Traditional Witchcraft is regional witchcraft

“Traditional witchcraft is regional witchcraft, it is not and never has been a standardised practice and long may this continue to be the case. The day witchcraft loses regional variation is the day traditional witchcraft ceases to exist”
- Gemma Gary

I read that people nowdays say that in order to practice Traditional Witchcraft, you have to approach the Devil/the Fairy King and the Fairy Queen.
The problem with this statement is that this is not “Traditional Witchcraft” ™. This is British (or better Scottish) Traditional Witchcraft.

It’s not true that “it’s all the same”.
The Fairy Queen is not Abundia, is not Herodias, is not Irodeasa, is not Lilith, is not “all the Goddesses that we want”.

We are creating a new wiccan-like duotheism, in which, instead of having “the Horned God” and the “Triple Goddess”, we have the Devil and the Fairy Queen.

The Devil and the Fairy Queen appear in the Scottish trials, and probably the Devil, as Emma Wilby demonstrated in her book “The Vision of Isobel Gowdie”, is - in this area - the demonization of the Fairy King. In fact, in Shakespeare the Fary Queen is the consort of Oberon, the Fairy King.

BUT. Traditional Witchcraft is not limited to the British Isles.
Italian Traditional Witchcraft IS Traditional Witchcraft.
French Traditional Witchcraft IS Traditional Witchcraft.
Germanic Traditional Witchcraft IS Traditional Witchcraft.

And inside these Countries, we have many many regions, so inside Italian Traditional Witchcraft, for example, Sicilian TradCraft will be different from Puglia’s or Campania’s Traditional Witchcraft.

There is not “one single Traditional Witchcraft”. Traditional Witchcraft is REGIONAL.

Every single region has different names for Minor Spirits such as:
- The Little People;
- The Household Spirits;
- The Plant Spirits;
- The Animal Familiars;
- The Ancestors;
- etc.

And every region has different Major Spirits, different Spirits at the head of the Witches’ Sabbath and Procession, at the head of the Wild Hunt and Procession of the Dead, at the head of the Fairies, etc.

There is not a single duotheism.
There are not just 2 Spirits with many Names.

Abundia is not Nicnevin. Aradia is not Nicnevin. Perchta is not Nicnevin. The Lady of the Game is not Nicnevin. Sicilian Fairy Queen is not Nicnevin; Nicnevin is the British Fairy Queen.

Lucifer is not Oberon. Hellequin is not Oberon. Salvanel is not Oberon. The Wild Man is not Oberon. Sicilian Fairy King is not Oberon; Oberon is the British Fairy King.

Yes, sometimes the are couples, but they are the couples OF THAT SPECIFIC AREA. They are not the couple of all Europe.

Europe is formed by different Countries.
These Countries are formed by different regions.
Every region had different Spirits.
Not all Europe worshipped the British Fairy Queen and the British Fairy King/Devil.

Europe is a Continent.
Europe. Is. Not. Just. Britain.
Stop Anglocentrism in Traditional Witchcraft.

Some of the names of the main Major Spirits in European Historical Witchcraft

- Abundia/Abonde/Satia
- Pharaildis
- Hellequin/Herlechinus

- Queen of Elphame/Titania/Mab/Nicnevin
- King of Elphame/Oberon/Oberycon
- Puck/Púcel/Pouque
- Bucca/Pwca/Púca/Pooka/Phouka/Phooka/Phooca/Puca/Púka
- Robin Goodfellow
- Sorthie, Sorthia and Sorthios/Milia, Achilia and Sibylia
- Gyre-Carling
- Gwydion ab Don
- Gwenhidw
- Shony/Shoney
- Manannan
- Gwynn ap Nudd

- Aine
- Fennel/Finnen
- Finvara/Fin Bheara
- Meave/Nuala

- Holda/Frigaholda/Helt/Unholde/die selige Frawn
- Perchta
- Berchtholde/Berchtolt
- Hera
- Frau Harke
- Woden/Wotan/Wode/Odin/Oden as leader of the Wild Hunt
- Hackelbärend/Hackelbernd/Hackelberg/Hackelblock
- Herodes/Herodis-Röds

- Bensoria/Bensozia/Bezezia

- Nocticula/Noctiluca (source: John of Salisbury’s Policraticus)

- Guroysse/Reisarova

- Alberich
- Elegast

- Diana
- Lucifer
- Herodias/Aradia/Arada/Araja/Sa Rejusta
- Domina Cursus/Lady of the course/Sapiente Sibilla (Wise Sybil)
- Mistress/Lady of the Good Game
- The Abbess (”la Badessa”)
- Richella
- Madonna Horiente (Lady East)
- Sicilian Queen of Fairies/Doña Inguanta/Lady Grace/Greek Lady/Doña Zabella
- Sicilian King of Fairies/King Cozzo/King Cucco
- Donne di Fora
- Appenninic Sybil
- Queen of the Land of the Angels/Queen of the Angels/Queen of the Elves
- Befania/Befana
- Salvanel
- Wild Man

- Mittwinterfrau
- Pehtra Baba
- Zlata Baba
- Quaternica/Quatembermann/Kwaternik/Frau Faste/Posterli/Quatemberca/Fronfastenweiber

- Sträggele
- Tsaôthe Vidhe
- Eiserna Perchta
- Gvozdenzuba
- Garanutzl
- Frau Gauden
- Prechtölterli
- Frau Saelde/Fraw Selten/Fraw Zälti/Fraw Selga
- Frau Venus
- die sälige Lütt/das Guttisheer/lieben seelen/Pöffel daß Guttjns heer

- Baba Yaga
- Jedzbaba
- Nóčna Báa/Nóčna Gospá/Bóžja Déklia
- Mokoška/Lama Baba
- Rusalii

- Vile
- Tetka Vila
- Fairy Jelena
- Fairy of Velebit

- Poludnica
- Pjatnica/N’ed’el’a/Marți Seară/Vineri Noapte/Luca/Woman of the Tuesday
- Marzanna/Марена/Morė/Morana/Morena/Maslenitsa/Mara

- Doamna Zînelor/Irodeasa/Arada/Irodia/Irodita 
- Dragaica
- Brezaia
- Baba Dochia
- Avizoia/Aveziha/Avezuha
- Jerodiecele/Iroditele
- Zîna Magdalina
- Ileana Cosânzeana
- Făt-Frumos
- Ana-Foca/Foca

- Ana
- Bugiana
- Dumernica
- Foiofia
- Lacargia
- Magdalina
- Ruxanda
- Tiranda
- Trandafira
- Rudeana
- Ruja
- Păscuţa
- Orgisceana
- Lemnica
- Roşia
- Todosia
- Sandalina
- Margalina
- Savatina
- Rujalina

- Neráïdes/Exotiká/oi Kalokirádes o Kallikurádes/oi Kyrádes/ta Korítsia Mas/oi Kalés Arkhóndisses/oi Kalókardes/oi Khairámenais/Gialoúdes/Kalés Kyrádes/Kalótykhes
- the Great Lady/the Beautiful Lady/the Most Beautiful Woman/the Queen of the Mountains/The Queen of the Shore

- Moira/Narechnits/Sudienitsi/Urechnici/Rechenitsi/Orisnici/Sudienitsi/Soenici/Roenici/Ursitoare/Ursitele/Ursoiare/Mirë/Ora/Fatia/Fatmirat/Zonja të Jashtëmë/I Të Tri Grat 

- The Fates (source: Burchard of Worms)

- Estadea
- Trip Reial
- Akerbeltz/Aker/Janicot
- Lady of Amboto
- Marigüena
- Basajarau
- Silbán
- Caçador Negre/Mal Caçador/Gran Caçador
- Count Arnau
- Eiztari-Belta/Mateo-Txistu/Salamon Apaiza
- Mari Urraka

These are the main ones, however, every Nation and every region in Europe had a different one. You can discover the ones of your region by following this procedure:
- How to adapt the basic practices to your Country and Region in order to reconstruct your Regional Tradition

Please, read also:
- The Pantheon of Recon TradCraft and its relationship with pre-Christian Pantheons
- What is a Major Spirit?

Her breath softens as he sucks the spot that screams to him and she collapses with a soft, surprised gasp. He settles her on his folded knees and pulls his mouth from her neck, brushing his nose along her ear and under her jaw before pressing a gentle kiss to her mouth, allowing her to taste him as he has tasted her.

“Hellequin,” she whispers as Kylo pulls away. He frowns slightly, pressing his forehead to hers as he tries to catch his breath.

“Kylo. They call me Kylo.” His voice has dropped a few octaves and his chest is heaving as he replies.

“I’m called Rey,” she responds, her fingers moving from his chest and hair to trace the sensitive scales along the underside of his jaw and behind his ears. The purr that comes from his chest startles them both, but when she moves to pull away he catches her hand and returns it back to that spot.

“Don’t stop, little dove,” he pleads. He fights it, but he can’t help the way his shoulders and back relax as her warm little hands stroke soothingly along the rippled flesh of his scales. His eyes close as her hands slide up into his hair. The feel of her nails stroking along the base of his skull is heaven, but he feels like he’s been electrocuted when her fingers brush along the horns on his head. Electricity cackles down his chest and into the pit of his stomach, causing him to gasp out in surprise and pull away from her. Her eyes are wide as she scrambles back away from him, planting herself firmly onto her ass in the trickle of wild flowers she had previously grown.

“I’m sorry,” she whimpers, and Kylo shakes his head, crawling on his hands and knees until he’s looming over her and able to take her chin in his hand.

Chapter 2 of Hellequin is Live!

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anonymous asked:

Would you happen to know of any resources for learning about traditional american,specifically new england, and or french witchcraft /folk magic?

Hi, I don’t know *anything* about American Witchcraft, aka the Witchcraft of the westerners who colonized America. I’m focused on European Witchcraft. I understood that American Witchcraft is a little similar to European but it also had its own development, so it’s another thing.
So I’ll answer you for the French part.
The main Major Spirit connected with Witchcraft in French is Dame Abonde or Abundia, also called Satia.

She appears in the Roman de la Rose (1237). Here we find the following verses that talks about the belief that the procession of witches, guided by Dame Abonde, went from house to house:

“As a result, many people, in their folly,
think themselves sorcerers by night,
wandering with Lady Abonde.
And they say that in the whole world
every third child born is
of such disposition that
three times a week he goes
just as destiny leads him;
that such people push into all houses;
that they fear neither keys nor bars,
but enter by cracks,
cat-hatches, and crevices;
that their souls leave their bodies
and go with good ladies
into strange places and through houses;
and they prove it with such reasoning:
the different things seen
have not come in their beds,
but through their souls, which labor
and go running about thus through the world;
and they make people believe that,
as long as they are on such a journey,
their souls could never enter their bodies
if anyone had overturned them.
But this idea is a horrible folly
and something not possible,
for the human body is a dead thing
as soon as it does not carry its soul;
thus it is certain
that those who follow this sort of journey
three times a week
die three times and revive three
times in the same week.
And if it is as we have said,
then the disciples of such a convent
come back to life very often.”

In the same period William of Auvergne reports the belief that the Dominae Nocturnae, in this case Abundia/Satia and her witches, would visit the houses to dance and eat food and drink present on the spot. In the absence of these, they would abandon the houses, disdained. According to this belief, people hastened to open the barrels and open the cellars, if not to provide ready food in their home’s table.

Another important Major Spirit who was present in France is Hellequin, and his “Masnie”, who guided the Procession of the Dead. I talked about him here:


William of Auvergne also talks about the belief in “the goddess Ceres, patroness of the fields“ which was present in XIII century’s Paris.

The Roman de Confession talks about the Company of the “Diane” (from the Goddess Diana).

In France there is also a female version of the Procession of the Dead, which is called “Mère Harpine”, who is also the name of the Female Spirit who guides it.

In the “Huon of Bordeaux” we find the Fairy King Auberon, while Germain-François Poullain de Saint-Foix talkes about the belief in certain Fairies called “the Mothers” (“les Mères” in French): “A certains jours de l'année, et à la naissance de leurs enfans, ils avoient grande attention de dresser une table dans une chambre écartée, et de la couvrir de mets et de boutellies, avec trois couverts et de petits présens, afin d'engager les Mères, […] à les honorer de leur visite, et à leur être favorables: voilà l'origine de nos Contes des Fées.”

Other French important Fairies are the Dames Blanches (”White Ladies”). Probably both les Mères and the Dames Blanches come from the Celtic Goddesses Matres and Matronae.

In Val d’Ajoie we also find an xmas fairy, the “Tante Arie” or “Harié”, who is connected with the German Frau Harre, which is connected with Holda and Perchta, two xmas Goddesses.

In Côte d'Or an old fairy is called “Beuffenie“, while in Gallafre, during the Middle Ages people thought that Beuffenie presided the Sabbath.

In Perigord, Franche-Comté, Jura and Ai, the Wild Hunt is called “Chasse Hérode” and is therefore connected to Herodias, while in other areas is called “Chasse Proserpine” as the Goddess.

Other Wild Hunters were called:
- Maupiqueur, Mau-Piqueur or Mau Piqueur;
- Ankou (in Brittany).

And Berthe (as a Wild Huntress).

Other important Fairies were:
- Feé Esterelle;
- the "Bonnes Dames” / “nos Bonnes Mères les Fées”;
“Margot la Fée” / “ma Commère Margot” / “Bonne Femme Margot”;
- The Fairy Morgan;
- The Fairy Vivian;
- Dame Verte (who comes from the character of the Pagan Goddess Diana).

In France, moreover, the Animal Familiar were called “Marionettes“, were usually toads, and were nourished with a mix of milk and flour, while the Household Fairies are called “Lutins” and are nourished with special crèpes.

Her entire life, Rey had been told to never wander alone during the time of The Flight, for if she did she would be snatched by Hellequin and become one of the damned. Here, in the presence of her very own Hellequin, she cannot summon up any fragment of fear. She feels only awe as she scratches the scales along his jaw and neck before brushing tentative fingers up, along the bare skin of his adam’s apple. She feels him swallow under her touch, but moves her hand away again. He catches her wrist, his eyes fluttering open so that he can give her a look before he frowns up at her.

“Don’t stop,” he whispers and she complies, using her free hand to carefully brush along his newest scar. “If you wish to know me you shall.” His voice is soft and gruff and the sound of it relaxes her.  “I don’t remember my memories often. They linger for a while after I wake, but other than that they fade just as quickly.” Rey makes a soft noise in her throat before she follows the scar down his neck and across the smoothe planes of his chest. He purrs again when she brushes the scales along his side.

Hellequin Chapter 3 is Live

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Hellequin: leader of the Wild Hunt and Fairy King

The “familia Herlequini” or “la mesnie Hellequin” is a term which, as Claude Lecouteux has shown in “Phantom Armies of the Night”, might encompass a wide variety of disparate phenomena, such as the wild hunt (die wilde Jagt) and the wild horde (das wilde Heer).
The familia Herlequini represented a troop of the dead: the earliest explicit reference to the familia Herlequini is in Orderic Vitalis’s Ecclesiastical History (1130s).

Orderic told the story of a Norman priest called Walchelin, who describes his encounter on New Year’s night in 1091 with a mysterious procession of knights, ladies, priests, monks, and commoners, “like the movement of a great army,” among whom he recognized “many of his neighbours who had recently died.” At one point Walchelin says to himself, “Haec sine dubio familia Herlechini est” [Without a doubt this is Herlequin’s household]. At one point Walchelin grabs one of their horses by the reins and experiences an intense burning, and at another, one of the knights seizes him by the throat, leaving a scar which he carries to the grave. All the members of the procession suffer penitential torments for their former sins: one of the knights, for instance, tells Walchelin: “The arms which we bear are red-hot, and offend us with an appalling stench, weighing us down with intolerable weight, and burning with everlasting fire”.

In this description, Herlechinus appears as a giant who raise a huge club.

The other early description of Herlequin’s ride, written some fifty years later, is from Walter Map’s “De Nugis Curialium”. Here a Welsh king called Herla encounters a diminutive Pan-like creature who predicts his future marriage and then strikes a bargain with him: he will attend Herla’s wedding on condition that the king help him celebrate his own wedding a year later. This creature, who is never named, turns out to be royal and shows up at Herla’s wedding with a splendid retinue bearing lavish gifts. The return visit, which involves passing through “a cave in a high cliff”, is equally successful, but when the time comes for him to leave, Herla’s host presents him with a small dog, with the instruction that none of his retinue is to dismount until the dog jumps down to the ground. He returns to his kingdom only to discover that hundreds of years have passed. Inevitably, some of his company dismount before the dog jumps down and are promptly turned to dust: “The King, comprehending the reason of their dissolution, warned the rest under pain of a like death not to touch the earth before the alighting of the dog. The dog has not yet alighted. And the story says that King Herla still holds on his mad course [circuitus vesanos] with his band in eternal wanderings, without stop or stay”. Later, Map refers to this band as “phalanges noctivage quas Herlethingi dicebant” [night-wandering battalions which they say are Herlething’s] or simply the “Herlethingi familia” [Herlething’s household].

Moreover, in a late thirteenth-century poem on confession, the priest is instructed to ask, “Creïs tu …  / Ne [le luiton] ne la masnée / Herllequin, ne genes ne fees?” [Do you not believe … in the goblin, in the household of Herlequin, in witches, and fairies?], and an early fourteenth-century Dominican redaction of the Elucidarium, known as the Second Lucidaire, makes a similar association when it speaks (in the early sixteenth-century English translation) of “elues, gobelyns, & helquins þe whiche men se by nyght, as men of armes trottynge on horsebacke with grete assembles.” Another fourteenth-century author, Raoul de Presles, commenting on Augustine’s discussion of incubi demones in The City of God, recommends that his readers consult William of Auvergne on the topic, “and also he speaks in that place of Hellekin’s household and of Dame Habonde and of the spirits that they call fairies, which appear in stables and woods”. Finally, when the author of Richard the Redeless, referring no doubt to the duketti created by Richard II in 1397, writes, “Oþer hobbis Ϟe hadden / of Hurlewaynis kynne,” he explicitly associates Herlequin with hobs or fairies.

In Adam de la Halle’s brilliant farce “Le Jeu de la feuillée” (ca. 1255), the action of the play takes place in Arras on a feast day (perhaps May Day or possibly Midsummer’s Eve) and concerns a banquet held in honor of the fairies. The sound of bells leads a character called Gillot to anticipate the imminent arrival of le maisnie Hellekin,” and when another character asks, “will the fairies be following him?” [venront dont les fees après], Gillot assures her that they will. In the event, Hellequin himself does not appear but later sends a messenger to Morgan (one of the three fairies who do) with a love letter; at first she spurns his offer, but after learning that her current beau, the Arrageois Robert Sommeillons, has been cheating on her, she regrets having rejected so peremptorily “the greatest prince in fairyland” [le graigneur / Prinche ki soit en faerie]. He is described, therefore, as a king and shown to be in some sense the leader of a fairy troupe.

How to start worshipping Hellequin?


- https://elegantshapeshifter.tumblr.com/post/170758896566/historically-attested-offerings-for-the-major

- https://elegantshapeshifter.tumblr.com/post/171876985371/how-to-make-offerings-to-the-major-spirits-ie

- https://elegantshapeshifter.tumblr.com/post/171332375001/the-sabbath-or-ludus-bonae-societatis#notes


- Richard Firth Green’s “Elf Queens and Holy Friars: Fairy Beliefs and the Medieval Church

- Carlo Ginzburg’s “Ecstasies: Deciphering the Witches’ Sabbath” and “Night Battles: Witchcraft and Agrarian Cults in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries”

- Jacob Grimm’s “Teutonic Mythology”

- Claude Lecouteux’s “Phantom Armies of the Night: The Wild Hunt and the Ghostly Processions of the Undead”

- Karl Meisen’s “Die Sagen vom wüttenden Heer und wilden Jäger” (paradoxically there is a translation in Italian but not in English)

- Wolfgang Behringer’s “Shaman of Oberstdorf: Chonrad Stoeckhlin and the Phantoms of the Night”

- Emma Wilby’s “Burchard’s strigae, the Witches’ Sabbath, and Shamanistic Cannibalism in Early Modern Europe”, “Cunning-Folk and Familiar Spirits” and “The Visions of Isobel Gowdie”

- Eva Pocs’s “Between the Living and the Dead”, “Fairies and Witches at the Boundary of South-Eastern and Central Europe” and “Traces of Indo-European Shamanism in South East Europe”.

Quick PSA!  Opinions are AWESOME.  Check this out:

I read all the books, but I still don’t like Harry Potter.

You don’t like Harry Potter?  It’s okay.  We cool.

But misinformation isn’t an opinion!  It’s just kinda crappy.

All cheetahs come from Mars.

See?  How does that feel?  The answer is kinda crappy.  Though I guess Martian cheetahs are awesome enough to negate that crappy feeling, so let’s try this again:

Hellequins are female Harlequins, even outside the context of the Assassin’s Creed franchise.

There we go, that’s a less appealing misconception.  Don’t spread that stuff around!  Get informed and acknowledge your mistakes.  We all make them.  God I’m tired.

rules: repost and answer the 20 questions and tag 20 people you want to get to know better.

tagged by: @redskiez (thx dude)

height: 160 cm ish

orientation: Pansexual & maybe demiromantic IDK it could just be trust issues. ¯\_(ツ)_/¯

favorite fruit: Tomatoes, limes

favorite season: Winter. Might I also mention that I strongly, strongly despise summer.

favorite flower: Tulips, hyacinth (especially grape hyacinth), lilies, sunflowers, carnations, poppies, anything that reminds me of my childhood really

favorite scent: Vanilla, citrus, freshly cut wood

favorite color: BLUE and I dig silver, if that counts

favorite animal: Specific sharks, specific birds

coffee, tea, or hot chocolate: Coffee. Coffee to the point where I drink decaff to curb what I am ashamed to admit is a dependency. I don’t even care about the caffeine; the taste of it gets me going.

average hours of sleep: some weeks 4, some weeks 7

cat or dog person: Both

favorite fictional character: The Hellequin from ACB multiplayer. Considering how mysterious her character is, and given what little information Ubisoft created for her, I’m irrationally obsessed with and possessive of her. Simon “Ghost” Riley from MW2 comes to a close second, with Deadpool catching up to a tight finish. As far as anime goes, Itachi would be my number one. I find his character fascinating. Cersei Lannister is my queen, and she’s one of the most complex, well-written character’s I’ve come across. Some honourable mentions would include Sirius Black, Hidan, Saitama, Pitch Black, and Beyond Birthday.

number of blankets you sleep with: Two

dream trip: Japan, without a doubt. I’d like to go back to Tuscany as well.

blog created: April 14, 2014

number of followers: This reminded me to vacuum out the porn-bots! Now we’re at a sweet, smol 46.

number of blogs you follow: 314.

random fact: Dunno. 日本語を勉強しています。 I’m learning Japanese, but finding motivation or time to self-study sure isn’t easy. は and が drive me bonkers.

tagging: my mutuals, you know who you are. plz do this if you’re up for it! I’ll call out @sad–tree @anglcndy @undercoverfallssoul @ashuhei and @maariashiya