habsburg emperor

I did some research on Cinco de Mayo (the day of MarkiplierTV) and why it’s celebrated. Turns out that it’s because of a Mexican victory at the battle of Puebla.  I cite from the wikipedia in my language (translated of course): 

‘In 1861, the United Kingdom, France and Spain had taken the Vera Cruz port to demand arrears. However, the French Emperor Napoleon III was intending to make Mexico a puppet state with Maximilian of Habsburg as an emperor.’ 

So what if it’s…

In 1861, On the day of May 5th, the United Kingdom Googleplier, FranceDarkiplier and Spain the other persona’s had taken the Vera Cruz port came together to demand arrears discuss Wilford’s plan to take back control. However,the French Emperor Napoleon III Darkiplier was intending to make Mexico Mark a puppet state with Maximilian of Habsburg himself as an emperor.’ 

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Empress Sissi and Emperor Franz Joseph at Bad Kissingen, 1898.

Empress Sissi forbad people to take photos to her after she turned 30, so there aren’t much photos of Sissi in maturer age. Happily, there are a few of her later years that let us to see how she looked. Despite she is covering her face with a fan and she is taking an umbrella her face can be seen, unlike other photos of her in the same situation.

The original photo and below a painting based on it.

Armor of Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor

Ferdinand II, a member of the House of Habsburg, was Holy Roman Emperor (1619–1637), King of Bohemia (1617–1619, 1620–1637), and King of Hungary (1618–1625). His rule coincided with the Thirty Years’ War.

Via Wikipedia

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Palace Of The Week - Schönbrunn Palace

Located in Vienna, Austria, the Schönbrunn Palace is a rococo palace built at the end of the XVIth century. Schönbrunn is an Unesco Wolrd Heritage Site. The is one the biggest palace in the world with 1441 rooms. I’m sure you all know this palace ! It is not only the austrian Versailles but it is also where Marie-Antoinette was borned and raised. The Empress Sissi went there very often too. Many great musicians visited the imperial family in Schönbrunn such as Mozart or Beethoven. The gardens are quite similar to the Versailles gardens, but they are much smaller ( don’t forget that the Palace is inside the city ! ). You can find french gardens, little pavillons and of course the Gloriette ( second picture ). This palace is for me the symbol of a really brilliant monarchy. But it is also the symbol of Marie-Antoinette’s happy childhood, that is why this is one of the palaces I want to visit the most !

The Battle of Puebla (Spanish: Batalla de Puebla) (French: Bataille de Puebla) took place on 5 May 1862, near the city of Puebla during the French intervention in Mexico. The battle ended in a victory for the Mexican Army over the occupying French soldiers. The French eventually overran the Mexicans in subsequent battles, but the Mexican victory at Puebla against a much better equipped and larger French army provided a significant morale boost to the Mexican army and also helped slow the French army’s advance towards Mexico City. Approximately 12,000 soldiers participated in the battle, of whom 8,000 were French and 4,000 were Mexican. 462 French soldiers died in combat. Only 83 Mexican soldiers died in the battle.

The Mexican victory is celebrated yearly on the fifth of May. Its celebration is regional in Mexico, primarily in the state of Puebla, where the holiday is celebrated as El Día de la Batalla de Puebla (English: The Day of the Battle of Puebla).

There is some limited recognition of the holiday in other parts of the country. In the United States this holiday has evolved into the very popular Cinco de Mayo holiday, a celebration of Mexican heritage.

The 1858–60 Mexican civil war known as The Reform War had caused major distress throughout Mexico’s economy. When taking office as the elected president in 1861, Benito Juárez was forced to suspend payments of interest on foreign debts for a period of two years. At the end of October 1861 diplomats from Spain, France, and Britain met in London to form the Tripartite Alliance, with the main purpose of launching an allied invasion of Mexico, taking control of Veracruz, its major port, and forcing the Mexican government to negotiate terms for repaying its debts and for reparations for alleged harm to foreign citizens in Mexico. In December 1861, Spanish troops landed in Veracruz; British and French followed in early January. The allied forces occupied Veracruz and advanced to Orizaba. However, the Tripartite Alliance fell apart by early April 1862, when it became clear the French wanted to impose harsh demands on the Juarez government and provoke a war. The British and Spanish withdrew, leaving the French to march alone on Mexico City. Napoleon III wanted to set up a puppet Mexican regime.

The French expeditionary force at the time was led by General Charles de Lorencez. The battle came about by a misunderstanding of the French forces’ agreement to withdraw to the coast. When the Mexican Republic forces saw these French soldiers on the march, they took it that hostilities had recommenced and felt threatened. To add to the mounting concerns, it was discovered that political negotiations for the withdrawal had broken down. A vehement complaint was lodged by the Mexicans to General Lorencez who took the effrontery as a plan to assail his forces. Lorencez decided to hold up his withdrawal to the coast by occupying Orizaba instead, which prevented the Mexicans from being able to defend the passes between Orizaba and the landing port of Veracruz. The 33-year-old Mexican Commander General, Ignacio Zaragoza, fell back to Acultzingo Pass where he and his army were badly beaten in a skirmish with Lorencez’s forces on 28 April. Zaragoza retreated to Puebla which was heavily fortified – it had been held by the Mexican government since the Reform War. To its north stood the forts Loreto and Guadalupe on opposite hilltops. Zaragoza had a trench dug to join the forts via the saddle.


Lorencez was led to believe that the people of Puebla were friendly to the French, and that the Mexican Republican garrison which kept the people in line would be overrun by the population once he made a show of force. This would prove to be a serious miscalculation on Lorencez’s part. On 5 May 1862, against all advice, Lorencez decided to attack Puebla from the north. However, he started his attack a little too late in the day, using his artillery just before noon and by noon advancing his infantry. By the third attack the French required the full engagement of all their reserves. The French artillery had run out of ammunition, so the third infantry attack went unsupported. The Mexican forces and the Republican garrison both put up a stout defense and even took to the field to defend the positions between the hilltop forts.

As the French retreated from their final assault, Zaragoza had his cavalry attack them from the right and left while troops concealed along the road pivoted out to flank them. By 3 p.m. the daily rains had started, making a slippery slope of the battlefield. Lorencez withdrew to distant positions, counting 462 of his men killed against only 83 of the Mexicans. He waited a couple of days for Zaragoza to attack again, but Zaragoza held his ground. Lorencez then completely withdrew to Orizaba.

The Battle of Puebla was an inspirational event for wartime Mexico, and it provided a stunning revelation to the rest of the world which had largely expected a rapid victory for French arms.

Slowed by their loss at Puebla, the French forces retreated and regrouped, and the invasion continued after Napoleon III determinedly sent additional troops to Mexico. The French were eventually victorious, winning the Second Battle of Puebla on 17 May 1863 and pushing on to Mexico City. When the capital fell, Juárez’s government was forced into exile in the remote north.

With the backing of France, the Habsburg Archduke Maximilian became Emperor of Mexico in the short-lived Second Mexican Empire.

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Philip II, King of Spain, was born at Valladolid on the 21st of May 1527. He was the son of the emperor Charles V and of his wife Isabella of Portugal. Philip received his education in Spain. His tutor, Juan Martinez Pedernales (Bishop of Cartagena), who latinized his name to Siliceo, and who was also his confessor, does not appear to have done his duty very thoroughly. The prince, though he had a good command of Latin, never equaled his father as a linguist. Don Juan de Zúñiga (grand-commander of Castile), who provided a more systematic education, imparting piety and seriousness to his pupil as well as an extensive knowledge of history and an appreciation of scholarship, the arts, and politics. From his earliest years Philip showed himself more addicted to the desk than the saddle and to the pen than to the sword. The emperor, who spent his life moving from one part of his wide dominions to another and in the camps of his armies, watched his heir’s education from afar. The trend of his letters was to impress on the boy a profound sense of the high destinies to which he was born, the necessity for keeping his nobles apart from all share in the conduct of the internal government of his kingdom, and the wisdom of distrusting counsellors, who would be sure to wish to influence him for their own ends. Philip grew up grave, self-possessed and distrustful and was rigidly abstemious in eating and drinking.

Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria-Hungary Dies

Empress Zita (1892-1989), Crown Prince Otto (1912-2011), and Emperor Charles (1887-1922), pictured at Emperor Franz Joseph’s funeral.  An earlier photo of Otto and Charles is used as this blog’s avatar.

November 21 1916, Vienna–The Emperor Franz Joseph had acceded to the throne of Austria at the age of 18 during the last period of great upheaval in Europe–the revolutions of 1848.  He had brought the Empire largely intact through the events of 1848 and 1849, wars with Italy and Prussia, and the Augsleich which created the Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary.

After nearly 68 years on the throne, he commanded a great personal loyalty among most of his subjects, and still largely had absolute authority in all matters, especially in Austria.  On the evening of November 21, he died after a brief bout of pneumonia at the age of 86.  His death was a blow to Austro-Hungarian morale after a year of disasters.  It hit the troops on the Isonzo especially hard; this was Franz Joseph’s fourth war against Italy (and its predecessor, the Kingdom of Sardinia).  Even though Austria had lost territories in the previous wars, they had largely been successful against the Italians on the battlefield.

The new Emperor was Franz Joseph’s grandnephew, the Archduke Charles, who had become heir after the assassination of Franz Ferdinand that sparked the war.  He thought of himself as a reformer, and wanted to solve many of the social and national issues that were untouchable while Franz Joseph was on the throne.  Paramount, of course, was the war, which Austria-Hungary needed to survive intact if Charles was to keep his throne.  Charles, perhaps influenced by his Italian wife, Zita of Bourbon-Parma, was in full agreement with Foreign Minister Burián’s plans for a negotiated peace, and within days had asked him to continue with all haste.

Earlier Today:  HMHS Britannic, Sister to Titanic, Sinks in Aegean
Today in 1915: British Recon Flight Shot Down Near Ctesiphon After Spotting Turkish Reinforcements 
Today in 1914: Turks Beat Back Russians in the Caucasus

Sources include: John R. Schindler, Isonzo; Mark Thompson, The White War; József Galántai, Hungary in the First World War.

Emperor Ferdinand III, 1608-1657

The sarcophagus is fashioned in the Renaissance style, but adorned with early Baroque decoration. On the coffin lid one sees the symbols of power: the Habsburg Eagle, the Austrian coat of arms, the chain of the order of the Golden Fleece.

During the renovation work on the sarcophagus in 1852, the wooden coffin with the mortal remains of the emperor was opened. The Spanish court clothing, although yellowed, was still preserved, the shoes were ornamented with stitches. A beret covered the emperor’s head, around the neck Ferdinand wore a still well-preserved sign of the order of Toison on a brown ribbon.

— Gigi Beutler

On this day in history, February 20th, in 1790, Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II died in Vienna. He was just 48 years old and had ruled for 25 years.

He had been married twice, but only his first marriage produced children, two short lived daughters. Thus he was succeeded by his younger brother, Leopold II.

Joseph was buried in the Imperial Crypt in Vienna, in tomb 42. He asked for his epitaph to read “Here lies Joseph II, who failed in all he undertook.”

General reactions when people read about the Habsburg dynasty

Charles V (I in Spain)

People who are dazzled by his achievements on the battlefield:

Heretic people:

Philip II

Spanish ladies:

Turkish, portuguese, heretic and communist people: 

Philip III

Yes, normally, nobody gets excited reading about him.

Philip IV

People who thinks that all he did in life was to go to the brothel:

People who knows that he was interested in government issues too (and go to the brothel):

Charles II

The first time you see his portrait:

The second time you see his portrait:

The rest of times you see his portrait:

Emperor Charles Crowned as King Charles IV of Hungary

Charles IV of Hungary takes his coronation oath to defend the lands of the Crown of St. Stephen.

December 30 1916, BudapestFranz Joseph had been greatly beloved throughout his empire after a 68-year reign.  His successor, his 29-year-old grandnephew Charles, lacked the devotion that Franz Joseph had attracted, and was eager to quickly legitimize his reign.  Hungarian PM Tisza was more than eager to oblige, and arranged for his coronation as King of Hungary on December 30, just more than a month after his accession to the throne.  This was only the second coronation in Hungary since the Augsleich raised Hungary to be on equal status with Austria within the empire, and Tisza assured Charles that a swift coronation would be viewed favorably in Hungary, signalling Charles’ interest in defending Hungary’s interests within the empire.

Tisza also had less lofty political interests in mind when arranging a swift coronation.  Part of the coronation included an oath to defend the integrity of the lands of the Crown of St. Stephen; this ensured that Charles could then take no action to reduce the size of Hungary without breaking this oath.  The death of Franz Joseph had brought hope to many that the Dualist Austro-Hungarian system could be reformed.  South Slavic peoples hoped that the Kingdom of Croatia (which was within the Kingdom of Hungary) could be expanded to include Dalmatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina, then in Austria.  Earlier in the war, this seemed possible, as Austria could be compensated by parts of Russian Poland; however, the promise of an independent Poland made in November foreclosed this idea, and the coronation oath prevented Croatia from being split off from Hungary to become a separate part of the Empire.  

The oath also frustrated Czech ambitions; although most of the Czech people lived in Austria, many were clamoring for unification with the Slovak people in Hungary.  Finally, it also prevented any peace deal made by Charles from giving away any Hungarian land.  While this was relatively unlikely, as Hungary only bordered defeated Serbia and Romania, it still further tied Charles’ hands as he attempted to bring his country out of the war.

Part of the wardrobe worn by Crown Prince Otto at the coronation; these were on display in the United States in a 2015-2016 exhibition of Habsburg artifacts that toured Minneapolis, Houston, and Atlanta.

Today in 1915: First Zeppelin Raid on Salonika
Today in 1914: Russians To Evacuate Persia

Sources include: Alexander Watson, Ring of Steel.

ive been studying history all day and one thing to know about hungarian history is that we were fighting habsburg emperors all the time for hundreds of years and the thing is…… they all blur into one for me

all the josefs and ferdinands, they’re all the same, i keep mixing up which hungarian king or prince fought which emperor. why couldnt the habsburg empire just fuck off