halogenation

1 october 2016 —

this is the periodic table, noble gas is stable, halogens and alkalis react aggressively; each period we’ll see new outer shells and electrons are added moving to the right (if you know where this came from you’re amazing) & o levels are officially thiS MONTH brb screaming

So…which one of your OTP is dumb enough to ask if a lightbulb that’s been on all day is hot, and then proceed to test it by pressing their finger hard against the top of the bulb as long as they can before screaming, while the other person just watches in silence like ‘wtaf’?

The signs as random things my chemistry teacher said
  • <p> <b><p></b> <b>Aries:</b> "Stop asking me dumb questions! *sighs* Please just Google that shit, okay?"<p/><b>Taurus:</b> "This cup of mango juice is better than your grades."<p/><b>Gemini:</b> "Shall I compare thee to a halogen? Cause you're very unstable, Karen."<p/><b>Cancer:</b> *steps inside the classroom with a MCR t-shirt* "WHEN I WAS A YOUNG BOY.."<p/><b>Leo:</b> "Your chance of passing this year is as high as my chance to get laid tonight."<p/><b>Virgo:</b> "It got my degree and now I'm stuck with you idiots! Haha no I'm just kidding." *coughs* "not."<p/><b>Libra:</b> *Walks over to a smooching couple* Seems like you two got chemistry.<p/><b>Scorpio:</b> "You could compare the octet rule to humanity. We all need someone to be with us and keep us stable." *looks trough the window* "Why did you leave me Amanda?"<p/><b>Sagittarius:</b> "I'm gonna dress up as the guy from Despicable Me for Halloween this year. I expect you all to dress as minions. If not, everyone in this class will be facing consequences."<p/><b>Capricorn:</b> *with a thick fake accent* "Bloody hell mate! That is one magnificent jumper you're wearing."<p/><b>Aquarius:</b> "Call me Gouda because boy I've been cheesy as fuck lately."<p/><b>Pisces:</b> "WATCH OUT THAT'S EXPLOSIVE!" *student runs away scared* "Just kidding bro. "<p/></p><p/></p>

oh sweet neon boy with a halo of halogen light. it tastes good, doesn’t it? to dance like this in the haze of the bar, one drink down with his eyes on you all glittering dark. it feels good like this, to get lost, fixated on the way his painted fingernails tap and shift, watch the full curve of his bottom lip and that grin that reaches the crinkles around his eyes. isn’t he handsome like this? and your heart is beating like a kick drum, because damn if he isn’t brilliant. with his kohl rimmed eyes, the lord of the pool table, humming close to you like a fallen saint, backlit by fairy lights. he’s falling in love with you alec but you don’t know that yet. you’re just a boy with long fingers, the taste of beer thick at the back of your throat and he’s the most handsome thing you’ve ever seen. you want to learn how his name feels in your mouth when his fingers are lost in your hair, don’t you? and tonight? tonight you can’t find it in you to feel guilty about that. because tonight magnus bane is watching you like you’re made of something greater than carbon and you’re realizing you were made to play this game.

2

Preparation of an acid chloride on a bit larger scale. 

SOCl2 + RCO2H → RC(O)Cl + SO2 + HCl

The recipe is easy. Get a flask, a reflux condenser and a dropping funnel, weight out the acid into the flask, add 1,2 molar equivalents of thionyl chloride, heat and stir until no more gas evolves and distill what’s left in the flask to obtain a pure product. Yield: +99%.

However care should be taken, since highly toxic hydrogen chloride and sulfur dioxide is evolved from the reaction. The chlorinating agent what’s used, thionyl chloride and the product is toxic and will react violently with water to produce toxic gases.

4

Bromination with elemental bromine in acetic acid. Good in this method, that when the color of the bromine fades, the reaction is ready. Bad point: acetic acid and bromine are highly toxic and corrosive so when measuring the correct amounts I have to be careful. 

Interesting fact from Bromine:  In 1825 bromine had been isolated from sea water by Justus von Liebig who mistakenly thought it was a compound of iodine and chlorine, since it had similar chemical and physical properties to these already discovered elements. Only a year later, in 1826 by the French chemist Antoine-Jérôme Balard described bromine as a new element. He obtained bromine from the manufacture of sea salt at Montpellier by passing chlorine through an aqueous solution of the residues, which contained magnesium bromide. Distillation of the material with manganese dioxide and sulfuric acid produced red vapours, which condensed to a dark liquid.

4

Olafur Eliasson (Danish-Icelandic, b. 1967, Copenhagen, Denmark) - Spherical Space, Studio Olafur Eliasson, 2015 Photo: Jens Ziehe   Installation: Stainless Steel, Aluminium, Colored Glass (Yellow), Color-Effect Filter Glass (Orange), Halogen Bulb

I’m sorry I’m still not over my Dickler idea

Because Jim absolutely does that. He absolutely gets drunk and emails his teacher. But it gets to a point where he forgets that his mother dates said teacher. And she hadn’t told her son, who is getting totally WASTED in troll market, that she’d invited Walt to stay the night. Because he’s done this before. And Mr. Strickler has almost gotten completely accustomed to his new name.

But Barbara has no idea. At all.

Imagine how it goes down when phone pings! and she reaches across, practically climbing over him, to check it. He just mumbles-

“Barbara… it’s early…”

“Your dumb phone is making noise.”

“Let it ring, go to sleep.”

“You keep getting texts.” There’s a click as she swipes the screen, her pale face illuminated by halogen. He watches her, marveling her strange early morning beauty. And he opens his mouth to tell her so (because he’s awake now, and perhaps a good cuddle session is in order to repair his exhausted self) when she squints- “why is Jim texting you? Jim’s supposed to be asleep. In bed.”

“Uh-”

“Oh my god… Is Jim drunk!?”

“I don’t-”

Another squint. Her eyes pop. “And he’s calling you MR. DICKLER.”

“Barbara it really isn’t that big of a deal he does it all the- Barbara where are you going!”

“Troll Market.”

“Barbara!”

“Where’s your stupid glow key I’m going out to collect my son.”

“Barbara-”

“Shut up, Dickler.”

i. there are kingdoms & empires
bursting in full color on your tongue,
straining against the blockade of your teeth,
if only you will part your lips & breathe.
 
ii. heart quivers behind (rib)cage gilded gold,
afraid to palpitate & shatter bone.
don’t wait for a prince to unlock you—
whittle your ribs into a key. it will fit.
 
iii. the landscape of your skin is foreign territory:
translucence stained with a sprawling roadmap
of violet veins, skylines & cityscapes,
tangled constellations that lead to your heart.
 
iv. the space of your throat is a chasm—
they look down & call you empty.
haven’t yet learnt to see in the dark,
haven’t yet learnt the geometry of your voice.
 
v. your eyes, swollen with fireflies;
theirs, halogen bulbs of forgotten lamplights
on one-way streets. only moths go near,
aching for the promise of artificial sunlight.
 
vi. darling, give them a bit of your incandescence.
i promise you will still shine.
—  ANATOMY OF A GIRL | paperharbors (for @inkstay‘s prompt 426 “bodies”)
Lab life

When you accidentally dispose of your aqueous solutions in the ‘halogenated solvents only’ bottle incorrectly and the contents starts bubbling. 

@ann.foley : Someone’s shoe game is super strong tonight! 👠💪❤ @lil_henstridge #SimmonsStyle #BTS #agentsofshield
Episode 411
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Blue/white print silk blouse: @toryburch
Black pants: @jcrew
Grey/black loafers: Halogen from @nordstrom
Necklace & earrings: @katrinakellyjewelry

The History of Furby

(This article is from FurbyFrenzy.com, a furby fansite that I run. I thought I’d post it here for the furby fandom to see.)

In February of 1997, Dave Hampton went to the American International Toy Fair, where he saw the tamagochi for the first time.

He wasn’t too impressed by it, and has said that he found it to be too sterile and “flat.” Soon after, he started designing the children’s toy the tamagochi inspired: the furby.

It took Hampton and partner Caleb Chung nine months to create the first furby prototype, and after they invited fellow toy and game inventor Richard C. Levy to help sell it, Levy brought furby to Tiger Electronics, a toy company which had just been bought by Hasbro in June of that same year.

When the first furby prototype was shown to Alan G. Hassenfeld, chairman of Tiger, there were apparently some problems getting it to start, as the halogen lightbulbs in the room it was in were interfering with the signals being sent along a wire between the furby and the concealed black emulator box that contained its machinery.

Tin foil was wrapped around the wire to shield it from the radiation, and after the furby did turn on and Hassenfeld saw it working, he reported to Roger Shiffman, the president of Tiger, that it was the coolest thing he’d seen in 25 years in the business.

Not long after, Shiffman bought the rights to the furby, and production began with the goal of making it available in time for Christmas of 1998. Shiffman acknowledged the risk of rushing production, but said it was “too exciting not to try.”

Furbies began flying off the shelves as soon as they were released in stores on October 2nd, 1998. Some stores were so worried about the frenzy that they wouldn’t even let buyers get it directly from the shelf—anyone who wanted to purchase a furby had to get a ticket and give that to a store associate, who would then give you the furby.

It was the year’s hottest toy.

In December though, rumor of a potential lawsuit by Warner Bros. took off, as the similarities between furbies and mogwai (the creatures that morphed into gremlins in the movie by the same name) were not lost on them or anyone else.

Another rumor appeared immediately after that a seven figure settlement had taken place. The rumors were disputed by Warner Bros. spokesperson Barbara Brogliatto, who said, “There was not a lawsuit and there’s no settlement. We have a good working relationship with Hasbro.”

Warner Bros. even partnered with Tiger to bring the Gizmo furby to consumers, and those and other furbies continued to enjoy the same popularity well into the next year.c In 1999 Tiger released furby babies, which were smaller furbies with different voices and easter eggs, and furby buddies, which were also extremely popular, and in 1999 and 2000 they partnered with McDonald’s to give away little furby figures and furby keychains, respectively, and even those were considered highly collectible.

The hype could only last for so long though, because Tiger started releasing so many different variations of the furby and furby babies that the market became oversaturated and sales started dwindling. The company stopped selling furbies in 2000, and instead started focusing on a furby offshoot called shelby, which was released in 2001.

Shelbies were clam-like creatures that could open and close, speak Shelbish, and were decidedly grouchier than furbies. In 2002, those too were retired from the Tiger line.

So what became of Tiger’s Furby? Today they are still bought and sold on auction sites, relics of a bygone era with a fanbase that will not let go of them.