Jean-Jacques Dessalines 🌴🇭🇹 (20 September 1758 – 17 October 1806) was a leader of the Haitian Revolution and the first ruler of an independent Haiti under the 1805 constitution. Initially regarded as governor-general, Dessalines named later Emperor Jacques I of Haiti (1804–1806) by the Generals of the Haitian Revolution Army. He is regarded as a founding father of Haiti.
Haitians are the dominant Creole culture of New Orleans. Currently there are 5,000 people of Haitian descent that live in the New Orleans area.
In 1709 (dayiti: I believe the author means 1791 because that’s when the Revolution started) after the Haitian Revolution that ended French rule and gave Haiti its independence 90% of the Hatian refugees settled in New Orleans. The immigration of Haitians, both white and free people of color (gens de couleur libres) brought 2,731 whites, 3,102 free persons of African descent and 3,226 slaves to the city. This one event doubled the population of New Orleans in one year and had an important social and cultural impact on Creole Louisiana that still influences it to this day.
The Hatian Creole population settled in the French Quarter and brought a distinct culture and architectural tradition giving New Orleans a reputation as the nation’s Creole Capital. They brought with them what was to become the rhythm and soul of New Orleans. The Crescent City would not be what it is today without these contributions.
Haitians played a major role in the development of Creole cuisine, the perpetuation of voodoo practices and preserving the city’s French character. Among the most notable Haitians in New Orleans history were; the pirate Jean Lafitte born in Port-au-Prince around 1782. Marie Laveau, the undisputed Queen of Voodoo (dayiti: Her portrait is above), born in [Saint Domingue] in 1794.
My favorite Haitian painter 👨🏿🎨🙌🏾 🇭🇹 Emilcar Similien, known as Simil was born in 1944 in St. Marc. From 1965 to 1971 he studied painting, sculpture, and art history at the Academy of Beaux-Arts in Port-au-Prince. Simil uses his images of women only as means for displaying patterns, color, and the sparkle of gold jewelry on black skin. He paints with acrylics on Masonite of any size. His surfaces are smooth and polished. Simil delights in beauty, elegance, and grace. “Well trained by masters who taught him to excell in his form, Similien’s works also contains discrete messages”
1. The Louisiana Purchase may not have been made had it not been for Toussaint L’Ouverture.
2. L’Ouverture freed the slaves of Haiti in the only permanently successful slave revolt in history.
3. He developed the idea of dominion status for Haiti as part of France. Rejected by Napoleon, the idea subsequently was used by Great Britain 66 years later on July 1, 1862, when Canada became the first dominion.
4. He wrote the first constitution for Haiti. It was the second constitution for a republic in the Western Hemisphere.
5. He was the greatest Black general in history, except for Hannibal 2000 years earlier.
6. He was the most outstanding Black statesman in history.
7. He possessed outstanding ability as a civil administrator.
8. He set up the first legal code for Haiti.
9. He devised the first universal school system for Black people.
10. He dealt with the first five presidents of the United States or their representatives, either when they were in that office or when they were Secretary of State.
11. He was the first Black man to be the subject of poems by two of America’s leading poets.
12. He was the only Black general to defeat three of the world’s biggest armies: French, British and Spanish.
13. He declared emancipation for slaves 61 years before U.S. president Abraham Lincoln did so.
14. He devised a plan for how slaves could gain economic freedom, before those rights were granted in any other country.
15. By bringing the freedom of slaves to the world’s attention, L’Ouverture’ example helped other worldwide liberation movements develop (women’s right to vote and other women’s issues, child labor laws, environmental movements and others).
16. He caused European governments for the first time to deal with the aspirations of Black colonial people. His example was followed by Simon Bolivar in South America, Russians with serfs, British in India, and Boers in South Africa (due to Gandhi’s leadership).
17. Set up the first new and simplified tax code.
18. He got rid of corrupt French tax collectors in Haiti. Substituted clear-cut tax rules.
19. He promulgated and administered new laws with justice (unique for colonials).
20. He improved the quality of slaves’ lives measurably. Gave them pride as members of society.
21. He was the “First one who brought guerrilla warfare to the notice of military historians. He used strict discipline and precision with athletic prowess.”
🌟The Mupanah Museum is a cultural and architectural jewel summarizing the rich history of Haiti.
Magnificent exhibition dating back several centuries to the present day tracing the Indigenous Tainos epochs, slavery, independence then the various heads of State and presidents of the Republic.
Condensed, simple but effective.
🌟El Mupanah Museum es una joya cultural y arquitectónica que resume la rica historia de Haití.
Magnífica exposición que se remonta a varios siglos hasta nuestros días, trazando las épocas indígenas Tainos, la esclavitud, la independencia y luego los diversos jefes de Estado y presidentes de la República.
Condensado, simple pero eficaz.
🌟Le Musée du Mupanah est un joyau culturel et architectural résumant la richesse Historique d'Haïti.
Magnifique exposition datant de plusieurs siècles jusqu à nos jours retraçant les époques Indigènes Taïnos, l'esclavage, l'indépendance puis les différents chefs d'Etat et présidents de cette République.
On this day in 1937, the Parsley Massacre began at the orders of Dominican dictator Rafael Trujillo. The global economic depression caused discontent in the Dominican Republic, and people found a convenient scapegoat for their hardship in Haitian immigrants who sought work on Dominican sugar plantations. The brutal Trujillo nurtured anti-Haitian sentiment, perhaps due to a desire to expand the Dominican Republic across Hispaniola, paranoia about revolutionary elements in Haiti, or personal racial biases. Black African Haitians were regarded with distrust by mixed race Dominicans, proud of their European heritage from the days of Spanish rule. In 1937, Trujillo ordered the systematic slaughter of Haitians in the borderlands between the two countries. Haitians were identified in a test where Dominican soldiers would hold a sprig of parsley and ask the person to say what it was. If they did not pronounce it the Spanish way (perejil) as Dominicans did, they were considered Haitian and killed. The bodies of men, women, and children were dumped in the Massacre River, named for an earlier colonial conflict. Ultimately, between 9,000 and 20,000 people were killed in the genocidal violence, which occurred over five days. Trujillo’s actions were condemned by the United States, who had previously considered him an ally, and President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered the Dominican government to pay reparation to the victims’ families, though this did not occur. The effects of the Parsley Massacre are still felt today, as Haitian immigration continues to breed discontent among some Dominicans, and the government recently stripped Haitian Dominicans of citizenship. The massacre is little acknowledged outside of Hispaniola, but the tragic events of 1937 and the thousands of victims should never be forgotten.
“To the Dominicans who were complaining of the depredations by Haitians living among them…I have responded, ‘I will fix this.’ And we have already begun to remedy the situation. Three hundred Haitians are now dead in Bánica. This remedy will continue.” - Rafael Trujillo
Jean-Jacques Dessalines 🌴🇭🇹 (20 September 1758 – 17 October 1806) was a leader of the Haitian Revolution and the first ruler of an independent Haiti under the 1805 constitution. Initially regarded as governor-general, Dessalines later named himself Emperor Jacques I of Haiti (1804–1806). He is regarded as a founding father of Haiti.