halbard

6

German State Halberd of the Guard of the Emperor Ferdinand I 

  • Dated: 1563
  • Measurements: head length 52.9 cm. Overall length 223.2 cm

The head features a broad central spike formed with a medial ridge, rear fluke cut with wavy edges about the base, while the axe-blade comes with cusped back edges. There is an open socket extending to form a pair of long straps and they feature a pair of subsidiary straps fitted at the left- and right-hand sides.

Each face of the head is decorated with etched panels of foliage, involving the date “1563” on the fluke, while the axe-blade is bearing the arms of The Holy Roman Empire quartered with those of Austria and Burgundy and encircled by the collar of The Order of The Golden Fleece.

The Imperial crown sits above, flanked by the cipher “KF” for Kaiser Ferdinand. Thee date, the collar and the crown all comes with traces of original gilding and they are all on a contrasting etched stippled and blackened ground.

Source: Copyright © 2014 Hermann Historica

3

Trabant Halberd (Alabarda da Trabante)

  • Dated: 1600
  • Culture: Italy
  • Measurements: total length 250cm

Infantry soldier halberd “à la Lanterne”, with circumferentially placed grotesque masks, perforated, crescent-shaped ax blade, and also pierced hooks tear. It presents octagonal spout with baluster stem with long feathers. All parts come with etched scrollwork. It has a shaft carved with brass nail-studded and an iron shoe. Hardware spotted something.

Source & Copyright: Live Auctioneers 

4

Medieval Halberd

  • Dated: second half of the 14th century
  • Culture: Swiss
  • Measurements: overall length 222 cm; head 38 cm; width 10.6 cm

The head is prolonged above the cutting-edge by a right-angled triangular spike with bevelled leading edge. It has a flat back-edge and coming to a strongly reinforced point, while the cutting-edge is slightly convex, boldly struck with a mark on one side in a rectangle with rounded ends, a cross. The back-edge is drawn out over a mandrel to form two rounded sockets, while the lower with no provision for a strap. For a detailed survey of this type of halberd and of the comparable examples in institutional collections see WALDMAN, John, Hafted “Weapons in Medieval and Renaissance Europe”, Boston 2005, pp. 33-47.

Source: Copyright © 2015 Hermann Historica

3

Parade Halberd

  • Dated: 1717
  • Culture: German
  • Medium & Techniques: blued, etched and gilded steel, wooden haft with orginal steel base spike, silk tassel with alternating blue and gold bands
  • Measurements: overall length: 276.86 cm (109 inches); weight: 3.60 kg

Belonged to the bodyguard of Ludwig Rudolf, Duke of Brunswick- Wolfenbüttel.

Sidenotes:

  1. Louis Rudolph, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (German: Ludwig Rudolf) (22 July 1671 – 1 March 1735) ruled over the Wolfenbüttel subdivision of the duchy from 1731 until his death.
  2. Louis Rudolph was the youngest son of Anthony Ulrich, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg.
  3. He became a major general in the service of Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor in 1690 and was promptly captured in battle by France.
  4. After being released the same year, his father gave him the County of Blankenburg as a present, thus violating primogeniture.
  5. In 1707, Blankenburg was raised to a principality of the Holy Roman Empire; in this way, Louis Rudolph became a ruling prince before his elder brother, Augustus William.
  6. On the death of Augustus William in 1731, Louis Rudolph also inherited Wolfenbüttel. After Augustus William had almost ruined the state, Louis Rudolph managed to restore the finances.
  7. Louis Rudolph died without male issue in 1735. He was succeeded by his first cousin, Ferdinand Albert II, who had married Louis Rudolph’s youngest daughter, Antoinette Amalie.

Source: Copyright © 2014 Cleveland Museum of Art

4

German Etched Parade Halberd

  • Dated: circa 1590

The iron head with long fluke with lanceolate apical blade with a strong ridge running the full length on each side, with concave blade with a shaped prong above and below and triangular beak slanted downwards. The whole etched overall with scrolling strapwork on a blackened ground and with figures in contemporary costume within cartouches. The head riveted to the haft retaining original brass washers.

Source & Copyright: Peter Finer

The Halberd

A halberd (also called halbard, halbert or Swiss voulge) is a two-handed pole weapon that came to prominent use during the 14th and 15th centuries. Possibly the word halberd comes from the German words “halm” (staff), and “barte” (axe) - in modern-day German, the weapon is called “Hellebarde”.

The halberd consists of an axe blade topped with a spike mounted on a long shaft. It always has a hook or thorn on the back side of the axe blade for grappling mounted combatants. It is very similar to certain forms of the voulge in design and usage. The halberd was 1.5 to 1.8 metres (5 to 6 feet) long.

The halberd was cheap to produce and very versatile in battle. As the halberd was eventually refined, its point was more fully developed to allow it to better deal with spears and pikes (also able to push back approaching horsemen), as was the hook opposite the axe head, which could be used to pull horsemen to the ground.

Additionally, halberds were reinforced with metal rims over the shaft, thus making effective weapons for blocking other weapons like swords. This capability increased its effectiveness in battle, and expert halberdiers were as deadly as any other weapon masters. A halberd in the hands of a Swiss peasant was the weapon which killed the Duke of Burgundy, Charles the Bold, decisively ending the Burgundian Wars, literally in a single stroke.

The halberd was the primary weapon of the early Swiss armies in the 14th and early 15th centuries. Later on, the Swiss added the pike to better repel knightly attacks and roll over enemy infantry formations, with the halberd, hand-and-a-half sword, or the dagger known as the Schweizerdolch being used for closer combat.

The German Landsknechte, who imitated Swiss warfare methods, also used the pike, supplemented by the halberd, but their side arm of choice was the short sword known as the Katzbalger. The halberd has been used as a court bodyguard weapon for centuries, and is still the ceremonial weapon of the Swiss Guard in the Vatican.

Source: Wikipedia

Photo source: Higgins Armory Museum via We Love DC 

5

English Sergeant’s Halberd

  • Dated: 18th century
  • Measurements: overall length 48"; head length 17 ½"

Carried by sergeants during the French and Indian War, American Revolution, and Napoleonic Wars, this style halberd was largely used as a guide for troops to identify an NCO and to form up for the march or battle deployment.

They were also carried by those who protected the regiment’s colors and there are stories of these halberds being used in savage hand-to-hand fighting to avoid a regiment’s biggest disgrace; the loss of its colors.

Forged of iron in the typical English fashion, the halberd has the conical-section ferrule pierced with a slot through which the one-piece axe blade is passed and held in place by friction or a small forge weld. The head has the shape of a broad leaf.

The axe blade has a slightly angled cutting edge and a large down-turned rear beak. The halberd features shortened side straps that are attached with epoxy to a section of a later spiral twist wood shaft. 

Source: Copyright © 2013 Antique Weapon Store

2

Engraved European Sergeant’s Halberd

  • Dated: late 17th century
  • Measurements: length of metal 23 ½"; overall 90"

The head has a small concave axe blade, pierced and engraved with foliage and twin birds (on the head lugs). The halbert comes with a down-curved beak, broad tapering 10" thrusting blade with shallow medial ridge, small base lugs, and turned baluster. Features an engraved conical ferrule with a pair of later side straps attached with dome-head nails to the round hardwood shaft; iron base shoe of unique form.

Source & Copyright: Antique Weapon Store