habitat origin

anonymous asked:

Are certain de-extincted animal species going to be reintroduced into their original habitats? Such as the dodos?

Yes! Huxley Paleozoo and other members of the International De-Extinction Alliance are actively involved in reintroducing de-extincted species. We run breeding programs for some recently extinct animals and, in collaboration with other organizations and local authorities, start to reintroduce these populations to protected land. We’re currently working on the reintroduction of 8 recently extinct animals:

  • Dodo: we’ve reintroduced dodos to Black River Gorges National Park and other locations in Mauritius, in tandem with an effort to eradicate invasive mammals such as pigs. They’ve settled in pretty well in some locations, and thanks to their fearless nature, are helping the local ecotourism (people like #dodoselfies).
  • Southern gastric-brooding frog: reintroduction of gastric-brooding frogs has taken place on a patch of private land near Jimna, Queensland, which is owned by Huxley Paleozoo and being managed to replicate the habitat before human interference. The frogs, which have been made chytrid-resistant as a precaution, need the assisted habitat to survive, but we expect the population to take root. Plans for managing a similar preserve in Costa Rica for golden toad reintroduction are being considered.
  • Labrador duck: five years ago, Huxley Paleozoo begin reintroducing Labrador ducks, with initial release at a remote protected coastline in eastern Quebec. Surprisingly, they’ve been doing well, and are exhibiting historical migration patterns, always returning to the same site where they were introduced to breed in safety.
  • California grizzly bear: in collaboration with the California Academy of Sciences, we’ve created a population of grizzly bears genetically and phenotypically similar to the extinct California subspecies. Approximately 50 bears now live in the state.
  • Great auk: following on the heels of the successful Labrador duck reintroduction, we’ve begun working to reintroduce great auk colonies in the northern Atlantic. We’re closely monitoring a test population of 34 individuals introduced to Grímsey, Iceland. In time, more great auks, possibly including the population currently living in the Aquarium, will be added to this colony.
  • Quagga: to spur genetic diversity and purity in the Quagga Project, we’ve been commissioned to make some more quaggas incorporating DNA from museum specimens. The Quagga Project is currently beginning to move our quaggas, their quagga-like zebras, and their descendants into national parks in South Africa.
  • Pink-headed duck: twelve individuals of our pink-headed duck population are scheduled to be introduced to a wildlife sanctuary in the Sundarbans in March. They will be monitored to test feasibility of a larger-scale reintroduction
  • Thylacine: negotiations are underway with Tasmanian authorities to introduce thylacines to the Arthur-Pieman Conservation Area.

As well, other institutions are working on rewilding other de-extincted organisms. For example, Pleistocene Park in Siberia provides a home for de-extincted Ice Age megafauna such as woolly mammoths, woolly rhinos, and Steppe bison.

- Rohan Harris

ナンミンゼミ
 何らかの原因で、元々の生息地を離れたミンミンゼミ。自分たちを受け入れてくれる安住の地を求めて、集団で旅をする。成虫になった後に旅立つことが多いが、生涯をナンミンゼミとして過ごす個体もいる。また、ナンミンゼミに擬態したナンミンゼミモドキといういきものもいるが、非常に判別が難しい。
 ナンミンゼミが生息地を離れる理由は数多く存在し、自発的に生息地を離れることもあれば、強制的に追い出されることもある。例としては、他のいきものとの競争に敗れる、その土地で得られるエサの量が減る、自然災害によって生息地が消滅する、伝染病が流行する、などが挙げられる。
 ナンミンゼミの旅は、非常に長い距離を移動することが知られており、場合によっては数千キロも離れた土地を目指すこともある。陸の上を旅する際は、自分の足や羽で移動するが、海を渡らなければいけない場合は、流木やミッコウクジラに掴まって航海をする。地形や気候、他のいきものによる妨害など、旅の脅威となりうる要素は数多く存在し、移住地にたどり着く前に死んでしまう個体も多い。また、目的地に到着したとしても、その土地で生存していけるという保証はない。
 ナンミンゼミは、国際的な法律で、保護対象のいきものとして指定されている。生態系が豊かな土地では、このセミを受け入れることがあるが、もともとこの土地に棲んでいたいきものたちには、目の敵にされる場合が多い。大量のナンミンゼミを受け入れることで、エサの量が足りなくなったり、巣を作る場所がなくなったりするためである。また、旅を補助してエサを得たり、ナンミンゼミのためのエサや巣を奪い取ったりするいきものの存在も問題となっている。
 このように、ナンミンゼミから元のミンミンゼミに戻ることは、とても難しい。一度土から出て、脱皮してしまえば、もう土には潜れないのである。夏を過ぎても、冬が来ても、ナンミンゼミの鳴き声が止むことはない。
 
Displacicada
 Displacicada is cicadas that left the their original habitat for some reason. They travel in groups in search of the place of relief that will accept themselves. Although they often travel after becoming an imago, there are also individuals that spend their lifetime as Displacicada. There are also CREATURE that called Displacicadoid that mimics Displacicada, but they are very difficult to distinguish.
 There are many reasons why Displacicada leaves the habitat. Sometimes they spontaneously leave habitats and sometimes be forcibly kicked out. Examples include defeat with competition with other CREATURES, decrease in the amount of feed that can obtain in that land, disappearance of habitat due to natural disasters, and infectious diseases become prevalent, and so on.
 The travel of Displacicada is known to travel a very long distance, sometimes aiming for land that is several thousand kilometers away. When they travel on the land, they move with their own feet and wings, but if they have to cross the sea, they will grab and sail through driftwoods or Sprowrm Whale. There are many elements that can pose a threat to travel, such as topography, climate, and obstruction by other CREATURES, and many individuals die before reaching the settlement land. Also, even if they arrive at their destination, there is no guarantee that they can survive on that land.
 Displacicada is designated as a CREATURE to be protected by international law. In lands rich in ecosystems, this cicada can be accepted, but CREATURES that originally lived on this land often treat them like an enemy. That is because by accepting a large amount of Displacicada, the amount of feed is lacking and the place to make a nest is gone. Also, the existence of CREATURES that gain feed by helping journey of Displacicada, and that deprive feeds and nests for them is a problem, too.
 Thus and so, it is very difficult to get back to the former cicada from Displacicada. Once they get out of the ground and molted, they can not dive in the soil anymore. Even though summer passes, even when winter comes, Displacicada’s crys will not stop.

KANGAROOS IN THE UNITED STATES

Just like puma and panthers being spotted in Australia and Europe, kangaroos have also been seen not within their original habitat. Kangaroos have been seen often in the United States since the Mid 1960s. A man had reported a kangaroo on his porch early one morning in Chicago on October 18, 1974. Patrolmen Byrne and Ciagi were astonished to find a 5-foot kangaroo in a dark alley around 3:30 am. Not knowing what else to do, Byrne tried to handcuff it. The animal was not going to go quietly as it started to scream, then Ciagi was kicked in the shins and the kangaroo escaped down the street.

Kangaroos in the United States

That was not the only sighting in Illinois. A couple of weeks later on November 2, in Plano, Illinois, two separate groups of witnesses reported seeing a kangaroo almost at the exact same time. Within another couple of weeks, sightings have occurred in Lansing, Illinois, and Rensselaer adn Carmel, Indiana. Then on November 15, back in Chicago, a kangaroo was seen in a vacant lot. The witness said it was 5-feet tall and “black all over, except for the stomach and face, which were brown.” The last known sighting took place on November 25 in Sheridan, Indiana, when a farmer, Donald Johnson, spotted a kangaroo on a deserted rural road. Johnson stated “ It was running on all four feet down the middle of the road.” When it noticed Johnson, it leaped over a barb-wire fence and into the field.
In Wisconsin, 1978, a photograph was taken of a kangaroo. The picture was admittedly not very good, but clear enough to make out the creature. The kangaroo was first spotted in Waukesha on April 5, 1978. On April 24, there were other sightings at Pewaukee Township, Brookfield Township, and around Waukesha. Near Menomeonee Falls, two men had taken two pictures of a kangarro and was said that this creature could possibly have been an escapee from a private animal collections or zoo, living wild.
Out-of-place animals, such as kangaroos, are rarely captured and they seem to disappear as mysteriously as they appear. It seems only few citizens see them and it is usually from a distance. However, in May of 1979, a kangaroo seen in Nashua, New Hampshire was caught and found to be a wallaby (an Australian marsupial similar to a kangaroo, but smaller) that had escaped from a carnival that had recently left town.
Other sightings of kangaroos, outside of their habitat, were also seen in New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Ontario, Canada; around Morange-Silverange in France, and on the northern border of Hungary.

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HABITAT ORIGIN - Austyn Gillette

Hands down, one of my favorite parts of the video.

Mesopotamian Bronze Chariot Hunter, Early Dynastic, Mid-3rd Millennium BC

A very rare diorama on a rectangular framework base comprising: two stationary horses with halters attached to a round-section blustered yoke; a two-wheeled hunting chariot with stepped axle-tree and linch-pins to the solid wheels; a kilted hunter standing bare-chested and bearded holding the reins (part absent), with a slaughtered animal across the frame before him, game-bag behind to his left and quiver with arrows to his right; to the rear, a small hunting dog riding on the chariot’s beam.

The horse was first domesticated on the Eurasian steppe, its original habitat, perhaps as early as the 4th millennium BC; it may have been bred as a food source initially, but its use as a traction animal had begun by the beginning of the 2nd millennium BC, replacing the ox for this purpose. Wheeled vehicles had already appeared in the 3rd millennium BC, but the spoked wheel is not evidenced until the late 2nd millennium BC. The earliest known physical remains of chariots are in the chariot burials of the Andronovo Culture, an Indo-Iranian population in the area of modern Russia and Kazakhstan dating to around 2000 BC.

The combination of multiple horses and light-framed two-wheeled vehicles offered the possibility of travel at speed, both for war and for hunting. Chariot warfare originated with the Hittites, with the invention of spoked wheels around 1900 BC. Depictions of hunting in a chariot appear in Egypt after the vehicle’s introduction by the Hyksos in the 16th century BC, notably at Abu Simbel where the Battle of Kadesh fought in 1274 BC is represented, showing Ramses II fighting from a chariot with two archers accompanying him (photo). There is a similar example made from gold that forms part of the Oxus Treasure now in the British museum.

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Daryl Angel Habitat Origin

34 Biodiversity Hotspots: Together they make up 2.3% of Earth’s land surface, and contain 42% of Earth’s terrestrial vertebrate species and 50% of the world’s plants. To be classified as a hotspot, the region must have had at least 70% of its original habitat disturbed or lost.