hellenistic columns

Miniature Greek Gold Column Capital,  4th-3rd Century BC

In the shape of a Corinthian capital, the base with a ring of beads and two rows of acanthus leaves, a volute support at each of the four corners of the abacus with granulation and a five-petal flower at each side, the four sides of the abacus decorated with a central flower, 1.5cm high

This capital is closely related to an example in the British Museum, which is said to be from Taranto, South Italy. The British Museum capital is the finial of a gold sceptre, with the main body made of gold net and surmounted by a glass fruit, possibly a quince, nestled among gold acanthus leaves. It is believed to have been part of the funerary offering for a Tarantine priestess.

Marble column from the Temple of Artemis at Sardis
Hellenistic, ca. 300 B.C., Greek.
The section of a fluted Ionic column in the center of this room stood over fifty-eight feet high in its original location at the Temple of Artemis. The delicate foliate carving on the capital is unique among extant capitals from the temple, and the torus (foliated base), with its vegetal scale-like pattern, is also exceptionally elaborate. This capital is slightly smaller than others found at the site, indicating that it does not belong to the outer colonnade. Two similar pairs of columns (marked in red on the plan shown nearby) stood in the east and west porches. The column, displayed here with most of the shaft omitted, was probably originally from one or more of those pairs. Alternatively, it may be from the cella (inner room) or from the inner back porch. Parts of the fluted shaft are restored, and the profiled base below the torus is a copy of the original.

© The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.