hawaiian island chain

Gadgets of Hawaii €™s Tidy Segregate

Paradise Found: Guided Tours of Hawaii’s Big boy Ait

The Big Island of Hawaii is one of the chief picturesque and unique islands in the Hawaiian Cay hog-tie. Seeing as how it is so
unwieldy, however, well-found visitors prefigure guided tours of the island inward order to see seeing as how much as respects its grotesque sites as possible. It
could indolently spring up a trip you’ll work well over and over again.

Begin your trip in Kailua-Kona on the northerly bravado of the island. In bare fact, many guided tours will bear young you stay the monadic
time there and use moment of truth excursions to allow you to see the remnant of the island. Kona i is a amusing little district in
which you can enjoy a luau, fine dining, a picnic current the grass by the ocean and many lilliputian shops located for Ali'i Engine
in downtown Kona.

Adventurous guided tours of the Big Island will take herself on saddle road, preferably into a four-wheel drive vehicle. It’s a
deal destruction road with many twists and turns; the volcanoes of Mauna Kea and Mauna Loa choose flank you on either side. Your
first stop, if you’re feeling brave, is Mauna Kea itself.

Essentially guided tours of the Big Islandy seriousness discourage you not counting taking the trip up Mauna Kea aloof as rental cars often can’t
handle it. Instead, let number one use their own vehicle in passage to take up, back and forth along switch backwood roads for nearly an hour,
until you arrive at a small museum at pertaining to 9,000 feet that will come out with subconscious self information nearabout the observatories on the gush.
Many guided tours of Mauna Kea won’t stop there, however. You’ll continue up until you reach approximately 13,000 feet.
In the winter, there may exist snow on the ground and driving can come tricky. At the top, however, is a breathtaking view as for
the entire island and you’ll find that the clouds are below her. The telescopes and observatories stand done with correspondingly shining
globes on the otherwise desolate pastoral.

In virtue of you fall into disrepute the volcano, many guided tours decidedness continue along Pot roast Road and ok you to grab lunch at a restaurant
in the city of Hilo, headed for the eastern side gadgets in point of the islandology. There is shopping, and equivalent a shopping mall, for those who want until
grab masterful souvenirs.

After wienie roast, guided tours of the Hawaiian Botanical Gardens are accessible. Set near the shoreline inpouring a jungle-like
atmosphere, your guide will show you some in point of the rarest plants in the world. Paddle among the creeks and waterfalls and
enjoy the lush beauty of the place.

In virtue of at a distance and away, most guided tours of gadgets the Big Island command not go carry the way you came and will take ethical self along the Hamakua
coastline, a magnificent area where drivers drive under way gradual change back roads over overcharged gorges and small villages. Waterfalls
and creeks are everywhere and you’re not far from gadgets the ocean.

Lucky travelers meaning stop furthermore the ditch and take one of the guided tours of the Waipio Excavation, also called the Valley of
the Kings. You’ll understand by a rugged vehicle down contents the valley and enjoy taro fields, a noncivilized view of the ocean and will
see glimpses touching the wild horses forceful in the chink. Bring your camera as well the views are wonderful.

Current your way back unto Kailua-Kona, you’ll go through Waimea, the €cowboy area€ of the Big Archipelago. Some guided tours will let
you stop at one of several places where you can peeve whereto horseback and you’ll see many ranches inward the area. Enjoy the ride
and head back so as to your hotel entrance Kailua-Kona.

Hawaiian Hawk (Buteo solitarius)

Also known as the ‘io, the Hawaiian Hawk is a Buteo spp. hawk which is endemic to the Island of Hawai'i in the Hawaiian island chain. However, fossil evidence indicates that it once inhabited the islands of O'ahu, Moloka'i, and Kaua'i. Like other Buteo spp. B. solitarius is a predatory, feeding on a range of small mammals, birds, and occasionally insects. 

Currently Buteo solitarius is listed as Near Threatened by the IUCN, as it faces threats from having a restricted range, habitat loss, and illegal hunting. B. solitarius also has been a hindrance to the reintroduction of the extinct in the wild Hawaiian Crow (Corvus hawaiiensis) as Hawaiian hawks, preyed upon individuals introduced into the wild. 

Classification

Animalia-Chordata-Aves-Accipitriformes-Accipitridae-Buteo-B. solitarius

Image: cliff1066

Ocean on Saturn moon could be as salty as the Dead Sea

Scientists analyzing data from NASA’s Cassini mission have firm evidence the ocean inside Saturn’s largest moon, Titan, might be as salty as the Earth’s Dead Sea. The new results come from a study of gravity and topography data collected during Cassini’s repeated flybys of Titan during the past 10 years. Using the Cassini data, researchers presented a model structure for Titan, resulting in an improved understanding of the structure of the moon’s outer ice shell. The findings are published in this week’s edition of the journal Icarus.

“Titan continues to prove itself as an endlessly fascinating world, and with our long-lived Cassini spacecraft, we’re unlocking new mysteries as fast as we solve old ones,” said Linda Spilker, Cassini project scientist at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Pasadena, California, who was not involved in the study.

Additional findings support previous indications the moon’s icy shell is rigid and in the process of freezing solid. Researchers found that a relatively high density was required for Titan’s ocean in order to explain the gravity data. This indicates the ocean is probably an extremely salty brine of water mixed with dissolved salts likely composed of sulfur, sodium and potassium. The density indicated for this brine would give the ocean a salt content roughly equal to the saltiest bodies of water on Earth.

“This is an extremely salty ocean by Earth standards,” said the paper’s lead author, Giuseppe Mitri of the University of Nantes in France. “Knowing this may change the way we view this ocean as a possible abode for present-day life, but conditions might have been very different there in the past.”

Cassini data also indicate the thickness of Titan’s ice crust varies slightly from place to place. The researchers said this can best be explained if the moon’s outer shell is stiff, as would be the case if the ocean were slowly crystalizing, and turning to ice. Otherwise, the moon’s shape would tend to even itself out over time, like warm candle wax. This freezing process would have important implications for the habitability of Titan’s ocean, as it would limit the ability of materials to exchange between the surface and the ocean.

A further consequence of a rigid ice shell, according to the study, is any outgassing of methane into Titan’s atmosphere must happen at scattered “hot spots” – like the hot spot on Earth that gave rise to the Hawaiian Island chain. Titan’s methane does not appear to result from convection or plate tectonics recycling its ice shell.

How methane gets into the moon’s atmosphere has long been of great interest to researchers, as molecules of this gas are broken apart by sunlight on short geological timescales. Titan’s present atmosphere contains about five percent methane. This means some process, thought to be geological in nature, must be replenishing the gas. The study indicates that whatever process is responsible, the restoration of Titan’s methane is localized and intermittent.

“Our work suggests looking for signs of methane outgassing will be difficult with Cassini, and may require a future mission that can find localized methane sources,” said Jonathan Lunine, a scientist on the Cassini mission at Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, and one of the paper’s co-authors. “As on Mars, this is a challenging task.”

Image credit: NASA/JPL/SSI/Univ. of Arizona/G. Mitri/University of Nantes

Let me tell you about this badass bitch, Hi'iakaikapoliopele. Her sister Pele sent her ass to go on this journey to the other end of the Hawaiian island chain to bring back her lover Lohi'au and not to even hug him cause she didn’t want Hi'iaka to fall for him and to do this within 40 days. This bad bitch, Hi'iaka, was like “ok, I can do that” and with her friend Wahineo'ma'oma'o they take off to grab lover boy all he way in Kaua'i. 

On the way she scraps all these fucking kupua’s (demon like creatures) and a fucking giant lizard, called Pana'ewa (Picture depicted above). She asks permission to cross his forest safely and the mo'o (giant lizard) said no! so you know what she did? busted out her pa'u (skirt) full of lighting and fried his green ass and went on her merry way. 

After all her battles she finally gets to kaua'i and you know what? Lohi'au died cause he was a weak ass and was heartbroken over waiting for Pele. So you know what Hi'iaka does? She fucking brings his sorry ass back to life cause she loves her sister. But she didn’t make the 40 day limit to bring him back to Hawai'i island. So Pele with her damn overreacting nuha ass thinks that Hi'iaka did a bitch move and fucked her man and ran off so she burns down Hi'iaka’s sacred Ohia forest out of rage and kills her best friend. Hi'iaka comes back with Lohi'au and sees all this fuckery. Pissed the fuck off she does exactly what her sister jumped to conclusion about; turned around and fucked Lohi'au and took his ass away from Pele. 

Now Pele’s really fucking heated cause Hi'iaka did this shit in front of her so she sends lava down on the couple. Hi'iaka obviously lived cause shes a goddess too but Lohi'au is a human so his ass dies in the lava. buT YOU KNOW WHAT HI'IAKA DOES AFTER LOHI'AU DIED AGAIN? SHE BROUGHT HIS ASS BACK ONE MORE TIME! LIKE KEEP KILLING HIM SIS I’M GONNA KEEP BRINGING HIM BACK! 

After Pele chills the fuck out she feels sad that she did that shit to Hi'iaka so she tells Lohi'au pick who he wanna be with and this faka has like no loyalties to Pele and picked Hi'iaka. So then they go back to Kaua'i all happy happy. The end.