healthy standard of living

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Biosafety Levels 1-4

We’ve known that breathing in or touching infectious/infected material is probably bad since before germ theory, but it wasn’t until 1943 that our first formal guidelines and laboratories for technician separation from the infectious agent were set up. It was the 1960s before the first conference to standardize personal protection equipment (PPE) guidelines. 

These days we have 4 basic safety levels when working with biological agents: Biosafety Levels (BSL) 1-4

BSL 1 includes well-understood agents not known to regularly affect adult humans, and which present a minimal level of hazard to the technician. Canine hepatitis, non-pathogenic strains of E. coli, and other non-infectious bacteria. Aside from standard healthy-living procedures (washing with soap etc), laboratory equipment is decontaminated via autoclave between uses, protective gloves, and sometimes protective goggles are required.

BSL 2 includes many of the milder infectious diseases that we know about, such as Salmonella, measles, mumps, MRSA, C. difficile, and hepatitis A, B, and C. These are sometimes serious illnesses, but are not easily aerosolized in a laboratory setting. When aerosols may be formed, biological safety cabinets are used, extreme care is taken with sharps, access to the laboratory is limited during work, and all technicians are trained in pathogen handling procedures.

BSL 3 includes dangerous pathogens that can cause potentially lethal infection, such as Yersinia pestis (black plague), rabies, SARS, tuberculosis, tularemia, and yellow fever. Laboratory personnel have specific training in handling pathogenic and potentially lethal agents, and are supervised by competent scientists who are experienced in working with these agents. All procedures involving the manipulation of infectious materials are conducted within biological safety cabinets, specially designed hoods, or other physical containment devices, or by personnel wearing appropriate personal protective clothing and equipment. The laboratory usually has special engineering and design features, such as restricted access, double-door entrances, and sealed penetrations. BSL 3 laboratories are sometimes called warm zones.

BSL 4 includes the most lethal and exotic agents that there are no cures or vaccines for, such as Ebola, Lassa, Argentinian hemorrhagic virus, and smallpox (smallpox for its extreme virulence, despite its vaccine availability). When dealing with biological hazards at this level the use of a positive pressure personnel suit, with a segregated air supply, is mandatory. The entrance and exit of a level four biolab will contain multiple showers, a vacuum room, an ultraviolet light room, and other safety precautions designed to destroy all traces of the biohazard. Multiple airlocks are employed and are electronically secured to prevent both doors opening at the same time. All air and water service going to and coming from a biosafety level 4 (or P4) lab will undergo similar decontamination procedures to eliminate the possibility of an accidental release. Agents with a close or identical antigenic relationship to biosafety level 4 agents are handled at this level until sufficient data is obtained either to confirm continued work at this level, or to work with them at a lower level.

Members of the laboratory staff have specific and thorough training in handling extremely hazardous infectious agents and they understand the primary and secondary containment functions of the standard and special practices, the containment equipment, and the laboratory design characteristics. They are supervised by qualified scientists who are trained and experienced in working with these agents. Access to the laboratory is strictly controlled by the laboratory director.

The facility is either in a separate building or in a controlled area within a building, which is completely isolated from all other areas of the building. A specific facility operations manual is prepared or adopted. Building protocols for preventing contamination often use negatively pressurized facilities, which, even if compromised, would severely inhibit an outbreak of aerosol pathogens.

BSL 4 labs are hot zones.

anonymous asked:

I'm an INFP with low self-esteem. A few years ago I lost my self-confidence from harsh comments family friends made about me, which I think set my Ne into overdrive. I became overly ambitious about "fixing myself" and finding answers, which deteriorated my Fi. I think I was looping too, because it took a long time to let go of their negativity and self-judgement. I'm improving my feelings of self-worth by developing skills, but still revert back to keeping my guard up. Will this ever go away?

It isn’t so much Ne in overdrive as being driven by inferior Te impulses, which is not always a healthy thing. You were trying to live up to standards that were not entirely your own, standards that you imposed on yourself through external sources, in some ways too desperate for external validation. If this behavior goes too far, it leads to dominant Fi degradation because your personality gets out of whack. There is a balance that must be struck between self-acceptance and self-improvement. Possessing flaws =/= being flawed, which is something many Fi doms have trouble grasping. What makes a person a failure is not the fact of having flaws because everyone has them, rather, what makes a person a failure is when they deny those flaws or they refuse to do anything about them.

(This is sometimes a controversial opinion but) Self-doubt is necessary for a healthy personality. Self-doubt is a sign that you are aware of the conflicts between your various functions and this leads to you being more careful when decision making, which is a GOOD thing. Therefore, self-doubt in and of itself is neither positive nor negative, it is simply an internal message that alerts you to the need to proceed more carefully. However, if you are being driven by unconscious inferior Te impulses, your attitude towards self-doubt will be problematic because immature Te wishes for “absolute certainty” otherwise it cannot feel confident, which means that self-doubt will be seen as a “weakness” or a “failure” because it makes you feel bad, and immature Te cannot handle feeling bad. In other words, inferior Te has the wrong attitude towards self-doubt and does not interpret it properly. When you define something as “bad”, you will want to get rid of it, but why would you want to get rid of something that is an important part of you and is necessary for growth and development? INFPs who are prone to Te grip tendencies often evaluate themselves way too harshly and don’t realize it, even when they would never apply such standards to others.

theartof-loveandlife  asked:

Hey I'm glad I found your blog! Its nice to see healthy views of health and fitness. But I wanted to know what is your opinion on obesity? I've been learning more accurate and healthy views when it comes to weight (and because of my past with an eating disorder it's been difficult). But I've seen people in the fat acceptance community claim that there's nothing wrong with being obese. Clearly people like that shouldn't be belittled but aren't there legitimate health concerns?

Yes, there are correlations between being fat and having certain health problems. But really, nearly everything is a health risk: Being single poses a legitimate health concern. Getting a tattoo exposes you to legitimate health concerns. Having red hair, living in Nevada, being a farmer, owning a cat - All of these things have the potential to seriously and negatively impact your health. Yet when we see a redhead on the street with a rockin’ cat tattoo, most people aren’t about to stop her and lecture her about making responsible life choices. Instead, we save that sort of personal criticism for fat people. Hmm…

In terms of how obesity is related to health, please remember that correlation is different than causation. Just because various health problems are associated with being fat does not mean that they are caused by being fat. Not all health issues (related to body fat percentage) can be directly solved by weight loss.

After all, obesity isn’t a homogeneous condition: There will never be a case where every single fat person is un/healthy, or has good/bad blood pressure, or has high/low cholesterol. Our bodies are incredibly complex instruments and weight is just one element out of many.

And honestly, I’m not even comfortable setting up “good health” as a moral necessity in life. The truth is that no one is under any obligation to be healthy or to behave in what the public deems a “healthy” manner. Health is an incredibly personal concept. Everyone has their own concerns in life and their own standards of acceptability. It isn’t our place to point fingers at another person’s body and say “You need to change that, you need to care more.” We all may want people to make good choices, to be happy and to live long lives, but these are complicated and unique decisions that we each have to make for ourselves.

In the end, people have the right to look and behave in the manner that they feel is best for them. Whether or not someone else is healthy should not be the basis for their value as a person, or for the amount of respect that you give them. Nor should their health determine whether or not they retain the right to bodily autonomy. No one is obligated to live by “healthy” standards. You only get to control your own body, no one else’s.

Because there isn’t anything wrong with being fat.

(The picture is talking about school lunch and why it should not be free.)

You are right, there is no such thing as free.

There is, however, a thing called taxes. Taxes are payed by the citizens of a country to finance things the goverment are in charge of. One of theese things could be school lunch. It could also be health care and education.

Where I live, in Sweden, school is free. Everything you need for school is free up until a certain grade called “University” (ages 19+). But you can get a small sum of money every month and take a loan if you need it. And the thing that costs in university is not the education itself but the textbooks.

Everything you need for school is financed by taxes, everything from food to occasional trips. 

Health care is free, except for a small sum you pay when you visit the doctor which can range from 7 to 30 dollars depending on where in Sweden you live and which council it is that takes care of the hospital you visit. Large operations do not cost, nor does things like repairing a broken bone. (Well, as long as you are insured but that is not expensive here either.)

And contrary to what many Americans seem to believe, this has not ruined or in anyway made our country a bad one to live in. We are one of the healthies countries in the world, and we also have a high standard of living. This is not exclusive to Sweden either. Look at graphs over the healthiest and best countries to live in in the world. Most of the countries high on the list have tax-paid healthcare and education.

to conclude; To pay for childrens lunch with tax money, or have tax financed healthcare, is in no way a bad thing and will only make it easier for people to survive. (duh.) 

Most importantly; The concept of tax paid education and tax payed healthcare is not what is killing people. It is the opposite of it.

lorien legacies characters in the kitchen
  • one: sings along crazily to the radio and isn't half bad at cooking, but can go way overboard with the seasoning and spice so everybody eats with care (and sometimes a big glass of water)
  • two: never really learned how to cook but likes simple recipes that she can leave for a long time in the oven and read while they roast
  • three: spends more time playing with the kitchen knives and the cool beepy timer than actually making dinner
  • john: is a good cook but pretends he isn't so Sarah will help him, it reminds him of the food tech classes they shared back in paradise
  • five: is probably a mega nervous cook who forgets he put something in the microwave and then shrieks when it pings or the toaster goes off
  • six: knows how to make 3 or 4 healthy balanced meals to an decent standard and just lives off the same food
  • marina: is an amazing cook who loves to take on big challenges (e.g Christmas dinner for the whole garde) is easily annoyed and only let's sarah or ella help her
  • eight: prefers completely fresh food but marina insists on teaching him a few easy vegetarian recipes, but he keeps stealing all of the food before she can put it in the dish so she kicks him out
  • nine: doesn't care much for instructions, one time he left the oven on full temperature and set fire to a chicken, everyone thinks its safer to order takeaway on his nights
  • ella: likes to help out but doesn't really make whole meals until one time she discovers a stash of cookie cutters and is up until three baking for everyone (her cookies become a favourite)
  • sam: is an expert in beans on toast but not much else
  • sarah: (apart from shooting a crossbow) cooking helps her relax and she often makes fancy cakes or a big breakfast
  • adam: has almost no cooking experience or skill but is so fascinated and exuberant that everyone eats his food anyway, starts reading recipe books for fun and one buys him an apron that says "prick with a fork"

Money can often mean the difference between life and death for someone. We need to be effectively aware of the ties between poverty and illness and we need to fight against the system that causes those in poverty to die from treatable illnesses.

Being poor doesn’t condemn you to death, but being rich gives you on average a much higher success rate. The stresses of poverty can themselves be a primary factor for your mental and physical ailments that cause early or sudden death.

Also, eating healthy can’t always just “fix” cancer. Kale isn’t a treatment for leukemia. Carrots won’t mend broken bones. Taking vitamin supplements won’t bring you back from the brink of death. Eating healthy is important for longevity and improving your standard of living, but scientific advancements and serious medical treatments save more lives than the occasional salad does.

For real - I care more about your happiness and self-satisfaction than about seeing you fulfill some sort of preconceived standard of healthy living. 

Not everyone is going to experience health the same way. For some, being healthy is an active lifestyle and perfect blood pressure reading. For others, being healthy is heating up some Ramen noodles every night without having a panic attack. For others, it’s making three square meals out of minimum wage every day and actually trying to get more than four hours of sleep. All interpretations are valid.

Recognizing what’s important to you and accepting your own personal priorities is a bit part of living a healthy and happy lifestyle. You don’t need to fulfill my personal version of health in order to see yourself as living well. And vice versa. 

My blog is here to help provide you with information and instructions if you’re looking to try new exercises or recipes, but at the end of the day - If you’re happy, I’m happy for you. 

anonymous asked:

why are you on a diet. you're perfect the way u r bobin don't let society's unrealistic standards influence u

im eating healthy so i can live longer

kindof1ofakind  asked:

Man who are these geniuses who INSIST that everyone who seems a little bit too big is woefully unhealthy and everyone who seems small enough is perfectly OK? I know lots of "healthy sized" people with loads of health problems and lots of "unhealthy sized" people with perfect blood pressure and nothing else wrong! Obviously personal anecdotes don't make scientific fact but c'mon, honestly, how can you really be so ignorant??

Anecdotes don’t make scientific fact, but actual scientific fact kinda does. They’re willfully ignoring it all. 

But remember - The big problem here isn’t that people are equating fat with poor health. The big problem is that people think another person’s health is their business. Whether or not someone else is healthy should not be the basis for their value as a person, or for the amount of respect that you give them. Nor should their health determine whether or not they retain the right to bodily autonomy. No one is obligated to live by “healthy” standards. You only get to control your own body, no one else’s, no matter how much you may care about them.

Fat isn’t the only thing that potentially makes people get sick or develop diseases, but it certainly is one of the most attacked aspects of our bodies. But do you know what other attributes can cause you to get ill or die young? Being born with a prostate, living in poverty, being an infant, being unmarried, working on a farm, living in Nevada - But when do you ever see health advocates crying “I would never shame someone for being a farmer, but supporting their lifestyle is just a way of condoning bad fitness choices! I always tell my farmer friend that he needs to become an accountant, but he’s so lazy, he keeps refusing to take care of himself!” 

Yet because there are so many stigmas associated with being a fat person in society today, it’s somehow alright for complete strangers to shame them into losing control of their own bodies. Somehow, a stranger’s view of their health is seen as more important than the person’s own wants, needs or goals in life. Being seen as healthy will earn them more respect than being a good person or leading a fulfilling life. How messed up is that?