hamadryas

Magickal Folk Names for Herbs

Having knowledge of herbs and plants (either magically or medicinally) during the Middle Ages, often was reason enough to accuse a woman of being a “witch,” so there is no doubt some of the country folk at the time took these herbal folk names literal.  Chances are, these names were used merely as descriptors to help remember them easier.  Most plants were given names descriptive of their uses and others were given names for something they generally resembled. Spells written by witches in ancient times were often written with such descriptors, which personally i believe to be a form of secret coding.

Here is a small list of “witchy” herb names (most of these are already floating around the community) that you can use in your craft when you create your spells.  This list could be a great addition to any Grimoire and i hope you find them as useful as i do.

Enjoy ~~~  Cannawitch

Plants

Aaron’s Rod - Goldenrod or mullein stalk
Absinthe - Wormwood
Adder’s Fork - Adder’s Tongue Fern or Bistort
Adder’s Tongue - Dog’s Tooth Violet (or Adder’s Tongue Fern
Ague root - Unicorn root
Alison - Sweet Alyssum
Angel Food, Archangel - Angelica
Angel’s Trumpet - Datura
Ass’s Ear - colt’s foot or comfrey
Ass’s Foot, Bull’s Foot - colt’s foot
Auld Man’s Bells, Old man’s bells - wood hyacinth, Hyacinthoides hispanica

Bad Man’s/Devil’s Oatmeal/Porridge - hemlock
Bad Man’s/Devil’s Plaything - Yarrow
Bastard - false Dittany
Bat flower - tacca
Bat’s Wing - Holly leaf
Bat’s Wool - moss (which moss?)
Bear’s Foot - Lady’s Mantle
Bear’s Grape Bearberry Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
Bear Paw - ramsons Allium ursinum or the root of male fern Dryopteris Felix-mas
Bear weed - Yerba Santa Eriodictyon californicum
Beard of a Monk - Chicory
Beggar’s Lice - Hound’s tongue
Beggar’s Buttons - Burdock
Bird’s Eye - Speedwell Veronica officinalis
Bird’s Foot - Fenugreek Trigonella foenum-graecum (Also bird’s foot violet and bird’s foot trefoil)
Bird’s Nest - carrot, Indian pipe
Bishop’s Wort, Bishop’s Elder - Wood betony Stachys betonica
Bitter Grass - Ague Root Aletris Farinosa
Black Sampson - Echinacea
Blazing Star - liatris
Blind Eyes - Poppy
Blood from a head - Lupine *
Blood from a shoulder - Bear’s breech *
Blood of a Goose - Sap from a mulberry * Morus nigra
Blood of an Eye - Tamarisk gall * (probably the tannin extracted from)
Blood of Ares - purslane *
Blood of Hephaestus - wormwood *
Blood of Hestia - Chamomile *
Blood - sap of the elder or bloodwort
Bloody butcher - Valerian
Bloody Fingers - Foxglove
Blue Bottle - Bachelor’s buttons
Boy’s Love, Lad’s Love: Southernwood
Brain Thief - Mandrake
Bone of an Ibis - buckthorn * I am not sure if this is Rhamnus cathartica or sea buckthorn Hippophae spp If I can find a recipe containing this, I will know for sure by comparing its purpose to their very different qualities
Bread and Cheese - Hawthorn
Bride of the Meadow - meadowsweet
Bull’s Blood - beet or horehound
Burning bush - false dittany, also a modern name for species of Euonymus
Cow’s Horn - Fenugreek Trigonella foenum-graecum
Bride of the Sun - calendula
Brown Dragon - wake robin
Buttons - tansy

Calf’s snout - Snapdragon
Candlemas Maiden - snowdrop
Candlewick - mullein, the flower stalk
Capon’s Tail - valerian
Carpenter’s Herb - bugleweed Lycopus europaeus
Carpenter’s Square - knotted figwort
Carpenter’s weed - Yarrow
Cat - catnip
Cat’s foot - white balsam, black cohosh, ground ivy
Cat’s herb - valerian
Chameleon star - bromeliad
Cheeses - marsh mallow
Chocolate flower - wild geranium (I don’t buy it)
Christ’s eye - wild clary Salvia verbenaca
Christ’s ladder - centaury
Christ’s spear - adder’s tongue fern Ophioglossum vulgatum
Church steeple - Agrimony
Clear eye - clary sage
Cleavers - bedstraw
Click - goosegrass
Clot - great mullien
Cocklebur - Agrimony
Cock’s comb - amaranth
Colt’s Tail - fleabane
Crane’s bill - wild geranium
Crow’s foot - wild geranium, or wood anemone bulbous buttercup (verified)
Crowdy kit - figwort
Cuckoo’s bread - common plantago
Cucumber tree - magnolia
Cuddy’s lungs - great mullein
Crown for a king - wormwood

Dagger flower - blue flag
Daphne - bay laurel
Dead man’s bells foxglove
Death angel - fly agaric Amanita Muscaria
Death cap - fly agaric Amanita Muscaria
Death flower - Yarrow
Death’s Herb - Belladonna
Delight of the Eye - rowan
Devil Plant - basil
Devil’s Apple - Mayapple or Mandrake
Devil’s beard - houseleek
Devil’s bit - false unicorn root
Devil’s cherries Belladonna berries
Devil’s plaything - yarrow
Devil’s dung - asafoetida
Devil’s ear - wakerobin
Devil’s eye - henbane or periwinkle
Devil’s flower - bachelor’s buttons
Devil’s fuge - mistletoe
Devil’s guts - dodder
Devil’s herb - belladonna
Devil’s milk - celandine
Devil’s nettle - yarrow
Devil’s Shoestring: Various varieties of vibernum, esp Black Haw, cramp bark, hobblebush
Dew of the Sea - Rosemary
Dog Berry - wild rose hips
Dog’s mouth - snap dragon
Dog’s tongue - hound’s tongue
Dove’s foot - wild geranium
Dragon - tarragon
Dragon Flower - blue flag (really, wild iris? not an arum or a Antirrhinum?)
Dragon wort - bistort
Dragon’s blood - calamus

Eagle - ramsons Allium ursinum
Earth apple - potato
Earth smoke- fumitory
Elf’s wort - Elecampane
Enchanter’s plant - vervain
Englishman’s fruit/ White man’s foot - common plantain
Everlasting friendship - goosegrass
Eye root - goldenseal

Fairy smoke - Indian pipe
Fairy fingers - foxglove
Fat from a Head - spurge *
Felon herb - Mugwort
Five fingers - cinquefoil
Fox’s Clote - burdock
Frog’s foot - bulbous buttercup
From the belly - Earth-apple. * potato?? Did the writers know about potatoes? When was pgm written?
From the foot - houseleek *
From the loins - chamomile *

Goat’s foot - morning glory
Goat’s Horn - Fenugreek Trigonella foenum-graecum
God’s hair - hart’s tongue fern
Golden’s star - avens
Gosling’s wing - goosegrass
Graveyard dust - mullein (and sometimes it’s just graveyard dust)

Hag’s taper - mullien stalk
Hagthorn - hawthorn
Hair of Venus - Maidenhair fern
Hairs of a Hamadryas Baboon: Dill Seed *
Hare’s beard - mullein
Hawk’s Heart, Old Woman - Wormwood Artemisia absinthium crown or seed head *
Hind’s tongue - hart’s tongue fern
Holy herb - yerba santa
Holy rope - hemp agrimony Eupatorium cannabinum
Horse tongue - hart’s tongue fern
Hundred eyes - periwinkle

Innocence - bluets

Jacob’s Staff - Great Mullein
Joy of the Mountain - Marjoram
Jupiter’s Staff - Great Mullein

King’s Crown: Black Haw vibernum
Knight’s Milfoil - Yarrow
Kronos’ Blood - sap of Cedar *

Lady’s glove - foxglove
Lamb’s ears - betony but more likely lamb’s ear Stachys byzantina
Lion’s Hair - The extra little roots that stick out of the turnip bulb or the base leaves Brassica rapa *
Lion’s tooth - dandelion
Little dragon - tarragon
Love in idleness - pansy
Love Lies Bleeding - amaranth (Not so ancient, a modern ornamental variant)
Love Leaves - burdock
Love man - goosegrass
Love Parsley - lovage
Love root - orris root

Maiden’s Ruin - Southernwood
Man’s Bile - Turnip Juice *
Man’s Health - Ginseng
Master of the Woods - Woodruff
May Lily - Lily of the Valley
May Rose - Black Haw viburnum
May - Black Haw viburnum
Maypops - Passion Flower
Mistress of the Night - Tuberose
Mutton Chops - Goosegrass

Nose Bleed - Yarrow

Old Man’s Flannel - Great Mullein
Old Man’s Pepper - Yarrow
Old-Maid’s-Nightcap - Wild Geranium

Password - primrose
Peter’s Staff - Great Mullein
Poor Man’s Treacle - Garlic
Priest’s Crown - Dandelion leaves

Queen of the Meadow Root - Gravelroot
Queen of the Meadow - Meadowsweet
Queen of the Night - Vanilla Cactus

Rats and Mice - Hound’s tongue
Ram’s horn - valerian
Ring a Bells - bluebell
Robin run in the grass - goosegrass

Scaldhead - blackberry
Seed of Horus - horehound
See bright - Clary sage
Semen of Ammon - Houseleek *
Semen of Ares - Clover *
Semen of Helios - White Hellebore *
Semen of Hephaistos - Fleabane *
Semen of Herakles - arugula *
Semen of Hermes - Dill *
Seven Year’s Love Yarrow
Shameface - Wild Geranium
Shepherd’s Heart - Shepherd’s Purse
Silver Bells - Black Haw viburnum
Snake Root - black cohosh
Soapwort - Comfrey or Daisy or maybe Soapwort
Sorcerer’s Violet - Periwinkle
Sparrow’s Tongue - Knotweed
St. John’s Herb - Hemp Agrimony
St. John’s Plant - Mugwort
Star Flower - Borage
Star of the Earth - Avens
Starweed - Chickweed
Sweethearts - Goosegrass
Swine’s Snout - Dandelion leaves

Tail of a Pig - Leopard’s bane *
Tanner’s bark - toadflax
Tartar root - ginseng
Tears of a Hamadryas Baboon - Dill Juice *
Thousand weed - yarrow
Thunder plant - houseleek
Titan’s Blood - Wild Lettuce Lactuca virosa *
Torches - mullein flower stalk

Unicorn’s horn - unicorn root or false unicorn root
Urine - dandelion or maybe urine

Wax dolls - fumitory
Weasel - rue
Weasel snout - yellow archangel
Winter wood - wild cinnamon Canella alba
White - ox eye daisy
Witch’s Asprin - white willow bark (this is ancient?)
Witch’s brier - wild brier rose hips
Wolf claw - club moss
Wolf’s foot - bugleweed
Wolf’s milk - euphorbia
Woodpecker - herbLpeony
Worm fern- male fern Dryopteris Felix-mas

Yerba Santa Maria - epazote

Plant Parts/Body Parts

Blood - Sap or juice
Eye - The disc of a composite flower, or a seed
Foot - Leaf
Guts - Roots, stalks, tangly bits
Hair - Very stringy roots (sometimes silk or tangly stems)
Head - Flower head or seed head
Tail - Stem
Tongue - Petal, sometimes stigma
Toes - leaf or bud
Paw - sometimes bud, usually leaf
Privates - Seed pod
Worm - stringy roots
Wool - Moss

Minerals

A Snake’s Ball of Thread - soapstone *
Blood of a Snake - hematite *
Crocodile Dung - Soil from Ethiopia *
A Physician’s bone - sandstone *

Animal Parts

A Snake’s Head - A leech *
Blood of a Hyrax - A rock badger, * small weasel-like/rodent-like (but actually neither) creature native to Africa and the Middle East
Blood of a Hamadryas Baboon - Blood of a spotted gecko *
Bull’s semen - the egg of a blister beetle *
Lion Semen - Human semen *
Kronos’ Spice - Pig Milk *

* From Ecloga ex Papyris Magicis: Liber I, V, xxvi



More Sources for verification -

  • Galen - De succedaneis, Claudii Galeni Opera Omnia, v 19
  • Paulus Aegineta, Corpus Medicorum Graecorum IX/2 vII
  • Dioscorides De Materia Medica
  • Witchipedia
  • Lady Raven
  • Tryskelion

Chloe cracker (Hamadryas chloe) is a species of cracker butterfly in the family Nymphalidae. It is found in Suriname, Peru, Colombia, Bolivia, and Brazil. The Chloe cracker found on Wikipedia has checks just in shades of brown, but other pictures on the net show some blues. I’m not an expert on Nymphalidae morphology, so I can’t say how common the morphs are or maybe one day we’ll find one is a subspecies. Photo by yakovlev.alexey

Mammals that exhibit non-heterosexual behaviour:

And that’s just the mammals. There’s even more birds than there are mammals, and many others, too.

But please, do go on about how it is ‘unnatural.’

CRACKER BUTTERFLY (genus Hamadryas)
Popan, Guatemala
©Animalworld

Cracker butterflies spend most of the day perching on trees, boulders, and similar surfaces against which they are camouflaged. They acquired their common name due to the unusual way that males produce a “cracking” sound as a warning to predators, for intraspecific communication, to defend territories from others, and in at least one species, also during courtship. Severe wing damage, common in the wild, almost never affects the section with the sound mechanism. More than 50 species of butterflies & moths (11 families) emit sound that is audible to humans 30 meters (100 ft) away.

These are a Neotropical group of medium-sized brush-footed butterfly species. There are 20 sub-species, 9 in Costa Rica alone.

Crackers emit audible clicks

The Hamadryas Baboons Tree by Andy McGarry

Witchy Names for Herbs

I’ve always found it interesting how witches are portrayed in Hollywood throwing actual animal parts into their cauldrons. So I looked it up since I’ve never seen a spell that truly called for animal parts, “Eye of Newt” and such, though I’m sure there are a few out there. And I stumbled onto this list. I love it! I think everyone should share it. 


A Bone of an Ibis: Buckthorn 
Adders Tongue: Dogstooth Violet 
A Titan’s Blood: Wild Lettuce 
A Lion’s Hairs: Tongue of a Turnip (the leaves of the taproot) 
A Man’s Bile: Turnip Sap 
A Pig’s Tail: Leopard’s Bane 
A Hawk’s Heart: Heart of Wormwood 
An Eagle: Wild Garlic 
Ass’s Foot or Bull’s Foot: Coltsfoot 
Blood: Elder sap or another tree sap 
Blood of Hephaistos: Wormwood 
Burning Bush: White Dittany 
Bread and Cheese Tree: Hawthorne 
Blood from a Head: Lupine 
Bird’s Eye: Germander Speedwell 
Blood of Ares: Purslane 
Blood of a Goose: Mulberry Tree’s Milk 
Bloodwort: Yarrow 
Blood of Hestia: Chamomile 
Blood of an Eye: Tamarisk Gall 
Blood from a Shoulder: Bear’s Breach 
Bat’s Wings: Holly 
Black Sampson: Echinacea 
Bull’s Blood or Seed of Horus: Horehound 
Bear’s Foot: Lady’s Mantle 
Calf’s Snout: Snapdragon 
Cat’s Foot: Canada Snake Root and/or Ground Ivy 
Candelmas Maiden: Snowdrop 
Capon’s Tail: Valerian 
Christ’s Ladder: Centaury 
Cheeses: Marsh Mallow 
Chocolate Flower: Wild Geranium 
Christ’s Eye: Vervain Sage 
Clear-eye: Clary Sage 
Click: Goosegrass 
Cucumber Tree: Magnolia 
Clot: Great Mullein 
Corpse Plant: Indian Pipe 
Crowdy Kit: Figwort 
Cuddy’s Lungs: Great Mullein 
Crow Foot: Cranesbill 
Cuckoo’s Bread: Common Plantain 
Clear Eye: Clary Sage 
Crow’s Foot: Wild Geranium 
Devils Dung: Asafoetida 
Dragon’s Blood: Calamus 
Dog’s Mouth: Snap Dragon 
Daphne: Laurel/Bay 
Devil’s Plaything: Yarrow 
Dove’s Foot: Wild Geranium 
Dew of the Sea: Rosemary 
Dragon Wort: Bistort 
Earth Smoke: Fumitory 
Eye of Christ: Germander Speedwell 
Elf’s Wort: Elecampane 
Enchanter’s Plant: Vervain 
Englishman’s Foot: Common Plantain 
Erba Santa Maria: Spearmint 
Everlasting Friendship: Goosegrass 
Eye of the Day: Common Daisy 
Eye of the Star: Horehound 
Eye Root: Goldenseal 
Eyes: Aster, Daisy, Eyebright 
Frog’s Foot: Bulbous Buttercup 
From the Loins: Chamomile 
Fat from a Head: Spurge 
Fairy Smoke: Indian Pipe 
Felon Herb: Mugwort 
From the Belly: Earth-apple 
From the Foot: Houseleek 
Five Fingers: Cinquefoil 
Fox’s Clote: Burdock 
Graveyard Dust: Mullein 
Goat’s Foot: Ash Weed 
God’s Hair: Hart’s Tongue Fern 
Golden Star: Avens 
Gosling Wing: Goosegrass 
Graveyard Dust: Mullein 
Great Ox-eye: Ox-eye Daisy 
Hairs of a Hamadryas Baboon: Dill Seed 
Hair of Venus: Maidenhair Fern 
Hag’s Taper: Great Mullein 
Hagthorn: Hawthorn 
Hare’s Beard: Great Mullein 
Herb of Grace: Vervain 
Hind’s Tongue: Hart’s Tongue Fern 
Holy Herb: Yerba Santa 
Holy Rope: Hemp Agrimony 
Hook and Arn: Yerba Santa 
Horse Tongue: Hart’s Tongue Fern 
Horse Hoof: Coltsfoot 
Hundred Eyes: Periwinkle 
Innocense: Bluets 
Jacob’s Staff: Great Mullein 
Joy of the Mountain: Marjoram 
Jupiter’s Staff: Great Mullein 
King’s Crown: Black Haw 
Knight’s Milfoil: Yarrow 
Kronos’ Blood: sap of Cedar 
Lady’s Glove: Foxglove 
Lion’s Tooth: Dandelion 
Lad’s Love: Southernwood 
Lamb’s Ears: Betony 
Little Dragon: Tarragon 
Love in Idleness: Pansy 
Love Leaves: Burdock 
Love Lies Bleeding: Amaranth/Anemone 
Love Man: Goosegrass 
Love Parsley: Lovage 
Love Root: Orris Root 
Man’s Health: Ginseng 
Maiden’s Ruin: Southernwood 
Master of the Woods: Woodruff 
May: Black Haw 
May Lily: Lily of the Valley 
May Rose: Black Haw 
Maypops: Passion Flower 
Mistress of the Night: Tuberose 
Mutton Chops: Goosegrass 
Nose Bleed: Yarrow 
Old-Maid’s-Nightcap: Wild Geranium 
Old Man’s Flannel: Great Mullein 
Old Man’s Pepper: Yarrow 
Oliver: Olive 
Password: Primrose 
Pucha-pat: Patchouli 
Peter’s Staff: Great Mullein 
Priest’s Crown: Dandelion leaves 
Poor Man’s Treacle: Garlic 
Queen of the Night: Vanilla Cactus 
Queen of the Meadow: Meadowsweet 
Queen of the Meadow Root: Gravelroot 
Ram’s Head: American Valerian 
Red Cockscomb: Amaranth 
Ring-o-bells: Bluebells 
Robin-run-in-the-grass: Goosegrass 
Semen of Helios: White Hellebore 
Semen of Herakles: Mustard-rocket 
Semen of Hermes: Dill 
Semen of Hephaistos: Fleabane 
Semen of Ammon: Houseleek 
Semen of Ares: Clover 
Seed of Horus: Horehound 
Sparrow’s Tongue: Knotweed 
Soapwort: Comfrey or Daisy 
Shepherd’s Heart: Shepherd’s Purse 
Swine’s Snout: Dandelion leaves 
Shameface: Wild Geranium 
See Bright: Clary Sage 
Scaldhead: Blackberry 
Seven Year’s Love: Yarrow 
Silver Bells: Black Haw 
Sorcerer’s Violet: Periwinkle 
St. John’s Herb: Hemp Agrimony 
St. John’s Plant: Mugwort 
Star Flower: Borage 
Star of the Earth: Avens 
Starweed: Chickweed 
Sweethearts: Goosegrass 
Tarragon: Mugwort 
Tartar Root: Ginseng 
Thousand Weed: Yarrow 
Thunder Plant: House Leek 
Tanner’s Bark: Toadflax 
Torches: Great Mullein 
Tongue of dog: Houndstongue 
Tears of a Hamadryas Baboon: Dill Juice 
Unicorn Root: Ague Root 
Unicorn’s Horn: False Unicorn 
Unicorn Horn: True Unicorn Root 
Wax Dolls: Fumitory 
Weazel Snout: Yellow Archangel 
White: Ox-eye Daisy 
White Wood: White Cinnamon 
Witch’s Asprin: White Willow Bark 
Witch’s Brier: Brier Hips 
Weasel Snout: Yellow Archangel 
Wolf Foot: Bugle Weed 
Wolf Claw: Club Moss 
Wolf’s Milk: Euphorbia 
Weed: Ox-Eye Daisy 
White Man’s Foot: Common Plantain 

I did not make this list. I found it here: http://lebanon-pagans.tripod.com/id14.html