salut! romanian verbs are a pain, and conjugating them sometimes can get a little bit tricky due to the different conjugation patterns, this post will help you conjugate romanian verbs in the past* tense!
*note that this post is only for the past participle, there are other past tenses in romanian such as the imperfect and pluperfect
a romanian verb in the past participle doesn’t change its ending for each person, only the particle before the verb does! to form the past we need to add a particle before the verb. the particle is the verb a avea “to have,” and it’s used to form the past by conjugating it like so:
am - I
ai - you
a - he, she
am - we
ați - you (pl.)
au - they
now, the infinitive verb gets modified but it remaines the same for each person, as the particle avea tells you the information you need!
How to turn an infinitive in the past participle
this is where it gets complicated, as there are different ways you conjugate it, as it depends on the last letters of the infinitive!
Verbs ending in -a
just add -t
a cânta - cântat
a învăța - învățat
Verbs ending in -ea
replace with -ut
a avea - avut
a vrea - vrut
*verbs ending in -edea get replaces with -ăzut
a vedea - văzut
Verbs ending in -i / -î
just add -t / replace î with â before adding -t
a folosi - folosit
a urî - urât
Verbs ending in -ge / -ce / -te / -ne / -de
replace with -s
a atinge - atins
a aduce - adus
a promite - promis
a spune - spus
a închide - închis
Verbs ending in -ece / -ace / -ede / -ere
replace with -ecut / -ăcut / -ezut / -erut, respectively
a trece - trecut
a face - făcut
a crede - crezut
a cere - cerut
of course a language isn’t a language without exceptions and I cannot possibly fit every possible ending, but this is a good basis I would say and it’ll help a lot!
so to recap; to form a romanian verb in the past all you need to do is conjugate the avea particle for person, and put the infinitive of the verb in the past!
astăzi am învățat timpul trecut! - today I learned the past tense!