head of a gaul

Ancient Hetalia Human Names

Britannia: Alicia Kirkland

Rome: Romulus Vargas

China: Wang Yao

Gaul: Dummacos Bonnefoy 

Scandia: Haldor Kohler

Aestii: Adelinda Bielschmidt

Germania: Burkhard Beilschmidt

Anatolia: Azra Adnan

Pontus: Peri Daphne Adnan

Iberia: Edecon Carriedo

Ancient Greece: Athena Karpusi

Ancient Egypt: Akila Hassan

Carthage: Himilco Bouchlaka

Persia: Navid Hamadani

Maya: Itzel Ricarda 

Aztec: Necuametl Sanchez 

Inca: Hulyu Martinez

Mesopotamia: Shar Al-Husseini

*Some of the ancients adopted their son or daughter or grandchildren’s last names, either because they normally don’t have last names back then in their country, or they didn’t want their children or grandchildren to bother changing their names again, so they stuck the surname into their name. 

anonymous asked:

How do you feel about knowing myths accurately? Taking into consideration that these have changed over time. How important do you think it is to know them super well to worship norse gods?

Considering that the myths:

1)  were written down by Christians AFTER the Christian conversion of Scandinavia, Iceland & Germany 

2) The Norse weren’t the type to write things down, they were an oral society

It is VERY accurate to say that not only have they changed, they’ve changed dramatically. These two factors are why historians have split bottles upon bottles of ink debating Loki, Ragnarok, Valhalla, and so on and on. We know, for example, that Odin is not a native god to Scandinavia. He is, in fact, most likely from Gaul. The original head of the pantheon was Tyr. 

I’ve written before about why the Eddas are a questionable source, but the short version is that their writers had a very obvious Christian slant in their views, which carried on into their writing. My personal favorite reason why you can’t take the Eddas as the truth is that these are the very first lines of the Prose Edda:

“ IN the beginning God created heaven and earth and all those things which are in them; and last of all, two of human kind, Adam and Eve, from whom the races are descended.”

so while I do think that reading the Eddas, the myths, the sagas, and all the rest is important both culturally and historically, they aren’t necessarily The Truth of Norse mythology. How much of the Eddas is still valid, and how much is blatantly false? It’s really hard to say.

So where can we turn if the Eddas are unreliable? To me, the gods are a part of nature and ourselves. Freyr is every tree reaching into the sky for the sun, every gentle hug from a loved one. Njord is every wave that kisses the swimmers, in all the “thank goodness you made it home safe,” we give each other. Thor is every thunder roll and every booming laugh. Freya is every woman’s fierce passions, every witch’s spells. Odin is in every book and secret, and Loki stands beside him. Sigyn is there when we forgive instead of seeking vengeance.  Sif is there in our kitchens when we cook with love for our families. Skadi decorates our house with icicles and she’s with us when we stand up for ourselves. 

 To me, that is really understanding the gods, forging relationships with them and seeing the divine in the mundane. The hearts of the gods beat in our chests, in the chests of every animal that’s walked the earth, and the meaning of them is the world that surrounds us. 

Ghosts of Britannia: Chapter 4

AU. Sequel to When in Rome. Chapters 1, 2, and 3.

As the great gate groaned open and Emma trotted through, the wind caught at her hood and almost pulled it back, and she had to take one hand off the reins to pull it tight. Then steered them through the steep, narrow streets of Eboracum, bent low over the horse’s neck, the fresh air still coursing through her blood. With a sword slung on her back, riding astride like a man, she felt more alive than she had in months, and considered that it was the one good thing to have come of her parents discovering her training regimen. They knew she was miserable here, and despite their misgivings, had allowed her to continue, as well as to be properly instructed. They had strongly objected to her going out by herself, thinking it much too dangerous, but Emma had ignored that. If they had known her real occupation these days, they would have objected more.

She wasn’t sure how she had fallen into it, exactly. Just that when she met Roland in the early mornings and gave him food, he would sometimes mention certain individuals who were troubling the tribes, and one day she had gone out with him to do something about it. And after that, never bothered to stop. Bounty hunting was something she had turned out to be quite good at, and since she spoke Brythonic and could pass herself off as a lone-wolf mercenary, she had started taking jobs for a few of the local clan chiefs, who certainly did not know either that she was Roman or that the governor was her father. They did not care that she was a woman; among Celts, women were known as some of the fiercest fighters, and they paid well to boot, in goldwork and amber and beads and runestones, the sort of thing Emma could get a servant to discreetly trade for Roman denarii at the market. Yet every time she plunged into that other world, where nobody told her what she could not do, where she was fighting back against the powerful men who had destroyed her, it was harder and harder to return to Eboracum, change back into her Roman clothes, and pretend to be a dutiful daughter again. One day soon, she would ride into the forest and never return, and the thought both thrilled and terrified her.

Keep reading

What if the Ancients Could Posses their Children's Body for a Day? Part 1
  • China: Aiyyahhhh... why am I so early for this meeting-aru? Nobody's here yet... was I the only one who received the text to come early from England? This is weird-aru...
  • Italy: Chinaaaaaaaaa~ *hugs China*
  • China: W-What??? I-Italy what are you doing?
  • Italy: not Italy, China, my best buddy! It's me, Rome!
  • China: ... WHAT???
  • Italy: we learned that we could posses our children's body! Isn't that so cool?
  • China: wait... 'WE'????
  • England: Hiya China!
  • France: Yo China! It's cool to see you again! Gaul is in da house!
  • Prussia: hm.
  • Iceland: WOW! This room is so bigggg! Right Aestii- I mean... Lithuania?
  • Lithuania: uuwwaahhhh, such a cute room~
  • Spain: the flowers here are so pretty~
  • China: w-w-wait... EVERYONE CAME???
  • England: nope! Greece, Egypt, and Carthage said that they're going to watch from above... I don't know why though...
  • China: B-Britannia??
  • England: Yup! I never knew England is so small and thin! And it's great to be in a guy's body for once! I can finally do hand stands without Rome nagging me just because I was wearing a dress!
  • China: w-wait... I don't think England's body could do that...
  • France: that's true, since we're in their body, it doesn't mean that we can do what we usually do.
  • China: w-wait... Gaul- I mean, France... what's wrong with your hair-aru??? It's all bushy!!
  • France: oh... I don't really know... maybe I used the wrong thing to clean it with.
  • Italy: this dumbass used dish soap.
  • China: oh... but I think it's weirder for me to hear Italy swear...
  • Spain: China, when are the other's coming~?
  • China: I-Iberia...? Erm... soon, I think... B-but you guys should act like your children-aru! Or not they'll be suspicious!
  • Prussia: true...
  • China: Germania- I mean, Prussia... t-this may be hard for you...
  • Iceland: bro, why did you choose Prussia? That's one hell of a personality change!
  • China: And you Scandia, why did you choose Iceland out of all the Nordics-aru????
  • Iceland: huh? Cuz I've always wondered what it'll be like to be small!
  • China: ...that's your reasoning?
  • Lithuania: hehe~ oh, I think I hear footsteps~
  • Germany: hm? China, Italy, England, France, Spain, Iceland, and Lithuania? You're all unusual early... and together... that's an odd group...
  • China: y-yeah... we just happen to meet... right everyone?
  • Italy: yup!
  • Germany: oh, okay... let's wait a couple of minutes then until everyone reaches.
  • China, whispering to the ancients: remember to get into character! If not, I don't know what they'll suspect-aru!
  • Ancients: sure!
  • China, in his head: t-this is not going to end well...
  • (To be continued.... ;)
Secret Hobbies
  • China: playing Japanese dating-sim games
  • Rome: writing love poems for Ancient Greece
  • Germania: styling his hair
  • Britannia: pretending to be a mermaid when swimming
  • Ancient Greece: run around bare feet
  • Ancient Egypt: reading Roman and Greek Philosophies
  • Carthage: makes clothing for his elephants
  • Iberia: draw the ancients when they sleep
  • Aestii: fight large, wild animals
  • Scandia: relaxing in the Mediterranean countries
  • Gaul: colour coding everything
Ancients Meeting the Sun Trio
  • Britannia: I heard that we’re meeting new empires today… I wonder how they are…?

  • Rome: I hope you don’t scare them.

  • Britannia: what is THAT supposed to mean, idiot??

  • Aztec: HEY EVERYONE!!! Nice ta meet ya!
  • 
Rome: oh hey, you just be the new empires! What’re your names?
  • 
Aztec: The name’s Aztec and I used to live in present day Mexico! Oh, let me introduce my other friends over here! This is Maya, she’s the knowledgable one!
  • 
Maya: hi~
  • 
Aztec: and this is Inca, he’s quiet at times, but he’s crazy about administrating and stuff… Which I don’t really get, but oh well! 

  • Inca: hello there…
  • 
Aestii: hello~ are you all well known? I haven’t seen any of your faces before~
  • 
Maya: we are, but we live in Mesoamerica…
  • 
Most of Ancients: ….. Wut?
  • 
China: oh yeah, you guys weren’t here when the world finally knows about them-aru. They live in the Americas, and they were very well known empires in the Americas! They’re also good at math and astronomy as well.
  • 
Greece: oh… I see… Do you read?
  • 
Aztec: …. Nope! What’s that?
  • 
Britannia: HA! I’m not the only illiterate one here anymore!!
  • 
Maya: we use quipu and drawings instead…. But I really love math and astronomy… Especially architecture~
  • 
Greece: …. Math….. I’m more into philosophy though….
  • 
Anatolia: hmmm…. What are your favourite hobbies?
  • 
Inca: I like to build roads and govern.
  • 
Rome: you like roads too?!? Nice!! We’re going to be great friends!!
  • 
Persia: I love to govern too, tell me what you do.
  • 
Aztec: I like to conquer, pillage, and get offerings!
  • 
Britannia: pillaging and conquer… I like your style.
  • 
Gaul: this guy is amazing!
  • 
Carthage: how do you maintain your empire with only conquering and pillaging?
  • 
Aztec: I have my ways… And I’m really good at it!
  • 
Egypt: …. Architect?
  • 
Maya: yes, I love building stone monuments and pyramidal structures~
  • 
Egypt: …… We are now good friends…..
  • 
Maya: … Eh?
  • 
Egypt: do you like sacrifices?
  • 
Scandia: what kind of question is that??
  • 
Inca, Maya, and Aztec: YEAH!!
  • 
Germania: …. Very straight forward….
  • 
Maya: we also love the sun!
  • 
Inca: the sun is the best….
  • 
Egypt: …. Very good friends….
  • 
Rome: do you dislike anything?? You guys seem to like nearly everything…
  • 
Aztec: well, there are two people we don’t like…. Absolutely hate, actually!
  • 
Iberia: really? Who~? But you should love everyone…~
  • 
Maya: we don’t like Spain and Portugal.
  • 
Inca: they’re the worst. Destroying our empire, and later on, our existence!
  • 
Aztec: always saying that they’re the best when they actually just want our gold…. Which I don’t EVEN HAVE!!! Those are the kind of barbarians we hate! Ugh!
  • 
Iberia: ……………….
  • 
China: oh……
  • 
Rome: ….. Ermmmm….
  • 
Britannia: ….. Hmmmm….
  • 
Pontus: ……… Iberia……?
  • 
Maya: hm? What’s wrong?
  • 
Inca: did Spain and Portugal get you too? Though…. You guys are older than us…
  • 
Iberia: well…. They’re… Erm…. My sons….. 

  • Inca, Maya, and Aztec: ………………………… We can’t be friends then.
  • 
Iberia: nooooooooooo, waiitttttt~ *cries*
  • 
Maya: we’re okay with others, though…
  • 
Gaul: I see… So wanna go hunting?
  • 
Aztec: Yeah! Sure!
  • 
Iberia: wait…. Please like meeeeeeee~
What would the ancients be labeled as if they were high school students

China: the guy who would constantly start yelling and arguing to correct the teacher if the answer is wrong.

Britannia: the dependable captain of nearly all sports clubs, and the beauty in school that no one dares ask out, due to fear of her strength.

Ancient Greece: the book-nut, the nerd that will constantly get the teacher off track.

Gaul: one with no filter, the laid back dude that skips class.

Germania: the one who tries to keep things in order and with the benefits of others.

Rome: the jock who’s smart in nearly all subjects, and a born leader. Also the flirt of the school.

Ancient Egypt: the woman that shall not be touched or breathed upon by others because of her beauty. No one can date her in fear of rejection.

Iberia: the hippie that will explode if angered or annoyed.

Carthage: the person that rivals with the jock of the school in almost everything for the heck of it.

Scandinavia: the prankster and the trouble maker of the school that receives many detentions in a day.

Aestii: the innocent, cute girl with scary secrets up her sleeves.

Unique Gold Quarter Stater of the Lexovii, Northwest Gaul, 3rd Century BC

Obverse: Celticized head right, with arrow-like device on cheek; ornaments to right. Reverse: Figure running right, holding standard surmounted by boar, arrow-like device penetrating his back. A unique coin.

The Lexovii were a Celtic people, on the coast of Gallia, immediately west of the mouth of the Seine.  Their capital was at Lisieux, in the French department of Calvados, where the present-day inhabitants are still called Lexoviens. Under the Romans, the oppidum of the Lexovii was called Noviomagus Lexoviorum, “Newfield of the Lexovii”.

When the Veneti and their neighbors were preparing for Julius Caesar’s attack (56 BC), they applied for aid to the Osismii, Lexovii, Namnetes, and other tribes. Caesar sent Quintus Titurius Sabinus against the Unelli, Curiosolites, and Lexovii, to prevent their joining the Veneti. A few days after Sabinus reached the country of the Unelli, the Aulerci Eburovices and the Lexovii murdered their council or senate, as Caesar calls it, because they were against the war; and they joined Viridovix, the chief of the Unelli. The Gallic confederates were defeated by Sabinus, and compelled to surrender. The Lexovii took part in the great rising of the Galli against Caesar (52 BC); but their force was only 3000 men.