hemiphractidae

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Hemiphractus fasciatus

…is a species of hemiphractid frog that occurs in Colombia, Ecuador, Panama and possible Costa Rica. H. fasciatus typically inhabits humid lowland, montane and cloud forests. Individuals are active at night and will prey on other frogs and obsessionally small invertebrates.

Currently Hemiphractus fasciatus is listed as near threatened and faces threats from deforestation and pollution.

Classification

Animalia-Chordata-Amphibia-Anura-Hemiphractidae-Hemiphractus-H. fasciatus

Images: Brain Gratwicke and Edgardo J. Griffith

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Sumaco Horned Treefrog - Hemiphractus proboscideus

Sometimes referred to as Sumaco Horned Treefrog because of the shape of its head and snout, this bizarre frog belonging to the South American species Hemiphractus proboscideus (Hemiphractidae), is indeed strange. 

This species can be identified by a distinctive large triangular head, with a fleshy, sharply pointed snout and protruding tubercles on the upper eyelids. Like other frogs in the genus, this one is casque-headed, has large, angular ornamented skull bones, and the skin is co-ossified to the cranial elements. This species also has odontoids, fang-like outgrowths of the lower jaw which are superficially similar to teeth but not equivalent to true teeth. The tongue and interior of the mouth are a striking yellow color.

And if that were not enough, this species is a marsupial frog considered one of the basal members of this genus since the female incubates the eggs on her back but lacks a brooding pouch for doing so. During the mating season, the female carries up to 26 large eggs exposed on her back, adhered by gelatinous substances. This species has direct development where small froglets hatch directly out of the eggs, without going through a free-living larval stage.

Hemiphractus proboscideus is considered a rare species, but it can be found in the Upper Amazon Basin in southeastern Colombia, Ecuador and northern Peru.

References: [1] - [2

Photo credit: ©Frank Deschandol | Locality: Peru (2013) | [Top] - [Bottom]

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#Gastrotheca cornuta, the Eyelash Marsupial Frog finishing up a molt.

Decent lateral footage of the #BuccalPumping of the frog as well as the small #odontoids on the lower jaw.

This handsome fella is most likely the only G. cornuta in the US.

#Hemiphractidae #Gastrothecacornuta #frogPOD (at Atlanta Botanical Garden)

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Hemiphractus fasciatus (Banded Horned Treefrogs) on Flickr.

Hemiphractus fasciatus is a species of frog in the Hemiphractidae family. It is found in Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, and possibly Costa Rica. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. It is threatened by habitat loss and the fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis. (Wikipedia)
photo source-calphoto database

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The Eyelash Marsupial Frog, Gastrotheca cornuta from #Panama. One of the species rescued from a chytrid fungus outbreak in Central Panama back in 2005.

Our amphibian conservation program was the first to breed this species in captivity, and its truly an amazing thing to witness. The male fertilizes the eggs and inserts then into a pouch on the female’s back. She carries them until development is complete and baby frogs crawl out her back.

#Gastrothecacornuta #Gastrotheca #Hemiphractidae #DirectDevelopment #frogPOD #CaptiveBreeding #CaptiveBred #Chytrid #ChytridFungus

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