have mercy on this pitiful creature

Beauty is selfless, and perhaps that is why she has no name. She is nameless. All girls are supposed to become “beauties,” i.e., selfless and nameless. There is a false power attributed to Beauty as a virtue. By sacrificing oneself, it is demonstrated, the powers that be will reward her with the perfect husband. The most important thing is to learn to obey and worship one’s father (authority) and to fill one’s promises even though they are made under duress.

Beauty always chooses to fulfill her obligations rather than follow her heart. Although it does turn out that, by fulfilling her obligations, her heart is rewarded, it is plain to see that her destiny depends on self-denial that, she comes to believe, is a wish-fulfillment.

Beauty can be admired for her courage and simultaneously deprecated for submitting to the will of two men, her father and the Beast. It would seem that she actually seeks to be dominated and to be praised for her submission as a virtuous and courageous act.

Her identity is determined by them. Her function in life is predetermined. Beauty must learn to tame her own desires to fit a male civilizing code in such a way that she appears to be the agent of her own desires. However, in complying with the Beast’s desire, she is compliant with her father and the socio-psychological prescriptives that promise rewards for masochistic behavior. The reward is a move up the social ladder: Beauty comes from the mercantile class and will become ennobled by marrying the beast/prince. But her noble action, self-sacrifice for father and Beast, will only strengthen the bonds of domination that will constrain her for the rest of her life.

Why must the Beast have a virginal daughter to compensate for the father’s trespass? Why must he manipulate her to rescue him? Why does he have to be the provider, the keeper of her castle? Why can’t he find a way to nurture himself from within? The fact is – if we can speak about facts – Beast’s desires have also been scripted or pre-scripted, for he ostensibly knows no other way to win a woman then through power and emotional blackmail. The Beast must play upon preconditioned sentiments in Beauty to feel fulfilled and to become whole as the transformed prince born to rule.

In most of the standard illustrations of Beauty and the Beast, Beauty is described depicted as compassionate, kind, and considerate. It is through her great compassion and her self-denial that she assumes heroic proportions. The key image in most of the versions reveals Beauty, full of pity, leaning over some enormous furry creature or cuddling a freakish monster. What is interesting in all these illustrations is that they also bring out what boys are socialized to expect from young women: total abandonment, nurturing, mercy, obedience, responsibility. No matter what the male/beast is portrayed to resemble - and the imaginations of artist have drawn great pleasure in conceiving the most outlandish creatures imaginable – the female is supposed to curb her disgust and learn to love the beast for his dignity and power. Or she is supposed to learn to love her chains and bonds. The illustrations in most books generally underlined the thesis that the male is a beast despite his noble sentiments and can change with a submissive and tender wife. Males are not supposed to find the tenderness and compassion within themselves, they obtain such sustenance through emotional blackmail and manipulation.

That boys were to be treated differently than girls is apparent from the structure and contents of Madame de Beaumont’s book, or in other words, Beauty and the Beast originated as a sex-specific tale intended to inculcate a sense of good manners in little girls. In effect, the code of the tale was to delude young women into believing that they would be realizing their goals in life by denying themselves.

—  Jack Zipes - “The Origins of the Fairy Tale or, How Script Was Used to Tame the Beast in Us” (1994)
Remember, too, every day, and whenever you can, repeat to yourself, “Lord, have mercy on all who appear before Thee today.” For every hour and every moment thousands of men leave life on this earth, and their souls appear before God. And how many of them depart in solitude, unknown, sad, dejected, and no one mourns for them or even knows whether they have lived or not. And behold, from the other end of the earth perhaps, your prayer for their rest will rise up to God though you knew them not nor they you. How touching it must be to a soul standing in dread before the Lord to feel at that instant that, for him too, there is one to pray, that there is a fellow creature left on earth to love him too. And God will look on you both more graciously, for if you have had so much pity on him, how much more will He have pity Who is infinitely more loving and merciful than you.
—  Father Zosima, The Brothers Karamazov

TYPE: Audio Recording

DESCRIPTION: Ghost Transmission

LOCATION: Unknown

//AUDIO UNAVAILABLE//

//TRANSCRIPT FOLLOWS//

//TRANSLATION: VARIKS, THE LOYAL//

[1.1] It is young, my Kell.

[2.1] Can the dead age, Advisor?

[1.2] It is young, and it rages.

[2.2] As our people rage.

[1.3] It is young, and it rages, and it does not know why. It is dangerous. It has killed many of your Barons with its tricks.

[2.3] And we have killed many of its friends.

[silence]

[2.4] What drives it? What compels the dead to rise?

[1.4] Who among us can unravel the mysteries of the Sky-Bride, my Kell? It is full of…they call it ‘Light.’

[2.5] I feel only anger from it. Only hatred. 

[1.5] As you say, my Kell. Kill it. It is consumed with fury. It has no purpose left.

[silence]

[2.6] I have questions for it.

[1.6] Why? You will learn nothing, for it knows nothing. Kill it, and let us be done. Its presence is…uncomfortable.

[2.7] Your tone displeases me, Advisor. You forget before whom you sit.

[1.7] I beg forgiveness, oh leader mine. But it has stolen a god, and our gods should be ours alone.

[2.8] I know what is written, wretch. Who but the Kings have kept the stories? Who but the Kings are worthy of their keeping? I, too, know the words. I, too, know the forms.

[1.8] Then destroy it! It is a foe, a broken thing, hollow of spirit and meaning. Its existence weakens the universe. It is worthy only of hatred.

[2.9] Hatred? Could you hate a doll, Advisor? I know something of hatred. Hatred is what broke our Houses. Hatred is what drove us to this place that is not our home.

[1.9] You do not understand. Destroy it, oh leader mine.

[silence]

[2.1.1] Your words have betrayed you, Advisor. Prekis. Kepsis. Take him and bind him. He speaks with another mouth.

[indistinct struggling]

[1.1.1] What - what is this? My Kell! Remember my service! Remember your honor!

[2.1.2] Wait.

[silence]

[2.1.3] You dare to speak to me of honor? You, who whisper with a worm’s tongue? What did you truly find in their tomb-warrens, I wonder. What pacts did you make in the deepness? What guest came uninvited back with you?

[1.1.2] Your words are madness.

[2.1.4] Perhaps. But once before, we were lead without knowledge. And now we are blind, as these creatures are blind. As my brother was blind, when he chased the great machine across the sky to his doom.

You would have me bow and scrape before you, Advisor. You would be my eyes, and you would lead me by a collar. But I am not so foolish as our ancestors. I have learned when not to trust.

[1.1.3] No -

[2.1.5] The Kell of Kings bows to no creature. 

[1.1.4] My Kell, I-

[arc discharge]

[2.1.6] Burn him. Feed his ashes to the void.

[silence]

[silence]

[2.1.7] Bring the Dead Thing before me.

[silence]

[2.1.8] Now, creature. I offer you the hospitality due a worthy foe, and we will speak your language before the banner of Kings.

I am called Moon-Wolf in my tongue, He who Hates; but I do not hate you. I feel only pity, because you are no less lost than my wayward wolves. But do not mistake pity for mercy. You will tell us your secrets. And I - I shall keep them for you.

The Difference Between Gollum and Bilbo

The general idea is that, the longer someone is in possession of the One Ring, the more they are corrupted - spiritually, mentally, and physically. As Frodo spends more and more time with Gollum, this knowledge becomes increasingly concerning to him (as well as causing him to sympathize more and more with Gollum.) So, with Gollum as the example, Bilbo’s future was looking pretty bleak before he gave up the Ring.

However, Gandalf believed that there was a fundamental difference between Gollum and Bilbo. And it didn’t have anything to do with their location or lifestyle. No, the difference was in the ways that they came into possession of the One Ring in the first place, as comes up in this conversation between Frodo and Gandalf:

‘What a pity that Bilbo did not stab that vile creature, when he had a chance!’

'Pity? It was Pity that stayed his hand. Pity, and Mercy: not to strike without need. And he has been well rewarded, Frodo. Be sure that he took so little hurt from the evil, and escaped in the end, because he began his ownership of the Ring so. With Pity.’

Tolkien really doesn’t get any more detailed about this difference between Bilbo and Gollum. My thought is that, in time, Bilbo would still have become like Gollum. But his good intentions may have either lessened the evil effects of the Ring, or at least kept him healthy longer.

SOURCES: LOTR