Đakovica, Gllogoc/Glogovac, Lipjan, Peja/Peć, Skenderaj/Srbica, and Suhareka. Kosovo’s Islamic religious libraries were also singled out for destruction. Notable losses include the manuscripts and old books of the library of Hadum Syleiman Efendi in Gjakova/Đakovica, founded in 1595 and burned in 1999, as well as the libraries of dervish lodges in Gjakova/Đakovica, Mitrovica and Peja/Peć, also destroyed in 1999. However, the losses go far beyond this. Many old mosques in Kosovo had been endowed with collections of Qur’an manuscripts and Islamic religious books that were destroyed or damaged in 1998-1999Remarkably, not a single Serb Orthodox church or monastery in Kosovo was damaged or destroyed by Albanians during the 1998-1999 conflict. Unfortunately that changed after the end of the war, as thousands of Albanian refugees who had been forced out of Kosovo during the war returned to their burned-out home towns and villages. Following the end of hostilities in June 1999, dozens of Serb Orthodox churches and monasteries were damaged in revenge attacks. Some 40 Serb Orthodox sites were vandalized, while another 40 suffered serious structural damage or were destroyed completely. Many of these buildings were village churches, some of them built during the previous decade. But about 15 to 20 of the destroyed churches dated from the medieval period.By the end of the summer of 1999, as a result of the efforts of KFOR and the UN administration to restore order, and in response to public appeals by Kosovo Albanian political and religious leaders, attacks on Serb Orthodox religious sites largely ceased.

“This book is an attempt to document, to the extent possible, the Islamic sacral heritage of Kosovo that was lost during the 1998-1999 war. As Kosovo and its people come to terms with the painful memories of the recent past and work towards a common future it is well to recall that, for most of Kosovo’s long history, houses of worship were protected by all communities and had traditionally been held immune from personal and communal vendettas. The rich cultural heritage that remains in Kosovo, despite the ravages of time and the destruction of war, is the common patrimony of all of Kosovo’s people. It is up to them, as it was up to their forefathers, to jointly value and preserve it for future generations.“  - Destruction of Islamic Heritage in the Kosovo War, 1998-1999, by Sabri Bajgora

1. Mitrovica. Tekke (dervish lodge) of Sheh Fejzullah. Destroyed in spring 1999.
2. Vushtrria. Gazi Ali Beg Mosque, its minaret blown away by tank cannon
3. Peja/Peć. The Market Mosque (1471), torched by Serbian policemen, June 1999.
4. Mushtisht/Mušutište. Mosque of Hasan Pasha (1702). Blown up in April 1999.
5. Deçan. Mosque, built like a kulla; the mosque was burned in the 1999 war.
6. Carraleva/Crnoljevo. Torn-up and desecrated Qur’ans in the village mosque.

RAD is celebrating Women’s History Month with a series of guest posts featuring stories from the  #NPRchives handpicked by #NPRwomen.

We asked NPR producers The Kitchen Sisters (Davia Nelson & Nikki Silva)  to choose a story of theirs from the NPR archives for Women’s History Month. Here’s what they said:

So many of our stories are about the lost and hidden histories of women.  We dug back nearly two decades to our story French Manicure: Tales From Vietnamese Nail Shops in America. It is one of our favorites, one that matters deeply to us.  Getting to know the women in the salons, hearing harrowing their stories of war and immigration, feeling the village atmosphere that they create in so many of the shops, trying to capture how one group of women, refugees from a war, took on and adapted to American culture.  The soundtrack is one we are especially proud of, and moved by.  We created it based on the music and recordings in the lives of the manicurists we were recording.  The mixes were done with deep design and care.  The story originally aired on All Things Considered as part of our Lost & Found Sound series that ran weekly across the year of the Millennium.   

Image: Lost and Found Sound logo, 2000. NPR Historical Archives.


PE No. 632 - 9th & San Pedro MTA_1398 by Metro Library and Archive
Via Flickr:
PE No. 632 - 9th & San Pedro.


“For without the aid of original records and authentic documents, history would be nothing more than a well-combined series of ingenious conjectures and amusing fables” 

– From an 1805 address of the New-York Historical Society

Happy National Library Workers Day to all those dedicated to keeping our records in tact and accessible! 

Originally posted by tragicglitter

Librarians in photostat room, newspaper stacks, bindery, accessions room, and catalog room. circa 1930-1960. New-York Historical Society Pictorial Archive (NYHS-RG 5). Series I: Buildings, 1804-2009. 170 Central Park West. Interior. Work Areas.   

The Archive Project - Complete

Editor’s Note:   Six months ago I set out to make this blog both a news blog and a fandom resource by putting all the old press, pictures, and videos into an easily searchable and navigable form.  The last marketing image posted signifies the end of the bulk of that project.  I’m sure I’ve missed some old article or picture and if I have please feel free to send me a source link so I can add it but for now the posting of old material is largely done.

So how do I use this?

Well first of all you can navigate by the search box on the blog and the blogs tags.  I’ve tried to tag everything as consistently and intuitively as possible.  I wouldn’t recommend trying to navigate by the character name tags for the main cast… “emma swan” for example would give you almost 200 pages of results.  But say “the blue fairy” or “princess abigail” are much more manageable.

For this reason there are sub tags.  You can find the interviews of a particular actor by searching their name + interview (for example “robert carlyle interview”) and it will give you both video and text interviews.  Similarly name + convention panel (i.e. “lana parrilla convention panel”) will give you just videos of the actor at conventions.  The writers are not split up so you can find A&E plus Jane all under “writer interview”.

Social media posts are just broken down by cast, writer, and crew, so “cast instagram” will give you actor instagram posts while “writer twitter” will give you a member of the writing staff (mostly Adam Horowitz or Jane Espenson, and Brigitte Hales).  You can also find all the social media for a given actor, crew, or writer by searching by their name + social media (i.e. “rebecca mader social media”) which would include all their twitter, instagram, facebook, snapchat and tumblr posts.

Pictures, both in and out of character are tagged by name + picture (i.e. “ginnifer goodwin picture”).  Please note that red carpet events only go as far back as the beginning of Once Upon a Time so you wont find pre-once material.  For reasons of consistency set spotter pictures are NOT included in the actor picture tags in case someone wishes not to see those spoilers.

Other potentially useful tags:  the casts dogs are tagged (i.e. ”lola”, “bella”, “ava”, “buckley”), as are the cars by character name plus the type of car (”emma volkswagen beetle” “regina mercedes benz”, “gold cadillac”) and if you are looking for images of Storybrooke’s signs and shops search by “storybrooke signage” for those of you interested in fan fic reference.  Hook’s ship can be found under two tags “the jolly roger” for the fictional vessel and “the lady washington” for the real vessel that plays her.  Both “the dark swan” and season 6′s split “the evil queen” have their own tags just for those breakout personas of Emma Swan and Regina Mills.

Filming notices for shooting are under “filming notice” and all set reports and the pictures from them are tagged “set report”.  The regular journalists that cover the show are tagged by their name (i.e. “natalie abrams”, “leanne aguilera”)

And of course you can search by episode name (i.e. “3.11 going home”).  Once Upon a Time in Wonderland episodes are tagged with a w in front of the title (i.e. “w1.03 forget me not”) and all material from that series is tagged “ouatiw”.

Is there another way to search this material?

Yes, I’m glad you asked.  There are also a list of what those in the historical archive world call “finding aids” that is posts that list everything for a given episode or convention or season.  Because tumblr will only let you put so many links in a given post they’ve had to be broken up in parts.  You can find them all below.  Season 6 is listed with most recent material first.  The most recent season finding aids are linked in the side bar while all of them are linked at the bottom of each finding aid.

Season 1: General Index Post - 1A Episode Index Post - 1B Episode Index Post
Season 2: General Index Post - 2A Episode Index Post - 2B Episode Index Post
Season 3: General Index Post - 3A Episode Index Post - 3B Episode Index Post
Season 4: General Index Post - 4A Part 1 - 4A Part 2 - 4B Part 1 - 4B Part 2
Season 5: General Index Post - 5A Part 1 - 5A Part 2 - 5B Part 1 - 5B Part 2 - Conventions
Season 6: General Index Post - 6A Part 1 - 6A Part 2 - 6A Part 3 - 6B Part 16B Part 2 - Conventions
Once Upon a Time in Wonderland

But what if I just want to know what spoilers are happening?

Why you can look at our spoiler summary page!  It is also listed with most recent material first.  Because it’s a summary of many many different and often conflicting sources it is the only page on this site you’ll find with no source links.

Photographs From Historical Archives

James Naismith, the inventor of basketball, with his wife Florence B. Kincaid.

Surfers in 1922

Bikers in the 1960s

Graduation ceremonies looked like this back in 1895

The ocean liner S.S. Normandie tips over on February 9, 1942 at New York City’s Pier 88.

A 16-year-old Arnold Schwarzenegger flexes at his first bodybuilding competition.

Fawzia Fuad, Princess of Iran and Queen of Egypt, in 1939

Happy National Maritime Day Shipsters!

Did you know that a US president was an SSHSA member?

President Franklin D. Roosevelt became an honorary member in 1945, and his letter enthusiastically agreeing to it was published in SSHSA’s quarterly, “Steamboat Bill” in an article regarding his passing that year.

Very fitting, given that FDR was a long time supporter of seafarers and the Merchant Marine. He established National Maritime Day in 1933 to commemorate the SS Savannah’s voyage in 1819, the first steam vessel to cross the Atlantic Ocean.

( ooc ) : I’m randomly super emotional about Theodora’s mom (what am i saying im always emotional about maria) so I’m gonna write some stuff about her.

- Maria was a gifted musician. She picked up violin at four & piano at five, mastering both by the time she was seven. She can play the flute as well but she prefers piano over all. 

- She was composer as well. After the birth of Theodora’s brothers & Theodora herself, Maria wrote compositions for them. Theodora’s is the only one that was added onto over time.

- She was a poet & loved to draw. Although she wasn’t great at it, before Theodora was sent away, she drew a sketch of the sleeping newborn & kept that sketch with her all the time. & every time she saw her daughter, she would do another drawing.

- Theodora got a lot of her love for music & the arts from her mother. They connected through music & bonded over art. Maria actually was one of Theodora’s music teachers. It allowed them to spend more time together which both mother & child appreciated. Maria was actually the one who encouraged Theodora to learn how to sing (a talent that Theodora is rather shy about because the only person who has heard her sing is her mother).

- She was never healthy to begin with. When she was a child, she had gotten ill & her body never completely recovered from it. She had difficulty breathing after strenuous activity. She was easily exhausted. She had constant migraines & as she grew older & forced to go through more pregnancies, her body simply deteriorated. Her heart (already struggling) weakened farther & eventually, she died in childbirth. 

- She had three siblings. She was the middle child with an older sister & a younger brother. Her older sister was originally supposed to marry Constantine, but her sister had ran away & married another prince whom she had fallen in love with. Because of this, Maria’s parents broke off the engagement she had with another (whom she had already become lovers with) & forced her to take her sister’s place in other to keep their new treaty with Byzantium. 

- It took her several years to get used to Constantine’s affairs. At the beginning, she would fight him over the women. It wasn’t because she loved him, it was simply because she couldn’t stand the disrespect. Every time she did fight, she would be left with bruises & was sore since he would drag her to bed & assault her. 

- She had a lover before she married Constantine. It was a sweet, childhood love & she always thought fondly to their affair. However, a few years into the marriage, after Theodora’s birth, she often sought comfort in other people’s arms, both men & women, taking a number of them as lovers. It was a risk, especially with men since they carried the risk of getting her pregnant, but loneliness drove her to seek warmth & “love” through sex. 

- She was religious & kept to her old gods in secret. 

- Despite the fact that she suffocated there (& to an extent, abhorred Byzantium), she took her role as Empress seriously. She created numerous charities, built orphanages & shelters. During the winter sickness, she took funds from the imperial treasury & handed it out to the poor. She often took Theodora during her progresses, teaching her only daughter the importance of caring for the people. 

- She ensured that Theodora would receive the same education a crown prince would have. She had her eldest son’s tutors work with Theodora after Tomas’ death. She believed in education, which why in addition to making sure her daughter had the education she deserved, she donated money to schools.

- She was a patroness of the arts & music. Numerous musicians & artists flourished because of her. It was during her reign as Empress that the opera house that Juliana wanted rebuilt after the Great Fire was rebuilt. 

- She loved fashion & always made sure to shine in public, even when she felt ill. 

- She was close to her in-laws, however, was jealous of Juliana because the Empress Dowager played a huge role in Theodora’s early childhood. When she wanted to name Theodora, “Helene”, Juliana stepped over her & named her daughter Theodora instead with Helene as the middle name. 

- She struggled to be happy. She often had bouts of depression, exacerbated by loneliness & illness. The only rays of sunshine in her life were her children. Despite the fact that she was surrounded by people, she didn’t have anyone to understand her. She longed for someone to love & understand her, someone who could wake her up from the hell that’s her life.


“Tribute to Antonio Bencivenni” by Sandi Cannarella of Beaumont, California.

Stunning applique based on a photo by Antonio Bencivenni in the book “Historic Ornament; A Pictorial Archive” by Dover Books. I actually think I have this book!

The choice of colors works beautifully, and it reminds me of the intricate work by the Tentmakers of Cairo.

Photo taken at AQS Quilt Week Daytona Beach, Florida, 2017.