THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR YOUR QUESTION AND WE ARE SOO SORRY FOR THE LATE REPLY!!! We have both been very busy and just haven’t had enough time to answer questions in our inbox x.
As we are only 3 members for reactions, I will choose 3 members for you randomly.
Your 3 members arreee……NAMJOON, MIN YOON GI AND TAEHYUNG
MIN YOON GI/SUGAAAAA
First he would probably poke you, to see if you are joking around. He would then start lauging and strat saying ‘Okay babe the joke is oer, you can sit up now, you got me’ He will then see you are not responding and…that…is…when…the..pANIC…STARTS…SETTING…IN!!!!!!!!
HE FRANTICLY LOOKS FOR WATER WHILE LOOKING FOR HIS PHONE AS WELL. HE STARTS DIALLING 999 (because i live in the Uk) and starts splashing water in your face and starts hitting your face. He starts panicking a lot. You then finally wake up and he hugs you tightly and whispers ‘Please don’t scare me like that again…please don’t’ and he starts to weep
NAMJOON/ ‘You got no jams’ man
He takes the situation very seriously as he never takes stuff like this as a joke and tries to stay calm but can’t. He looks for his phone calls the ambulance and carries you to the closest place for you to lie down comfortably. He starts praying and hoping that uou would wake up but at the same time shaking you and repeatedly calling the ambulance becasue he is starting to get impatiant. You finally wake up from your ‘passing out’ and he steps back takes a deep breathe, screams YEEEEEESSSSS and then lunges himself at you becuase he is sooo happy you’re awake again.
‘If you ever do that again, I’m going to have to keep you cuffed at home so you can never fall ill. Wait that would probably make you want to pass out even more. Oh well, lets go have some chicken to make you feel better :)’
He was soo worried ABOUT YOU MAN
and finALLY TAEEEHHYYUUUNG
When you fall down and pass out, he falls down with you and starts lauging. He thinks you two are roll playing again. He wants you to be the doctor and for you to treat him, but little does he know that yu have actually just passed out. He starts noticing that you are not responding back to him. He turns around to you and starts tugging on your arms. He starts to Panic and then he starts breathing heavily. ‘Babe, babe, babe…babe…babe…BaaBBBBBeeeeEEEEE!!!!!’ He is really worried now and wants you to ‘stop playing around’ He has no idea what has actually happened. He stands up, takes a step back and starts screaming for help, he falls onto his knees and starts calling out your name ‘Y/N, baby, wake up, *kisses forehead multiple times* ‘Baby Y/N, please wake up, don’t scare me’ He then finally calls the ambulance, you then wake up and he hugs you soooooOOOOOO tightly that you feel you’re about to pass out again. He steps back ‘sorrrryyyy’ But then comes back for another hug and kisses your face. Like every part of your face.
‘Please don’t do that to me ever again. I can’t lose you. You are tooooOOOOO special to me’
I saw a documentary recently, in which they said, Iceland became Christian basically because Denmark became Christian and imprisoned every Iceland not der on it's soil, sending an ultimatum to Iceland, that they would execute them, if Iceland wouldn't convert. A heathen law man, respected by Christians and Heathens alike, was in the end asked to decide. After some days he decided that Iceland should become Christian by name but in private every Icelander was free to do whatever. Can you confirm?
Sæl vinur, (Hello friend,)
For the most part, yes, but also not exactly, because we should add a dash of ‘it’s complicated’ just to be safe. Allow me to briefly retell the story:
All of the parts are correct, but the interpretation of all those parts together is up for some debate. After all, documentaries are not exempt from having a bias, and not in the sense of having an agenda, but just because it is simply human nature to have certain inclinations. I suppose it is better to say that the documentary may have made some claims or assumptions that could be seen from various perspectives, and every interpretation is but one perspective out of many. I am finding myself being carried away in a moment of philosophical contemplation, so I digress (my apologies, but, in my defense, those are things we ought to think and talk about).
Anyway, Iceland was indeed pressured by Norway and not exactly Denmark. To be more specific, though, it was King Olaf Tryggvason who truly pressured the Icelanders, especially after his missionary, Thangbrand, returned from there with little success in 999.(1.) After this, the king not only imprisoned Icelanders as hostages (not a ton, mind you), but he also closed off Norwegian ports to Icelandic merchants.(2.) Now this was a big deal. Iceland was an island, after all, which meant that many goods needed to be imported. I would argue that it was not only the pressure from executing hostages that placed an ‘ultimatum’ on Iceland, but the economic strangling that King Olaf placed around their necks.
Yet, there were hostages, and they were the often the “sons and daughters of prominent Icelandic pagans.”(3.) Furthermore, King Olaf did threaten to “maim or kill [them] unless Iceland accepted Christianity.”(4.) Yet, this, as I mentioned above, was not the only force creating pressure. Believe it or not, there were already Christian Icelanders, some of which were fairly prominent, too.(5.) Why would they need to care about someone else’s family members? Unless they had some sort of bonds through kinship, they didn’t.
There was something else on the line here, though. An aspect of Iceland’s foreign policy was to maintain a good relationship with Norway for two reasons: family and economic ties.(6.) Many Icelanders, whether pagan or Christian, had family in Norway, and therefore would prosper from continued positive relations. Furthermore, as already mentioned, Norway was Iceland’s major trading partner, and a falling through would be devastating on the economic front.
As for the “heathen law man,” his name was Thorgeir Thorkelsson, a chieftain (goði) from the farm of Ljósavatn in the Northern Quarter.(7) Most of what the documentary seems to have said pans out to be true, although his motives are, you guessed it, up for debate. Various accounts do agree, though, that he was indeed the Lawspeaker to make this decision.(8.) Here is an account from Njal’s Saga:
“Thorgeir lay for a whole day with a cloak spread over his head, and no one spoke to him. The next day people went to the Law Rock; Thorgeir asked for silence and spoke: ‘It appears to me that our affairs will be hopeless if we don’t all have the same law, for if the law is split then peace will be split, and we can’t live with that. Now I want to ask the heathens and the Christians whether they are willing to accept the law that I proclaim.’”
They all assented to this. Thorgeir said that he wanted oaths from them and pledges that they would stick by them. They assented to this, and he took pledges from them.
‘This will be the foundation of our law,’ he said, ‘that all men in this land are to be Christians and believe in one God - Father, Son and Holy Spirit - and give up all worship of false idols, the exposure of children, and the eating of horse meat. Three years’ outlawry will be the penalty for open violations, but if these things are practiced in secret, there shall be no punishment.’
All of these heathen practices were forbidden a few years later, so that they could neither be practiced openly nor in secret.” (9.)
He was indeed a heathen, and he did, as illustrated above, for some unknown reason, deem that Iceland should adopt Christianity. It is also true that heathen practices were allowed afterwards, but not indefinitely. In Ari Thorgeirsson’s Íslendingabók, he says this about what happened afterwards:
“And he (Thorgeir Thorkelsson) brought his speech to a close in such a way that both sides
agreed that everyone should have the same law, the one he decided to
proclaim. It was then proclaimed in the laws that all people should be
Christian, and that those in this country who had not yet been baptised
should receive baptism; but the old laws should stand as regards the
exposure of children and the eating of horse-flesh. People had the right
to sacrifice in secret, if they wished, but it would be punishable by the
lesser outlawry if witnesses were produced. And a few years later, these
heathen provisions were abolished, like the others.” (10.)
So, given that account, people were “free to do whatever,” but only during this period of transition. Now, we may enter the realm of reasonable probability, but that, of course, comes with its limitations. Still, we can assume that it was quite possible that people still remained heathen for quite some time, yet this would have been difficult, mainly due to social pressures. It may have been more likely that some families retained their heathen traditions in somewhat of a hybrid religious state, in which they worshipped both Christ and the old gods. This was actually not unheard of. In Landnámabók, the Icelandic Book of Settlements, a man named Helgi the Lean is described as such:
“Helgi’s faith was very much mixed: he believed in Christ but invoked Thor when it came to voyages and difficult times.” (11.)
My final judgement is to say that this documentary was correct, of course, but not an ‘absolute truth’ on the matter. Besides there not being such a thing as an ‘absolute truth’, especially in regards to history, the documentary only provided one telling of a complicated tale; there were quite a few complications likely not discussed in the documentary.
After all, there was more going on behind the scenes back when King Olaf was taking hostages. Furthermore, although Thorgeir allowed heathens to continue practice, this was only a temporary condition. Yet, even so, we do not truly know the reality that was in place. All we have are generalized accounts that tell us the ideal or legal standpoints. Let us not forget, either, that these very sources were written by the ‘winning’ party. As I said when I began this post, we all have a bias, whether we like it or not. There is no shame in this, but it must be known to properly handle the sources that we are given.
My advice, then, is to understand that documentaries, and even many works of academia, often only grant you one version of the story. Even the version I have told above leaves out certain details that honestly need consideration. Still, the documentary was not wrong, but there are always many levels of intricacy that truly need consideration before we can fully understand any given situation.
Anyway, I truly am grateful that you asked this question. It was a pleasure to respond to it, and I do hope that you and many other prospers from my insights.
Með vinsemd og virðingu, (With kindness and respect,) Fjörn
5. I could talk about this for quite a while, but it would take us further from the question at hand than we ought to wander, at least for the time being.
6. Byock, 299.
7. Ibid., 300.
8. Ari Thorgeirsson’s Íslendingabók, chapter 7, and Njal’s Saga, chapter 105, give good accounts of this, and arguably with slightly different motives.
9. Robert Cook trans., Njal’s Saga, in The Complete Sagas of Icelanders, vol. III, edited by Viðar Hreinsson, Robert Cook, Terry Gunnell, Keneva Kunz, and Bernard Scudder. (Reykjavík: Leifur Eiríksson Publishing, 1997), 127-8. (Chapter 105, pages 180-1 in the Penguin edition)
Boy’s ceremonial kimono. Meiji period (1868-1911),
Japan. The Kimono Gallery. A plain silk
miyamairi kimono used for christening a baby boy at a Shinto ceremony,
featuring yuzen and painting depictions of the famous folktale battle scene of
Gojo Bridge. The Gojo Bridge folktale painted on this kimono involves two beloved
historical figures that have been turned into legends. The first of the two
historical figures was Benkei, a Japanese warrior monk (sohei) who left the
Buddhist monastery and became a ‘yamabushi’, a member of a sect of mountain
ascetics who were recognizable by their black caps. The second figure is
Minamoto no Yoshitsune, a son of the warlord Minamoto no Yoshitomo. As depicted
on this kimono, Benkei posted himself at Gojō Bridge in Kyoto, where he
disarmed every passing swordsman, eventually collecting 999 swords. On his
1000th duel, Benkei was defeated by Minamoto no Yoshitsune – thereafter, he
became a retainer of Yoshitsune. Benkei is painted in detail on this miyamairi
kimono, while Minamoto no Yoshitsune is represented merely by a sword – a clever
way to highlight Benkei and simplify the image. This legend is very suitable
for a boy’s kimono - parents would want their boy to grow up to be as brave and
noble as these two famous legends. The painting is very detailed relative to
most miyamairi kimonos: the river waves, the bridge, and especially the
carefully-rendered bamboo grass and flower motifs on Benkei’s kimono and hakama
are wonderfully executed.
Winners will be announced in a week and I’ll be reaching out to a few of you about doing some paid work around then too. I will be running competitions like this semi regularly as an incentive for art. Likely the next one will take place in April.
In the interim if anyone is interested in just making some art for arts sake I’d love some spoiler free thumbnails for Night In The Woods and 9 Hours, 9 Persons, 9 Doors (Night In the Woods is the priority) but only if you feel inclined.
Hi! I absolutely love your writing, and no pressure or anything, but I thought of a great writing prompt - there's this story how if one folds 1000 paper cranes, one's wish will come true. Hux makes 1000 cranes, wishing for Ren's affection!
a story his mother had told him before she passed away. Hux remembers sitting
eagerly in his bed as a boy, waiting for his mother to come to his room after
finishing her kitchen duties, his favourite red book cuddled close to his
chest. Mother was never late, always creeping into his room one night a week to
read to him before bed.
paper cranes,” she would whisper to him, turning the book around so little
Armitage could see the picture of the paper birds suspended in the air as
though gliding. “Fold them with care and hang them on string, and you will
be granted the wish of a king.”
the rhyme over and over in his mind, Hux stares at the piece of paper in front
of him, slightly battered and crisp white against the dark wood of his desk. As
a boy, he’d wanted nothing more than to spend his days folding paper to get his
wish, though he was never sure what he’d wish for. To be taller? More time with
his mother? For the rain to stop falling?
knock on the door of his office, three harsh rasps that startle Hux from his
daydream. Before he can open his mouth, the door swishes open and Kylo Ren
breezes in, the only storm that Hux would ever welcome. Kylo’s mask is tucked
in the crook of his arm, held tightly against his ribs. Hux wishes the damned
thing was on Kylo’s face, hiding his dark, brooding eyes from Hux’s
Kylo greets blandly, though the sound of his voice is like a perfect symphony
to Hux’s ears, in-tune and blissfully warm. “The Supreme Leader is requesting
an audience with the two of us. He wishes for an update on Project
talks, Hux fixates on his lips, plush and pink, imagining how they’d feel
against his own. Kylo is a beauty to behold, an odd mix of uniqueness and
paleness that attracts Hux to him like stars to the sky.
wants, but knows he can never have.
well,” Hux replies, mimicking the monotone that Kylo had used, doing his
best to disguise his feelings. “I’ll be there momentarily."
nods, turning around quickly to leave, as one would to get away from a bad
smell. Hux sighs, sitting back in his chair. Kylo intrigues him to the point
where Hux thinks he’ll go mad if he dwells on it for too long. The moment the
knight removed his helmet in front of Hux for the first time, Hux knew he was
impossible, Kylo would never–
down at the paper, suddenly knowing what his wish is.
folding, remembering how his mother had shown him how to make the perfect
little crane. It’s tricky with gloves on, but with his nimble fingers, Hux
manages to make his first crane out of the white paper, albeit rustily
wish he would fall in love with me,” Hux says aloud, quiet enough that no
eavesdropper would hear but loud enough that the gods and stars would take note
of his beginning.
the paper crane in the middle of his desk and stands, straightening his jacket,
ready to meet with Snoke, and to see Kylo again.