hetalia: romania

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salut! romanian verbs are a pain, and conjugating them sometimes can get a little bit tricky due to the different conjugation patterns, this post will help you conjugate romanian verbs in the past* tense!

*note that this post is only for the past participle, there are other past tenses in romanian such as the imperfect and pluperfect

a romanian verb in the past participle doesn’t change its ending for each person, only the particle before the verb does! to form the past we need to add a particle before the verb. the particle is the verb a avea “to have,” and it’s used to form the past by conjugating it like so:

  • am - I
  • ai - you
  • a - he, she
  • am - we
  • ați - you (pl.)
  • au - they

now, the infinitive verb gets modified but it remaines the same for each person, as the particle avea tells you the information you need!

How to turn an infinitive in the past participle 

this is where it gets complicated, as there are different ways you conjugate it, as it depends on the last letters of the infinitive!

Verbs ending in -a

just add -t

  • a cânta - cântat
  • a învăța - învățat

Verbs ending in -ea

replace with -ut

  • a avea - avut
  • a vrea - vrut

*verbs ending in -edea get replaces with -ăzut

  • a vedea - văzut

Verbs ending in -i / -î

just add -t / replace î with â before adding -t

  • a folosi - folosit
  • a urî - urât

Verbs ending in -ge / -ce / -te / -ne / -de

replace with -s

  • a atinge - atins
  • a aduce - adus
  • a promite - promis
  • a spune - spus
  • a închide - închis

Verbs ending in -ece / -ace / -ede / -ere 

replace with -ecut / -ăcut / -ezut / -erut, respectively

  • a trece - trecut
  • a face - făcut
  • a crede - crezut
  • a cere - cerut

of course a language isn’t a language without exceptions and I cannot possibly fit every possible ending, but this is a good basis I would say and it’ll help a lot!

so to recap; to form a romanian verb in the past all you need to do is conjugate the avea particle for person, and put the infinitive of the verb in the past!

astăzi am învățat timpul trecut! - today I learned the past tense!